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far more pleasing and instructive than tween liberty and licentiousness was dètheir writings. The moment was hap- ver transgreffed by a gesture, a word, or pily chofen. At the close of a success. a look, and their virgin chastity was ful war, the British name was respected never fullied by the breath of scandal
Clarum et venerabile nomen or fufpicion. A fingular institution, ex-
preslive of the indocent fimplicity of Our opinions, our fashions, even our Swiss manners. games, were adopted in France, a ray THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. of national glory illuminated each indi- I beg leave to subscribe my affent to vidual, and every Englishman was fup- Mr Burke's creed on the revolution of posed to be born a patriot and a philo. France. I admire his eloquence, I apsopher.
prove his politics, I adore his chivalry, A SINGULAR FEMALE INSTITUTION. and I can almost excufe his reverence
On his leaving Paris, and his return for church establishments. I have someto Lausanne, Mr Gibbon thus writes: times thought of writing a dialogue of “ By fome ecclefiaftical quarrel, Vol- the dead, in which Lucian, Erasmus, taire had been provoked to withdraw and Voltaire should mutually acknowhimself from Lausanne, and retire to ledge the danger of exposing an old fu. his castle at Ferney, where I again vi- perstition to the contempt of the blind sited the poet and the actor, without and fanatic multitude. seeking his more intimate acquaintance, A swarm of emigrants of both sexes, to which I might now have pleaded å who escaped from the public ruin, has better title. But the theatre which he been attra&ted by the vicinity, the manhad founded, the actors whom he had ners, and the language of Lausanne ; formed, survived the loss of their mal- and our narrow habitations in town and ter ; and, recent from Paris, 1 attended country are now occupied by the first with pleasure at the representation of names and titles of the departed moseveral tragedies and comedies. I shall narchy. These noble fugitives are ennot descend to specify particular names titled to our pity; they may claim our and characters ; but I cannot forget a esteem, but they cannot, in their preprivate institution, which will display fent ftate of mind and fortune, much the innocent freedom of Swiss manners. contribute to our amusement. Instead My favourite society had assumed, from of looking down as calm and idle fpecthe age of its members, the proud de- tators on the theatre of Europe, oor pomination of the spring (la société des domestic harmony is fomewhat embitprintems.) It conlisted of fifteen or tered by the infusion of party spirit: our twenty young unmarried ladies, of gen- ladies and gentlemen affume the characteel, though rot of the very first fami- ter of self-taught politicians ; and the lies ; 'the eldest perhaps about twenty, sober dictates of wisdom and experience all agreeable, several handsome, and two are filenced by the clamour of the tri. or three of exquisite beauty. At each umphant democrates. The fanatic mis other's houses they assembled almost e- tionaries of sedition have scattered the very day, without the controul, or eved feeds of discontent in our cities and vil. the presence, of a mother or an aunt; lages, which had flourished above two they were trusted to their own pru- hundred and fifty years without fearing dence, among a crowd of young men the approach of war, or feeling the of every nation in Europe. T'hey laugh- weight of government. Many indivi: ed, they fung, they danced, they play. duals, and some communities, appeat to ed at cards, they acted comedies; but be infested with the Gallic phrenzy, the in the midst of this careless gaiety, they wild theories of equal and boundless respected themselves, and were respect- Freedom; but I trust that the body of ed by the men ; the invisible line be- the people will be faithful to their love.. reign and to themselves; and I am fa- ed in the rights of man : the economy tisfied that the failure or fuccess of a re- of the state is liberally fupplied without volt would equally terminate in the ruin the aid of taxes ; and the magistrates of the country. While the aristocracy must reign with prudence and equity, of Bern protects the happiness, it is fu- since they are unarmed in the midlt of perfluous to inquire whether it be found- an armed nation. ON ATTENTION TO CLEANLINESS, AND THE PROPRIETY,
(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 662.). TO this plan I know not that any noculated patients, only 72 died; and objection could be urged. A contrary that, during the same period, one of conduct has, however, been followed; every six died of the natural disease i to add to the evils incident to their lo- let it be remembered, what alteration cal situation, the practice of depositing in the treatment of the disease has since carrion not many yards from the pave- taken place, and how much the present ment, is tamely submitted to; and a is superior in efficacy to the former quantity of salted provisions, in a high- mode of cure. ly putrid state, which the just arm of In the year 1770, the little town of the law ejected from a cook shop, went Kirkwall received a visit from this peralso to this marsh, as an aggregation of tilence. Dr Andrew Monro, who then the evil.
practised at Orkney, persuaded the peoThe propriety and importance of a ple to subnyit 33 2 children to his care : nice attention to cleanliness, which 2. They were innoculated under every dil lope can fecure, at all times, a whole- advantage ; a spreading mortality, which fome atmosphere in all populous places, had evidently poisoned the air ; filthy will now be sufficiently obvious. It re. dwellings ; during the inclemency of mains to consider the other view in the winter months ; and with the very which we were to take the subject of worst domestic accommodation ; yet 4 innoculation—to combat the religious only died; while, during the same pe prejudices of the people, and to inquire riod, and in the same town, 39 out of how it is inconsistent with our moral by died of the patural disease ; and it duty to reject the practice?
is worthy of remark, that the people, The dissimilitude of deaths in the even then, knew of the salutary influence natural form of small pox, and that in- of this operation; for, during the year troduced by innoculation, obvious and 1758, the small pox had killed 70 out inmense as it is, will make little part of 273 people, when a young physician of this inquiry ; because it is admitted innoculated 60 children without losing hy the keenest opposers or rejectors of one patient. the practice. It was about the year It is a melancholy truth, that reli1765 that jonoculation began to be a- gious scruples foster this fatal delusion ; o dopted by the superior ranks of the peo- but it is the tenets of those Christians ple of Scotland. At that period the whom we now address to be hardy and Royal Academy of Paris addressed in- confident, not only to level the divine quiries about this operation to all the attributes with the qualities of the creamedical schools of Europe ; and Dr ture, but to ask, and to be confident of Monro received those which were di- obtaining, an interpolition of Providence. rected to Edinburgh: He was very zea- Man was made after God's image; this lous in the cause. All the information false theology, which estimating his atwhich his country could furnish was ob- tributes by our animal faculties, makes tained, from which it is demonstrated, God after man's image ; this is an offa that, during fix months, out of 5626 in- spring of the doctrine of neceility; and
its advocates sometimes proceed further; a good or bad part, since the fate of and with infinite presumption deny mer- every mortal is fixed, and we are not cy and justice as attributes of deity ; be- to be judged according to our deeds.caufe, whenever justice prompted to pu- But observenish, and mercy to spare, God himself Our voluntary service God requires, could neither be just por merciful.
si Not our neceffitated; such with him Mankind were evidently formed to Finds no acceptance, nor can find ; for love virtue, which has a powerful ten
how deocy to promote this happiness ; this. Can bearts not free be try'd whether evinces a future state of retribution,
they serve where virtue shall be exalted, and vice Willing or no, who will but what they
muftitit debased : now this doctrine, though io By destiny, and can no other chuse! the abkract universally acquiesced in, is
MILTON totally inconsistent with the creed of ne: The Deity, beside the power vested in cellity, from which it follows, that all mankind of saving thousands of their arguments opposed to it, is foolishness. fellow beings, by this falutary opera
Many will tell us, that although cer- tion, hath put, many other means of tain events must befol mankind, and the good into their power. If they em. termination of life happen at a stated pe- brace them not, the fin is with the riod; yet are they commanded to use guilty. The history of mechanics, opmeans for extending that period, and tics, chemistry, botany, exhibit examfor extenuating distress. This position ples of powers revealed to the human betrays much littleness of intelleet, race, the adoption of which, to the purstrong per version of reason, beside a pal- poses of social life, have contributed pable contradiction. If they are com
much to the emancipation of manmanded to use means, where can more kind from a barbarous to a civilized glorious means be found than that of state. innoculation, whereby millions have been
Ingenuas didiciffe fideliter artes saved? But if the events which happen
Emollit mores, nec finit efie feros." do of necessity take place, why use any
Ovid. means ? The doctrine of pecellity bears no choice; it will thus avail little to act
(To be continued.)
COPY of a dispatch from Count Osterman, opportunities of learning the true sentir
Chancellor to the Empress of Russia, ments of that Prince, not to be thoroughto M. de Bulzow, Rapan Charge d' Af- ly convinced that the concurrence of the fairs, at Madrid, dated Petersburgh, most imperious circumftances can alone Dec. 25. 1795:
have determined him to act in direct op“SIR, The Empress was already in- pofition to his principles. No doubt it formed, through the public prints, of has been for bim a task infinitely bard, the treaty of peace concluded between to enter into negociations with those, Spain and the French, and the unplea- who with their own hands murdered the fant sensations which this unexpected and chief of his illustrious family, and to condisagreeable tranfaction had produced in clude a peace with those disturbers of her Imperial Majesty's mind, were great- the tranquillity and safety of all Europe. ly increased when this intelligence was No one knows better than her Imperial confirmed by the minister of his Catho- Majesty to value and appreciate all the lic. Majesty. The Empress, however, difficulties and obstacles which his Cathohas, during the new connection, which lic Majesty must have had to surmount, so happily sublisted between her and his before he could prevail upon himself to Catholic Majesty, met with too many adopt a measure, which, to all appear
ance, has been brought about through cannot but render her Imperial Majesty the most urgent necessity, and the most perfectly easy with respect to the conthreatening danger.
duct which his Catholic Majesty is likely “Her Imperial Majesty being at a loss to pursue. Her Imperial Majetty is of to account for the motives which can opinion, that it will be both candid and have determined his Catholic Majelty, fincere, and it would be painful for her thus to infulate his interest from that of to suppose, that in any case whatever the coalition, cannot but perfevere in his Catholic Majesty could favour meathe opinion, that notwithitanding this fures, tending to obstruct and oppoie sudden change, his Catholic Majefty the avowed purposes of the three allied will continue sincerely to interest himself Courts. in the success of the operations of the E- “ You, Sir, will adopt the most provangelic powers, and so far from throw- per means, officially to communicate ing any obstacle in the way of the new to the Ministry of his Catholic Majefty mcafures which those powers may find the honour of this dispatch, and to make it necessary to pursue, rather support it the subject of a conference you are to them by every means which the fyftem request of the Prince of Peace. of neutrality he may perhaps think pro
COUNT OSTERMAN.”. per to adopt does not preclude. “ His Catholic Majesty cannot yet
TRANSLATION of the Anfaver of bis Exbave forgotten the high importance of
cellency the Prince of Prince to M. de the cause for which the coalesced powers
Bulzow, dated Santa Cruz, March 17. are contending; to restore order and
1796. tranquillity, to lead the nations back to “ I have received your letter of the a sense of their duty; and to shield all 22d of February, with a copy of the Europe from the most dangerous infec- dispatch which you, Sir, have received tion. Thefe are the important motives from your court by the last courier from which have induced the coalesced pow. London, and must return you in answer, ers to unite their counsels, and exert that the King, my master, has with much their joint efforts to render them trium- pleasure learned the friendly terms in phant.
which, on the part of her Imperial Ma“ It is for this purpose that the three jesty, , he has been acquainted with the Courts have just now, by means of a fo. clole alliance concluded with the Courts lemn treaty of alliance, strengthened the of Vienna and London, which certainly ties by which they were united. Thei: cannot have been the result of the cir's reciprocal interest is therefore so inti cumstances which existed in Poland, at a mately connected and interwoven, and time when the forces of her Imperial their determination fo firm, that it woull Majesty might have been employed at a be impoflible to obstruct the operatiors point where rallied those of all monarchs of one of them without forcing the ). who united for the preservation of their thers most warmly to embrace his caue, existence, and the mutual fupport of Of this defcription is especially the fitia. their rights. At that period tlie King, tion of her Imperial Majetty with respet my master, gave the strongest proois of to the King of Great Britain; fo thatin his grief at the misfortune of a beloved case of need, her Inperial Majesty would coufin, and foresaw that his dominions be obliged to aflift and support him to were drawing near that universal corrupthe utmost extent of her power. But tion, which results from madness with. fortunately fich connections fubfift be- out bounds. He waged war against tytween his Catholic Majesty and the king rants, but was unable to learn who they of Great Britain, in consequence of se- were, for he did not know, following veral treaties renewed in the year 193, the capricious dictates of their levity, as can never ceafe to be dear to his Ca- who were the good Frenchmen that detholic Majefty, and neither the conve- fended the cause of their King. He was niency nor usefulness of which have seen only able to discern, that but a few vicleftened by a change of affairs produced tims of their sense of honour were his by the
most imperious circumstance. true adherents, who followed him to the
This important confideratioi, in grave. The desire of the King, my maladdition to that which proceeds from ter, was, however, of earnet, that not the favourable disposition of his fatho. withstanding the ill-founded hopes held lic Majefty towards the common cause, qut by the combined powers, he prolc
cuted the most vigorous and most expen- itfelf to help it with its good offices, and five war.
to succour it on its requisition, as fhall “ There was no Sovereign bụt the be stipulated in the following articles, King endeavoured to prevail upon her, III. Within the fpace of three months, by the most advantageous proposals, to reckoning from the moment of the rejoin his Majesty ; notwithitanding this quisition, the power called on shall hold requef addressed to the Empress at dif. in readiness, and place in the disposal of ferent times, , since the last months of the power calling, is Ahips of the lipe, 1791, and during the year 1792, and M. three of which shall be three deckers or de Galvez, Spanish Minister in Ruflia, of 80 guns, twelve of from 70 to 92, fix and M. de Zinowief, who resided in the frigates of a proportionate force, and fame quality at Madrid, but especially four Hoops or light vefels, all equipped, in October 1792 and December 1793, armed, and victualled for Gx months, when M. de Amat, then Spanish Charge and stored for a year. These naval forces d'Affaires at Petersburgh, and foon after shall be assembled by the power called M. de Oris, Minister of his Catholic on in the particular port pointed out by Majesty, had long conferences on this the power calling. si ti, fubject, the former with Count Ofter- V. The power called on shall in the man, and the later with Count Belbo- fame way place at the dispofal of the rerodko. Notwithstanding all this, there quiring power, within the space of three did not exist the least circumstance monthş, reckoning from the moment of which promised an active co-operation the requifition, eighteen thousand infauon the part of the Emprefs, nor does it try and fix thousand cavalry, with a proappear that the occupation of Poland portionate train of artillery, to be readily could have prevented her from co-ope employed in Europe, and for the defence rating in favour of the common caufe. of the colonies which the contracting It was under these circumstances that powers poffess in the Gulf of Mexico, the King, my master, no doubt from IX. The troops and ships demanded, fear and apprehenfion of finiftrous con- shall continue at the disposal of the resequences for his kingdom, resolved to quiring power during the whole duramake peace, convinced, that if he were tion of the war, without its incurring in left without afliftance in the war, that any case any expence. The power called fupport, which might be promised him on shall maintain them in all places where for the attai ent of peace, would prove ts ally shall cause them to act, as if it still less efficacious. This is the true fi- employed them dire&ly for itself. tuation of Spain, and his Catholic Ma- X. The power called on fhall immejesty obliges bimfelfito fulfil whatever ciately replace the ships it furnishes, he has promised for the common cause, which may be loft by accidents of war or in which, at the same time he must, for of the fea. It shall also repair the losses the future, decline participating in any the troops it fupplies may Tuffer. measure, which has no certain and con- XI. If the aforesaid fuccours are found fiftent object. I have the honour, &c. to be, or should become insufficient, the The PRINCE DE LA PAx." two contracting powers shall
put on foot SUBSTANCE of the Offensive and Defen- wdi by sea as by land, against the enemy
the greatest forces they, posibly can, as Jave Treaty of Alliance between France of he power attacked, which shall emand Spain.
ploy the aforesaid forces, either by 'comArticle I. There thall exift for ever an binng them, or by causing them to ad offensive and defenfive alliance between fepirately, and this conformably to'z the French Republie and his Catholic plar concerted between them. Majesty the King of Spain.
XII, In the case 'in which the motivés 11. The two contracting powersthall of lítilities being prejudicial to both be mutual guarantees, without any re- partes, they may declare war with one ferve or exception, in the most authen- comnon affent against one or feveral tic and absolute way, of all the lates, powrs, the limitations established in the territories, iflands, and places, which preceding articles shall cease to take they poffefs, and shall respectively pof- place and the two contracting powers fefs.--And if one of the two powers shall le bound to bring into action against frall be in the sequel, under whatever the common enemy, the whole of their pretext it may be, menaced or attacked, land and sea forces, and to concert their the other promises, engages, and binds