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GAZETTE INTELLIGENCE. Hink of the town; and a corps of very
inferior force cannot take post neare Downing Street, Nov. 26.
nough to prevent this formation. Dispatches of which the following are copies, have been received from R. Craui Rosemberg were attacked by two dini
On the 26th, Generals Simpschän and furd, Era; by the Right Hon. Lord fions of the army of the--Sambre and Grenville.
Meuse. The action lasted several hours, Head-quarters of his Royal Highness and the enemy, notwithstanding fo very
the Archduke Charles of Aufiria, great an incquality of numbers, was re: Offenburg, Nov. 11.
pulsed with confiderable lofs. MY LORD,
Early on the 27th, the French renem. I have the honour to inform your ed the attack; and advanced in several Lordship, that official accounts were this columns from Creutznach, to turn the day received by the Archduke from Ge- left of the Austrians; but the latter, by neral Davidovitch, ftating his having an exertion of much ability and fteadibeaten the corps that was opposed to ness, maintained their position. In the him, and taken a thousand prisoners.
evening, however, the Generals, in con:
The loss of the Austrians on these oc-
casions consists in nineteen killed, one
particulars of this, in fact, unimportant This corps consisted merely of detach- affair, because I observe that the official ments from the garrison of Mayence, reports of the army of the Sambre and commanded by Major Generals Simp- Meuse, I mean the late ones, contain the fchæn and Rofemberg. The latter, with most absurd exaggerations.
ty credit for only an equal degree of
menfe number of killed and drowned, Caldo-Ferr), November 7th. Gen. Da. he actually took one thousand prisoners, vidovitch's at Trente, the 8th inft. whereas I can assure your Lordship, from After the second operation, underta. the most authentic information, that the ken for the relief of Mantua, those corps whole loss of the Austrians did not ex- 'of Marshal Wurmfer's army, which Teed two hundred and eighty-four men, could not penetrate, retired; the one
After General Moreau's army had under General Quosdanovich to the Vea crossed the Rhine, two divisions of it netian Fricul; the other, under General were detached towards Landau, and one Davidovitch, up the valley of the Adige, division of the army of the Sambre and towards Neumarket. Meuse arrived about the same time in the These corps were fuccessfully reinforneighbourhood of Kayserslautern. Ge- ced by considerable numbers of frelle neral Hotze was still at Schweigenheim, troops ; and General Alvinzy was apon the road from Speyer to Landau ; his pointed to command the whole of the corps was not of fufficient strength to army, until it should effe&t its re-union have any other object than that of spread. with Marshal Wurmser. ing alarm in Lower Alsace; and it was After the arrival of the reinforcements evident, that as soon as the Rhine should at the places of theirdestination, General again separate the main armies, the ene- Alvinzy, who in perfon had undertaken my must immediately become masters the conduct of the corps in the Frioul, of the vicinity of Landau.
arranged a plan of operations, of which General Hotze, therefore, on the ap- the following is a sketch. proach of forces infinitely fo superior to His troops were to advance through his own, retired towards the entrenched the Trevisane towards Baffano, and, af. camp of Manheim, without being in the ter forcing the passages of the Brenta, smallest degree moleited by the enemy. to proceed towards the Adige, whilst He established the advanced posts of his General Davidovitch thould defcend the left wing on the Rechbach, from whence valley by which that river runs down they ran along the Fletzbach towards from the mountains of the Tyrol, forcing Franckenthal.
the positions of Trente, Roveredo, &c. On the oth inft, the French attacked On the 3d of this month, upon the General Hotze's line. Their principal approach of part of General Alvinzy's efforts were directed against the left advanced guard, the enemy abandoned wing, and the fire of artillery and small Caftel Franco; and on the 4th the Aularms continued a great part of the day; trian corps advanced in two columns to but the enemy was repulsed, and Gene. the Brenta; the one to Bassano (of which ral Hotze ftill maintains his posts in they took posseffion), and the other of front of the entrenched camp, extending nearly equal force (under Lieut. General from the Reebach, by the village of Mau- Proverto) to Fonteniva. bach, to Franckenthal, I have the ho. General Alvinży halted on the sth inf. nour to be, &c.
and spent that day in reconnoitring the R. CRAUSURD. pofition of the enemy. He found the MY LORD, Offenburg, Nov. 14. French army encamped in three lines in It is with the greatest
satisfaction I have front of Vicenza. the honour of announcing to your Lord- On the 6th, as General Alvinzy was ship, that official reports were this day on the point of pushing forward his adreceived by the Archduke from Gene- vanced guard, Buonaparte, who had rals Alvinzy and Davidovitch, wherein marched in the night, commenced a it appears that the offensive operations molt fevere attack upon his whole line. in Italy have been successfully commen- The action began with General Proverced.
ra's corps about seven in the morning, I shouid not presume to address your and very shortly afterwards the enemy Lordship upon this subject, were it not also advanced against Bassano. that, if Colonel Graham is, as I sup- General Alvinzy reports, #hat the er pose he must be, with Marthal Wurm- nemy's attacks, though made with the ser in Mantua, he cannot as yet have had greatest impetuofity, were constantly and it in his power to correspond with your completely repelled; and that nigbt put Lordship.
an end to the affair, without either par. General Alvinzy's report is dated at ty having gained or lost any ground: VOL. LVUI.
But an indisputable proof of the Aus- form your Lordship, that in the night trians having had the advantage in this from the 21st to the 221!, the trenches action is, that when General Alvinzy were opened before Kehi, on the right next morning was preparing to renew it, bank of the Kinzig. The first parallel he found that the enemy had complete of this attack, with its communications, ly retreated. He reports, that they di- proceeding from the right and left flank rected their march towards Lifiera. of the right wing of the line of contra
General Proverra's bridge over the yaļlation, were so far completed during Brenta having been destroyed in the the night, that before day-break the men course of the morning of the 6th, his co- were tolerably covered. The enemy lumn could not cross the river till to- did not attempt to interrupt the work, wards noon on the 7th, and General Al- nor had he yet fired a single shot upon vinzy's whole corps arrived late in the the trenches; but early yesterday mornevening of that day at the camp of Cal- ing, the 22d, he made a sudden attack do Ferro.
upon the left wing of the line of coutra. General Davidovitch had, in the mean yallation, and, after an action, than time, driven back the corps opposed to which nothing could be poflibly more him, and made a thousand prisoners, and severe, was driven back into his works taken poffeffion of Trente, as was men- with very great loss. tioned in his former report.
The eneiny having, in the course of the On the same day that the above men- night, from the 21st to the 22d, brought tioned severe aciion was fought on the over a large body of troops from Stras. Brenta, General Davidovitch attacked bourg, formed his columns of attack the enemy in the strong pass of Caliano, close behind the chain of his advanced a little to the northward of Rovoredo. pofts, with so much filence, that they The French had entrenched their posi- were not perceived. Just before the tion, and occupied, in considerable force, break of day, (which, however, was renthe castles of Bassano and La Pietra, dered extremely obscure by a very thick which, as I understand, command the mist, that lasted the greater part of the pass.
forenoon). these columus began to adThe strength of the position was such, vance. The initant the Auftrian videttes thát, notwithstanding his repeated ef- and centries gave their fire, which was forts, General Davidovitch could not the only notice of the approaching atforce it on the 6th; but on the follow, tack, the enemy's infantry rushed on ing day he renewed his attack,
with the utmost impetuotty, without The corps on the right of the Adige firing a shot, and in an instant they were established batteries on the heights of masters of two redoubts of the left of Nomi, which fired with considerable ef- the first line. fect; the troops on the left of the river The village of Sundheim was attack. attacked the castles and intrenchments ed in the fame manner, and with equal with persevering bravery, and the ene- success; after which, coming in the my was at length completely defeated, rear of the curtain that connects the vilwith the lofs of five cannon, eight am- lage with the first redoubt to its left, the munition waggons, and a thousand pri- enemy immediately carried that work, soners. General Davidovitch supposes one face of which was not quite finishthe enemy's lofs, in killed nd and- ed Upon this, large bodies of their ined, to have been very considerable, and fantry rushed through the openings in ftates his own to have amounted to four the curtains on the whole front of this hundred men, killed, wounded, and mis- wing; and, whilst part advanced againit fing. I have the honour to be, &c. the second line, the others endeavoured
Rob. CRAUFURD. to make theinfelvés masters of the reDozuning-Street, Dec. 20. remaining redoubts of the firft ; but Dispatches, of which the following are these, though perfectly left to then selves
extracts, have been received from: R. for a considerable time, entirely surCraufurd, Esy; by the Right Hon. rounded, cut off from every affittance, and Lord Grenville.
attacked with fury by the enemy, who Head-quarters of his Royal Highness frequently got into the ditches, and at
the Archduke Charles of Austria, tempted to climb the parapet, were deOffenburg, Nov. 25.
fended in a manner that reflects the MY LORD, I have the honour to in- higheft honour on the officers and troops
that were in them. The loss in all of It is impossible to attempt to do jufthese redoubts was considerable, and in tice to the conduct of the Archduke ; one the artillery drivers were at lalt o- he annimated the troops in retaking bliged to fire the guns, but all the at- Sundheim, directed the attacks on the tacks were repulfed.
work that had been lost to the left of it, The enemy's right column, after oc. and, under the heaviett fire, gave his cupying the two works which they had orders with the greatest coolness and carried, pushed on between the dykes, the most perfect military knowledge. to attack the left of the fecond line ; Lieut. Proby, of his Majesty's 9th but Prince Frederick of Orange, whose regiment of foot, (attached to Lieut. gailant and judicious conduct cannot be Colonel Craufurd's million,) was woundfufticiently praised, having rallied his .ed by a musket-shot; but I feel great brigade, placed a part of his infantry be. fatisfaction in being able to add, that hind the dyke, which connees the third the wound is of a very light nature, credoubt, from the left of the first line, and will have no other consequence with the work which is on the left of whatever than that of a very short conthe second ; and, in this situation, he re- finement. I have the honour to be, &c. listed the most severe attack that can be
Rob. CRAUFURD. imagined upon his front, whilst thore Head Quarters Offenburg, Nov. 23. bodies of the enemy's infintry, which My LORD, It is with much fatisfaction had pierced between the redoubts of the that I have the honour to inform your first line, were actually in his rear; he Lord'hip, that, after an interval of ten not only maintained his post, but com- days without any advices from Italy, his pletely checked the cnemy's progress on Royal Highness the Archduke has this this flank..
day received a report from General AlA great part of the troops on the left vinzy, the tenor of which is fuch as to -wing had been working in the trenches confirm the hopes which his former dison the right of the Kinzig. General patches inspired. This report, which is Latour, who cominands the army of the very thort, is dated Calabro, November fiege, forned three of thete battalions 13, and is in substance as follows: which happened to be just returning After the action of the 6th, near Barfrom work, and retook the village of fano, the enemy continued to retreat, Sundheim, which he maintained, though abandoned even the strong position of the enemy made great efforts to dislodge Montabello without resistance, and croshim. Lieutenant-General Staader, who sed the Adige at Verona. commands the left wing, drove back the On the urth, General Alvinzy arrived eneiny, who had advanced against the near Villanova, and the same evening a right of the second line of it, and re. contiderable part of the enemy's army, took the redoubt upon the left of Sund- commanded by Buonaparte in perfou, heim: and the Prince of Orange, ad avanced trom Verona, and took poft in vancing between the two dykts, difcat- the neighbouring mountains. ed the column with which he had been Early on the 12th, Buonaparte com10 fevercly engaged, and recovered the menced a general attack upon the whole redoubts it had carried. The enen:y line, which, though made with infinite then retired into his intrenched camp. violence, was reliled with the most per
The loss of the Austrians amounted feet feadincfs and bravery. to 40 officers, and about 1300 men, Whilft Buonaparte was thus employkilled, wounded, and milling, which, ei, in repeated, though ineffectual efforts, confidering that not more than half the to force in front of the position, Geneleit wing was engaged, is certainiy con- rał Alvinzy detached a column against liderable ; but that of the French muit each of liis Aanks. No tooner had there have been much greater. The ground arrived at their point of attack, than the round the works was, in fome parts, enemy retreated with precipitation ; and covered with their dead bodies, and I a most severe and important affair was am very much within bounds in stating thus completely decided in favour of the their loís at 3000 men.
During the Austrians. time the French were in poffeffion of the Two of the enemy's Generals were redoubts on the left, they found means known to have been wounded, and a to carry off five pieces of cannon. The third was amongst the number of prison, Others were all retaken.
6 D 2
ers already brought in. I have the ho.
It appears by the Reat-Admiral's dir. nour to be, &c. Rob. CRAUFURD. patches, dated the '27th, of March and is th
Offenburgh, Nov. 27. of April last, and which reached us on the My Lord,
18th inst. by the Orpheus frigate, that the It is with much satisfaction that I British troops were in poffefsion of the ilands have the honour to inform your Lord- of Amboyna and Banda, with their several thip, that his Royal Highness the Arch- dependencies, comprizing, as it was thought, duke has this day received a report from the whole of the Dutch Idlands, excepting General Davidovich, dated Provezano, Fornaté, yeilding cloves, nutmegs and mace. Nov. 18. in which he gives an account This acquisition has been attained without of his having, on the preceding day, the smallett luss on our side. attacked and entirely defeated the ene
Amboyna and its dependencies were delimy on the heights of Rivoli.
vered up, on the 16th of February, and Banda The attack commenced about feven and its dependencies on the 8th of March. in the morning of the 17th, and, after a
Copics of the capitulations are inclosed. molt obftinate resistance, the enemy was
The Admiral speaks in the handsomeft man. entirely driven from his position, and ner of the activity and alacrity with which
every duty was performed by the forces une .pursued as far as Cambara..
der his command, both naval and military; General Davidovich took 12 cannon, and dwells particularly on the perfe& harabout 1100 prisoners, and many officers.
mony which all along fublisted between the Amongst the latter are Generals Florella officers and men in both services. It behoves and Valette. He praises, in the warmest us on this occasion to convey to you the high terms, the conduc of his Generals, and sense we entertain of the able and spirited the discipline and remarkable bravery condu& displayed by Rear-Admiral Rainier, of his troops.
whose hearty co-operation with us in every The enemy having, in the course of measure conducive to the public wcal, de. the night from the 17th to the 18th, re- mands our warmest acknowledgements; and ceived considerable reinforcements, took whilst we feel assured of your entire appió another position on the heights near bation of all the means employed by this GoCambara; in which General Davidovich vernment, to give effect to the arrangements attacked him the next morning, and framed by his Majesty's Ministers for secure drove him back beyond Peschiera. ing the Dutch settlements in India, it is, never.
When General Davidovich fent off theless, incumbent upon us, to declare, that this report
evening of the second the accomplishment of this great object has a:Fair,) he was encanped with his right been chiefly obtained by the zealous, and towards the Lake of Garda, near Colla, cheerful support which we have had the good and his left to the Adige; Peschiera be- fortune to experience from the officer entruiting in front of his right wing, and Ve. ed with the execution of it. rona in front of his left. I have the ho- We hall do ourselves the honour of transnour to be, &c.
mitting, by the first sea conveyance, copies of ROB. CRAUFURD.
all the papers received from the Admiral,
which will enable you to form an accurato Parliament-Street, Nov. 29. opinion of the value of those Iands. At A dispatch from the Governor and Council present we can only give you a summary of
of Madras, dated Fort St George, June 22, his proceedings. 1796, of which the following is a copy, The Admiral found in the treasury at Amlias been received by the Court of Direc- boyna 81,112 rix dollars, and in store 515,949 tors of the East India Company, and by pounds weight of cloves; in che treasury as them communicated to the Right Hon. Banda 66,675 rix dollars, and in store $ 4,777 Henry Dundas.
pounds of nutniegs, 19,587 pounds of mace, HONOURAELE SIR 3,
besides merchandize and other stores at each We have particular satisfaction in offering place, upon which no value had been then to you our fincere congratulations on the put. complete success which has attended the ope- We are preparing to send a reinforcement Tations of Rear Admiral Rainier in the east- of troops for the better protection of those ern seas; and judging that an early com- valuable inlands; and, as the Admiral has admunication of this event might be of material vised us that he is short of provisions, and in use to his Majesty's Ministers, we have de want of a fupply of naval and military stores, termined to forward this letter by the route it is our intention to forward an adequate i Bufforah.
llock of every ricccffary, article.