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first lesson in an art, of which the phi- non inftituti sed imbuti fumus." Fatti losopher was before utterly ignorant. here suggests the purpose of the creator “Sufceperas enim liberos non folum in opposition to that of a teacher, at tibi, fed etiam patriæ. Eos inftituere whatever time he might communicate atque erudire ad majorum inftituta atque his instructions ; and imbuti, the incivitatis disciplinam, non ad tuas turpi- ftilment of preparatory sentiments betudines, debuifti.” Inftituere here re. fore any leffon was given, as involved fers to the first step in a process, which in the verb inftituere. erudire supposes to be carried on in the Imbuere does not always imply the education of children. The arrange- complete absence of information on any ment of the verbs, however, may be subject, but it uniformly implies an effe&t reversed, and each respectively applied produced as the means tending to future to that particular state of certain pupils improvement.

“ Sin sit is qui et with which is best accords. “ Senectus doctrina mihi liberaliter institutus, et adolescentes docet, inftituit, ad omne aliquo jam imbutus ufu.” Institutus here: officii munus instruit."

denotes, that a good foundation had Imbuere ciffers from inftituere, in de- been laid upon which the scholar's pronoting the instilment of sentiments that gress rests ; and imbutus, that by habit: fit the pupil for making progress in a he had acquired such predispositions, as particular line. It implies intention upon fit him to advance in that line of study, the

part of the agent, like the former which the orator chalks out. yerbs, and supposes the means of in. When Horace states the good qualities Itruction to operate, without the con- of a Nave exposed to fale, he says he. sciousness of him who receives it. its original application to material ob- Literulis Græcis imbutus, idoneus arti jects, it had denoted an affection of Cuilibet : argilla quidvis imitaberis uda. them in respect to colour, tafte, or Though the power of the diminutive in smell, communicated by means of a fluid, the noun falls properly on the participle, and has been afterwards applied to the yet no ambiguity is thereby produced in production of a mental disposition or respect to the meaning of imbutus. aptitude not easily to be destroyed. From the words that follow, it evident« Appium Claudium præfectum urbis ly implies, that the smartering of Greek relinquunt, jam inde ab incunabulis literature, acquired by the slave, fitted imbutum odio tribunorum plebifque.”- him for making further proficiency. “ Ad hanc legem non doai sed facti,

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CHARACTER. IF we contemplate the domestic ancients must have communicated an life of a man of genius, we rarely oh enthusiasm the moderns can never exserve him placed in a situation congenial perience. In the golden age of Greece, to his pursuits.

a Demosthenes saw himself encompassed The house of a man of letters should by future orators; and Plato listened to be the sanctuary of tranquillity and the plaudits of future philosophers. It virtue. The moral daties he inculcates, was a moment of delicious rapture, not the philosophic fpeculations he forms, felt in the solitary meditations of the and the refinements of taste he discloses, modern philosopher, in whose mind should be familiar to his domestic circle. sensations arise cold and artificial, comIt is then he is great without effort, pared to their burst of sentiment and and eloquent without art.

their fervour of passion. The porch and the academy of the Yet a virtuous citizen, amidst the


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diffolution of manners, may give to his dent. But we would be independent seljence a Roman austerity, and dis- only in commanding slaves.

He who play the sublime in life, as well as in lives like a Spartan in voluptuous Sybacomposition. He may be seated at an ris, is, however, independent; and this ce fapper, and,

age has produced men who passed the Enjoy, spare feast ! a radish and an egg. fervours of youth in a philosophical

COW PER. feverity, and studied (as some study a Nor is such a purity of manners in- language) to become great characters. compatible with refined paffions and Such were Franklin and Elliot, Chatdeucacy of sentiment ; a penetrating ham and Hume ! grance, a tender pressure, a silent smile, The actions and studies of such med rav infuse into his heart those genuine are not the only utility they bestow on emotions which are ever wanted, and the world ; they leave fomething of a never found, at tables more splendidly more diffusive energy ; they leave the profuse, and more elegantly crowded. eternal memory of their character ; they A venerable parent, a congenial friend, leave to remotelt posterity their immorand a female fufceptible of a kindred tal vestiges, while virtuous youth coned husiasm, are perhaps the utmost templates them with enthusiasm, and number of happy companions, which a follows them with confidence. fortunate man could ever assemble a We close


further reflections on round him.

the character of a pbilosophic writer, Is he deprived of those social con- and restrain ourselves to observations folations, like Johnson ? he calls those more obvious, and to facts more usual. #hole calamities have exiled them from Too often we see the sublimest minds, fociety; and his house is an assemblage and the tendereft hearts, fublime and of the blind, the lame, and the poor. tender only in their productions. They In the ardour of his emotions, he dis- are not furrounded by persons of analocovers that a word is wanting in the gous ideas, who are alone capable of vocabulary of humanity, and, like the drawing forth their virtues and affecAbbe de Saint Pierre, has the honour tions; as the powers of the magnet reof fixing a new word in the language ; main dormant unless applied to particles a word that serves to explain his own capable of attraction. We hear of se. actionsBienfaisance.

veral great men, that they were undutiHis look is lerene ; for study, not ful fons, because they displeased their fortune, forms his sole occupation ; and fathers in becoming great men—that accident cannot injure the stability of they were dil greeable companions, his soul, for virtue has long been a because dullness or impertinence wearitabit. Is it inquired why this man ap- ed that they were indifferent husbands, pears an anomalous being among his because they were united to women kellow-citizens ? - Because he is the who did no honour to the sex. These contemporary of the greatest men. He are ordinary accusations ever received, paffes his mornings with Cicero and while it is forgotten that an accusation Demofthenes, and gives his nights to is not always a crime. Socrates and Plato.

It were not difficult to describe the Such an one is the living exemplar domestic life of most men of genius, of that sublime morality which we learn and to observe that their inmates have with our Latin at school, and which, rendered their Lares but rugged deities. when we come into the world, we con. I would never draw conclusions from fider, like our Latin, to be merely a particular circumstances, such as, that dead language.

Addison describes his lady under the He renders poverty illustrious, and character of Oceana, and Stecle deproves that every man may be indepen- lincates his wife under that of Mi's

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Prue ;

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Prue ; the one was a stormy ocean, the had probably attained to its acme before other a stagnated stream. But I remark, Pope, had the unfortunate circumstances that many of the conspicuous blemishes of Dryden not occafioned his inequalia of some of our great compositions may ties, his incorrectness, and his copious reasonably he attributed to the domestic page. infelicities of their authors. The de It is therefore an interesting observasultory life of Camoens probably oc- tion for a man of letters, and an artist, cafioned the want of connection in his to liberate himself early fr in domestic Epic; Milton's distracted family, those anxieties. Let him, like Rousseau, numerous passages which escaped era- leave the rich financier (though he sure ; and Cervantes may have been might become one himself), fell his led, through the baste of publication, watch, and issue from the palace in ininto those little flips of memory observ- dependence and enthusiam. He must able in his Satirical Romance. The also, if necessary, like Crebilton, be best years of Meng's life were embitter- satisfied with the respectable society of ed by the harshness of his father; and a considerable number of greyhounds*. it is probable that this domestic per. The most ardent paifion for glory can secution, from which he was at length alone stimulate to such a retirement ; obliged to fly, gave him those morose and indeed it is only in solitude that and faturnine habits which he ever after. the most eminent geniuses have been wards retained. Of Alonso Cano, a formed. Solitude is the nurse of encelebrated Spanish painter, it is observed thusiasm, and enthusiasm is the parent by Mr Cumberland that he would have of genius. carried his art much higher, bad not

* Crebillon passed much of his time in the unceasing persecution of the inqui- folitude, and pleased himself with the consitors deprived him of that tranquility pany of a dozen fine large dogs in his room, which is no necessary to the very ex- which rendered the approach to our poet as istence of the fine arts.

formidable to the timorons as to the delicate.

Our poetry


DECIDING QUESTIONS OF TASTE. AS the idea of expence seems often trees, cliped into the arificial shapes to embellish, so that of cheapness seems of pyramids, and columns, and vales, as frequently to tarnith the lustre even and obelisks. It is now the fashion to of very agreeable objects. The differ- ridicule this taste as unnatural. The ence between real and falle jewels is figure of a pyramid or obelisk, however, what even the experienced eye of a is not more unnatural to a yew tree jeweller can sometimes with difficulty than a block of porphyry or marble. distinguish. Let an unknown Lady, When the yew tree is presented to the however, come into a public assembly eye in this artificial shape, the gardener with a head-dress which appears to be does not mean that it Thould be undervery richly adorned with diamonds, and stood to have grown in that shape. He let a jeweller only whisper in our car means, first, to give it the same beauty that they are all false stones, not only of regular figure which pleases fo much the lady will immediately sink in our in porphyry and marble ; and secondly, imagination from the rank of a princess to imitate, in a growing tree, the orna, to that of a very ordinary woman, but ments of those precious materials: he the head-dress, from an object of the means to make an object of one kind remost fplendid magnificence, will at once semble another obječt of a very differeixi become an impertiment piece of tawdry ent kind; and to the original beauty of and tinsel finery.

figure to join the relative beauty of this It was some years ago the fashion to imitation : but the disparity between the ornament a garden with yew and holly imitating and the imitated object is the


foundation of the beauty of imitation, it and that the labour which wrought them s because the one objcct does not na. into that shape must have been still more truly resemble the other, that we are so. In a pyramid or obelisk of yew, I much pleased with it when by art it we know that the materials could cost Baade to do so. The sheers of the very little, and the labour still less. The piener, it may be said, indeed, are foriner are ennobled by their expence ; a clanıfy inftruments of sculpture. the latter degraded by their cheapness, Tas are fo, no doubt, when employed In the cabbage-garden of a tállow9 state the figures of men, or even of chandler, we may sometimes perhaps anuals. But in the simple and regular have seen as many columns and vafes, j.eas of pyramids, vases, and obelisks, and other ornaments in yew, as there are 630 the sheers of the garderier do well in marble and porphyry at Versailles ; Bagh. Some allowance too is natu- it is this vulgarity which bas disgraced Tas made for the necessary imperfection them. The rich and the great, the of une intrument, in the same manner proud and the vain, will not admit into as in tapestry and needle-work. In their gardens an ornament which the hört, the next time you have an appor- meanest of the people can have as well Lanty of surveying those out-of-fashion as they. crnaments, endeavour only to let your

The taste for these ornaments came ku alone, and to restrain for a few mi- originally from France; where, notwith, ..:es the foolish paffion for playing the standing that inconstancy of falhion with Critic, and you will be sensible that which we sometimes reproach the natives scy are not without some degree of of that country, it still continues in good beauty; that they give the air of neat. repute. In France, the condition of nels and correct culture at least to the the inferior ranks of people is seldom bioke garden ; and that they are not so happy as it frequently is in England;

nike what the “ retired leisure, that and you will there seldom find even las Milton says) in trim gardens takes pyramids and obelisks of yew in the bis pleasure,” might be amused with. garden of a tallow-chandler. Such Wat then, it may be faid, has brought ornaments not having in that country then into such universal disrepute among been degraded by their vulgarity, have as: In a pyramid or obelisk of marble, not yet been excluded from the gardens we know that the materials are expensive, of Princes and great Lords.

From Smith's Esay on the imitative Arts. ORIGINAL LETTER WRITTEN BY LORD BACON AFTER



For as it savours of vanity to match AMONGST comforts, it is not the ourselves highly in our own conceit ; sog lealt to represent to a man's self the like on the other side, it is a good and sound examples of calamity in others. For ex- conclufion, that if our betters have fuf27ples make a quicker impression than tained the like events, we have the less arguments; and befides, they inform us caufe to be grieved. of that which the Scripture also pro

In this kind of consolation I have not pounds to us for our satisfaction, that been wanting to myself, though as a ma new thing is happened to us. This Christian I liave tasted (through God's they do the better, by how much the great goodness) of higher remedies. examples are more like in circumftan. Having therefore, through the variety ces to our own cafe ; and yet more par- of my reading, set before me many ex. ticularly if they fall upon persons who amples, both of ancient and latter times, are greater and worthier than ourselves. my thoughts, I confess, have chiefly

stayed 250:22433

stayed upon three particulars, as both And yet, in my opinion, he had least the most eminent and most resembling ; reason of the three to be discouraged ; all three persons who held chief place because though it were judged (and and authority in their countries ; all judged by the highest kind of judgment, three ruined, not by war or any other in form of a statute and law,) that he disaster, but by justice and sentence, as should be banished, and his whole estate delinquents and criminals; and all three confiscated and seized, and his houses famous writers ; insomuch as the re- pulled down; and that it should be membrance of their calamity is now to highly penal for any man to propound pofterity but as some little night-piece, his repeal ; yet this case, even then, remaining amongst the fair and excel- carried no great blot of ignominy with lent tables of their acts and works. And it; for it was thought to be but a temall three (if that were any thing to the pest of popularity which overthrew him. matter) are fit examples to quench any Demofthenes, on the contrary lide, man's ambition of rising again ; for that though his case were foul, he being conthey were, every one of them, restored demned for bribery, and bribery in the with great glory ; out to their further nature of treason and disloyalty, took ruin and destruction, all ending in a vio- yet so little knowledge of his fortune, lent death.

as that, during his banishment, he buThe men were, Demosthenes, Cice- lied himself, ard intermeddled as much so, and Seneca ; persons with whom I with matters of state, by letters, as if durst not claim any affinity at all, if the he had been still at the helm, as appears fimilitude of our fortunes had noc con- by some epistles of his which are extant. tracted it.

Seneca, indeed, who was condemned When I cast mine eyes upon these for many corruptions and crimes, and examples, I was carried further on to banished into a solitary island, kept a obferve, how they bore their fortunes ; mean : for though his pen

did not freeze, and principally how they employed their yet he abstained from intruding into mattimes, being banished, and disabled for ters of business ; but spent his time in public business ; to the end that I might writing books of excellent argument and learn by them, that f@ they might be as use, for all ages. well my counsellors as my comforters. These examples confirmed me much Whereupon I happened to note, how di- in a resolntion, 10 which I was otherversly their fortunes wrought upon their wise inclined, to spend my time wholly minds, especially in that point at which in writing, and to put forth that poor I aimed noft; which was the employ- talent, or half talent, or what it is, ing of their times and pens. In Cicero, which God hath given me, not as hereI faw that, during his banishment (which tofore, to particular exchanges, but to was almost for two years,) he was fo banks or mounts of perpetuity, which softened and dejected, as that he wrote will not break.

VERULAM, nothing but a few womanish epistles.

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Letter to Anna Hatherreway, (after- deed shalle kynges themmselves bowe

wards Shakspeare's wife), with a lock and paye homage toe it I doe assure thee
of his hair plaited.

no rude hande hath knottedde itte, thy DEAREST ANNA,

Willys alone hathe done the worke neya!
AS thou haste always found mee toe therre the gyldedde babble thatte envy
mye worde most trwe soe thou shalt see rones the heede of majestve noe notre
I have ftriatley kepte my promyse; I honourres most weyghte wulde give mees.

aye you perfume thys my poore locke halfe the jove as didde thyse mye lieder with thy balmye kyffes forre theone in- worke forre thee The feelinge thatte


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