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it-mankind, already astonished, ap- variably ascertained ; and at the precise
On being driven from the Austrian for all this wafte of blood and treasure, Netherlands, M. du Pan took refuge he recommends them to smite their subin Holland, and in May 1794 publish-jeets with the iron mace of authority, if ed at Leyden his “ Dangers qui me. they ever dare to murmur against a war naceot l'Europe.” In this he recom- in behalf of religion, morality, and mends 6
une guerre à mort," a wish in subordination. which he has been since imitated by The Abbe was not long permitted Earl Fitzwilliam, who has lately re- to remain within the Dutch territories ; commended a bellum internicenum; and for even there he was followed by the in this tra&t he appears to be alarmed much dreaded ca ira, and the Marseillois at the encreasing enthusiasm of the march, and finding himself fafe in no French, which, alluding to its effects, country on that side of the Rhine, he he very properly denominates “la tac- has passed into the heart of Germany, tique infernale.” He recommends it and is now at Vienna. to the allies to open the campaign of
We shall take our leave of this ex1794 with the fiege of Lisle, and it is traordinary man, after translating his thus that this pious and reverend Chris- prediction relative to the New Repubtian (for M. du Pan is an Abbe) wishes lic; a predi&tion which time alone can them to proceed : “ Let the batteries verify or refute : “ Born under the emplay unceasingly on the devoted city; pire of liberty, and tutored in her school, let not a single cold bullet be directed I have been taught one truth, of which against it ; let bombs be however pre. I am firmly convinced that France ferred to red-hot balls, as being better will be incapable of supporting political calculated to attain the end proposed; freedom, without thirty years prelimilet the number of charges each piece of nary education !" artillery is capable of sustaining, be in
(To be continued.) TOPOGRAPHY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF SCOTLAND).
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 691.
the town of Lanark giyes, its name to LANARK is one of the most popu- the county, yet it is far inferior to Glaslous counties in Scotland. The shires of gow in extent and elegance. The county Welt Lothian and Stirling bound it on has been divided into 3 wards; the souththe east ; Dumbarton on the north ; ern one is commonly called Clydesdale. Renfrew and Ayrshires on the welt; and There is a very good road from Edinthe thires of Dumfries and Edinburgh burgh to Lanark by Carnwath, where on the south. From N. to S. it mea- we shall begin our description of the sures about 40 miles, and 35
from E. to county. W. The river Clyde rises in the south CARNWATH. This is a populous east part of the county, and runs through and extensive parilh, being about 12 the whole of it, dividing it nearly into miles long and eight broad, containing two equal parts. From nearly the same 3000 inhabitants. The soil is very difsource, rise also the rivers Tweed and ferent in different parts of the parish. Annan ; all taking opposite courses, On the holms or low grounds it is very fhows this to be the highest ground in productive, and lets at from 158. to 30s. south weft division of Scotland. Though per acre; the whole produces of rent
COUNTY OF LANARK.
5 K 2
about 50ool. Sterling yearly. The appears in many quarters. There is the Clyde, with the waters of Dippool and appearance of a Nate quarry at DunsideHaugh run through this parish. From moor; at Craignethan there is a quarry its abounding in coal, iron-stone, and of free-stone, which takes a very fine clay, Wilfontown has been judiciously polish, and is beautifully veined. Sechosen for establishing a very extensive veral attempts have been made to work iron work, on the plan of that at Car- the lead mines in Cumberhead hills, but
From such abundance of mi- hitherto unsuccessfully, Besides the nerals, as might be expected, many whin rock which composes the hills to springs are tainted by them, and exhi- the west, the bed of the river Clyde, bit mineral waters of various kinds, and almost all the stones in the neighThere are no hills which attrast co. bourhood, have a singular appearance ; tice, by the height; the Leven seat particularly opposite to Stonebyres, they is 1200 feet above the run of the Clyde, look as if they had been either scorched
CARStairs. This parish is about or in fufion, many have a heterogeneous 27 miles west from Edinburgh ; it is appearance, others have stones of a dif6 miles long, and 3 in breadth, and ferent quality adhering to them, and as contains about 930 inhabitants. The if imbedded while they had been in a high ground is a mixture of clay and fluid state : These are strong indicapeat earth, the low ground is a sharp tions of volcanic eruptions at a remote gravelly foil. Agriculture is in a low period. Our bounds hinder a particular itate in this parish. There are the vef- detail ; but the mineralogist will be tiges of a Roman camp, on a rising amply repaid for his visit to this parish, ground near the Clyde, where lately va- both on account of the natural beauties, rious coins and vessels were dug up. It and the variety of minerals with which seems to be the only one in this part of it abounds. the country.
LAMINGTON. This parish, situated LEŚMAHAGOE is a very large parish, on the east banks of the river Clyde, is extending in length about 14 miles, 9 or bout 7 miles in length, and from 3 to 10 of which ly on the banks of the 4 in breadth, and contains about 420 Clyde, and take in the Falls at Bonni- inhabitants. Of coo acres, only 200 ton, Corhouse, and Stonebyres, to be are in tillage, the remainder are chiefly described below; the banks in various in sheep pasture. No minerals have places' exhibit' landscapes, sometimes been discovered here. In this parish beautiful, sometimes grand and fublime. are shown the vestiges of several Roman The foil is various, in some places camps. clay prevails, in others a rich mould, LIBBERTON. This parish is of a in others again it is light and gravels triangular form, 7 miles in breadth and ly ; on the west quarter .it it moor. 4 in length, and contains 750 inhabiish, and rises gradually to hills and tants. The surface is various. On mountains, There are a considerable the banks of the Clyde the foil here is, number of rivers of a smalļ size ; the as every where else, deep and fertile, Logan, Nethan, Penicle, Kype, and owing to the inundations and flowings Cálner, are all well furnished with trout. of the river. Towards the east the Coal is wrought in different parts of the country rises. It rents from ios. to parish, and at Blair there is a fine seam 25s. per acre. The highest ground is of kennel or candle coal, as hard and Quothquanlaw, which rises about 600 smooth almost as jet. "Lime-stone is in feet above the level of Clyde. Around great abundance, some strata 30 feet in the village the vestiges of fortifications thickness, fome so hard, that it may are visible, and many tumuli are every be reckoned a marble, and many con- where seen. There is coal in this patain a variety of petrifa&tions. Marl too rish, though none presently working. Bras lately been found ; and iron- tone
LANARK. This parish stretches 5 caining small veins of rich iron ore : miles along the eastern banks of the This will probably be found to be the Clyde ; its breadth is about 3. The matrix of some more precious metal. surface is, in general, pretty fat, but Sir William Lockhart of Lee, the statesthe banks from Bonniton Fall, on both man and general under the Protector, fides of the Clyde, are precipitous and and Charles Il. and who was also rocky; they are well fringed, however, Lord Justice Clerk, was born in this with natural wood. The highest ground parish. The present Lord Justice Clerk, is about 760 feet above the level of the (MʻQueen of Braxfield) was born, fea. The town itself is 656 feet above and received the first rudiments of his the quay at the new bridge of Glasgow, education here.-As this parish conThe fouth and east parts of the parish tains, perhaps, as much curious, beauare, in general, a light gravelly foil; in tiful, and romantic scenery as any in the north and west the prevailing cha- Scotland, we shall transcribe what is racter is clay. Lanark, which is a said of these from the accurate and royal burgh, is pleasantly situated upon well-written report of this parish by the dope of a rising ground, and may be Mr William Lockhart, as published in considered as a pretty neat country town, Sir John Sinclair's Statistical Account, containing 2260 inhabitants. The chief vol. 15.-66 The falls of Clyde prind manufactures are the making of stock. cipally interest the stranger, and we ings and shoes.. About a mile from the shall begin with the uppermost one, ali town, a new village has arisen fince the though to come at it, we are obliged year 1784, under the auspices of the to pass the second fall, or Corra Lin. patriotic Mr David Dale. Here are the The uppermost one is somewhat above most extensive cotton mills, perhaps, in 2 miles from Lanark, and from the the island. There are four houses built ettate in which it is situated is called for the purpose of spinning, each of the Bonniton Fall or Lin *. From which is above 130 feet long ; the fe- Bonniton house, a very neat and ele. cond, the only one completely filled, gant modern building, you arrive at contains about 6000 spindles. It is be- the Lin, by a most romantic walk 2lieved that there is above 1400 people long the Clyde, leaving the pavilion, employed about these mills. Among and Corra Lin, on your right hand. the remarkable things in this parish, may At some little distance from the fall, be mentioned the vestiges of some strong the walk, leading to a rock that juts holds called Castledykes, about a mile out and overhangs the river, brings you north of the town ; they are built with- all at once within light of this beautiful out lime or mortar, and no superstruc- sheet of water ; but no stranger rests ture appears above them. Subterraneous satisfied with this view; he fill presses buildings of a similar kind have been disa onwards along the walk, till from the covered in different places; they were rock immediately above the Lin, he probably the temporary abodes or lurk- fees the whole body of the river preing places of the ancient Britons. At cipitate itself into the chasm below. Cleghorn may be traced a Roman camp, The rock over which it falls is upwards supposed the work of Agricola. There of 12 feet of perpendicular height, from is no coal in this parish yet discovered. which the Clyde makes one precipitate In the water-runs are found pieces of tumble, or leap into a hollow den; Jimestone ; there is no freestone in the whence some of it again recoils in froth, parish. The rock which prevails, is a and smoking milt. Above, the river micaceous whinstone. Pieces of beau
* The word Lin has not hitherto been tiful jasper are occasionally met with ; explained by any writer, It is no other and in Jerviswood grounds, there was then the Gaelic word Leum, i. e. leap or lately discovered a seam of quartz, con- fall, differently spelt and pronounced.
exhibits a broad, expanded, and placid ent, though almost imperceptible, preappearance, beautifully environed with cipitate leaps. On the southern bank, plantations of forest trees. This appear- and when the sun shines, a rainbow ance is fuddenly changed at the fall : is perpetually seen forming itself upand, below it, the river is narrow, con- on the mist and fogs, arising from tracted, and angrily boils and thunders, the violent dashing of the waters. among rocks and precipices. The --The next curiosity, on descending same beautiful and romantic walk, con. the Clyde, that attracts the stranger, is ducts you back again, along the precipice New Lanerk, or the cotton mills. The that overhangs the river, both sides of fruation of this village is at the western which are environed by mural rocks, e. extremity of the Bonniton ground in a quidistant and regular, forming, as Mr low den, and within view of another Pennant expreffes it, a " stupendous na- beautiful and romantic fall called Duntural mafoory," from whose crevices daff Lin, figoifying in Gaelic black castle choughs, daws,and other wild birds, are leap; and no doubt formerly some fortinceffantly springing. You descend a. ress has been situated hereabouts, altho' long the river for about half a mile, till no traces now remain, excepting in trayou arrive at the Corra Lin, so called dition, which still points out a rock from an old castle and estate upon the called Wallace's Chair, where the paopposite bank. The old castle fall, triot is said to have concealed himself with Corra house, and the rocky and from the English. This fall is about woody banks of the Clyde, form of 3 or 4 feet high, and trouts have been themselves a beautiful and grand coup observed to spring up and gain the top d'oel; but nothing can equal the itriking of it with ease. This fall, the village, and stupendous appearance of the fall it- four lofty cotton mills, and their busy self, which when viewed from any of inhabitants, together with the wild and the different feats placed here and there woody scenery around, must attract the along the walks, must fill every unac- notice of erery stranger. Below these customed beholder with astonishment, are the romantic rocks and woods of The tremendous rocks around, the old Braxfield, the seat of the present Lord castle upon the opposite bank, a corn Justice Clerk, who, influenced by the mill on the rock below, the furious and good of his country, very friendly impatient stream foaming over the rock, feued the site of the village and cot. the horrid chalm and abyss underneath ton mills to the benevolent Mr Dayour feet, heightened by the hollow vid Dale, at a very moderate feu-duty. murmur of the water, and the screams - The next fall of consequence is the of wild birds, form at once a spectacle Stonebyres Lin, situated about 2 miles both tremendous and pleasing. A fum- below the Corra Lin. It is so called mer-house or pavilion is situated over from the neighbouring estate of Stonea high rocky bank, that overlooks the byres, belonging to Daniel Vere, Esg; Lin, built by Sir James Carmichael of but the grounds adjacent to the fall, Bonniton in 1708. From its upper- on both sides of the river, have late. most room it affords a very striking prof- ly been feued or purchased by Mr pect of the fall, for all at once, on throw. Dale. This catarac, which is about ing your eyes towards a mirror, on the 80 feet in height, is the ne plus ulira opposite side of the room from the fall, of the falmon, aš none can posibly get you fee the whole tremendous cataract above it, although their endeavours, in pouring as it were upon your head. The the spawning season, are incessant and Corra Lin, by measurement, is found to amufing. It is equally romantic with be 84 feet in height. The river does the others; and like the Corra Lin, not rush over in one uniform sheet like has three distinct, but almost precipitate the Bonniton Lin, but in three differ- falls. Wild rugged rocks are equally visible here, and they are equally frin- reet course, by Baronald house, where ged with wood ; the trees however are the ground is lower and unobstructed by no means fo tall and stately, be- by rocks, should have penetrated the ing composed of coppice wood. Sal- high hill of Cartlane, and formed a bed mon, pars (famlets), horse muscle, or through solid rock. It seems prefumthe pearl oyster, though numerous be able that this vast chasm has originally low, are never seen above, this fall. been formed by some earthquake, which,
- The next piece of natural curiosity rending the rocks, allowed the water to
This parish is about 6 mile below the town of Lanark. This miles long and 3 broad, containing 937 is a curious and romantic den, about a inhabitants. It is partly pasture, and quarter of a mile in length, bounded on partly in tillage. The rent for tillage either side by a reef of lofty, precipitous, is from 20s. to zos. per acre ; in whole and rugged rocks, which are fringed about 1800l. Sterling. There is but with coppice wood and thriving planta- little ground inciosed, and the spirit of tions on the south. The rocky bank agriculture seems not to have reachon the north side is about 400 feet in ed this parish. height, and it is not much lower upon DUNSYRE. This parish, situated in the south side. Both banks, are finely the eastern extremity of the county, is varied with the different appearances of about 5 miles both in length and breadth. rock, wood, and precipice. At the It is nearly equidistant from the East and bottom runs the river Mouss, which West seas, being about 700 feet above scarcely leaves room for the lonely tra- their level. The number of inú-oitants veller to traverse the den; however, is about 360. The soil in the fats is here the celebrated botanist, Mr Light- light and fandy. The hills afford good foot clambered in search of plants, and sheep pasture. The country is naked discovered fome rare and uncommon of timber, and there are few inclosures. ones, as may be seen in his Flora Sco. Walston. This parish contains atica. At every reach of the Mouss, bout 3000 Scots acres of land, 2coo of of which there are many, the scenery which are arable ; the average rent of varies, and wherever you find a pro- which is 255. per acre for the best, and minent rock upon the one side, you for the inferior 103. ; yielding, in whole, are sure to meet with a regular recess on 700l. per annum. It contains about 430' the other. Caverns in the rock are inhabitants. The situation of this difa here and there observeable, but none trict is high, being about 700 feet aof them worthy of any particular de- bove the level of the sea. Walston fcription. One, still called Wallace's Mount is 1550 feet above that level. cove, tradition tells us, was the hide
This parish is about S ing hole of that patriot. Another miles long and 4 broad, containing 330 equally trifling, but which bears evi- inhabitants. On the banks of the Clyde, dent marks of the chiffel, is said to the soil is good, and the ground very have been the abode of a hermit in level; the southern district however, is former times, but must have been a hilly. The rent is about 1600!. Stermiserable habitation, hardly affording ling yearly ; upon the whole the face of room to lye dowo in. Considerable the countiy is beautiful. There is plenveins of the Spatum ponderofum run ty of iron-stone in different parts, but through these rocks; but no other mi- no coal has yet been discovered. neral has hitherto been traced in this Covington. This is a small parish, dreary den of foxes, badgers, and wild only 3 miles long and 2 broad, containbirds. It is somewhat singular how ing 484 inhabitants. The high grounds the Mouss, instead of following its di- are barren, but the baughs on the Clyde