« ZurückWeiter »
Ere they began their Pleas to draw,
Sooner when Gallia's credit's flown What an † Assumpfit meant in Law To some Utopian world unknown, To wit for drivers weighty sums
* Aftræa fhall on earth remain Of lawful cafb at Pleaders Rooms,
The last of the celestial train, By me faid Pleader, as was prudent, To cender Afignats at Par | Had and received to use of student;
Triumphant in the Champ de Mar', In short I acted as became me,
And when their deep-laid projects fail, And where's the Pleader that can blame me? And Guillotines no more avail, Not one of all the trade that I know, Her baffled Statsemen shall excise E'er fails to take the Ready rino,
Some new found region in the kies, Which haply, if his purse receive,
And tow'ring in an air balloon No human art can e'er retrieve.
Pluck Requisitions from the Moon ;
Sooner the daring wights who go • + Asumpsit—A form of Adion so called. Down to the watery world below, When one becomes legally indebted to an- Shall force old Neptune to disgorge other, the law implies a Promise of Payment, And vomit up the Royal George, for which what is called indebitatus afumpfit Than He who hath his bargain made lies.'
And legally his cash convey'd, • The action for money bad and received, shall c'er his pocket reimburse lies only for money which ex æquo et bono, De
By diving in a Lawyer's Purse. fendant ought to refund. Com. Dig. tit. action on the Cafe-in assumpsit, a. I.
*** Ultima cælicolum Terras Afræ reliquit For money paid by mistake or on a con.
VIRG,' fideration which happens to fail. Ib.?
HOUSE OF COMMONS. consider of the supply to be granted to For several days after the meeting of his Majesty, Parliament, the House was chiefly em Mr Pybus moved, that 120,000 men ployed in receiving petitions relative to be employed in the sea service for the controverted elections, reports of com- year 1797, including 20,000 marines. mittees, and other forms preparatory to General Tarlton rofe, not, he said, to future business.
ftate any objection to the motion, for no Oct. 1o. The Speaker acquainted the man heard with more satisfaction of the House, that their Address, on the King's respectable footing of our navy, or of Speech, was presented on Saturday to his the noble atchievements of our naval ofMajesty at St James's, to which his Ma- ficers and feamen than he did, and no jesty had been pleased to make a most panegyric was, in his opinion, adequate gracious answer.
to their merits; but representing, as he Mr Rose moved, that a supply be grants did, a great commercial town, he could ed to his Majesty. Agreed to, and the not suffer the present opportunity to report ordered to be received to-morrow. pass without putting a question to Ad
Mr Pitt moved for the following pa. ministration. His Majesty's speech, he pers---Account of the value of British remarked, stated, that “ the enemy's and Foreign Merchandize exported for, fleets had been blocked up in their ports the half year, ending the 7th of July the greater part of the summer.” Why, 1795, and for the half year ending the then, he asked, had Richery's squadron gth of July 1796. Account of the pro- been suffered to escape from Cadiz ? He duce of all the taxes in the quarters end- desired particularly to know, whether ing the sth of April, 5th of July, and ministers had received any further ac. 5th of Oct. 1795, and 1796. Account of counts of the devastations committed by the Permanent Taxes previous to 1791, the squadron alluded to, in the isand of and between 1794 and 1796, respectively Newfoundland. adding the duties on home-made spirits, Mr. Pybus said, government had reand the bounties on corn, and for the ceived accounts of the loffes in that raising of feamen.
quarter, and had taken measures accord14. The House having resolved itself ngly. The question was then put and into a committee of the whole House, to carried.
It was next moved, that “ 41. per man only in forty-three. This dispromonth per man be granted to his Ma- portion it was now proposed to rectify, jesty, to defray the expences of 120,000 and to make the new levies keep pace Teamen and marines for thirteen months.” with the actual population. The men Agreed to.
were not to be called out into service, 17. Mr Serjeant Adair brought in a or if they were, it was but for a short bill for preventing the imprisonment of period. The expence of uniforms and Quakers for the non-payment of tythes, accoutrements would, in this instance, and to make their affirmation valid in extend only to the one fixth in actual criminal cases. This bill had passed the training ; but it was obvious that the house last sessions; but had been lost in end would be lost if arms were not prothe House of Lords, the discussion of it vided for them all. Another part of our having been objected to in the then ad- ftrength lay in our irregular cavalry, to vanced period of the sessions.
which the yeomanry association had cer18. The House having refolved itself tainly contributed in a very high degree. into a committee on that part of his But it was necessary that this force Majesty's speech which stated, that the should be further increased. The great enemy had manifefted an intention of difficulty of the enemy would lie in the making a descent on this country. importation of cavalry, and therefore it
Mr Pitt rose, and, after fome preli- was the more necessary for us to increase minary observations, proposed, that there our fuperiority in that respect. He did should be a levy on all the parishes in not think that the measure which he the kingdom, of 15,000 men, partly for had to propose could be considered as a the sea and partly for the land service; measure of severity, when the call was the latter to fill up the skeletons of the so important. The number of horses regiments lately returned from the con- not actually employed in agriculture, or tinent. Our navy, he proceeded, was in business of real necesity, amounted now in such a prosperous condition as to 200,000. Of these, 120,000 were kept to render desperate every attempt of the by one person each ; but in many inenemy; but it was also receffary that stances 10, 20, 30, and even more, were we should be able to sustain a landed maintained by a single person. He did contest. He did not mean, that all the not think it' unreasonable, in this in, troops for this purpose should be actu- ftance, to propose, that the person kecpally raised and
isciplined: our prepa. ng ten horses should furnish each one ration, it was to be expected, would be horse and horseman, with his accoutrefufficient to defeat the defign. It was ments. If he kept more, but sort of far from his wish, therefore, to put the 20, that he should furnish a proportionnation to any unnecessary expence; ate fum in money. The person keeping much less to take the subjects, without 20, 30, or 40 horses, to furnish two, cause, from the labours of commerce, of three, or four horsemen, in the fame agriculture, and manufactures. His pur- proportion. If the number of horses pofe was to have a large force put suc- kept by the individual was less than 1o, ceflively in training, and disciplined in he should then propose that these fould turn, until the whole were qualified for be a regular class, and that each class. military service. He should therefore should send an horseman by ballot. The move for a supplemental levy of militia, men thus furnished to be immediately to be raised from the different counties, regimented and officered by the crown. and to confilt of fixty thousand men. There were other objects which presentThese were not to be called out toge- ed themselves as likely to prove of much ther, unless on an occasion of the high- use, when the object was of fo ferious a est emergency At prefent he should nature. There were a class of men, only propose, that one-sixth of them, who, from their knowledge of fire arms, making 10,000, should be embodied and and their local acquaintance with the trained for 20 days. These levies, he country, were likely to be of much ferobserved, were now made in a manner vice-he meant the gamekeepers. He the most disproportionate, from the cir- was aware that there were many gentlecumstance of the original acts having men to whom it might be inconvenient never been revised. In some counties to serve, who took out their deputation the proportion was one man in seven; as gamekeeper. These he thought should while in others the proportion was one either serve or find a substitute; or, he
had no objection that they should have tions, were likewise moved ;, and also a previous notice, after which, if they that the sum of 5,190,7211. be granted did not resign their deputation, they to defray their expences. should be compelled to serve. Mr Pitt General Tarlton contended, that if the then proceeded to sum up the total of sums alluded to by the Secretary at War the troops to be raised, viz.
had been brought forward, they would Pariih levies to be divided between have swelled out the gross sum of our the land and fa service
1.5,000 army estimates to fix millions ! a sumę. Militia (supplemental)
60,000 qual to half the revenue of the country Cavalry
20,000 the year preceding. He then proceeded Gamekeepers
7,000 to point out various abuses in the militia.
Mr Fox took this opportunity to state
Total 102,000 to the House, on the authority of an of After some opposition from Mr Sheri- ficer of diftinction, (General Walpole) dan and Mr Fox, tliis resolution, and all that certain engagements entered into the others, were unaniinously carried. during the Maroon war had not been
19.In a Committee of Ways and Means, fulfilled; and stated, that it highly imthe duties on malt, mum, cyder, and ported the House, and the country, to perry, it was resolved, should be conti- "know how far the faith of Great Britain, mued for one year, from the 3d of June had been pledged in these transactions. 1797, to the 3d of June 1798. It was Mr Bryan Edwards entered into an also agreed, that 45. in the pound land historical account of the Maroon negroes, tax be raised for one year, from the ist from their origin in 1639, and commentof March 1997, to the iit of March 1798. ed at great length on the origin and proI'STIMATES.
gress of the late war. He represented 21. The House having resolved itself them as a set of wild and lawless savages, into a Committee of Supply,
who were incapable of entering into, or The Secretary at War stated, that the observing the terms of any treaty. In papers which were upon the table, tho' the late rebellion, he said, the terms not the whole of the army estimates, required, previous to their subjugation were, he corctived, fufficient for the in- by the zeal and perseverance of Gene. formation of the House, with respect to ral Walpole, were, that they should the administration of the war departo deliver up their arms, together with the ment. He began by ftating, that the ar- runaway llaves, and on their knees beg any of this year had fuffered a reduction the King's pardon. So far from com. of 8c6b'men from the establishment of plying with these terms, they perpetrat. Jalt year; and the whole force of men, ed the greatest atrocities in the time al. including regulars, militia, fencibles, and lowed them, and they were afterwards invalids, would be 195,674; and the ex- permitted only to capitulate for their pence of these troops he estimated at lives: the punishment due to their de5,190,7211. which, in consequence of the ferts was not inflicted; and the Colonial reduction alluded to, would be a faving, Assembly, with their wonted generosity, upon the whole, of 168,4261. Our ar- voted 25,000l. to provide the Maroon my abroad for the ensuing year, under prisoners (600 in number) with cloaths, the heads of guards, garfitons, and plan- &c. and conveyed them to America, tations, he said would be 60,765 inen, where they are comfortably settleda and our home army, 64,267, which was Mr Wilberforce lamented that the Maan excess of this year over the last of roons had been 150 years fit objects for. 11,346 men; fo that, including the new infruction, and that no attempts had corps, ilie establishment of this year been made to introduce among them hawould, upon the whole, be less than last bits of civilization, year. He then proceeded to describe the After much discussion on collateral toaugmentations and reductions that had pics, the resolutions, were put and cartaken place in the militia, fencibles, in- ried. valide, and regulars, and concluded by
NAVY AND EXCHEQUER BILLS: moving, that 60,765. elfective men, in The House having refolved itself into cluding officers, be granted to his Ma- a committee, jefty, for the service of the year, 1797. Mr Pitt rose to make his promised Other resolutions, including the whole motion on the subject. He began by military force" under various defigna- ftating, that the object of the propolitian
he intended to submit to the confidera- mittee to the mode of funding those tion of the Committee was, the removal bills. From their great amount it would, from the market of a large mass of float. he said, be too burthenfome to fund ing debt, which, owing to a concurrence the whole in one stock, and it could not of unforeseen causes, fome to be attri. fail to distress the other stocks. That the buted to the increased price of various scheme therefore might not bear toe articles necessary for the naval service, hard upon any particular fund, it was others connected with the prosperity of desirable to give an option to the holders the country, had fallen to a great discount, to fund them in any of the three funds, and occafioned much embarrassment in viz. either in the 3 per cents. the 4 per mercantile speculations and transactions. cents, or 5 per cents. The holders he Navy bills, the Committee, he said, divided into four classes, according to would recolleet, which previous to the the date of the bills in their poffeffion. commencement of the present war were First class, comprehending the months iífired for an indefinite period, were now of October, November, and December fixed for payment within the period of 1795. fifteen months from the date of their ir. Second class, the months of January, fue, at an interest of four per cent. and February, March, and April 1796. * that they were payable at different inter Third class, the months of May, June, vals in that period. The question there and July 1796. fore for the confideration of the Com Fourth class, the months of 'Augufi, mittee was, whether the navy and other September, and October 1796. bills, now outstanding, should be left a The gencral and almost unanimous load upon the market, payable as they opinion of the gentlemen he had consultbecame due, or whether it would not ed on this subject was, that the bills be more adviseable to pay them before should bear interest to the 12th of Dethat period, by offering to the holders cember next, and be funded in the such terms as would be beneficial to
3 per cents at 58 them. Having taken a general view of
4 per cents åt 75 the subject, he proceeded to state, in the
5 per cents at 88 first place, the extent of the navy bills The holders of the pavy bills, he proifrued, not only during the present year, posed, should have their option of
any but in the latter part of the preceding of the three kinds of ttock, with the fol. one, many of which bills had been out- lowing abatements on their present prices: standing nearly the stipulated period of
of 2 p. cent in 3 p. cents 15 months.' From the various causes for the ist Class of 3 p. ceñt in 4 p. cents alluded to, the amount of the naval ex
of 4 p. cent in 5 p. cents. penditure had, he said, considerably ex
of } p. cent in 3 p. cents ceeded his late estimate of the probable For the 2d Class of 2 p. cent in 4 p. cénts increase of the navy debt. When he o
Zof 31 p. cent in s p. cents pened the budget in the present feftion,
of i picent in 3 p. cents hé fiould submit the means of defraying for the 3d Class of 2 p. cent in 4 p. cents the interest of that excess, but that did
Zur 3 p. cent in 'p. cents not form any part of the discussion this
of i p. cent in 3 p. cento night. At present, he said, it was his For the 4th Class of itp. cent in 4 p. cepts intention only to submit the amount of
Zof 21 p. cent in $ p. cents tills now in circulation, and to propose
In addition to the aggregate of navy a mode of funding all of them, even down bills, he stated, that there were outto the latest period at which they were standing Exchequer bills to the amount iffued. Proceeding upon this plan, he of nearly truo millions and a kalf. These, frated, that the whole amount of the he said, would not become duc till Juiy, bills issued was very little short of twelve but it was expedient to fund them on millions. It was obvious, he remarked, the same terms as navy bills, namely, from the different dates of the bills, that I per cerit in the 3 per cents a different Bonus must be given to the 2 per cent in the 4 per certs respective holders. It appeared there 41 per cent in the 5 per cents fore proper to divide them into different The interest on all the bills to be claires, and to attach a Bonu:s suitable to made up to the 12th of Decetuber next, the circumstances attending each clafs. and the dividends io commence with the He then called the attention of the com- respective sunds, viz. Vou. LVIII.
The 3 per cents Confols from Novem- satisfy all the bills payable in the navy, The 5 per cents 3 ber last vi&tualling and transport service, to the The 4 per cents į fromas lichael- 27th,004,094.ber
: 2196, amounting to After opening his plan, he apprised After fome opposition from Mr Hiller the committee, that it should be ne- and Mr Fox the refolution was put and ceffary still to illue Navy and Exchequer carried, and the report ordered to be hills, they tħould be issued at fo Mort a received on the 31st inft. date, as not to incur any considerable loss by discount. He was aware, he faid, that the vote the committee might
HOUSE OF LORDS. come to this day could not embrace the The House, befides being employed in particulars of his propofition, as it could considering the militia, navy funding, only be a general' onc; the particular and other public bills, (but, in which, no yote must be deferred to the committee debate of importance took place,) have of ways
and means. At present, there- heard fome appeals, which will be nofore, he said, he fhould conclude with ticed under that head. moving, " That provision be made to
GAZETTE INTELLIGENCE. above one half of it was detached from
under the immediate command of his Dispatches, of which the following are Serene Highness.
copies, have been received from R. On the IIth of August, the Prince was
Craufurd, Esq; by the Right Hon. posted in front of Mindleheim, having , Lord Grenville,
two advanced corps on the Guntz; that Head-quarters of the Archduke Charles, of the right near Erckheim, command
Betzenstein, Sept. 16. ed by the Duke D’Enghein ; that of the My Lord,
left at Southeim, under the orders of * The great distance of the Prince of General Veomenil. He had also fent a
Conde's corps from the Archduke's detachment of cavalry to Loppenhausen, head quarters, and other circumstances, to cover his right, or rather to observe have prevented my being able till now the enemy's movements in that quarter, to have the honour of transmitting to and another on the left to Guntzburg, your Lordship the details of an affair, on the road between Mindelheim and which (though it was not of fufficient Kempton; the detachment at Guntz. importance to have any material influ." burg communicated with the corps at ence on the general operations of the ar- Kempton. my, and is now of too old a date to be on the 12th the enemy attacked the interesting as an article of intelligence) Duke D’Enghien’s corps; and were rereflects so much honour on the Prince pulsed; but the superiority of their numof Conde and his corps, that it would bers enabled them to succeed in turning be an act of injustice to those brave and General Viomenil's left, and they there. unfortunate persons, were your' Lord- by obliged both these corps to retire to thip to be leit uninformed of the parti the Prince of Conde's position. The eculars of their very gallant conduct. nemy now advanced in great force close
Licut. Col. Craufurd has therefore defir-' to his Serene Highness's front, establish6
ed me, though thus late, to give your ed themselves in the wood and village of Lordfhip an account of this a&tion; and Kamlach, and appeared to intend a deI have taken it from the most authentic' cisive attack, when the Prince prepared fources.
to refift: He placed the centre of his The number of troops left for the de: infantry on the heights behind the villafence of the country between the Da- ges of Upper and Lower Aurbach, both nube and the Tyrol, in the beginning of of which he occupied. His cavalry was laft month, was so small, that the Prince judiciously concealed from the enemy's of Conde’s corps was divided on an exc view, and sheltered from the cannonade, tremely extenfive sine, and considerably but ready to advance whenever an op