Abbildungen der Seite

matters of importance. As to perfonal : habits, begin by denying that you have any; as all perfonal habits, if they have been of any long ftanding, must have become involuntary, the unconfcious culprit may affert her innocence without hazarding her veracity.

"However, if you happen to be detected in the very fact, and a perfon • cries, “Now, now, you are doing it!" fabmit, but declare at the fame moment, "That it is the very first time in your whole life, you were ever known to be guilty of it; that therefore it can be no habit, and of course no ways reprehenfible."

"Extend alfo the rage for vindication to all the objects which the most remotely concern you; take even inanimate ob. jects under your protection. Your dress, your furniture, your property, every thing which is or has been yours, defend, and this upon the principles of the foundeft philofophy; these things all compofe a part of your perfonal merit; all that, connected the moft diftantly with your idea, gives pleasure or pain to others, becomes an object of blame or praife, and confequently cams your fupport or vindication.


"In the courfe of the management of your houfe, children, family, and affairs, probably fome few errors of omiffion or commiffion may ftrike your huf band's pervading eye; but thefe errors, admitting them to be errors, you will


From Dr Burney's Memoirs of Metaftafio,


NISA! thy pow'r is flown,
I thank thee for thy cure;
The gods have mercy fhewn,
Thy tricks no more allure.
From all thy chains I feel
My foul, at length, is free;
No dream 1 now reveal,
I wake to liberty.

never if you please allow to be charged to any deficiency in memory, judgment, or activity, on your part.

"There are furely people enough around you to divide and share the blame

send it from one to another, till at laft, by universal rejection, it is proved to belong to nobody. You will fay how ever that facts remain unalterable; and that in fome unlucky inftance, in the changes and chances of human affairs, you may be proved to have been to blame. Some ftubborn evidence may appear against you; an eye-witness perhaps: ftill you may prove an alibi, or balance the evidence. There is nothing equal to balancing evidence; doubt is, you know, the moft philofophic ftate of the human mind, and it will be kind of you to preferve it in the breast of your husband.

All former ardor's fled, Which petulance could move; And that difdain is dead, Which masks itself in love. Nor does my colour change, Whoe'er my name repeats; When o'er thy face I range, My heart no longer beats. Vou. LVIII.

"Indeed the fhort method of denying absolutely all blameable facts, I should recommend to pupils as the best; and if in the beginning of their career of juftification, they may startle at this mode, let them depend upon it, that in their future practice it muft become perfectly familiar. The nice diftinction of fimulation and diffimulation, depend but on the trick of a fyllable palliation and extenuation are univerfally allowable in felf-defence; prevarication inevitably follows, and falfehood "is but in the next degree.”

[blocks in formation]

Thofe lips however kind,
Have loft their magic art;
Nor can thine eyes now find
The paffage to my heart.
What pain or pleasure gives,
What joy or forrow brings,
From thee no good receives,
From thee no evil springs,
Without thee ! delight
In wood and flow'ry meads;
And with thee, hate the fight
Of barren fields and weeds.

Nor does thy face, though fair,
At prefent fo excel,
That I could fafely fwear
It has no parallel.

And let not truth offend,
Should I to think incline;
Some features I could mend
Which once I thought divine.
When firft I drew the dart
(With shame my cheeks on fire)
Such torture tore my heart,
I thought I fhould expire.
But to refolve fuch pain,
To fly oppreffion's fphere,
And fway o'er felf to gain,
. What fuffering's too fevere?

When caught in viscous fnare
A bird, himself to free,
Will fome few feathers fpare,
To gain his liberty.
But plumage will return;
Again he'll mount the skies;
Nor prudence has to learn,
By fad experience wife.

But ftill I know thou'lt fay,
My cure is not complete:
As, tho' tis cold each day.
The tale I ftill repeat.

Potters Clay,

Bluish-Pipe Clay

My inftinct is the fame
As that of men who roam,
And with delight proclaim
The dangers they've o'ercome.
Thus foldiers, when return'd
Victorious from a war,
Tell how they laurels earn'd,
And proudly fhew each scar.
And thus the galley-flave
Releas'd from cruel chains,
On fhackles ftill will rave
And fhew their deep remains.
Of liberty I speak
To please myself alone,
But not thy peace to break
Or to display my own.
I fpeak, nor afk if now
My reas'ning pleases thee
Nor care if calmly thou
Canft bear to speak of me.
I quit a fickle fair,


Thoul't lofe a heart that's true;

Nor do I know or care,
Who moft has cause to rue.
But this I know, a swain
So true will ne'er be found;
But females falfe and vain
Throughout the world abound.

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]


Of Native and Extraneous Foffils, found in the Parishes of Rutherglen and Kilbride,
in the County of Lanark. (From p. 806.)
As the greater part, if not all, of the
Foffils to be found in this county are
mentioned in the Hiftory of the Pa-
rishes of Rutherglen and Kilbride, by
the Rev. Mr Ure, we fhall exhibite
them in a Table, referring to that work
for a particular defcription of them.

Blackish Gray Till, with vegetable im
Fire Clay

Hard black flaty Till
Till, full of Entrochi, fhells, &c.

Uncommon Till, called by the minen
Inflammable Schiftus
Argillaceous Breccia

Earths and Stones.

with Silicious or Calca

reous Spar or Zeolite White Steatites

Ditto, the fineft perhaps in Britain


Ponderous Spar

Vitreous volcanic production
White fibrous Zeolite
Compact cryftalized Zeolite

Beautiful radiated Crystals of Zeolite on

[blocks in formation]

Limestone, replete with marine produc- Iron-ftone Balls


[blocks in formation]

Rock Crystal

containing marine exuvia Tetrahedral Prisms

Ludus Helmontii, Sep

tarium, or Waxen Veins Varieties of ditto Kidney ftone, Butter ftone Thefe con Etites, Eagle ftone

tain the beft iron

Blood red Argillaceous Iron Ore, Keel, at Stonelaw

Galena, at the Eldrig.

Extraneous Fofils.

Vegetable Impreffions-Arundo or Bam→

boo of India

[blocks in formation]

Impreffions of the Bark of oak, elm, &c. in free-ftone

Petrified productions of the Sea.

Patella, or Limpet

with a small flit

Orthoceratites, fuperficie fulcata


Cornua Ammonis, fmooth and round

Cocheæ Hilices


Jafper, faint yellow, ftripped, and blotch- Chambered Nautilus

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

WE fhall finish the very important correfpondence between Lord Malmefbury and M. Delacroix, fee p. 874, by inferting Lord Malmesbury's credentials. TRANSLATION of the Credentials given to Lord Malmesbury.

[The Original is in Latin.]

G. R.

GEORGE, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c. to all to whom these prefents hall come, greeting. Seeing that the flame of war has for a long time raged in different parts of the globe; deeply occupied with the project of terminating regularly fo many quarrels and diffenfions, of restoring and confolidating the public tranquillity; refolved for this purpofe to chufe a man capable of a negotiation of this importance, and to inveft him with full authority to complete fo great a work, be it known, that the fidelity, talents, genius, perfpicuity, and experience of our faithful and dear Counfellor James Baron Malmesbury, Knight of the most honourable Order of the Bath, infpiring us with full confidence, we have named him; and he is appointed and conftituted our true, certain, and accredited Commiffary and Plenipotentiary, giving and conceding him, in all refpects, full and entire. power, faculty, and authority; charging him belides with our general and special orders to confer on our part, and in our name, with the Minifter or Minifters, Commiffioners, and Plenipotentiaries of the French Republic, fufficiently invested with equal authority, as well as with the Minifters, Commiffioners, or Plenipotentiaries of the other Princes and States who may take part in the prefent ne

gotiation, alfo invefted with the fame authority; to treat either feparately or together; to confer upon the means of establishing a folid and durable peace, amity, and fincere concord; and to adopt all refolutions and conclufions; to fign for us, and in our name, all the faid conventions or conclufions; to make, in confequence, every treaty or treaties, and all other as, as he fhail judge neceffary; to deliver and receive mutually, all other objects relative to the fortunate execution of the above mentioned work; to tranfact with the fame force and the fame effe A as we should be able to do if we assisted in perfon; guaranteeing, and on our Royal word promising, that all and each of the tranfactions and conclufions, which shall be made and determined by our faid Plenipotentiary, fhall be made and agreed upon, ratified, accepted, and adopted with the best faith; that we fhall never suffer any one, either in whole or in part, to infringe and act contrary to them; and in order to give every thing more fecurity and force, we have figned the prefent with our Royal hand, and affixed to it the feal of Great Britain."

Given in our Palace at St James's 13th October, year of grace 1796, and of our reign the 36th.

DECLARATION of bis Britannic Majefty.

THE negotiation, which an anxious defire for the restoration of peace had induced his Majefty to open at Paris, having been abruptly terminated by the French Government, the King thinks it due to himself and to his people to ftate, in this public manner, the circumstances which have preceded and at


[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

tended a tranfaction of fo much importance ed even by this refult from fill pursuing fuck
to the general interefts of Europe.
measures as appeared to him moft-conducive
to the end of peace; and the wishes of his
ally, the Emperor, correfponding with thofe
which his Majefty had manifefted, fenti-
ments of a fimilar tendency were expreffed
on the part of his Imperial Majefty at the
time of opening the campaign: But the con-
tinuance of the fame spirit and principles, on
the part of the enemy, rendered this fresh o-
verture equally unfuccessful.

While the Government of France thus perfifted in obftructing every mealure that could even open the way to negotiation, no endeavour was omitted to mislead the public opinion throughout all Europe with refpect to the real caufe of the prolongation of the war, and to caft a doubt on thofe difpofitions which could alone have dictated the steps ta ken by his Majefty and his anguft ally.

It is well known, that early in the prefent year, his Majesty, laying afide the confideration of many circumftates of difficulty and difcouragement, determined to take fuch fleps as were beft calculated to open the way for negotiation, if any correfponding defire prevailed on the part of his enemies. He directed an overture to be made in his name by his Minister in Switzerland, for the purpofe of afcertaining the difpofitions of the French Government with respect to peace. The anfwer which he received in return was at once haughty and evafive: It affected to question the fincerity of thofe difpofitions of which his Majefty's conduct afforded fo unequivocal a proof; it raifed groundlefs objections to the mode of negociation propofed by his Majefty (that of a General Congrefs, by which peace has fo often been restored to Europe;) but it ftudiouly paffed over in filence his Majesty's defire to learn what other mode would be preferred by France. It at the fame time afferted a principle, which was ftated as an indifpenfable preliminary to all negociation; a principle under which the terms of peace must have been regulated, not by the ufual confiderations of juftice, policy, and reciprocal convenience; but by an implicit fubmiffion, on the part of all other powers, to a claim founded on the internal laws and feparate conftitution of France, as having full authority to fuperfede the treaties entered into by independent ftates, to govern their interefts, to controul their engagements, and to difpofe of their dominions.

A pretenfion in itself fo extravagant could in no inftance have been admitted, nor even liftened to for a moment. Its application to the prefent cafe led to nothing less than that France fhould, as a preliminary to all difcuffion, retain nearly all her conquefts, and thofe particularly in which his Majefty was most concerned, both from the ties of intereft, and the facred obligations of treaties: That the fhould in like manner, recover back all that had been conquered from her in every part of the world: And that the fhould be left at liberty to bring forward fuch further demands, on all other points of negotiation, as fuch unqualified submission on the part of those with whom he treated could not fail to produce.

On fuch grounds as these it was fufficiently evident that no negotiation could be enablish cd: Neither did the anfwer of his Majefty's enemies afford any opening for continuing the the difcuffion, fince the mode of negotiation offered by his Majesty had been peremptorily rejected by them, and no other had been fated in which they were willing to con



His Majefty was, however, not difcourag

In order to deprive his enemies of all poffibility of fubterfuge or evasion, and in the hope that a juft fenfe of the continued calamities of war, and of the increasing diftreffes of France herself, might at length have led to more just and pacific difpofitions, his Ma. jefty renewed, in another form, and through the intervention of a friendly power, a propofal for opening negotiations for peace. The manner, in which this intervention was received, indicated the most hoftile difpofition towards Great Britain, and at the fame time afforded to all Europe a striking inftance of that injurious and offensive conduct which is observed on the part of the French Government, towards all other countries. The repeated overtures made in his Majefty's name were nevertheless of fuch a nature, that it was at last found inipoffible to persist in the obfolute rejection of them, without the direct and undisguised avowal of a determination to refufe to Europe all hope of the reftoration of tranquillity. A channel was therefore at length indicated through which the Government of France profeffed itself willing to carry on a negotiation, and a readinefs was expreffed (though in terms far remote from any fpirit of conciliation) to receive a Minifter authorised by his Majefty to proceed to Paris for that purpose.

Many circumstances might have been urged,as affording powerful motives against adopting this fuggeftion, until the Government of France had given fome indication of a spirit better calculated to promote the fuc cefs of fuch a miffion, and to meet these advances on the part of Great Britain. The King's defire for the restoration of general peace on just and honourable terms, his concern for the interefts of his fubjects, and his determination to leave to his enemies no pretext for imputing to him the confequences of their own ambition, induced him to overlook


[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »