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ance, has been brought about through cannot but render her Imperial Majesty the most urgent necessity, and the most perfectly easy with respect to the conthreatening danger.
duct which his Catholic Majesty is likely “ Her Imperial Majesty being at a loss to pursue. Her Imperial Majesty is of to account for the motives which can opinion, that it will be both candid and have determined his Catholic Majesty, fincere, and it would be painful for her thus to insulate his interest from that of to suppose, that in any case whatever the coalition, cannot but perfevere in his Catholic Majesty could favour meathe opinion, that notwithitanding this fures, tending to obstruct and oppose sudden change, his Catholic Majesty the avowed purposes of the three allied will continue sincerely to intereft himself Courts. in the success of the operations of the E “ You, Sir, will adopt the most provangelic powers, and so far from throw- per means, officially to communicate ing any obstacle in the way of the new to the Ministry of his Catholic Majefty mcasures which those powers may find the honour of this dispatch, and to make it necessary to pursue, rather support it the subject of a conference you are to them by every means which tlie fyftem request of the Prince of Peace. of neutrality he may perhaps think pro
COUNT OSTERMAN.”. per to adopt does not preclude. “ His Catholic Majesty cannot yet
TRANSLATION of the Answer of his Exhave forgotten the high importance of
cellency the Prince of Prince to M. de the caufe for which the coalesced powers
Bulzow, dated Santa Cruz, March 17. are contending; to restore order and
1796. tranquillity, to lead the nations back to “ I have received your letter of the a fenfe of their duty; and to field all 32d of February, with a copy of the Europe from the most dangerous infec. dispatch which you, Sir, have received tion. These are the important motives from your court by the last courier from which have induced the coalesced pow- London, and must return you in answer, ers to unite their counsels, and exert that the King, my master, has with much their joint efforts to render them trium- pleasure learned the friendly terms in phant.
which, on the part of her Imperial Ma“ It is for this purpose that the three jelty, he has been acquainted with the Courts have just now, by means of a fo. close alliance concluded with the Courts lemn treaty of alliance, itrengthened the of Vienna and London, which certainly ties by which they were united. Their cannot have been the result of the cir's reciprocal interest is therefore fo inti: cumstances which existed in Poland, at a mately connected and interwoven, and time when the forces of her Imperial their determination fo firm, that it would Majesty might have been employed at a be impossible to obstruct the operatior's point where rallied those of all monarchs of one of them without forcing the )who united for the preservation of their thers most warmly to embrace his caue. existence, and the mutual support of Of this defcription is especially the fitia. their rights. At that period tiie King, tion of her Imperial Majetty with refpret my master, gave the strongest proofs of to the King of Great Britain; fo thatin his grief at the misfortune of a beloved case of need, her Imperial Majesty world coufin, and fortsaw that his dominions be obliged to aslift and support him to were drawing near that univerfal corrupthe utmost extent of her power. But tion, which results from madness with. fortunately such connections fubfist be- out bounds. He waged war against tytween his Catholic Majesty and the king rants, but was unable to learn who they of Great Britain, in consequence of se- were, for he did not know, following veral trčaties renewed in the year 193, the capricious dictates of their levity, as can never cease to be dear to his Ca- who were the good Frenchmen that de tholic Majefty, and neither the conve- fended the cause of their King. He was niency nor usefulness of which have seen only able to discern, that but a few vicleftened by a change of affairs produced tims of their fense of honour were his by the most imperious circumstance. true adherents, who followed him to the
This important confideratio, in grave. The defire of the King, my mafaddition to that which proceeds from ter, was, however, of earnest, that not the favourable difpofition of his fatho. withstanding the ill-founded hopes held lic Majefly towards the common cause, qut by the combined powers, de proie:
cuted the moft vigorous and most expen- itself to help it with its good offices, and five war.
to fuccour it on its requisition, as fall “ There was no Sovereign but the be ftipulated in the following articles, King endeavoured to prevail upon her, III. Within the space of three months, by the most advantageous proposals, to reckoning from the moment of the rejoin his Majesty, notwithstanding this quisition, the power called on shall hold requef addressed to the Empress at dif. in readiness, and place in the dispofal of ferent times, since the last months of the power calling, Is thips of the lipe, 1791, and during the year 1992, and M. three of which shall be three deckers or de Galvez, Spanish Minister in Russia, of 80 guns, twelve of from 70 to 72, fix and M. de Zinowief, who resided in the frigates of a proportionate force, and fame quality at Madrid, but especially four Noops or light yeffels, all equipped, in October 1792 and December 1793, armed, and victualled for Gix months, when M. de Amat, then Spanish Charge and stored for a year. These naval forces d'Affaires at Petersburgh, and soon after shall be assembled by the power called M. de Oris, Minister of his Catholic on in the particular port pointed out by Majesty, bad long conferences on this the power calling. E' fubject, the former with Count Ofter V. The power called on shall in the man, and the later with Count Befbo- same way place at the disposal of the rerodko. Notwithstanding all this, there quiring power, within the space of three did not exist the least circumstance months, reckoning from the moment of which promised an active co-operation the requisition, eighteen thousand infauon the part of the Empress, nor does it try and fix thousand cavalry, with a proappear that the occupation of Poland portionate train of artillery, to be readily could have prevented her from co-ope employed in Europe, and for the defence rating in favour of the common caufe. of the colonies whịch the contracting It was under thefe circumstances that powers poffess in the Gulf of Mexico. the King, my master, no doubt from IX. The troops and ships demanded, fear and apprehension of Giniftrous con- fhall continue at the disposal of the refequences for his kingdom, resolved to quiring power during the whole duramake peace, convinced, that if he were tion of the war, without its incurring in left without affiftance in the war, that any case any expence. The power called fupport, which might be promised him on shall maintain them in all places where for the attainment of peace, would prove ts ally shall cause them to act, as if it still less efficacious. This is the true fi- employed them directly for itself. tuation of Spain, and his Catholic Ma X. The power called on fhall immejesty obliges bimself to fulfil whatever ciately replace the ships it furnishes, he has promised for the common cause, which may be loft by accidents of war or in which, at the same time he muft, for of the sea. It shall also repair the loftes the future, decline participating in any the troops it supplies may suffer. measure, which has no certain and con XI. If the aforesaid fuccours ars found fiftent object. I have the honour, &c. to be, or should become insufficient, the
The PRINCE DE LA PAX." two contracting powers shall put on foot SUBSTANCE of the Offenfive and Defen- the greatest forces they poffibly can, as Five Treaty of Alliance between France of he power attacked, which shall cm
enemy and Spain.
ploy the aforesaid forces, either by 'comArticle I. There thall exist for ever an binng them, or by causing them to act offensive and defenfive alliance between feprately, and this conformably to a the French Republie and his 'Catholic plar concerted between them. Majesty the King of Spain. I agevig w2": XII, In the case in which the motives
11. The two contracting powers fhall of histilities being prejudicial to both be mutual guarantees, without any re- partes, they may declare war with one ferve or exception, in the most authen- comnon affent against one or feveral tie and absolute way, of all the kateg, powers, the limitations establisfied in the territories, islands, and places, which preceding articles shall cease to take they poffefs, and shall respectively poc place and the two contracting powers fefs. And if one of the two powers Thall le bound to bring into action against fall be in the sequel, under whatever the common enemy, the whole of their pretext it may be, menaced or attacked; land and fea forces, and to concert their the other promises, engages, and binds
plans so as to direct them towards the Minister has suffered clearly to appear, most convenient points; either separate. by his Glence upon the subject of all his ly or by uniting them. They equally negociations with other powers, partibind themselves, in the cases pointed out cularly in the treaty concluded on the in the present article) not to treat for i9th of November 1794, with the Uni. peace unless with one common consent, "ted States of America, without any reand in such a way as that each shall ob- gard to my rights, which were'well tain the fatisfaction which is its due.' known to him. I remarked it again in
XV. Without any delay there all his repugnance to the adoption of my be concluded a treaty of commerce on plans and ideas, which might accelerate the most equitable balis, and reciprocally the termination of the war, and in the advantageous to the two nations, which vague reply which Lord Grenville gave Thall secure to each of them, with its my Ambassador the Marquis del Campo, ally, a marked preference for the pro- when he demanded succours of him to ductions of its foil and manufactures, continue it. He completely confirmed me or at the leaft, advantages equal to thofe in the certainty of his bad faith, by the which the most favoured nations enjoy injustice with which he appropriated the in their respective States.";
rich cargo of the Spanish ship le Saint XVIII. England being the only power a. Jago, or l'Achille, at first taken by the gainst which Spain bas direct grievances, French, and afterwards re-taken by the the present alliance hall not be executed un- English fquadron, and which ought to less against ber during the present war; have been restored to me, according to and Spain fhall remain neuter with respect the Convention made between my Seto the other powers armed against the Re- cretary of State and Lord St Helens, public.
Ambassador from his Britannic Majeity ; Done at St Ildephonso, (August 19), afterwards by the detention of all the the 4th year of the French Republic, ammunition which arrived in the Dutch one and indivisible.' - (Signed) fhips, for the supply of my squadrons, PERIGNON
"I by affecting always different difficulties The PRINCE OF PEACE, to put off the restitution of them. FinalDecree of the Court of Spain against of the bad faith of England, when I
ly, I could no longer entertain a doubt Great Britain. Madrid, Oct. II.
learnt the frequent landing from her
hips upon the coasts of Chili and Peru, His Majesty has transmitted to all his in order to carry on a contraband trade, Councils a Decree of the following te and to reconnoitre the shore, under pre
tence of fishing for whales, a privilege “ One of the principal motives that which the pretended to have granted determined me to make peace with the her by the Convention of Nootka. Such French Republic, as soon as its govern. were the proceedings of the British Miment had begun to assume a regular and nifter, to cement the ties of friendship ftable form, was the manner in which and reciprocal confidence, which he had England behaved to me during the whole engaged to maintait, according to our of the war, and the just mistrust which Convention of the 25th May 1793, I ought to feel for the future, from the
“ Since I have made peace with the experience of her bad faith, which be, French Republic, not only have I had gan to be manifested at the most critical stronger motives for fuppofing an intenmoment of the first campaign ; in the tion on the part of England to attack manner with which Admiral Hood treat- my poliesions in America, but I have ed my squadron at Toulon, where he also received direct insults, which per. was, employed solely in ruining all that fuade me that the English Minister be could not carry away himself; and wishes to oblige me to adopt a part conafterwards, in the expedition he under trary to the interests of humanity, torn took against the INand of Corsica -an by the bloody war which ravages expedition which he undertook without Europe, for the termination of which I the knowledge, and which he concealed have not cealed to offer my good offices, with the greatest care from Don Juan and to testify my constant solicitude. de LAngara, while they were together “ In fact, England has developed her at Toulon
intentions, has clearly evinced her pro**** This fame bad faith the English ject of getting poffeflion of my territo Vol. LVIII.
ries, by sending to the Antilles a confi- quillity of the inhabitants of the island. derable force, and particularly defined “ By all these insults, equally deep against St Domingo, as the proclama- and unparalelled, that nation proved to tions of her General in that island clearly the universe, that the recognizes no odemonstrate. She has also made known ther laws than the aggrandizement of her intentions by the establishments her commerce; and by their depotifm, which her commercial companies have which has exhausted my patience and formed upon the banks of the Missouri, moderation, she has forced me, as well in South America, with the design of to support the honour of my crown, as penetrating through those countries to to protect my people against her attacks, the South Sea; finally, by, the conquest to declare war against the King of Engwhich she has made of the colony of land, his kingdom, and vaffals, and to Demarary, belonging to the Dutch, and give orders and take 'the neceffary meawhose advantageous position puts her in lures for the defence of my dominions, a condition to get poffeffion of posts still and my fubjects, and to repulse the enemore important.
“ But there can no longer remain any Done at the Palace Signed by the King doubt of the hoftile nature of these pro of St Laureno, and the Secreta-' jects; when I consider the frequent in Oct. 5. 1796.
ry of the Council sults to my fag, the acts of violence
of War. committed in the Mediterranean by her On Saturday the 8th of October, war frigates, which have carried away fol was proclaimed at Madrid in the usñal diers coming from Genoa to Barcelona, form. on board Spanish ships, to complete my MEMORIAL delivered to the Minister of armies; the piracies and vexations which
the French Republic for foreign affairs, the Corsican and Anglo-Corfican corfairs,
by Lord Malmesbury. protected by the English government of that illand, exercise against the Spanish His Britannic Majesty defiring, as he trade in the Mediterranean, and even has already declared, to contribute, as upon the coasts of Catalonia, and the de- far as depends on himself, to the retention of different Spanish ships laden establishment of public tranquillity, and with Spanish property, and carried to to ensure, by the means of juft, honourEngland, under the most frivolous pre- able, and folid conditions of peace, the tences, and especially the rich cargo of future repose of Europe ; his Majesty is the Spanish fhip the Minerva, on which of opinion, that the best means of attainan embargo was laid in the most insulto ing, with all posible expedition, that ing manner to my flag, and the removal falutary end, will be to agree, at the of which could not be obtained, though beginning of the negociation, on the geit was demonstrated before the compe- neral principle which shall serve as a tent tribunals, that this rich cargo was basis for the definitive arrangements. Spanish property.
The first object of the negociation for “ The attack committed upon my peace generally relates to the reftitutions ambassador, Don Simon de las Casas, and cessions which the respective parties by a tribunal of London, which decreed have mutually to demand, in consequence his arreft, founded upon the demand of of the events of the war. a very small fum, which was claimed by Great Britain, after the uninterrupted the undertaker of an embarkation, Fi- success of her naval war, finds herself in nally, the Spanish territory has been vi- à situation to have no reftitution to deDlated in an intollerable manner upon mand of France, from which, on the the coats of Galicia and Alicant by the contrary, she has taken eftablishments English thips the Camelion and the Kan. and colonies of the highest importance, guroo. Moreover, Capt. George Vaughan, and of a value almoft incalculable. commander of the Alarm, behaved in a But, on the other hand, France has manner equally infolent and scandalous-made, on the Continent of Europe, conin the island of Trinity, where he land- quests, to which his Majesty can be the ed with drums beating and flags flying, less indifferent, as the most important to attack the French, and to avenge the intereits of his people, and the moft injuries which he pretended to have refacred engagements of his Crown,' are ceived, diturbing, by the violation of effentially implicated therein. the rights of my sovereignty, the tran. The magnanimity of the King, his in
violable good faith, and his desire to re- fettlement of the articles, and before ftore repose to so many nations, lead their signature. himn, in this situation of affairs, to con We entered into difcuffion : Lord sider the means of procuring terms of Malmesbury presented to me the memopeace, just and equitable for all the Bel- rial which I laid before the Directory. ligerent Powers, and calcuiated to en- I obfeļved to him, that speaking in the sure, in future, the general tranquillity. name of the allies of Great Britain, and
It is on this footing then that he pro. ftipulating for their interests, he was, poses to negociate, by offering to com. doubtless, furnished with their powers pensate France, by proportionable resti. and instructions. He answered me, that tutions, for those arrangements to which he was not, but that when the Directory me will be called upon to consent, in should have explained itself úpon the order to satisfy the just demands of the principle laid down in his memorial, he King's allies, and to preserve the politi- would expedite couriers to give to the cal balance of Europe.
different Courts an account of the negoHaving made this first overture, his ciations, and to receive their orders. Majesty will, in the sequel, explain him. I demanded of him if he could, at leait, self in a more extensive inanner, on the specify the principle of conecfiion in application of this principle to the dif- what concerned the Republic and the ferent objects which may be discused government of Great Britain ? He re between the respective parties.
plied, that after the Directory should It is this application which will con- have explained itself, he would send á ftitute the subject of thofe discussions in- courier and demand instructions on this to which his Majesty has authorised his point. I then thought it my duty to • Minister to enter, as foon as the princi- say to Lord Malmesbury, that I would ple to be adopted as the general batis of lay his memorial before the Directory; the negociation is known.
that I would take its orders, and impart But his Majesty cannot dispense with to him its answer. (Signed). declaring, that if this generous and e
CHA. DELACROIX. quitable offer shall not be accepted, or
ANSWER OF THE DIRECTORY. if, unfortunately, the discussions which may ensue may fail in the desired effect, The Executive Directory orders the neither this general proposition, nor Minister for Foreign Affairs to make the those more detailed, which may result following Answer to Lord Malmesbury: from it, shall be regarded, in any case, The Executive Directory fee with as points agreed upon or accorded to by pain, that at the moment when they bis Majesty.
had reason to hope for the very speedy MALMESBURY,
return of peace between the French Rés Minister Plenipotentiary from his public and his Britannic Majesty, the Britannic Majesty.
proposition of Lord Malmesbury offers Paris, 08. 24. 1796.
nothing but dilatory, or very diftant,
means of bringing the negociation to a REPORT TO THE DIRECTORY conclufion. By the Minister for Foreign Affairs, the The Directory observe, that if Lord
4th Brumaire (Oct. 25.) Malmesbury would have treated fepaThe Executive Directory having fur- sately, as he was formally authorized nished me with full powers to treat for by the tenor of his credentials, the new peace with Great Britain, I had yester- gociations might have been considerably day (3d Brumaire) my first conférence abridged ; that the neceffity of balancing with Lord Malmesbury, Plenipotentiary with the interests of the two powers Commiflioner of his Britannic Majesty. those of the Allies of Great Britain, mulHe presented to me the original of his tiplies the combinations, increases the powers, sealed with the Seal of Great difficulties, tends to the formation of a Britain, and certified the Copy which Congrefs, the forms of which it is known he had before presented to me unsigned; are always tardy, and requires the acceland which I had laid before the Direc fion of powers, which bitherto have diftory. I reciprocally exhibited to him played no defire of accommodation, and my powers, and gave him a certified have not given to Lord Malmesbury himcopy. It was agreed, that the originals felf, according to his own declaration; hould be exchanged upon the definitive any power to ftipulate for them.