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TO DR BIRCH.
us an express article, and not a short a long letter of the Lord of the Council one, for it consilts of eight of his pages. of Henry VIII. in 1546 to his ambr.
Roger Ascham, Qucen Elizabeth's with the Emperor. Preceptor, when he was Secretary to Sir Richard Morylin, amb. from K. Edward VI. to the Imperial Court, wrote to a Extraël from a letter of Dr Robertson, friend of his a Refort & discourse of the dated College of Edinburgh, oa. 8. 1765. cffairs & fate of Germany and the Em
* * * I have met with many interjeror Charles's Court. This was print. ruptions in carrying on my Charles V, ed in the reign of Qucen Elizabeth ; partly from bad health, and partly from but the copies of that Edition are now the avocations arising from performing However this will be foon the duties of
office. But I am now jade puhlic, being reprinted in an Edi-' within Sight of Land. The historical tion of all the Author's Englith works part of the Work is finished, and I am now in the press.
busy with a preliminary book in which The Epitres des Princes, translated I propose to give a view of the progress from the Italian by Belleforest, will pro- in the State of Society, Laws, Manbably supply you with some few things ners, and Arts, from the irruption of to your purpose.
the barbarous nations to the beginning Vol. 295 among the Harleian MSS. of the fixteenth century.
This is a contains little remarkable except fome . Jaborious undertaking; but I fiatter my. letters from Henry Vill's ambr in self that I shall be able to finish it in'a Spain in 1518 of which you may fee few Months. I have kept the books an abstract in the printed Catalogue. you was so good as to send me, and shall
In Dr Hayne's Collection of State return them carefully as soon as my papers, in the Hatfield history, p. 56. is work is done.
REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.
Travels into different Parts of Europe, in his Holiness, though ftiling himself the
the Years 1791 and 1792 : with familiar “ Servant of Servants,” will not play off Remarks on Places-Men--and Man- his holiday farces to any thing but bags ners. By John Owen, A. M. late and swords. In the different stages of Fellow of Corpus Chrifti College. 8vo. this ceremonial, the attitudes of the 2 vols. 148. boards. Cadell jun. and Sovereign Pontiff were as ridiculous and Davies.
varied as those of a posture mafter. They SINCE Brydone wrote his elegant placed him in a low chair-stripped him travels in Sicily, a degree of emulation to his fiannel waistcoat, and feemed dit: has been excited among this class of posed to Mew him every indignity. This
, svriters, which has given birth to many as I imagined, for it was pantomime productions that, on account of the thrcughout--was to picture to us the manner in which they are written, inde humility of the Saviour. They did not, pendently of the information which they however, fuffer him to continue long in contain, may be perused with pleasure this state of degradation. He was loon by the scholar and the man of tafte.
restored to his former splendour; and Of this description are the travels of paraded before us, as we knelt, display. Mr Owen, from which we shall fele&t a ing his handsome leg and Dipper, with few extracts.
much apparent fatisfaction. I happened Description of the ceremony of high mass at
to be posted in an avenue which led to St Peter's, Rome.
the grand altar, and therefore had an “ High mass was; on the day of the opportunity of observing closely every Nativity, performed by the Pope at St thing which was conveyed backwards Peter's, where, on this occasion, there and forwards by the numerous priests is no admittance but in full dress---for who attended. It was truly ludicrous
to see five or six men in surplices, car- « The church of the Jesuits also ofrying with great solemnity as many dishes fers a scene of barbarous and abfurd fun of dressed up napkins, and meeting an perstition. Within this church, the equal number, who were, with the same scourge is nightly used ; and I have it religious grimace, carrying off those that from a catholic, who, I dare venture to had been used.
affirm, has been of the number, that " I will not difsemble the wearinefs multitudes resort to the penance which I felt at the length of thcse ceremonies. is here administered. The lights are exHis Holiness was, it muft be acknow- tinguished, and penitents of both ledged, an admirable actor ; but the sexes offer their bare shoulders to whatCardinals did not support their parts ever number of fisipes their fins may with so good a grace; and a degree of appear to deferve. I have more than coldnels
and indifferency pervaded the once resolved to acquaint myself of the generality of the spectators-evidently fact; but, understanding that the itilletportending some great approaching to would certainly dispatch me, were I change. Devotion is certainly much found thus obtruding upon their solemn on the decline. Subjects are bandled mysteries, I have concluded to admit in general conversation, which have lit- the hiftory upon the credit of my 16tle alliance with credulity and fubmis- porter.” fion. In short, the pillars of papal ty. Description of the public eating Houses of ranny seem loosening apace; and its ul- Vienna. timate subversion is an event which can
" in all these houses the custom is, to not long be delayed. In the prefent fin give every man his portion separate ; intuation of things, the energy operating fomuch that though numbers dine at the from within will be affifted by a power. fame table, they seldom dine in common. ful impetus from without; the majesty In almost all the dining-houfes here, a of Papal Rome is unquestionably and bill of fare, containing a vast collection irrevocably doomed to fall, and great of dishes, is written out, and the prices will be the fall of it.”
affixed to each article. As the people Other instances are given of Romilh of Vienna eat of variety, the calculation, superstition :
at the conclusion of the repait, would ap“ It is surprising to see by how many pear fomewhat embarrassing; this, howarts the Romish priesthood study to a- ever, is done by mechanical habit with muse, and to profit by the credulity of great speed. The custom is for the party their followers. The festival of St An- who has dined, to name the dishes, his
tonio, not the Paduan Antony, the pa- quantity of bread and wine. The kellitron of fishes, but Antony the protector lcr, who attends on this occasion, follows
of horses, nules, and affes, afforded me every article you name, with the fum a strong proof of the artifices of catholic which this adds to the calculation; and impciture. This ceremony was per- the whole is performed, to whatever a. formed in a public square. A priest in a mount, without ink or paper. It is cufurrplice stood at the door of the church, rious to hear this ceremony, which is and with a long brush, dipped, as often muttered with great gravity, yet peras occasion required, into a pail full of formed with accuracy and dispatch. It holy water, scattered this unction three is inconceivable how numerous thete times upon the borfes, as they entered houses are in Vienna, to which we have into the court. Here all the equipages in England nothing that corresponds exof the nobility, no less than the horses acly: There is fomething remai kably of hire, are driver., decorated with rib- pleasant in this mode of living. An evenbands. The priest received from the ing seldom passes in these houtes without pivotaries of the Saint, large wax candles, music, and the German dances have an money, &c. according to their choice air of vivacity and cheerfulness fuperior
for means; while he gave them in return, to all others. Wa small print of the Saint, and a Night “ I have been often regaled by a ftrcksprinkle of holy water. I treated the ling band at one of these houtes, where, ceremony with forme degree of levity, deeming myfulf totally unknown, I was and received a rebuke from a true son of accuítomed to pats ali evening hour. I kthe church; who told me of many fatal usually entered this, wrapped in my
accidents which had befallen those who cloak, and took my feat in a corner of Brefused to have their hortes carried to the room, where I might register what he bene. Stion of St Antony.
pailed wiihout attracting notict. A prin
cipal part of my amusement arofe from the attention of female readers. The the warm debates of some worthy citi- essay on Self-juftification is a successful zens, who, having dispatched the bufi- attempt to imitate Swift in the ironical ness of the day, were relaxing their minds fátyre. A Mort extract will show the with a little politics. I was diverted to writer's manner. hear these great personages regulating “ Left amongst infinite variety, the the affairs of empires-leading the com- difficulty of immediate selection ihould bined armies into the heart of France, at first perplex you, let me point cul by a shorter cut than the Duke of Brunf. that matters of taste will afford you, oi wick had taken-making the rebels own all others, the most ample and inceffant their lawful king, and receive their ex- subjects of debate. Here you have 110 patriated princes. I had remarked, every criterion to appeal to. Upon the fame night that I frequented this house, a lit- principle, next to matters of tafte, points tle man of uncouth figure, and unpropio of opinion will afford the most conftane tious physiognomy; and had observed exercise to your talents. Here you will him constantly twirling a large key over have an opportunity of citing the opi. his finger, whenever he entered into con. nions of all the living and dead you have versation; and striking this forcibly a- ever known, besides the dear privilege gainst the table, when he wished to efta- of repeating continually:
Nay, you blish his argument, or filence his adver. never" must allow that.” Or, sary. I was astonished to find so much can't deny this, for it's the universal owit and pleasantry in his discourse. He pinion-every body says fo! every borallied with much vivacity all nations, dy thinks fo! I wonder to hear you exand all governments--but his own. He press such an opinion! Nobody but yourthought that France and Switzerland, self is of that way of thinking.” With which boasted of the purest constitutions, innumerable other phrases with which a had less liberty than the Austrians, flight attention to polite conversation will whose constitution of government he furnith you. This mode of opposing owned was the worst. “ In Switzer- authority to argument, and assertion to land,” said he, "a man cannot speak proof, is of such universal utility, that I his sentiments without hazard of impri- pray you to practise it. fopment, nor in France without the dan- “ If the point in dispute efpecially be ger of decapitation; while in Vienna a fome opinion relative to your character man may indulge himself in all freedom or difpofition, allow in general that of remark, and runs no risk, till he lends“ You are sure you have a great many Iris aid
to plots, cabals, and conspiraciesa” faults," but to every specific charge, re. “ There are, however, discontents at ply, “ Well, I am sure I don't know, Vienna; and, were there all that freedom but I did not think that was one of my of speech on which the orator infifted, faults! nobody ever accused me of that the coffee-houses would resound with the before! Nay, I was always remarkable complaints and remonftrances of the for the contrary; at least before I was people. On the various topics he ran acquainted with you-Sir; in my own over, he expressed himself with great family-mask any of my own friends; afk vehemence, took much snuff, and smote any of them; they must know me best." frequently with his key. Some intelli- “ But if instead of attacking the ma gence, which I picked up from the house, terial parts of your character, your bus has acquainted me, that he has lately band should merely presume to advert married a very pretty woman; and that to your manners, to some slight personal every evening when he leaves her, he habit which might be made more agree locks the door, and pockets the key. able to him ; prove in the first place, that I will make no apology for these colour- it is his fault that it is not agreeable to ings after nature-however remote from him.--His eyes are changed, or upened; the splendid scenes of life : my fortune but it may perhaps have been a matta has at present thrown me into those almost of indifference to him, till you walks of society, where higher incidents undertook its defence-then make it of cannot occur.
confequence by rising in eagerness, is Letters for Literary Ladies. To which is proportion to the infignificance of your added, an Essay on the noble Science object; if he can draw confequencers
, this will be an excellent lesson--if you of Self-Juftification. 8vo. 45. boards.
are fo tender of blame in the veriest triTHIS pleasing volume is we!l worthy fie, how unimpeachable must you be in matters of importance. As to personal never if you please allow to be charged habits, begin by denying that you have to any deficiency in memory, judgment, any; as all personal habits, if they have or activity, on your part.
been of any long standing, must have “ There are surely people enough ae become involuntary, the unconscious round you to divide and thare the blame
culprit may affert her innocence without - send it from one to another, till at fi hazarding her veracity.
last, by universal rejection, it is proved “ However, if you happen to be de- to belong to nobody. You will say howa tect in the very fact, and a person ever that facts remain unalterable; and • cries, “ Now, now, you are doing it!” that in some unlucky instance, in the to fabmit, but declare at the same moment, changes and chances of human affairs,
“ That it is the very firit time in your you may be proved to have been to a whole life, you were ever known to be blame. Some Itubborn evidence may
guilty of it; that therefore it can be no appear against you; an eye-witness perhabit, and of course no ways reprehen. haps: ftill you may prove an alibi, or fible.”
balance the evidence. There is nothing " Extend also the rage for vindication equal to balancing evidence; doubt is, to all the objects which the molt remotely you know, the most philofophic state of concern you; take even inanimate ob. the human mind, and it will be kind of jects under your protection. Your dress, you to preserve it in the breast of your your furniture, your property, every •husband. thing which is or has been yours, defend, 66 Indeed the short method of denyand this upon the principles of the found- ing absolutely all blameable facts, I should eft philosophy; these things all compose recommend to pupils as the best; and if a part of your personal merit; all that, in the beginning of their career of jufconnected the most diftantly with your tification, they may startle at this mode, idea, gives pleasure or pain to others, let them depend upon it, that in their fu. becomes an object of blame or praise, ture practice it must become perfectly and consequently claims your support familiar. Thę nice distinction of limu. or vindication.
lation and diffimulation, depend but on « In the courfe of the management the trick of a syllable---palliation and of your house, children, family, and af. extenuation are universally allowable in fairs, probably fome few errors of omif- felf-defence ; prevarication inevitably fion or commission may strike your hus follows, and falsehood " is but in the band's pervading eye; but these errors, next degree.” admitting them to be errors, you will
! wake to liberty.
Which petulance could move;
My heart no longer bears.
In dreams thou'rt now forgot,
Those lips however kind,
My instinct is the fame Have lost their magic art ;
As that of men who roam, Nor can thine eyes now find
And with delight proclaim The passage to my heart.
The dangers they've o'ercome. What pain or pleasure gives,
Thus foldiers, when return'd
Victorious from a war,
Tell how they laurels earn'd,
And proudly thew each scar. Without thee I delight
And thus the galley-Dave In wood and flow'ry meads ;
Releas'd from cruel chains, And with thee, hate the fight
On shackles still will rave Of barren ficlds and weeds.
And shew their deep remains
Of liberty I speak Nor does thy face, though fair,
To please myself alone, At present so excel,
But not thy peace to break That I could safely swear
Or to display my own. It has no parallel.
I speak, nor ask if now And let not truth offend,
My reas'ning pleases thee; Should I to think incline;
Nor care if calmly thou Some features I could mend
Cantt bear to speak of me. Which once I thought divine.
I quit a fickle fair, When first I drew the dart
Thoul't lose a heart that's true; (With shame my cheeks on fire)
Nor do I know or care, Such torture tore my heart,
Why most has cause to ruc. I thought I should expire.
But this I know, a swain But to resolve such pain,
So true will ne'er be found; To fly oppreffion's fphere,
But females falfe and vain And sway o'er self to gain,
Throughout the world abound. · What suffering's tou severe ?
E PIOR A M.
TWIXT Joho and his Wife, in lieu of Will some few feathers spare,
affection, To gain his liberty.
Perpetual contest arose ; But plumage will return;
In judgment and taste cach assumed the die Again he'll mount the skies;
rection, Nor prudence has to learn,
And both were proceeding to blows : By fad experience wise.
When John exclaimed, Hold ! my error I fee, But still I know thou'lt say,
Your argument's weighty and true; My cure is not complete :
You have taste,---for in marriage you made
choiee of me; As, tho' tis cold each day, The tale I still repeat.
I have none, --for ! made choice of you.
TABLE Of Native and Extraneous Fofils, found in the Parishes of Rutherglen and Kilbride,
in the County of Lanark. (From p. 806.) As the greater part, if not all, of the Blackish Gray Till, with vegetable imToffils to be found in this county are
preffions mentioned in the History of the Pa. Fire Clay rishes of Rutherglen and Kilbride, by Hard black Naty Till
Till, full of Entrochi, shells, &c. the Rev. Mr Ure, we shall exhibite Uncommon Till, called by the minen them in a Table, referring to that work
with Silicious or CalcaPotters Clay
reous Spar or Zeolite Cam-ftones
White Steatites Bluish Pipe Clay
Ditto, the finest perhaps in Britain