Abbildungen der Seite

ville ;

[ocr errors]

self to the duties of his office with an- bis Lordship had kept them in a roar remitting care and asliduity. To an of laughter for some minutes before. excellent classical education, and many Well, there's no denying it-this social qualities, he joined a knowledge man has more wit than all of us (meanof the German, French, and Italian ing the opposition) put together. languages, with a temper of that natu- One day, when the late Alderman rally conciliating dilpolicion, that the Sawbridge was haranguing on his anseverest of his parliamentary opponents nual motion in favour of annual parliawere no longer such out of the sphere of ments, looking over to the Treasury politics.

Bench (the day being extremely hot) When he was young in office, as one he observed Lord North with his head of the Lords of the Treasury under the reclining on his left shoulder, seemingold Duke of Newcastle, he was met ly asleep; upon which he stopped short one morning by the late George Gren- and cried out, “ But what fignifies my ville, and another gentleman, walking endeavours to come at the root of this in the Park, and muttering something political evil, when the Noble Lord in to himself, seemingly as if rehearsing the blue ribband, is so little attentive an oration.

Here comes blubbering to me that he has fallen into a profound North,” says the latter to Mr Gren sleep?" This raised a laugh with the

* I wonder what he is getting Alderman's party, which his Lordship by heart, for I'm sure it can be nothing immediately turned against them, by of his own.

“ You're mistaken (layo observing, loud enough to be heard, the other); North is a young man of “ No, I was not adeep; but I wish to great promise, and high qualifications ; God I had been.” and if he does not relax in his political Coming up to the door of the House pursuits, is very likely to be the prime of Commons one evening rather late, minister of this country." This predic. Pearson, the late door-keeper, stopped tion was fullilled twelve years after- him, and in his laconic free manner of wards.

speaking, faid, “ No, my Lord, you Of his political acumen in the con- can't come in here."

.“Why so ?” said duct of the American war, a subject that his Lordship, somewhat surprised. “Benearly engrossed the whole of his Ad- cause they are now balloting for an ministration, the best that can be said Election Committee, and the doors of of it was, that he was maistaken :-if o. course are locked.” “ Aye,” says his therwise, it cannot be denied, even by Lordship, with a smile, “ and yet this his most intimate friends, it was his dú- is rather hard, considering some people ty to resign. The arcana of fo recent call this my House of Commons." and complicated a transaction, as they Having had some prescience of a fit respect the interior of this great quel- of the gout coming on him, he desired tion, however, are difficult at present his man to get him his large gouty to unravel. History will have better shoes. The man looked for them for materials to work with, and less par- some time, but, not finding them in the tialities to encounter.

ufual place where he generally put Of his wit and good humour we have them, concluded they were stolen, and too many instances to doubt.--He never began cursing the thief. 6 Poh," says strained for either : like the great Earl his Lordihip, seemingly very gravely of Bath, he had them always at com. (though at the same time agitated with mand; nor had he the fordid vices of some pain,) how can you be so ill-naavarice and ambition to balance those tured, John ?--Now all the harm I pleasing qualities. Mr Burke paid a wish the poor rogue is, that my shoes may just tribute to the former, one day com- fit out of the House of Commons, after Lord North being one of the Gover


[ocr errors]

nors of the Charter-House, a formal the matter to him, wanted to make it a complaint was made to himn by one of personal quarrel, and said, they thought the pensioners of that hospital, that the his Lordship should resent it.”

." And viduals were not so good as they shonld. fo I will,” says his Lordship very cool. be, particularly the beef, which at times ly, by continuing in office ; as I know his was not eatable. This complaint being Lordship has no other resentment arenewed, his Lordship went privately gainst me, than wishing to be the thing / one morning to the Charter-House, and am.asking the house steward whether he On the evening of the day when he had

ary cold beef in the house (such as moved an adjournment of the House for the pensioners usually eats) delired be a few days, for the purpose of resigning would bring it up. The beef was ac- his office, coming through the lobby of cordingly introduced, the look of which the House, arm in arm with one of his fo pleased his Lordship that he immedi- friends, he asked him to go home and ately asked him, if he could provide him dine with him ; the other told him, he with mustard, bread, and small beer ; would with pleasure, but was partly enwhich being likewise brought, his Lord- gaged. " Come come,” says his Lord. fip took a chair, and eat a very hearty thip, “ put off your engagement, and luncheon : after this he ordered the have the virtue to say, you dined with complainant to be brought up, and then fallen Minister on the very day of his asked him, whether that was the same dismissal.” The friend assented, and kind of beef usually served? The man went home with him. faid, Yes,

66 And the same small. Upon his retirement from office, he beer, bread, mustard, &c.?” “ Yes,” went down to Bath for the recovery of says the man, “ I believe pretty much his health, and particularly for his fight, the same.” Why then,” says his Lord- which was nearly lost. The converMip, “ all I have to say is this : If you fation turning one day after dinner, have any complaint to make in future on the perishable condition of parabout such provisions, you must apply ty zeal and political enmity, his Lordto another governor, and, as there is no ihip thoroughly agreed in the principle; difputing tafles, he might perhaps re- and, as proof of it, says he; “ There is dress you;

but as for my part, as you Colonel Barré (who by the by was as may see, my friend (pointing to his blind as his Lordship), no man has opplate), I have decidedly given it against posed me more in the House of Com

mons than he has, and I, of course him ; When his brother, the present Bifhop and yet I can fairly answer for myself, of Winchester, was married to his pre- and I dare fay I may equally do so for sent lady, who was a Miss Barnilir, a him, we should be both very glad to see confidential friend was asking his Lord- one another at this moment." ship, what could be his brother,'s, mo- The cause of Lord North's blindness tive for the match ? " She is no pro- it is said, originated from the frequency fessed beauty, no great fortune, or of no of sanding his dispatches. He was nagreat family.” “Why, in respect to turally near-fightest, and carried up e. her beauty and fortune I have not much very paper he looked at immediately to say of cither ; but I must beg your under his eye; the papers which were pardon in respect to blood, as I hear she fresh written he fanded in this position, is very nearly related to the Stairs.which being so frequently repeated, the

Towards the close of the American duft fettled in his eyes, and ultimately war, a Noble Lord in the other House produced a total blindness. having, in the warmth of debaic, called The natural civility and good humour Lord North “ this thing of a minister," of this Nobleman left him no enemies tome injudicious friends exaggerated out of the House of Commons.-Even



[ocr errors]

the principals of Opposition knew these candour enough to acknowledge his
qualities lo predominant in his Lord- private worth and integrity.
ship, that they frequently petitioned him, He met his blindness and increasing
as First Lord of the Treasury, for lit:lé infirmities with great firmness, in the
favours and indulgences for their friends bofom of his family, and even with a
and constituents, which lie as readily good humour, and flashes of wit and
granted, when he could do it with pro. merriment, that made his table one of
priety; and this they frequently ac- the most defireable places to be a guest ako

In his last moments he only regretted
To the brother of one of his principal not having it in his power to see his fa-
opponents in the House of Commons vourite and youngest son, who the
he continued a very valuable Collec- morning of his father's death landed at
tion in the Colonies, almost during the Dorer from his travels, but could not
whole of his administration. He was be in town time enough to receive the
often spoke to about displacing him, blefling of an affectionate and indul-
and he as constantly answered, “Why gent pareat.
should I visit the sins of the brother


The son above alluded to is the preon a man who does his duty, and has fent Hon. Frederick North, formerly given me no particular offence ?” secretary of State under his Excellency

In short, like his predecessor Sir Sir Gilbert Elliot, Viceroy of Corsica ; Robert Walpole, though very much a gentleman who unites to the most baited during his adminiltration, he amiable and feductive manners, a trahad no enemies as a man; he lived long velled koowledge, an extentiveness of enough out of office to be reconciled to learning, and an industry of mind, that all his political opposers, who, when cannot fail of rendering him an ornathe cause of contention ceafed, had ment to his country. TOPOGRAPHY AND NATURAL HISTORY OF SCOTLAND.

COUNTY OF LANARK concluded annually, the Earl of Hopetoun receir-

STONEHOUSE. This parish is 5 ing erery 6th bar as rent. During the miles long and 2 broad, containing up- reign of Queen Elizabeth, a German wards of icoo inhabitants. Almost the was sent to collect gold dust in the chariwhole of it is arable. Although there nel of the waters of Elyan and Glenis coal here, any attempts to work it gorar, with which they were said then have hitherto proved unsuccessful. Lime- to abound. The attempt was revived stone and free-stone every where abound. by the late Lord Hopetoun, but foon

The parish of Crawford forms the discontinued as inadequate to the exsouth east corner of the shire, its length pence; a stranger may be satisfied of is 18, its breadth between 15 and the fact for a few millings, for which 16 miles, yielding 34001. Sterling, the the workmen at the lead mines wil number of inhabitants is only about wash and procure for him a coniderabie 1490. The greatest part is hill and quantity of dust, and sometimes of preity muir; the highest ground in the feuth fizable grains. Lord Hopetoun has, in of Scotland perhaps is in this parilh, his poffeslion, a mass of lead ore, weighthe hill called Lauders being 3150 feet ing 5 tons, and a piece of na:ive gold, above the level of the sea. Leadhills weighing 2 ounces, both got here. contains the most antient and famous SIMINGTON. This parish is nearly lead mines in Scotland. There are too 3 miles each way, and contains upwards companies concerned, and the annnal of 300 inhabitants. It lies partly along produce is from 10,000 to 18,000 bars the banks of the Clyde, and rises to



5 U 2


[ocr errors]

Tinto's top, which is 2,400 feet above Hyndford, is situated in this parish. the level of the sea. Land rents from That profound mathematician, Major los. to 355. per acre.

Gen. James Roy, was a native of this CARMICHAEL parish is s miles long, parish, as was the Rev. Dr Roy, late and from 3 to 4 in breadth, containing minister of Edinburgh. 780 inhabitants. The foil is much di- PITTINAIN, is a very finall parish aversified ; towards the Clyde it is gra- bout 3 miles long and 2 broad, containing velly, but in the higher parts clay ; upwards of 400 inhabitants. The high it is much exposed to sains. The agri- grounds are mostly covered with heath, culture is in the old stile ; the modern but the holms or haughs, on the banks improvements have but flow entrance of the Clyde, are rich loam, and very here. There is both coal and lime in productive. Most of the holms on the Lord Hyndford's lands in this parish. Clyde are much enriched by the mud

CRAUFORDJOHN is of an oblong.fic and lime deposited annually by the overgure, 16 miles in length, and about fix flowing of the river. The highest of in breadth, containing nearly 770 inha- the Westraw hills is 1000 feet above bitants. The ground is various, but, the level of the sea. as, in other places in this district, is lit- DALSERF. This parish, situated atle improved. The estates of Gilkers, bout 5 miles from Hamilton, is at an cleugh and Glensfrine are situated in average 5 miles long and 3 broad, conthis parish, and the improvements upon taining nearly nico inhabitants. The them do honour to the proprietors. For high grounds are generally clay on a some time, Lord Hopeton had silver tilly bottom; on the banks of Clyde mines wrought at Glendorch. Lead the soil is deep and rich. There is a has been found in the Gilkerscleugh good deal of planting, and, on the banks estate, where there is lime too, and of the Clyde, are fine orchards. Begood appearance also of coal ; and upon fides the Clyde, Avon, with its pleasant the lands of Glendouran and Abington, banks, and Calner, water this corner there are marks of the operations of the Dalserf house, the residence of Captain miners at a former period.

Hamilton, is a neat niodern building. CARLUKE. This parish is about 5 Besides coal in great abundance, we miles from Lanark, on the road to meet with limestone, free stone and ironGlasgow, being about 7 miles in length, stone in this parish. and 41 in breadth, containing about BLANTYRE. This parish extends on 1730 inhabitants. The foil is very va. the banks of the Clyde, in length about rious ; the high grounds being very ele- 6 and breadth only 1 mile, and convated and unproductive, while the low tains about 1040 inhabitants. 'The grounds on the banks of the Clyde are ground is on the whole flat, and the warm and fertile ; as you recede from foil fertile, though various, being in some the river the soil grows gradually poorer. places a deep mould, in others inclining The banks of Clyde have long been fa- to clay, and in others fandy. The rent mous for fruit ; apples and pears are is about 1400l. Sterling. On the banks produced here in greater abundance, of the Calner water there has lately been and in greater perfection than in any wrought an excellent seam of iron-stone. other district in Scotland. The beau- There is a sulphureous mineral spring ty of the woodlands, and the scenery here, which several years ago was much here, is much admired. Coal, iron. frequented, and in great repute,

for scor. stone, lime, and freestone, abound here. butic and stomach complaints. Petrifactions of different kinds are also DOUGLAS. This parish is of confound, and there are many mineral siderable extent, being 12 miles long, {prings throughout the parish. Mauld. and in many places 7 in breadth, conflie, the elegant seat of the Earl of


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

taining above 1700 inhabitants. The rivalcular and spiral shells ; petrifactions foil on the banks of the river Douglas of wood are also found in the limestone. is good ; but inland it lies on till, and There is a petrifying water in the Duke is cold and spouty. Coal abounds here, of Hamilton's park, and beds of fuller's as also lime-stone and free-Itone; the and potter's earth are found in different dips of the feams here are remarkable, places. Iron stone is also frequently to sometimes iliifting 30 or 40 feet ; these be met with, and many chalybeate are called dykes or troubles by the work. springs. This parih was honoured by men, and are the cause of much labour the birth of the celebrated Doctor Col. and expence.

Casile Douglas, the seat len *. Mr Millar, Professor of Law of Lord Douglas, was burnt down a- in the univerfity of Glasgow, is alio a bout 40 years ago ; only one wing has native of it. In some deep ftanding been rebuilt, and fitted up in an elegant pools, the horse muscle is found, many style.

of which contain small pearls. HAMILTON. This parish is nearl: DALZIEL.. This parish situated aa square of about 6 miles, two sides of bout 4 miles from Hamilton, is in which are washed by the river Clyde. length 4, and in breadth about 2 miles, The surface is pretty even, rifing gra- containing 478 inhabitants. The surdually from the banks of the river, and face of the whole is even and regular, is all arable. In the low grounds the riling moderately from the rivers Clyde foil is) a deep loam, and very feruile; and Calner. The soil, in general, is receding from the river it becomes more either a rich loam or strong marly clay. clayey and barren. Besides the Clyde, Agriculture has made considerable prothe river Avon runs several miles through gress under the auspices of Mr Hamil. the parish, and empties itself into the ton, an account of which was formerly Clyde near the town. There are two given in vol. 57. p. 20. There is ac bridges over the Clyde in this parish ; bundance of coal lying in strata, at one, Bothwell bridge, famous for the different depths, but none is at present defeat of the Whigs by the King's army, wrought. in the reign of Charles the Second. In BOTHWELL parish is of an oval fithe neighbourhcod of the town stands gure, extending about 8 miles in length, Hamilton House, the seat of the Duke and in breadth, where greatest, 4: it of that name; the greater part of which contains near 2&co inhabitants. The was built in the end of last century. In ground is flat upon the Clyde, and.rises the park, about a mile from the palace, gradually to the east, and also to the Stands Chatelherault, faid to be a model north. The soil is chiefly clay, vary. of the castle of that name in France, ing in stiffness from the water fide, but of which the anceitors of this family the whole is arable. There is a good were Dukes. At the back of the deal of wood and planting in this parish. house there is a fine extensive lawn. The best ground lets at 21. the outfield The gallery is well furnished with a va- at ios. per acre : The whole may proluable collection of paintings, among duce nearly 6000!. per annum. The the most remarkable of which is Daniel great road from Edinburgh to Glasgow in the Lions' Den, and Lord Darnley goes through the whole length of this going a-hunting. In an adjoining clo- parish; and it is beautifully watered by fer is a marble statue of Venus de Me- the Clyde and the two Calders. There dicis, dug from the ruins of Hercula- is excellent coal here, but no limestone neum, purchased by the present Duke has yet been wrought. The banks of while on his travels. There is great abundance of coal and lime in this pa- mentioned in page 330. as the birth place of

* By mistake, the parish of Kirknewton was rith. In the lime works are found {mall Dr Cullen.


[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »