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conceived to have received fevere cen- of it, conceived that such a measure was
fure from the House, fince several of his not, at the time at which it was propos.
own friends had voted for it, a circum. cd, well suited to the pecuniary circum-
ttance which would mark the transac. ftances of the country.
tion with censure not only now, but a Mr Fox thought it was a matter of
hundred years hence. Thus circum- considerable difficulty, when Ministers
stanced, the Right Hon. Gentleman had had sent eight hundred thousand pounds
brought down this Message to the House, to the Emperor during the sitting of Par-
to continue the practice, and had put liament, and without its confent, how
into it words more ttrongly in his favour to word an Address which should en-
than the decision of the House the other able his Majesty to lay out five hundred
night. He cenfured very highly the con- thousand pounds more for the same
duct of the Bank, in presuming to pre- purpose. He would suppose that an
fcribe to the Ministers, as they had done, Address, should be presented, authoris-
when they said a Loan could not being the expenditure of tive hundred
made to the Emperor ; and said, that thousand pounds, or, of three millions,
Ministers were very culpable in making for be thought the fum indifferent.
the opinion of any body of men, how- The House was not only ignorant of the
ever respectable, thc rule for the con- manner in which it was to go, but it was
duct of Parliament. He was convinced, very likely that, at the moment in which
that the Loan might with safety have this Message was sent down, the money
been made, and that those advantages might have been issued. It was not un-
were very censurable--all upon no bet- common with Ministers to ask power to
ter authority than the Bank of England, do that which they had done previously
which, he could not admit to be authori- to the application. But whether this
ty for King, Lords, and Commons. was or was not the case, he fhould ob-
Of the Bank, he found that they had ject to the Motion, for he thought it
altered their mode entirely, for he served the purpose of continuing to de
knew a man who was in the custom of lude the public with an idea, that the
discounting 150,000!. and now could House attended to the expenditure of
not get 10,000l. discounted. Would the public money, and the mode of its ap-
Houte submit to private whispers, como propriation. Mr Fox thought that a
ing from a corner, being made the rule Subsidy was better than a Loan upon
of their conduct? With regard to the precarious security. In the case of a
Emperor, he thought, we fould take Loan, the House gave a power to Mi.
care what ideas he might have of Peace. nifters; but in that of a Sublidy, the
-The House should call to mind, that House itself would see immediately what
the doubt whether we were steady in our was to be paid. In a Loan, Ministers
views to War induced him to make the would be empowered to judge of the
separate Peace at. Utrecht, and our par- security on which the money
fimonious mode of furnishing his Impe- ailvanced; and he thought if there
rial Majesty now might pollibly drive was any question which thould not be
him to the faine expedient. The Hon., trused to them, it was that. He con.
ourable conduct of the Emperor called cluded by, observing, that the measure
for the gratitude of this country, and had for its object the delusion, that what
he thought we should evince it, by giv- had been done should not be again

done. ing even more than he aíked. Was this Mr Grey agreed with his Hon. Friend then a time to send such paltry fums to in thinking that a Subsidy was to be preour Ally ?-He was shocked to think of ferred to a Loan, not only with a vieir it-500,000l. was, in his opinion, very to the security which it held out to the inadequate : he therefore moved to leave public, but also with a view to the subout of the Address all the words after scribers. The Hon. Gentleman had in “ take into confideration."

his Budget spoken of good faith, as a Mr Robert Thornton faid, that, the quality neceifarily accompanying vaHon. Baronet had alluded to what bad four; he had, therefore, set down the fallen from him on a former nizht, with fum advanced by him to the Einperor, respect to the Bank. The Bank had as likely to be repaid in the course of opposed the remittance of money from the present year, and as forming part of this Kingdom, because the twenty-four the resources for it. But how could Gentlemen, who were in the direction the House look with confideace for the




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repayment of that money which the not been complied with. From the Chancellor of the Exchequer had ad. treaty, it appeared that those payments vanced, when the folemn and formal ought to have commenced, and have obligations, which the Emperor had con- been carried on, with the intereft, from tracted at the time the former Loans the ist of May 1794. How far that had had been advanced him by the British been done was material to consider, beParliament, were unattended to, in com- fore we made a New Loan, both in re. parifon with which the former sum gard to the individual and the public. inust appear of light importance ? He There was another point connected with had asked, as it was his duty to do, fuf- this question, upon which he wished to pecting that the money raised by the ask the Hon. Gentleman a question. The Vote of Credit had been misapplied to money for the Prince of Conde had been past fervi -es, for an account. The Hon. for services in the year 1795. As the Gentleman then produced one, in which fame Army had continued acting, he the payments were faid to be made to wished to know whether the Hon. Genthe paymaster of the army; but it now tleman had made provision for the year appeared to the House that the four- 1796 ? and whether the House was to teen millions had been paid for the ser- hear any thing of that matter? He convice of the army of the Prince of Conde. cluded, by moving as an Amendment, Thus the first account was contradicted, as soon as the Emperor had fulfilled and was to be considered as fraudulent; his present engagements, or shewn faand he called on the House to declare tisfactory reasons why he had failed.” whether they would not only suffer the Mr Pitt said, he should say nothing to public money to be expended without the Amendment, but merely answer the their concurrence, but would also sub- Hon. Gentleman's question. He believmit to be presented with a fraudulent ed there was a further sum of so or account?

100,000l. advanced for the service of the Mr Sheridan rose for the purpose only Prince of Conde, which would be inof askingtwo questions--oneaquestion of cluded in the Army Extraordinaries, fact, and the other a question of opinion, when the whole came forward after the and to which he wished the Right Hon. recess. In fact, a large part of what had Gentleman to give an answer. The first been paid was for the service of the year was, whether the whole fum due for 1796. interest on the Imperial Loan had been 25. The Hon. 5. Elliot brought up the transmitted and paid ? Whether the report of the Committee appointed to try whole was not due except what had the merits of the petition, complaining been retained from the Loan ? And thé of an undue election and return for the next was a matter of opinion-Whether Borough of Southwark*. The report did the Right Hon. Gentleman sup stated, “ That George Woodford Thel. pose, that, when the Loan was complet- luffon, Efq; was not duly elected, and ed, there was likely to be a greater de- ought not to have been returned : that gree of punctuality observed, on the George Tierney, Efq; was duly elected, part of the Emperor, than what had hi- and ought to have been returned : that therto been?

the petition of Mr Tierney was not friThe Gallery was cleared, but no di- volous or vexatious; and that the opvifion, as we understand, took place. position of Mr Thellufson was not fri.

20 Mr Hobart brought up the report volous and vexatious.” The report was of the Committee of Supply.

received. • The queftion being put for agreeing Mr Elliot then moved, that the Clerk with the Committee in the report, of the Crown do attend at the bar to-more

Mr Grey faid, he should move an A. row, to amend the return, and that the mendment, in order that it might ap. name of George Tierney, Efq; be fubpear upon the journals of the House. Rituted for George Woodford ThellufIt certainly could not be considered as son, Esq. Agreed to. immaterial to know how the Emperor 23.In a committee of fupply Mr Pitt prohad fulfilled his last engagement, before

* The merits of this contested eledion we entered into a new one with him. had occupied the attention of the house for It now appears that the remittances for the greatest part of several days; the clecthe discharge of the capital, to which tion is faid to have coft Mr Thellufon upthe Emperor was folemnly bound, had wards of 20,000l. Sterling.


posed, that the sums of 600,cool. should agreeable to the just and humane laws be granted to the planters and merchants of Parliament, in relieving those officers of Grenada and St Vincent's; also one ottie Company who had long laboured million fifty-four thousand pounds for under age, lickness, and infirmity; that refunding the like fum advanced by the the expence of our conqueits of Ceylon, Bank of England for the public service; Batavia, &c. had been defrayed by the and also 177,0001. for the pay and cloath Company; and that though from the ing of the rilitia. These motions were vigilance of our navy none of the East · agreed to, and the report ordered to be India thips had been captured, yet on received tomorrow.

account of the war, the expences of Mr Dundas, expresing a hope thai a freight had increased one million; but, we should never part with the Cape of notwithitariding these heavy deductions, Good Hope, but hold it for ever, ob- he still hoped the million to be approferved, that in consequence of the navi. priated to the nation would be found gation laws it was requisite a bill should forthcoming. Mr Dundas finally obpafs to enable his Niajeity to make cer- served, that the trade of the Company tain regulations respecting that colony, had last year increased four millions, for it was the with of the Government and as it was not probable they thoulú of this country, that it mould not be long have a rival in that quarter of the held in the monopolising manner of the globe, it was not likely their trade would Dutch, who compelled other countries soon be diminuihed. Their present capiin their traffic with it to numerous im- tal allowed them by Parliament to traffic posts and inconveniencies---but be open with, would therefore be inadıquate, to the trade of all nations, and in its and it must be enlarged. The right imposts equally impartial to all. He hon. gentleman then inade several mo. moved a bill accordingly.

tions founded on his itatement.
The House being then formed into a
committee, Mr Dundas again rose to
state the annual accounts of the revenues

and expenditures of the Eaft India Com Dec. 19. The Lord Chancellor quitted
pany. He read from papers, the ac- the woolfack, and pretenied a meuage
counts of the receipts and charges (cast from his Majelty, which was read by the
up in rupees and pagodas,) at the dif. clerk, and appeared to be fubitantially
ferent settlements; and then cambined the same with that delivered lant Sin
them with the property of the Company turday to the House of Commons.-
at home and afloat, in one view.-.the re- Ordered to be taken into confideration
sult of which was, that there was a large to-morrow, and their Lordihips to be
surplus of revenue, and the Company's fummoned on the occasion,
affairs this year were better as to debts 20. The order for taking his Majesty's
and assets 1,240,4901.

molt gracious message into contidcration Much of the prosperity of our territo- being read by the clerk, ries in India, and particularly in Bengal, Lord Grenville rose for the purpose of he attributed to the wise and benevolent moving an address to his Majcity on the system which had been established in occasion. He prefaced it with a thort that province by a Noble Lord (Mar- but apposite speech, in which he obserquis Cornwallis), and the good effects ved, that his Majesty's communication of which were daily observed in the to their Lordships was of that tenor as growing happiness and the encreasing to preclude the possibility of a difference wealth of that country. There, security of opinion in regard to it. He therefore was now afixed to property, the people deemed it an injustice to the good fente were happy in the enjoyment of what and feelings of the House, to enter ine they poflefled, and the population in- to any detail respecting its contents; creased from the temptation which in. but would content himself with stating creased prosperity held out to people to generally, that it was obviously the belt leave other countries, and to settle in policy, when engaged in a contest with that. From an increase of population France, to avail ourlelves of the affiftan increase of revenue followed of course, ance of some powerful continental allybecause there was a greater demand for and none more clearly came under this every article of consumption in the description than Auftria--and such ascountry. He then remarked, that this listance was never more neceffary, peryear near 400,000l. had been expended, haps so necessary, than at the preient


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crisis.' He was aware it was the wish of juft; and that his Ambafiador was re-
cvery man in the kingdom to terminate quired to depart Paris within forty-
the present contest by a safe and honour- eight hours.
able peace, and to that end his Majesty His Majesty had ordered all the me.
had wisely set a negociation on foot. morials and other Papers, which had
H»wever, it was a self-evident principle passed on this subject between the French
of policy, that the best mode of treating Government and his Ambassador, with
was with arms in our hands, and so to the final result, to be laid before their
cvince to the enemy, that we were ready Lordships, that the fincerity of his in-
for a vigorous profecution of hoftilities, tentions to obtain Peace, might be made
in case they refuse to accede to secure m:wifest to the world; and to prove
and honourable terms of peace. With that his Majesty's object was the hos-
this view it was necessary to strengthen our and dignity of this country, and the
our alliance with the Emperor, and to general fecurity of Europe--the con-
enable him to act with vigour against duct of the French Government, or this
the enemy, in case of the alternative he occasion, was contrary to the system of
had alluded io. He then moved an ad- pretended existing treatics.

In this situation his Majesty had the
The Duke of Bedford said, his wish was consolation to reflect, that the continua-
not to oppose the address in the present tion of the war was owing to the exorbi-
instance, as he deeried it proper, to a tant views of the enemy; and he looked
certain degree, to strengthen the hands forward with anxiety to the conclufion
of our ally the Emperor on such an oc- of this unhappy contest, and to that
cafion as the present. Such a measure, hour when the enemy should liften to
he acknowledged, may tend to a speedy terms of reasonable accommodation. He
termination of the war, and on that trusted, under the protection of Divine
ground fome alistance ought to be given. Providence, on the firmness of his Par-
Howçver, he wished to have it unde- liament, the valour of his army and na-
stood, that, by his vote of this night, levy, the great zeal of his people, and the
did not pledge himself to approve of per resources of the nation, for carrying on
cuniary asistance to the Emperor to any the most vigorous measures.
amount, nor granted in any mode that Lord Grenville then rose, and inform-
ministers might wish to afford it. On ed their Lordships that he had very few
the contrary, he deemed the late con- words at present to trouble them with,
dud of ministers, in this respect, to be he hould therefore merely move that
highly reprehenfible. This opinion was his Majesty's Message be taken into con-
not corfined to hiinfelf. It was the fen- fideration on the sth of Jan. The cor-
timent of the public in general, that mi- respondence he promised should be laid
nifters, in sending money to the Empe- on the table tomorrow, and printed
ror in the manner they lately had done, copies he laid upon the table the day
without the consent of Parliament, were following.--Adjourned.
highly culpable.

Lord Grenville replied. After a Mort A General Bill of all the Cbrifenings and
explanatory conversation,

Burials in London, from December 8. 1795,
The Lord Chancellor put the question to December 13. 1796.
on the address, which was agreed to Christened,

nem. dil



22. His Majesty's Afent was given,

Females 9178

by Commission to the Loan Bill, and
several others.

In all 19,826 in all
26. Lord Grenville informed their

Whereof have died
Lordships, that he had a Message from Under 2 years 6772 | 60 and 70 IUS
his Majesty to their Lordships.

Between 2 and 5 2840 | 70 and 80 891
The Lord Chancellor read it; in sub-

5 and 10 900 80 and 90 357
Itance as follows:

Io and 20 621 90 and 100 55
That it was with the greatest concern 20 and 30

his Majchy acquainted the House, his 30 and 40 1537
endeavours to procure a Peace were a 40 and 50 1657 | A 104
bruptly broken off by the French Go 50 and 60 1328
vernment; and his intentions frustrated,

Decreased in the Burials this year 1891.
on a bafis as inadmisible as it was un-




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A 102




N. B. An Account of the Weather, Prices of Provisions, and Agricultural Report, with

Prices of Grain, Stocks, &c. will be found at the end of every Number.

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Stilton 74


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the 30

Part I. Esays, Biography, and Anecdotes, Agricultural Improvements, and

New Inventions.
Abbe Sieyes, account of 156

Campbell, Dr, memoirs of 437
Advice, on the inefficacy of 318

Canal locks, patent for 796
Acts passed during the last fellion of par. Cape of Good Hope, discovery of 103
liament 622

Carrots, to extract fpirits from 292
Agriculture-Newly invented churn 36. Causes Physical, influence of, on the mo«
On inclosures 109. Obstacles to hus.

ral faculty, 737.
bandry 187. Culture of potatoes 188.. Ceylon, description of the island of 39
Grafting trees 247. Watering of mea- Cheese, method of making Parmalan 49
dows 249. Survey of the central High-

lands 325. Management of Highland Chambers, Sir William, life of 224
estates 375. Of Mid-Lothian 465. Swe- Character national, reflections on 385
dish turnip 544. Use of Lime 545. Characters and oddities, remarks on 18
825. Benefits from sheep 548. On of fome writers during the reign of
falt as a manure. 614. Rye-grass, new Queen Anne 20
species of 617. Feeding of milk cows literary, remarks on 21
652. Management of wood-lands 684.

of the Scotch 29
Cure of water in theep 686. On the : Churn, description of a newlyinvented 34
utility of large farms 700

Cinnamon tree, account of 10
Aleppo, coffee-house scene at 10 Cleanliness, remarks on 660
Anglo-Saxons, customs and diversions of Climate, on the influence of 893

Coffins, a patent for 724
Anecdotes--82. 699. 747. Of French cha. Collectors of rarities 665
racters connected with the revolution Coins, remarks on 184. 239. 552
509, 589. 656. 727. Of Voltaire 655. Commissioner to the General Assembly,
Of Sir H. Palliser 580. Of David Hume an anecdote 120
798. Of Lord North 798

Contentinent, advantages of 735
Arts fine, present state of 388

Copenhagen, new account of 379
in England, comparative state of in Corns, effectual cure for 796 .
1763, 753

Dancing as an imitative art, from Dr
Atmosphere, experiments to determine Smith 600

the moisture absorbed from 181 Deaths of eminent persons in 1796, list
Bank of Genoa, account of 552
Barometer, new theory of the rise and Dedications, remarks on 311
fall of 2

Domestic life, the luxury of 663
Bartholomew Fair, a literary imitation Duelling, letters on 169

Dutch, character of the 384
Beattie, Mr James, character of 581 remarks on the neatness, &c. of 659
Birds, particulars in history of $49. 597 Dwarfs, observations on 606
Brazilian Stone in Weir's museum, on Jeffery Hudson 654
the flexibility of 659

Eggs, method of making hens lay in wine
Bridge of cast iron over the Wear 724
Books, thoughts on 530

Elizabeth Queen, sketches of 6. 885
Buchanan George, life of 147

Engraving, account of the art of, by Sir
Butter, receipt for sweetening spoiled 74

R. Strange 532
Buffon, anecdotes of the Count de 586 Epitaph on A. Duncan, D. D. 410



of 796

ter 2

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