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"Ah, my father,” said she, “ how neighbourhood with unfeigned transport shall I avoid him? We must meet no and exulting joy.

The unlooked fo: no more I have taught my heart to restoration of a family to which they renounce each fond idea which it had were Strongly attached by every tie of dared to form. Honour demands the affe&tion, gratitude, and duty, broke a facrifice. Let us fly then from redou- once the galling yoke of that oppreffer: bled danger."

O my exalted girl,” Navery, under which the tenants had interrupted Bernard, with tears of tran- groaned during the short reign of an sport glistening in his eyes ; “ Well ufurper, and promised them at once 1 dost thou deserve the bright reward, berty and happinefs. which now awaits thy courage and thy The approach of the young Marquis virtue ; descend with me into the gar. to the mansion of his ancestors, being den, where thou mayest guiltless be- announced, he was met some miles from hold again thy worthy Albert, thy the castle by all the peasantry, who faithful, and thy destined husband. Let welcomed and followed him with accla. me lead thee to him, he shall resolve mations of unfeigned delight. thy timid doubts, and banish that in- The return of Bernard and his beau. credulity which speaks in thy counte- teous daughter, who were universally nance." Emma followed her father in beloved, was likewise hailed by their filent astonishment, to a small fhrubo' rustic neighbours, with an honest fimplibery at the end of a serpentine walk, city of heart, to which that envy is unwhere Albert waited her approach, known, which so often mingles with the whom in an instant, she beheld at her sentiments of those born in the superior feet. " Receive," said he, with a ranks of life ; and they cordially contook of rapture,

" the heart, the hand gratulated Bernard, on the rewards, of Albert, or rather of Henry de Clair- which awaited his mérits, in the ad. ville, the lawful heir of that usurped vancement of his virtuous daughter. castle and its wide domains. I hail As the high and venerable currets thee mistress of those sacred shades, of bis native castle rose in the view of where first my vows of constancy and Henry, emerging from the thick foilage love were offered in the attesting ear of of the lofty trees by which they were heaven! Within those hallowed walls surrounded, a thousand varied emotions a folemn ceremony shall bind our faith filled his noble heart : tears to the me -the Baron de Morenzi is no more. mory of his unfortunate and revered

Alas," interrupted Emma, in a parents, rolled down his manly cheek; trenulous voice, «has Albert then while gratitude to heaven, for the reldrenched his sword in blood!do I toration of those rights, that empowered behold a murderer ?"-"No," replied him to diffuse happiness to all around her lover, “ Morenzi fell the victim of him, softened his filial forrow. his conscience, and of heaven's aveng

Bernard and Emma entered their ing judgement. Accept a guiltless hand, little dwelling with sensations very difa constant heart, and a name unsullied ferent from those, with which they had The Count de Bournonville at this in- fo lately quitted it. "They wăfted their ftant reached the spot, when the young mutual thanks to 'that' Being, whce Jover presented to him the fair object of mercy had preserved them from the mahis affections, whom'he faluted with re. chinations of a once dreaded, but now

fpect and cordiality, felicitating them vanquished enemy, The prosperous 2. both on their approaching happiness. fortune that awaited Emma, filled her

Events fo extroardinary being soon bofom with humble gratitude ; but the circulared through the adjacent country, lowly unambitious mind of this child they were received at the castle of Clair of innocence, impenetrable to pride and ville with dread and wonder, but in its vanity, felt no haughty, exultation in


the prospect of her approaching eleva- ly had Emma proved the conscientious tion to a rank, the fpiendor of which, virtues of her heart ; superior therefore could neither dazzle her eyes, nor mis- to the arts of disguise and aff-Etation, lead her judgment.

she obeyed her father's fummons to The Marquis de Clairville, suffered meet her noble lover at the altar ; where not the object of his true and tried af- they exchanged their mu'ual vows, and fection to remain long in her humble were crowned, by an approving Proviretreat ; he reminded Bernard of the dence, with that refined happiness, which promise which he had given him of his dilinterested love and irreproachable daughter's hand.

honour alone can merit : The scruples of delicacy, the conflicts For blessings ever wait on virtuous deeds, of duty, and the claims of honour, no And tho' a late, a sure reward lucceeds. longer could be urged as obstacles to

CONGREVE, oppose such generous wishes : sufficientCURIOUS OBSERVATIONS ON THE REIGN AND

CHARCTER OF QUEEN ELISABETH. IN order co give a specimen of Mr the gyldedde bawble thatte envyronnes Malone's very ingenious detection of the heade of majestye, noe porre

onourMr Ireland's publication of certain res molte weyghtye wulde give mee papers attributed to Shakespeare, &c.* halfe the joye as didde thysse mye lyttle and of his critical ability, we shall pre- worke forre thee. The feelinge thatte sent our readers with the following curi- dydde neareste approache untoe itte was ous observations, on the character and thatte whiche commehe nygheste untoe rtigo of Queen Elizabeth.

God, meeke and gentle Charytye."--I No. 4, À Letter from Shak peare to shall not at present trouble you with any Anna Hatherreways.

more of this soft epistle than what I But now I ought in due form to in- ' have now transcribed. At the bottom voke Venus, and her son, and all the of the page we find, Anna Hatherreloves and graces, to listen to my tale; waye, which is meant for the superscripfor lo! I am next to present you with tion, the poet foreseeing that two cena letter from the Stratford youth co turies afterward, it would become the the lady whom he afterward married, fashionable mode to discard the superThough love, like death, levels all dif- fluous to or for, with which such adtinctions, yet as that passion, which the dresses were formerly introduced. But poet tells us first invented verse, certain. how far the lady here meant was entitle ly exalts the mind, as well as improves ed to this address, or how probable it the heart, and makes almost every man was, that this letter should ever reach eloquent, what rnay we not expect from her hands, may be worth our inquiry. the tender effusions of such a foul as The truth is, the had no title whatso. Shakespeare's in such a situation !Pre- ever to either of those names : she was pare then, my Lord, to behold our bard christened plain. Anne, and her name in circumstances in which he has never was not Hatherrewaye, as she is here before been viewed.

absurdly called, but Hathaway. This precious letter is accompanied Your Lordship well remembers the with a lock of the poet's hair,“ too first rise of the yet prevailing passion for intrinfe to unloose” and most curiously long and fonorous christian names, inbraided, in speaking of which he assures stead of the more familiar appellations his dearesste Anna, that no rude with which our simpler ancestors were hande hathe knottedde itte, thye Willys contented. The lady Elzas, lady. Ma. alone hathe done the worko. Neytherre tildas, and lady Louisas, have now gain. * See page 258.

ed a complete ascendency, and a lady

6H 2



Betty or lady Fanny is no where to be of this epistle without obferving, that found. Lady Betty Germine was, I dear and dearest was not so common an believe, the last in this country; and address at that period as at present

. you have, I think, still in Ireland, one Had the fabricator of this letter given Jady Betty, of the Noble house of Ca- us- -“ My fweet Anne,” it might have vendish, who keeps up the memory of passed well enough. Thus, Sir John the olden time. Bat to talk of Anna Harrington begins his letter to his lady, Hatherrewaye in 1582, is truly ridicu- dated Dec. 27. 1602, with the words Jous Master Slender, and “ sweet “ Sweet Mall,for which, if the Anne Page," might have taught the maker of these MSS. had invented an fabricator better. In the Indexes of epistle for that knight, we undoubrecly the Prerogative Office, in which the should have had My deareft Maria. entries are made in Latin, and in some Though, after what has been now old Parish Registers, where the entries stated, it may seem superfluous to ani. have been made by clergymen in the madvert further on this fpurious paper, fame language, we find Annas and I must not omit to observe, that the Marias enough; and fo also in some of word themfelves is here (as in other our oldest poets, in imitation of the places) contrary to the practice of that Cynthia and Delia of Propertius and age, spelt as one word instead of two Tibullus, and in order to give a dignity [thenne indeede ihalle Kynges themmeto their verse: but, in plain profe, the selves bowe ande paye homage toe itte:] most diligent researcher will, I am con- nor can I dismiss it without particularly fident, not discover a single Anna in noticing the other sentence which I che fixteenth century. The name of have transcribed from it. the father of this lady, here absurdly Whenever hereafter any light shall be called Hatherrewaye, was, as Mr Rowe given, that may lead to a difcovery of long since mentioned, Hathaway, and the now unknown hand that has dared the tradition which he received from to fabricate this tissue of impofture, the Stratford upon this fubje&, is confirmed vulgarisms, and the fentiments found in by the will of lady Barnard our poet's it, may be worth attending to, as they grand-daughter, which I discovered and may aid the detection. Thus, from the published some years ago ; and by à present contemptuous mention of kiags, deed executed by her, in my poffeffion, it is no very wild conjecture to fuppofe, fhe in her will exprefsly notices several that the unknown writer is not ex. of her relations of the name of Hatha. tremely adverse to those modern reway. As to the true orthography of publican zealots who have for fome both the Christian and surname of the time past employed their feeble, but une person to whom this letter is pretended wearied, endeavours to diminish that to be addressed, we need only confult love and veneration, which every true the register of Stratford, were the follow. Briton feels, and I trust will ever feel, ing entry occurs under the head of for royalty, so happily and beneficially marriages in 1579-80. " Jan. 17. inwoven in our inestimable conftitution. William Wilson to Anne Hathaway of Such, however, was his ignorance of Shotterye." I once thought it not im- the period to which the letter before us probable that the lady whofe marriage is must be referred, that, for the sake of here recorded, afterward became the the sentiment, the contemptuous lanwife of our poet'; but that could not guage of the present day is introduced, have been the case for a reafon which at a time when it was as fittle known, I have affigoed in his life. However as the orthography and phrafeology it fufficiently establishes the forgery be- which the writer has employed.

Our author was married to Anne I cannot dismiss the firft two words Hathaway in or before September, 1983.


fore us.

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We will suppose this love-letter to have of French philosophy, and the imaginary
been written a few months before, in the right of man, had not yet been incul-
April or May of that year, at' which cated; nor had Englithmen yet been
time he was just eighteen years old. fedulously taught to throw away
Of the Queen, who had then sat on spect, tradition, form, and ceremonious
the throne above twenty-three years, it duty," and to accept of French lerty's
is not necessary here to give any minute French equality, instead of that beauti
delineation, However the splendour fui and falutary gradation of ranks,
of her character may have been a litcie wiich forms an eflential


of abated by the lapse of time, the inquili- mirable conftitution ; where the distings tion that has been made into the his- tion of conditions is so easy and impers tory of that age, and the more definite ceptible, that almost every man under notions of the prerogatives of the crown the first perioodges of the land places and the rights of the people now enter- himself, in his own estimation, without tained and happily established, it is cer- offence, in a fomewhat higher order than tain that her virtues gave her an un- that to which he is strictly entitled ; bounded ascendant over her subjects ; and where men of the lowelt origin may and though few of our princes have ex. always by their own merit attain the ercised a more arbitrary dominion, the highest honours and emoluments of the boundaries of our admirable constirution Itate.--A due subordination then cyery. not being then, as at present, dicely af- where prevailed ; which naturally procertained, she unquestionably was not duced a profound reverence for perfops. in that age thought to infringe the liber- distinguished by their noble birth and ties of the people. No stronger proof the offices they held, from the worshipof this can be produced than her great ful justice of the peace, to the grave popularity. Every act of her reign ap- counsellors and Splendid courtiers who pearing to spring from a regard to the furrounded the throne.

" It was (as welfare and happiness of her subjects, has been truly observed) an ingenuous imperious as she was in many inftances, usinquisitive time, when all the passions she was almost idolized by them. At and affections of the people were lapped coce dignified and familiar, respe&ted up in such an innocent and humble obeand beloved, she almost every year of dience, that there was never the lealt hier reign made a progress among them, contestations nor capitulations with the and won their hearts by her affability Queen; nor, though she very frequenes. and condescension*.--" There was no ly consulted with her subjects, any furprince living, (fays a gooi observer, ther reasons urged of her actions that who lived near the time) who was so her own. wilt. tender of honour, and fo exactly stood Add to this, the powerful operation for the preservation of sovereignty, that produced in the minds of the people at was fo great a courrier of her people, that time, by the alterations in religio:1, yea of her commons, and that itooped “ As they had been lately made,” (1 and descended lower in presenting her use the words of a learned writer yet person to the public vicw, as the paffed in her progreffes and perambulations, doa in his youth) Reliq. Wotton. Iúss,

† The Difparity (written by Lord Clarenand in the ejaculation of her prayers for

. her peopleť --The detestable doctrines Happily for us, no fuch reason of a&ion * In one of these progresses the visited daries between the prerogatives of the crowa,

can now be urged by our Kings, the boun Leycefter at Kenelworth Castie, in 1876, and the privileges of the people, having since when our youthful bard, among the crowds the period here described been nicely after that fucked thiéfict fron all the neighbour- tained, fo as to lcave the executive branch of hood, mi:ht have teen her.

our constitution, no power but what is fala† Naunton's Frag:nenta Regalia, p: 12. tary, and Leneficial for the people.


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living) as their inportance was great, no account or prétence whatsoever was and as the benefits of the change had it lawful to infringe. been earned at the expence of much Such was the period when our Stratblood and labour ; all these considera- ford youth, whose tender mind was tions, begot a zeal for religion, which probably impressed with a fense of loyalhardly ever appears under other circum- ty on each day of the week, employed Itances. This zeal had an immediate in the acquisition of learning, and who

very sensible effect on the morals of was further confirmed in the fame fenthe reformed. It improved them in timents by the doctrines enjoined to be every inftance ; especially as it produ- taught on the day devoted to the funcced a cheerful submission to the govern- tions of religion, is made to express ment, which had rescued them from himself concerning the diadem of kings, their former slavery, and was still their in the style which one of the regicides onls fupport againit the returning dan- would have used in the following cengers of fuperftition. Thus religion act- tury, or one of the rulers of France ing with all its power, and that too, would employ at this day. heightened by gratitude and even felf- When Cromwell had no further use interelt, bound obedience on the minds for the Rump Parliament, and kicked of men with the strorgest ties*. And them, as they well deserved, out of luckily for the Queen, this obedience doors, he desired one of his japizaries was further secured to her, by the high (as Whitelocke tells us) to take away uncontroverted notions of royalty, which that fool's bauble, the speaker's macell. at that time obtained among the peo- A bauble, in ancient time, had various

significations. It originally meant a To prevent

these notions from fading jewelg, and afterward a temporary scaffrom their minds, the Homilies, which fold for any scenic exhibition or pawere published by authority, and enjoin- geant f. It also signified the truned to be read every Sunday by the cler- cheon which licensed fools used to cargy in their respective churches, inculcat- ry in their hands.-In a secondary and ed unconditional and pasiive obediences derivative sense, deduced from the origito the prince on the throne, which on nal barbarous term baubellum, (a jewel)

in process of time the word in popular * « One of these (says this writer) was language came to signify any flight toy, the prejudice of education, and some uncom

gewgaw, or trifling piece of finery; and mon methods were used to bind it fast on the minds of the people. - A book called in this fense it is employed by our poet * Eiphnapxia, five Elizabetha," was written in himself in several of his plays : but I Latin verse by one Ockland, containing the have fome doubt whether the word bad highest panegyricks on the Queen's charac. obtained that signification so early as ter and government, and setting forth the the middle of the reign of Elifabeth. transcendent virtues of her ministers. This book was enjoined by authority to be taught,

Be that as it may, the sentiment before as a claffic author, in grammar-Ichools, and us may have been suggested either by was of course to be goiten by heart hy the the following passage in a letter of Cromyoung scholars throughout the kingdoin. This was a matchless contrivance to imprinta hin fay—“What 'shall we do with this bau

|| Hume, and some other historians, make fenfe of loyalty on the minds of the people.” ble?” Here, take it away : by which the Hurd, ubi fupr.

point of the allusion is loft.-The fool's barbk + Moral and Political Dialogues, by the

was a short truncheon with a carved bcad Rev. Mr Hurd, (now Lord Bishop of Wore and afs' ears. cester) vol. ij. Page 27 # The Homilies, it has been observed, ter him) Dr Johnson, observe, has the word

§ Roger Hoveden, as Minshieu, and (afcontain more precepts in support of this vile baubellum in this fenfe: “ Omnia baubella f16 and lavish doctrine, than all the writings of dedit Othoni,” fol. 449. 1o. Filmer urutis obuers.

q Barrett's Alveatie, 1580, in v.


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