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them did, or could give away the con- age would command respect from the troul of Parliament. He thought the latest pofterity. . This woman, he said, present administration, in general, a good had no sooner escaped from the merci. one, and therefore, that in which it was lefs prisons of the tyrant Roberspierre, most dangerous to introduce new prac. whence she had witnessed her mother, tices, for these were always brought in. fitter, and other relatives led to the scaf. in good times to be used in bad ones. fold, than Mhe determined to fly to dun. Suppofe a future minister wanted geons fill more merciless, to participate 500,000l. to bribe the House, he might in the sufferings of her husband, and to say he had sent it to a Foreign Prince. adminifter those comforts which his Go The Money Bills and the Mutiny Bill, tuation might require. Previous to her the power of the purse and sword, were arrival, she had the good fortune to ob. the two pillars of the Constitution; and tain an audience of the Emperor, who the minister had weakened one of them manifested the strongest marks of synin a manner which called for some strong pathy and commiferation.

He was mark of disapprobation from the House. pleased to grant that part of her request Mr Fox replied.

which related to access to the prison, At three o'clock a division took place. and consequent confinement, but with For the motion 81

respect to the liberation of her husband, Against it 285.

the Emperor used this remarkable ex

pression—" This is a complicated bufi16. General Fitzpatrick rose to call the nefs, my hands are bound !These were attention of the House to the melan- grounds for warranting the assertion choly situation of M. de la Fayette, that M. La Fayette and his companions which has long excited the commisera- were not prisoners of the Emperor. On tion of every friend to humanity and her arrival at the gates of Olmutz, the freedom. The motion he intended to Governor of the fortress told her, that fubmit, hę faid. could not be considered her husband was subjected to all the ri. as foreign to the jurisdiction of the Bri- gours of the dungeon, and assured her, tish Parliament. It was now three that if she entered she must fubmit to years since he had proposed an Address fimilar treatment. This did not fake praying his Majesty to use his endea- her fortitude. She entered and found vours to obtain some alleviation of the her husband ghastly and emaciated, in sufferings of this gallant Officer and his rags and tatters, labouring under a pulthree friends, then languishing in a for. monary, bereft of every thing that could tress belonging to the King of Pruffia, alleviate the horrors of imprisonment, and at present in the dungeons of his and nearly deprived of air and the light Imperial Majesty, another ally of Great of Heaven. This virtuous woman, this Britain. The General remarked upon Aria, who could have interested the the difcuffion that took place on this feelings of a Nero or a Claudius, could subject, aud entered into an able review not obtain of her brutal keepers the serof the conduct of M. de la Fayette. He vice of a female attendaot. Whatever impugned the arrest which happened fortitude of mind the might poffefs, the upon neutral ground (the Bishopric of delicacy of a female frame, unable any Liege), and declared, that M. de la Fay- longer to withitand the inceflant watch. ette was neither considered as a prisoner ings, was obliged to yield to preffure of of war nor a prisoner of state. It would fatigue. She requested permiffion to go not,' he hoped, be contended, that La to Vienna for medical selief; after an inFayette was the prisoner of an inde- terval of three long újonths the Goverpendent State, and that this country nor communicated the Emperor's pleacould not interfere. Should that argu- sure, that if she came without the walls ment be adduced, he was prepared to of the prison, she was to return no more. prove, on the authority of Mad. de la Mark, said the General, the refinement Fayette tierself, that her husband and his and ingenuity of the cruelty! “ You companions were not the prisoners of have facrificed your health for the sothe Emperor of Germany. The Gene- ciety of your husband, now you thall ral next appealed to the feelings of the sacrifice his fociety for your health !" House, and represented the object of his To this she declared in reply, that the motion to be ihe husband of a woman, too well knew her duty to her family to whose cxalted virtues and heroic cour- accept the alternative, and he was de

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termined to share the captivity with her and they were certainly of a nature not to husband, in all its details! The Gene. be judicially proved; but the recital of ral described, in a most affecting manner, barbarities at Olmutz was certainly the situation and treatment of the cap- founded on that which ought to be rea tives, and remarked, that the war was ceived as admissible evidence. The letprofesiedly entered into for the preserva. ters of Mad. la Fayette, and the answer tion of religion. After commenting from the Cabinet of Vienna, were matwith much feeling' on these topics, he ters of public notoriety. But the Miread cxtracts from a correspondence nister had stated, as the ground of our with this lady, from her dungeon, and non-interference, that it would go to er called upon the House to convince the tablish a general principle of interfer. world, that the Emperor's hands were ence in all cases. When it answered to not bound up from the exercise of hu- purpose, general principles were to give manity and justice by this country.- way. Whenever the liberty of the subHe then concluded by moving an hum- ject was to be invaded, general princible Address to his Majesty, stating, that ples were regarded as so many non-enti the detention of M. de La Fayette and ties; but when an effort was to be made his three friends was injurious to his for the liberty of a meritorious indiviMajesty and the cause of his allies—and dual, then a general principle was a praying that his Majesty would inter. ground too nice to be touched upon in cede for their deliverance in such a way the smallest degree: He had further obas he, in his wisdom, should judge proper. served, that there was no precedent in

Mr Sheridan, in seconding the Motion, point. A precedent fufficiently close declined enlarging upon the subject, lest was furnished, in his opinion, by the he thould do away the impresion made interference of France in the case of upon the feelings and understandings of Captain Afgill. But the hands of the the House, by the gallant General who Emperor were bound up.” This could had juil sat down.

not be by his own laws. If it was done Mr Pitt said, unless it could be prov- by any of his Allies, the voting of the ed that the Councils of this country had present address was the only mode of a concern in the continuance of the suf- saving this country from a shameful share ferings of M. La Fayette, and a controul in the transaction. The King of Prusia over the Councils of an independent na- had transferred the jailorship of those tion, no communication on the subject unbappy persons to Austria." This cirought ever to pass, neither could we in- cumstance alone was sufficient to thew terfere, on any compact or principle, in that it was no domeftic concern of the the domestic affairs of other countries. Emperor, and that they were, in fact, He, however, finally declared that he the prisoners of the Allies. M. de la had no fhare in the detention of La Fay- Fayette was no subject of the Emperor. ette and his followers, and that he would He was not a prisoner at war according „chuse it to be made known to the Auf- to the law of nations, though this he untrian Cabinet, that the Government of derstood was a point meant to be disputGreat Britain did not participate in the ed. He had been offered his liberty on defire of their imprisonment.

the condition of fighting against his coun. Mr Wilberforce proposed an amende try. This he refused, and for this refu. ment, which he hoped would conciliate fal his memory would be embalmed, all opinions, which was, merely to pray when that of his crowned and throned his Majesiy to interpose his kind offices oppressors would be perished and forfor the deliverance of M. de la Fayette. gotten. If the Count de Provence (Louis

General Fitzpatrick approved of the XVIII.) had been imprisoned in the amendment.

place of Fayette, could the Allies, not Mr Fox faid, that he was sorry to find claiming his release, have maintained an appeal, such as had been inade by with any confiftency their war in favour his Hon. Friend (General Fitzpatrick) of royalty? The difference in this cafe to the best feelings of human nature, was only in the degree. Mr Fox said, answered only by a display of sophistry the Address, in his opinion, was seemly and chicane. The minifter had admit- and dignified. The reasons in opposited the enormity of the case, but he did tion to it were absurd, and the feelings not dare to act on his opinion. He had of the House must be blunted if it were intimated his doubts of the fact as fated, not adopted. Vol. LVIII.


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Mr 7. H. Browne declared himself in an enemy, he did not therefore become favour of the application ; but said, that, a friend. He was taken on neutral refting on the concluding assurances of ground, but this neutrality was only a the Minifter, he should vote against the protection to relidents; it had no refer. motion.

ence to hoftile operations, nor could it Mr Pitt desired to be understood, as cover a General of the enemy, who, bemeaning only to say, that, having no par- ing driven from his army, was Aying to ticipation in the business, and being some place unknown, and from motives without a right to interfere, what he had not understood. These were complicatundertaken was simply that the affair ed questions, but they were such as he fkould be so understood by the Austrian should be ready to debate whenever it Cabinet.

should be deemed necessary. He then Mr Grey covsidered this assurance as adverted to the events of the celebrated insufficient. Since Ministers thus held sth and 6th of October, the whole of back, he conlidered it both as the right the outrages and violences of which day, and duty of that House to interfere, he attributed to the conduct of M. La

Mr Sheriilan said, he was sorry that Fayette. He would not say'that the wish an Hon. Friend (Mr Windham) had not of this man was to destroy the King, been allowed to speak when he offered and establish a Republic in its stead; but himself, as there was about him a manly he had no difficulty in deciding, that he and generous indiscretion which tore the was one of the chief infiruments in rena veil off every myttery. He had been kept dering him a dependent and inefficient back by the Minister, who trusted rather Monarch, from which proceeded all the to his own'guibble than to the argument calamities that had befallen France. of his Honourable Friend. The bands Having, in the first instance, betrayed of the Emperor, and the tongue of the and ruined his King, and in the next Secretary at War, were, in his opinion, place, committed treason against what bound by the fame {pell. The latter he termed his lawful and only Soverwas the deaf adder,"? who had unfor. eign, the People, he has rendered himtunately listened to the charm. He hopfelf an object of the vengeance of both ed, however, that the influence of the parties, and this gave an opportunity Minister, which enjoined filence to all to his friends to exclaim against the his friends, " arose from some special royalists or republicans, just as it might neceflity, and would not hereafter be answer their purpose. He, for his own drawn into precedent."

part, could never consent to become the Mr Windbam faid, that though he was advocate of a man who had contributed called upon to unveil a mystery, the fe- so effectually to the overthrow of the cret had been disclosed by the person who laws and conttitution of his country, and so called upon him. Fayette was held who, if he now endured sufferings him. up as the hero of liberty; and this was felf, had been the author of the most ina the real grounds of all the féigned ap finite calamities to the human race. peals to their humanity which the House What his real motives were, he knew had this night heard. But what was the not ; but certain it' was, that his conduct ground or claim which rested on his in. had produced mischiefs immense, and edividual character? He had visited Eng. vils so atrocious, that he could not be land in the course of the American war. led to consider him as a fit object of huHe went fresh from our hospitable shores manity. As well might gentlemen

atto wield the sword against us. But on tempt to appeal to the feelings of Par. this ground he would not rest; he should liament in behalf of the famous Collot consider him as a total stranger. In the l'Herbois, who had caused his fellowcourse of the French Revolution, he was creatures to be massacred by thousands one of those who had alternately risen at Lyons. Mr Windham dwelt for some and fallen, and who were unconscious time on this topic, and enumerated the of the ruin which they provoked, until various cruelties exercised by Collot d' it fell upon their heads. He was 'far Herbois during his mission to that city. from blaming the early friendship which He could not separate the case of M. La had diétated and repeated this motion. Fayette from that of the thoufands of He could not but think, "however, that human beings who had suffered in conLa Fayette was a fair prisoner. He had sequence of his conduct, the more efpemused hoftilities; but, by being no longer cially as he knew, from authority which


he could not doubt, that his behaviour calamities to his country, and he thought
even to the late unfortunate King and it but just that he Thould be made ani
Queen, had been of the most harsh, fa- example of to the world, that ali men
vage, and unmanly nature. Her Majef who commenced revolutions should rea
ty, he had been informed by ladies whọ ceive the punishment due to their crimes.
had every opportunity of being well in. Fayette was now only called to taste the
formed upon the subject, in her dying cup of misery which he had prepared for
moments declared that ine forgave eve others, and the exercise of his humania
ry one living, except one man, and that ty towards him was, in the present in-
man was M. La Fayette ; had it been in stance, checked by the confideration of
her power to have saved from death M. the ills which he had occasioned to man-
Barnave, she would most gladly have kind. The subject, indeed, should not
done so; but La Fayette she could not be considered as a question of humanity,
forgive. He was at a loss, therefore, to but of policy and expediency; and he
conceive why gentlemen should attend saw no precedent or example to justify
only to the sufferings of such a man, our interference, particularly in behalf of
when the recital of horrors occasioned a man whose merit; if he poffefsed any,
by him, every day filled their ears ? and was that of having pulled down and de-
why they should, on all occafions, make stroyed the fabric of the established con-
this detestable war, as they were pleased ftitution of his country. To interest
to term it, the constant burden of their ourselves, in the smallest degree, in fa-
song, without ever recurring to the ori- vour of such a man, would be to hold
gin and causes of it? Let them look to out an encouragement, and to offer pre-
the situation of the 20,000 priests who miums to the promoters and encourae
lingered out a miserable existence in this gèrs of all revolutions.
country, and to the case of the thousands Mr Secretary Dundas complimented
who had suffered at home, in conse- General Fitzpatrick for his eloquence ;
quence of the conduct -pursued by M. but was against both the original motion
La Fayette, and then judge whether he and the amendment; as matters of which
was a real object of the attention of that this country could not take cognizance.
House. Even innocent females were He called it a ftraggling piece of huma-
not exempt from the lash of the tyranný nity.
introduced and established by him ; the Mr Jekyl said a few words in favour
convents and other dwellings of that sex, of the motion, and then the House die
which claimed our protection, were vio- vided, For the amendment

lated and destroyed, for there was not a

Againft it

132 bit of nun's flesh in his composition. But,


-82. independentof these considerations, there The original motion was then put and was a decorum due to other nations, negatived, and at half past twelve, the which he was astonished to find any House adjourned. gentleman wish that House to break 18. This being the day appointed for through. He knew of no proceeding taking his Majesty's message into confimore reprehensible than an attempt to deration, which was read by the clerk, acquire the character of humanity at the (but which we need not infert, as it was expence of the feelings of others, and in substance the same with that sent to he hoped that the House of Commons the House of Peers, as on p. 930.). would never consent to have it told to The Chancellor of the Exchequer rose, the ally of Great Britain, that its con- and said, that notwithstanding the great duct was inhuman and impolitic, and importance to this country, and to all should no longer be persisted in. For Europe, of the meafure he was now, in his part, he thought it would be highly pursuance of his notice of Saturday, to impolitic in the Emperor to releafe M. offer to the confideration of the House, La Fayette at the present time, for it whether with a view to the effectual prowas more than probable that, if set at fecution of the war, if the steps taken liberty, he would not be fatisfied to re- for the attainment of a just, fçcure, and main quiet, but would be the promoter honourable peace, should be found unaof fresh revolutions and convulsions. He vailable, or with a view to the attain. was decidedly averfe to any humanity ment, upon better grounds, of that being extended to him, because he con- peace, for which all were so anxious, he fidered him as the cause of incalculable had the satisfaction to think, that the

6 N 2 grounds

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grounds on which the measure was ces which he had made to the Emperor founded, were of so very plain, simple, had not been furnished to him, the adand short a nature, as to render it unne- vantages already gained in the campaign ceffary for him to trouble the House would have been lost; and said, he was with many words upon it; and to af- sure they would agree with him, that in ford him the most fanguine expectation, the view of keeping up the best concert that there would be no difference of o- with our allies, they ought not to dispinion upon the subject. He reminded continue that which could not be withthe House, that, at the time of his lay- held without inconvenience. He had the ing before them his estimate of the ex- fatisfaction to think, that when those adpences of the ensuing year, in opening vances were made last year, they were the budget, he had ftated, in the courte made under great difficulties, yet proof his general view of the probable a- duced the most falutary effects. Those mount of the supply, in the event of the difficulties were, in a great degree, renecefity of carrying on the war, a firm moved. Fraught with such advantages of three millions, by way of loan to his as had attended the mode in which miImperial Majesty, in which the advances nisters had made the advances, it would that had been already made to that mo- be an additional inducement to the narch were to be included. The House House to enable them again to make fur· would obferve, that his Majesty, in his cher advances to a limited amount, and message, had not thought it necessary to at fuck stated periods, as they mould call for aflittance for the Emperor to the think the service of our ally might refull extent of that fum immediately, but quire. But while, he said, that the dif. had confined himself to saying, that he ficulties which lay in the way of a lcan was engaged in concerting measures were much less than they had been bewith his allies for putting themselves in fore, he acknowledged that it would be 2 ftate to prosecute the war with vigour, too sanguine for any one to fay that they and effect, if the continuance of the war were wholly removed. It would, there. should be inevitable; and would hold fore, become the House, in sanctioning back the full demand till the discussion a remittance to the Emperor, to adopt of that subject with his allies, and a far- that node which, in more difficult times, ther view of the probable turn of nego- had been found practicable; and, while tiation would render it necessary, which they granted a sum in the grofs, to leave thould be laid before the House as soon it to the Executive Government to as pofsible. But, in the mean time, he choose the time, as well as the quantum would fuggest to the House, that for the of parcelling it into distribution. Have purpose of maintaining that perfect con- ing laid this short statement before the cert in the war, necessary to the attain. House, he would not detain them any ment of such a peace as we ought to longer than to submit a motion to them make, the fituation of the Emperor to thank his Majesty for his message, and would call for farther advances of a tem- to give him an assurance of the readiness porary kind; while the granting an e- of the House to concur in his delire. He ventual loan, to the extent mentioned, would afterwards, on a future day, move would afford a proof, and an honour to refer the message to a committee of able proof, of our readiness to support fupply, in order to have voted a fum our ally, and of our zeal and carneftness, not exceeding 500,cool. to his Majesty; which would, on the one hand, enable to enable him to make his Imperial Maus to negotiate with greater effect and jesty such advances as might be thought advantage, or, on the other, give us the necessary. The Chancellor of the Ē.. prospect of profecuting the war with less chequer then moved an address to his difficulty and danger, if we were ulti- Majesty. toately driven to that alternative. In any. Sir W. Pulteney said, he heartily consupposeable situation, the granting of the curred in the Address of Thanks, and in loan was a 'mcasure which could not fail the measure of a Loan to the Emperor to be fu congenial to the disposition of to the amount proposed, or more; but the House, and to the strong sentiments he differed effentially from the Right it had already expressed, that he would Hon, Gentleman in the mode in which thipk it wrong to argue upon it, or to it was to be given : this, he said, was inluppose that it would be disputed. He tended to white-wash the Minister's colreminded the House, that, if the advaria duct before in that respect, which he


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