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P. 557.613. An ample fortune, with the 19. Edward Bearcroft, Esq; M. P. for
title, goes to Col. Montgomery, M. P. for Saltash, Chief Justice of Chelter, and one of
Ayrshire, Col. of the 3d regiment of fencibles, the King's Counsel.
and deputy governor of Edinburgh castle. At Bervie, near Forres, the Lady of
The anceitor of this noble family came over the Hon. Lewis Duff, brother of the Earl of
with William the Conqueror, and command. Fife.
ed the right wing of the army at the battle 27. Gilbert More, Efq; merchant in Aber.
of Hastings. His descendant, Sir John Mont- deen, in the 78th year of his age.
gomery, at the battle of Otterburn in 1388, Captain Maitland Sharp, of the Marines.
took, with his own hand, Lord Percy, after Mr Wm Anderson, writer to the signet

.
he had killed Earl Douglas, and inortally The Rev. James Paton, minister of Tor.
wounded Earl Murray, and for his ransom phichen.
made him build the Castle of Dunnoon, which At Hackney, Mr Bowler Miller, aged 71,
was the chief residence of the family for many the oldest clerk in the Bank of England.
generations.

Alexander Anderson, Efq; Banker, London.
The Queen Dowager of Denmark.

PREFERMENTS.
Nov. 1. At Stirling, Mrs Jean Finlayson, Sir Walter James Warden of the Mint.
relict of the late Wm M.Killop, Esq; of West-

Earl Carhampton to be Commander in haugh.

chief of the forces in Ireland, 2. At Dunse, Dr James Hall, physician. General Lord Adam Gordon to be Gover-Rev. James Lindsay, minitter of Kirk- nor of Edinburgh Castle, vice Earl of Eglinlifton, in the 85th year of his age.

ton, deceased. 4. At London, Kenneth Mackenzie, Esq; Lieut.-General Charles Rainsford to be Goof Cromarty.

vernor of Tinmouth, vice Lord Adam Gor: At Glasgow, Mrs Crawford, widow of don. the late John Hunter Spreule Crawford, Esq; Colonel Edward Morrison, of the Coldof Cowdenhill.

stream Guards, to be Governor of Chester, 5. William Ann Douglas, Esq; younger of vice Rainsford. Strathendrie.

Major-General George Nugent to be Cape - At Goodwood, in Sussex, her Grace the tain of St Maw's Castle, vice Morrison. Duchess of Richmond.

Mr Robert More, preacher of the gospel, 6. At London, Archibald Govan, Esq; to be minister of the parish of Oldhamstocks. At Houston Manse, the Rev. John

PROVOSTS.
Monteath, minister of the united parishes of Glasgow--James Macdowal, Esq; Lord
Houston and Killellan, in the Eoth year of his Provost.
age.

Aderdeen- George More, Esq;
7. At Barnton, Mr Wm Ramsay, youngest Arbroath-David Balfour, Esq;
son of Wm Ramsay, Esq; of Barnton.

Ayr-- John Ballantine, Esq;
Capt. John Marjoribanks, late of Crum- Burntilland George Ledingham, Erg;
rigg barracks, author of several ingenious Dumbarton-John Denny, Esq;
poetical pieces.

Dundee-Alexander Riddock, Líq;
At Cowden, near Dalkeith, Mr Stair Dumfries-- David Staig, Esq,
Baillie.

New Galloway-Hon. John Gordon.'
At Glasgow, Mr James Alexander, sur- Kirkaldy-George Morgan, Efq;
geon.

Perth-Alexander Fechney, Esq;
10. John Macdonald Kinnier, Esq; Comp. Haddington-Alexander Maitland, Efq;
troller of the Customs at Borrowstoungess. Lanark- John Bannatyne, Efq;

12. At Edinburgh, Mr John Paterson, Stirling-John Gilchrist, Esq;
Printer in Edinburgh.

Miss Smollet Rouet, only child of John Prices of Grain at Haddington, Nov. 25,
Smollet Rouet, Efq; of Auchendennan.

Whoat, 28s. Barley, 258.' Oats, 16s.
13. At Kirkton, Mt John Whyte, late pur. Pease, 155. Beans 14s.
ser of the 'Taunton Castle East Indiaman.
15. At London, Capt. Fortescue, of the 15th

Edinburgh, Nov. 25. Oat-meal, is.

Bear-nieal, is. Pease-meal, rod.
16. John Orrock, Efq; of Orrock.
18. At London, the Most Hon. Thomas

PRICES OF STOCKS.
Thynne, Marquis of Bath, Groom of the
Stole, Knight of the Garter, and one his Ma. Bank Stock 1441

1434
jesty's Privy Council. He is succeeded in titles 3 per cent. red. 551

565
and estates by his son, Viscount Weymouth, 3 per cent. conf. 563
M. P. for Bath.

4 per cent. 72

72
In the Assembly at Durham, Sir Wm India Stock
Dick, Bart. of Prestonfield, Major of the India Bonds-

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CONTENT S.
Pag. 1

Page
Patent for Canal Locks

796 A Mathematical and Philofophical An Effe&ual Cure for Çorns 796

Dictionary, &c. by Charles HutDeaths of Persons of Rank or Emi. ton, LL.D. nence in 1796

796 Account of the Royal Society of Biographical Account of James For- England dyce, D. D. 797 New PUBLICATIONS

841 Anecdotes of Distinguished Persons

POETRY.
David Hume

798 To my Love
Lord North

The Tempeft from Metaftafio
Topography and Natural History of

The Modern Tippling Philosophers 844
Scotland continued

Castles in the Air

845 County of Lanark

801 Copy of a curious bill of the King's PARLIAMENTARY INTELLIGENCE. Skinner, anno 1625

806 Commons---Cavalry bill On the Origin and Use of Naval Sig- Budget, Taxes, &c.

846 nals

MONTHLY
On the disadvantages of fine weather 810

VSGISTER.
Observations on health and ficknes3 812 GAZETTE INTELLIGENCE,
Hiftory of a full bottomed Wig 814 Containing important information
Albert and Emma, a Tale, continued 817 regarding the operations of the
History of the Jews in England, con- armies on the Rhine and in Italy,
cluded

822 also of the operations in the West
Essay on Cleanliness and Innocula- Indics

854-860 tion, concluded

CONTINENTAL INTELLIGENCE,
Observations on Lime as a Manure. 825 Death of the Empress of Russia 860
STATE PAPERS.
Subscription to the Loan

860 Address of General Washington on

Gold medal presented to the Ad. resigning the office of Prefident

mirals and Captains that were in of the United States

828

the action of the Il of June
Correspondence between Lord Mal-

mesbury and the French minifter,
continued

Accounts of a French fleet in Ban-
try Bay,

861
REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.
A Letter to Thomas Paine, in reply

Incidental occurrences, &c.
to his “ Decline and Fall of the Appeals
English fyftem of Finance," by Trial of M'Kean for murder
D. Wakefield

836 Report of the Weather
Institutes of Hindu Law, &c. tran. Lifts—Marriages Births-Deaths,
Nated by Sir W. Jones

838
Preferments, &c.

864-6

824

LONDON.

861

DUBLIN.

833

EDINBURGH.

86%

863 863 863

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EDINBURGH:

:
Sold by JAMES WATSON & Co. No 40. South Bridge ;
And by the Principal Bookfellers in Town and Country,

By ALLEN & WEST, No 16. Paternoster-row, London.

PATENT FOR CANAL LOCKS.

to

ON the ad of August, the specification of a patent was enrolled in the Petty Bag Office, by John Luke Efq; of Treviffes, in the county of Cornwall, for a new mode of lifting, drawing, and conveying loaded and light boats out of one canal into another, instead of the present mode by means of locks. The invention consists of an inclined plane, running from the surface of the upper that of the lower canal, with a system of machinery at the upper end of it, by which the boats are drawn up and let down the plane. The machinery consists of a water-wheel, that is turned by a stream let in upon it from the upper to that of the lower canal, with other wheels connected therewith, and with the rope that passes over a pulley, and connects with the carriage in which the boat is placed : also of a loaded vessel, called a tun, which asists and regulates the machinery, and whi! moves up and down a corresponding and parallel plane, but in a direction opposite to that of the boat. In case of a scarcity of water, the principal axle of the machinery is supplied with a hand-turn, which is of suffici ent power to answer the purpose of the water-wheel. The contrivances for lifting up and letting down the carriage of the boat, from the water surface of one canal to that of the other, is_simple, and well calculated for the purpose.

AN EFFECTUAL CURE FOR CORNS.

BATHE the part, if not inconvenient, in warm water, and apply an ivy leaf, which had been previously steeped for twenty-four hours in vinegar. Repeat the steeped leaf each day, till the corn is eradicated, and the space it occupied becomes smooth, which in most cases will happen in a week.

DEATHS OF PERSONS OF RANK OR EMINENCE IN 1796.

James MSPHERSON, M. P.-Abbe Raynall—Sir William Chambers-Sir Hugh Pallifer-Lord Somerville-Robert Burns, the poet-Profeffor Thomas Reid-Earl of Mansfield-Viscount Falkland-Hon. John Forbes, Gen. of marines--Sir George Howard-Sir Robert Pigot-Lord Alva-Earl of Eglin

-Lord Dreghorn-Lord John Cavendith-Earl of Glencairn-Lord Cranstoun_Lord Hervey-Lord Ballenden--Lieut. overnor Trapauda Alderman Picket, &c. &c.

toune

ERRATA.

Page 725, col. 2. line 9. from top, read Athol for Errol.
Page 793,

line
7,
from

top of col. 2. read Good for Gordon,

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BIOGRAPHICAL ACCOUNT OF JAMES FORDYCE, D. D:

AUTHOR OF THE SERMONS TO YOUNG WOMEN.
HIS Gentleman was one of the breach became too wide to be healed.

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Twenye children, was one wife

, of bona cthis cccafione Di Fordyce took a

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a Provost Fordyce, of Aberdeen. He re- step which was not so universally appro. la ceived his education at the Marischal ved of by his brethren the Dissenters :

college of that place, and early devoted he engaged to do the duty both of Mr of himself to the Ministry. His first pre- Toller and himself, and caused the foris in ferment, as least that he knew of, was mer to be ejected, without any charge

to be Minister at Brechin, where he against him (for he was a man of irreofficated as early as the year 1752. He proachable character) from his office in soon after became Minister of Alloa, the meeting. From this period, if we where he remained until about the year are not miloformed, the meeting itself1760. At that period he came to Lon- was less attended than before, and on don, and proposed himself as a canditate Dr Fordyce's feeling the infirmities of for a vacancy at the meeting in Carter- age growing on him, the congregation Lane, for which he was unsuccessful. by degrees dwindled away, and the On this occasion it was objected to him, house itself has been since shut up. Findas strangely inconsistent, for any person ing himself incapable of continuing his who had subscribed the articles of the exertions as a preacher, in the manner Scotch confession of Faith to offer him. he had been used, he retired, fielt into self in the character of a Minister to a Hampshire, and then to Bath, where he Dissenting congregation which had so died on Oct. ist, at the age of 75, acvery different a creed. This objection, cording to the accounts of some of the however, was not sufficiently powerful Daily Paper3. Dr Fordyce's first pubto prevent his being chofen as coadjutor lication was a preface to a posthumous of Dr Lawrence, to the pastorship at work of his brother David Fordyce, in Monkwell-street, where he continued a the year 1752, on the Art of Preaching. great number of years. In that year This Gentleman, the Author of Dialohe was honoured by the University of gues on Education, and a Treatise on Glasgow with the degree of Doctor in Moral philosophy, in Dodsley's PrecepDivinity.

tor, was originally designed for the In May 1771 he married Miss Hen- Church, and was for some time a Preachrietta Cummyng, and in 1775, was

After a successful tour through involved in a dispute with his coadjutor, France, Italy, and several parts of Euthe Rev. Tho. Toller, son-in-law of Dr rope, when he was almost at home, and Lawrence, at first, as it appears by the his friends stood ready with open arms letters published on the occasion, on ac- and joyful hearts to receive him, he loft count of the omission of some ceremo- his in its full prime, by a storm on nials of politeness, which, by want of the coast of Holland, in September 1751. mutual conceffions increased, until the His death is pathetically noticed by Vol, LVIII.

Dr

cr.

5 T

I 2mo.

Dr Fordyce, in one of his Addresses to before the General Assembly of the Church the Deity.

of Scotland, May 25th, 1760. Svo. 1760.

6. A Sermon, occafioned by the death of The following is a List of Dr For the Rev. Dr Samuel Lawrence, who depart

ed this Life O&, 1, 1760. With an Address dyce's Works:

at his interment. 8vo. 1760. 5. The Eloquence of the Pulpit. An Or

7. Sermons to Young Women. 2 Vols, dination fermon. To which is added, Ą 12mo. 1766. charge. 1752.

8. The Character and Conduct of the Fe. 2. An Essay on the Adion proper for the male Sex, and the Advantages to be derived pulpit. 12mo.

hy young Men from the Society of virtuous Both these are printed at the end of “ The- Women. A Discourse in Three Parts. De.

odorus. A Dialogue concerning the livered Monkwell. ftreet Chapel, Jan. 8.
Art of Preaching. By Nir David Fur- 1776. Sva 1776.
drce.” Third Edit.

1755. 9. Addresses to young Men. 2 Vols. 12mo. The Methods of promoting Edification 1777. by Public Institutions. An ordination ser. To. The delusive and persecuting Spirit of

To which is added, a charge. Izmo. Popery. A Sermon preached in Monkwell. 1754•

street, on toth Feb, being the Day appointed These were delivered at the Ordination for a General Feft. 8vo. 1779.

of Mr John Gibson, Minister of St Ni- 11. Charge delivered in Monkwell-ftreet nian's May 9, 1754.

Meeting. At the ordination of the Rev. 4. The Temple of Virtue : A dream. James Lindsey. 8vo. 1783. 12mo. 1747. The ad Edit. much altered. Printed with the Sermon preached by Dr Izmo. 1775

Hunter on that occasion, The Folly, Infamy, and Misery of 12. Addresses :o the Deity, Immo. 1755, Onlawful Pleasure. A Sermon. Preached 13. Poenis, 12mo. 1786.

Izmo.

mon.

DAVID HUMT.

ANECDOTES OF DISTINGUISHED PERSONS.

Britain are always best supported by Hume liaving asserted in his Hif- men of war." tory of England, that if ever the na- The following pi&ture of fanaticism, tional debt came up to one hundred mil- as given by Hume, is perhaps the beft bons this country would be ruined, was key to the character of Cromwell, and asked by a friend, how he could make the leading persons of that age, that has such a mistake, feeing that the debt was yet been given : then far above that fum, and likely to “ Hypocrisy," says he, “ quite pure, be much more? “ Owing to a mistake, and free from fanaticism, is perhaps as Sir, (says he), common to curilers -by rare as fanaticism entirely purged from profellion, who are often obliged 10 a. all mixture of hypocrify : fo congenial dopt statements on the avihority of o. to the human mind is all religious fentither people."

ment, that 'tis impossible to counterfeit When Hume was complimented Ly long those holy fervours, without feela rolle marquis now living, on the cor. ing some share of the affumed warmth ; rectness of his style, particularly in his -and, on the other hand, so precarious History of England, he observed, “ lf and temporary, from the frailty of bu. he had fhewo any peculiar correctness, man rature, is the operation of those

was owing to the uncommon care le spiriival views, that the religious extatook in the execution of his work, as fies, if constantly employed, must often he wrote it over three times besote lie le counterfeit, and must be warped by fent it to the press."

the most familiar motives of interest and On the appointment of the late Field. ambition, which infensibly gain upoa Marshal Conway to be Secretary of State the mind." in the year 1706, Hume was afred, if EARL OF GUILDFORD he was not much furprised that a general This very amiable (though politically oficer fiould have that pronotion. unfortunate) cobleman went into bu fi“ Not at all, Sir (feys Hume);- nefs very carly in life, and attached himconsider the political joterens of Great * Prime Minister during the American war.

self

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