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20. Batavia taken from the Dutch.---22. AL. 1. The British troops, engaged in the un- miral Pringle's squadron fails from Leith successful expedition to the coast of France, roads, and falls in with the Dutch fleet, of returned to Portsmouth.---5. Advice receiv- fuperior force, a few days after, which proed of the departure of the daughter of the ceeds on its course without attempting to unfortunate Louis XVI. from Paris for Vi-. come to action.---23. The West India fleet enna --6. Intelligence received of Trinco- fails from Cork:---26. General Stofflet, the male, in the island of Ceylon, being captured chief of the Chouans in la Vendce, with some by the British forces, under Colonel Stuart of his principal officers, shot at Angers. and Admiral Rainier.---7. The Count D'Ar.

March. tois (Monsieur) arrives at Edinburgh. The 1. The Dutch National Convention orgaPrincess of Wales delivered of a daughter, nized. Intelligence received that the King who is christened Charlotte Augufta.----8. of Poland was, by order of the Empress of The Diomede frigate loft off Trincomale.--- Ruflia, compelled to sign the papers of his 9. An armistice concluded upon the Rhine, abdication and resignation of his kingdom, after desperate fighting, by which both ar- which he did on St Catharine's day.---. Ofmies were rendered incapable of continuing ficial advice received of the capture of the the combat.---10. Various outrages commit- island of Ceylon, with its valuable settlements ted by the Irish defenders.---13. Intelligence of Malacca, Cochin, Columbus, and Janerareceired of a very extraordinary deluge in patam; and of the death of the Nabob of the ifiand of Barbadees.---14. Advices receiv- Arcot.---9. A general fast throughout Eng. ed of the princess Maria Therefa having been land.--10. The Archduke Charles setsout from exchanged at Bafle, for the French deputies Vienna to take the command of the army given up to the Austrians by Dumourier.-


the Rhine.---14. Vice-Admiral Corn19. Several depredations and acts of violence wallis unexpectedly returns to Spithead in committed by the Orange Boys of the North the Royal Sovereign, not being able to proof Ireland, against the Roman Catholic inha- ceed on his voyage to the Welt-Indies on ac, bitants. The Goldsmiths Hall, Aslay-office, count of the damage sustained by his ship.--and several shops in the Parliament Close, 17. Sir Sidney Smith failed into Herqui bay', Edinburgh, burnt by accidental fire.---23:. A and destroyed several armed vessels, &c.--violent hurricane, accompanied with high 24. Gen. Pichegru resigns the command of tides, by which considerable damage is done the army of the Rhine and Moselle, and is at sea, and in various parts of England and succeeded by Gen. Moreau. A corresponScotland.---25, The Dutton East-Indiaman dence between Mr Wickham and M. Barchelost near Plymouth, together with feveral lemy takes place in Switzerland, relative to of her crew.---28. The Triton East-indiaman overtures for peace. taken by a French privatcer, and the captain and feveral of her crew treacheroutly

April. killed by the enemy. Mr Stone tried in the

2. The impudent forgery of Vortigern Court of King's Bench for high treason---Ver- received the general condemnation of the pudiet, Not Guilty.---29. 'The greater part of blic, at Drury-Lane theatre.---5. Accounts Admiral Christian's Acet, defined for the received of the Dutch fertlenient of Malacca West Indies, driven back to Spithead, after having surrendered to the British troops. Sir encountering the storm for 7 weeks.

Sidney Smith, commanding the Diamond fri

gate, reconnoitering in a boat near Havre de February

Grace, is made prisoner (with three officers 1. Intelligence receives that the enemy and 16 foamen), and sent to Paris.---S. Vicehad possessed ihemselves of the whole island Admiral Cornwallis tried by a court-martial, of Grenada, excent the town of St George, at Portsmouth, for disobedience of orders, , and the important poit of Richmond Hill. and acquitted - ---12. Government publisheu a A Jaring insult offered to their Majesties in note, expressive of the failure of a pacific apreturning from 'Drury-lane Theatre, a stone plication made to the French directory, having been thrown into the carriage, which through Mr Wickham, at Badle.---16. Intelnearly truck the Queen.---A reward of 1000l. ligcace received of the capture of the Dutch offered for discovering the offender.----7. Ad- fort of Quilon, and the faclories of Porca vice received of the opening of the Corsican and Quilon, in the Travancore country.-parliament; of the people having refused to 17. Intelligence received of Sir Edward Pela pay the imports levied upoa them; and that lew having deltroytia French fhip of war They had massacred leveral of the English in: and several merchantmen on the Frenci? habitants.---15. Mr Grey brings forward a ccaft.---18. Mr Pitt brings forward a supplemotion for peace, which is negatived, 189 to mentary budget---The taxes on wine---hats--$0.---18. The House of Commons, on the ard dogs. The canipaiga: opened in Italy. inotion of Mr Wilberforce, agreed to abolith The French army, commanded by Gen. Bouthe Slave Trade, by a majority of 26 votes.--. naparte, obtains two lignal victories over the

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Austrians under Gen. Beaulieu. These are tadel of Milan surrenders to the French army; followed by many severe actions, in which who soon after form the blockade of Mantua. the French claimed the victory. A gallant ---30. The ele&ion of the Sixteen Scotch {tand is made by the Austrian army under Peers takes place at Holyroodhouse. Gen. Wurmier. Bounaparte's army overruns

Fulz. Piedmont and Savoy, and didates a tributary 1. Adion at Edingen, in which the Aufand disgraceful peace to the King of Sardinia. trians were forced to give way, and the ar, May.

my of Conde was routed.---3. Major Forbes S. Kidd Wake, convicted of having insult- arrived with intelligence of the capture of ed his majesty, when on his way to parlia- Morne Fortune, in the island of Si Lucie, ment, fentenced to the pillory, and five years on the 26th of May.---6. Porto Ferrajo, in imprisonment in Gloucester goal.--10. Mr the island of Elba, occupied by the British Fox's motion for an enquiry into the Itaie of troops.---7, Marthal Wurmser made a fortie the nation negatived 210 to 42.---11. Croff- froin Mantua ; by which the French lot field, Le Maitre, Higgins, and Snith, ar- 3,002 men and 17 pieces of cannon.--.9. The raigned of high treason, in conspiring to kill French army of the Sambre and Meuse cronie i the King by means of a poisoned arrow.---13. the Lahn, after an obltinate contest.---12. Information received that the king of Sar. Louis the XVIIIth thot in the forehead by dinia had concluded an armistice with the an unknown person, : • Dillingen, near Ulm.--French.---20. Parliament diffolved, and a 16. Capt Troilope, in the Glacron of 54 guns, new one ca.:d to meet on the sth July.--

---21. engagcs and beats off a French squadron, Accounts received of the capture of Milan consisting of cight ships, one of 50, two of jó, hy the French, and that Bounaparte had three of 28, one of 13, and one of 12 guns. driven the Austrian army into Mantua.--- 18. Suspension of arins agreed to betwe"? 25. The account received of the ratifica. France and the Duke of Wurtemberg. The tion of peace between France and Sardinia. ' Stadtholder's property sold at the Hague.-All the French garrison at St Lucia ta- 25. Armiitice concluded between the French ken by General Abercrombie ; under whore Republic and the Margrave of Baden.---27. direction the campaign is in general fuccess. The circle of Suabia make peace with France.-ful; our troops suffering more from the cli. 31. The liege of Mantua raised by the Aufmate than the enemy.---31. The armittice trians, and the French defeated with great between the Austrian and French armies on loss in several of the sieighbouring posts. the Rhine terminates. The French armies

Augiu/. penetrate into Germany; that of the Sambre A reverse of fortune attends the French and Meuse, under Jourdan, into Franconia ; armies on the Rhine. Jourdan, after being that of the Sambre and Moselie, under Mo- defeated by the Archduke in several levere reau, by Suabia. The Austrian arıny disputes engagements, retreats with precipitation toevery inch of ground, but is compelled to wards Dusseldorff. Moreau's army being give way to fuperior numbers.

left uncovered by the defeat of Jourdan, is une.

in hazard of being entirely cut ull; retreats 4. Loretto and åncona, both belonging through Suahit, and aftertuffering great luies, to the Pope; taken hy the French ---8. The effects its escape, and crolle. the Rhine at Jalon, a Dutch frigate of 30 guns, with 200 Keht; to which place the Austrians fone men, brought into Greenock by the crew. time after lay fieze.----3. Buonaparte routes ---U. St Vinceni's and Grenada retaken the Auitrian army in Italy.---13. The Arch. by General Abercrombie...-15. The archi- duke defeated near Donawert, that place taduke Charles attacks the van of the French ken by the eneny, and his royal highvels army of the Sambre and Meuse, under Le forced to cross the Danube.--. 17. General Fevre, on the Upper Lahn, and totally de- Washington rciigns the Presidentihip of the seats it; upon which the enemy falls back American States.---22. The united-ai mics of on the Sieg.---18. Great part of General the Archduke Charles and General WartenJourdan's army retreated by the bridge of Beben, atincked the army of General JourNeuwied to the left bank of the Rhine ---22. dan, which they dek'ated, with the lots of The Chouans, in la Vendee, surrendered near 7000 men, and obliged it to retreat fronia. their arms, and acknowledged the French the Nah; Col. Crauterd was wounded ia Republic.---23. The French army under Ge- this engagement.---23.. General Jourdan's neral Moreau crofled the Rhine near Straf- arny was shiven from Amberg to Forebourg, and took the fort of Kehl.---27. The cheim, with cortiderable lofs. General MoFreuch entered Leghorn, previous to which reau obrained an important victory near ihe the greatest part of the British property had Lech ---24. Augsbourg and Munich eurered facet removed.-.-28. Advice is received that by the French army. The elector of Bavarj. Commodore Nellon, in the Agamemnon, takes sent a ininister to Moreau to negoriate a and destroys four armed fhips of the enemy peace.---29. a treaty of alliance, offensive nader ibo batteries of Laona.---29. The ci and dusenáve, concluded between Francesible. I December. An order issued for laying an embargo upon 5. A loan of 18 millions raised for Goall Spanish ships.---17. A dreadful fire at Li- vernment by voluntary subscription in Lon. verpool, by which several people were burn- don in a few days.---7. Mr Pitt opens the ed to death. The Batavian convention pub- budget.---Taxes on tea, spirits, audions, dislished a proclamation, prohibiting the impor- tilleries, bricks, sugar houses, receipts, pofration of English goods into any of their cage of letters, stage coaches, parcels, inland por:s.---22. The Amphion, of 32 guns, acci- navigation, &c. In copsequence of an inten. dentally blown up at Plymouth.---The new tion on the part of the French to invade PorParliament meets---Mr Addington cholen tugal, several emigrant regiments, commandSpeaker, Two rich Spanish merchantmen ed by British officers, are ordered to embark taken by the Seahorse and Cerberus frigates, for that country. The Re-union frigate, of and carried into Cork. The Leeward island 35 guns, loft on the Swin, the crew, except fieet arrives at Crookhaven in ireland.

Spain. Much damage done to the shipping wied, in which they were repulsed, with the upon our coasts by a violent gale of wind. -- loss (according to the French accounts) of September.

four thousand men.---22. The French repos2. General Moreau gained a victory over

fcffed themselves of Corfica, which had been the Austrians upon theller.---3. The Arch- haftily evacuated by the British, and took duke again defeates the army of General

fome prisoners and cannon. Jourdan, and obliges it to retreat to Hamel

November. berg, with the loss of 4000 men.---4. Wurtz- 4. Intelligence received of Admiral Elbury retaken by the Austrians. Roveredo, phinstone having captured the Dutch Aeet in Italy, taken by the French, and the Auf- under Admiral Lucas, at the Cape of Good trians defeated with confiderable slaughter.--- Hope (August 16.), without firing a gun.-6. Bounaparte delcaied the Austrians at Ca. 14. The republican army, conimanded by vela, took a great number of cannon, &c. Vaubois, attacked by General Davidovich, and made four thousand prisoners.---8. Ge- on the heights of Rivoli

, and defeated, by neral Wurmser made a graid attempt to cut which the blockade of Mantua was uncoveroft Bounaparte's army, but was completely ed.---16. General Alvinzy, at the head of defeated in all poines, and narrowly escaped 40,000 men, advanced to Arcosa, on the by fligit. Frankfort retaken by the Auf- Adige, where he was attacked with the greattrians.---9. A dreadful .nfurrection at Paris; est impetuosity by Bounaparte. At length, the insurgents attempted to poffefs themselves after a moft sanguinary contest of three days, of the camp at Grenelle, but were disperled, the Austrians were totally defeated, and oafter the loss of some lives.---The Imperialists, bliged to fall back on Vicenza.---17. The Emcommanded by Generals Frolich, Hotze, and prets of Rufa dies at Petersburgh, and is fucthe Prince of furitenberg, defeated the French ceeded by the Grand Duke, Paul Petrowitz.--army of the Rhine and Moselle, under Mo. 28. Intelligence received from India, of the reau, and obliged the enemy to raise the fiege Mollucca or Spice islands, including Amboyof Ingolstadt, with the loss of 2000 rien kil. na, having surrendered to the British arms. led and wounded, and 1500 prisoners.---15.

three, laved..--12. A mcssage from his MaO&ober.

jelly delivered to both Houtes relative to the 6. His Majesty makes a most gracious rupture with Spain.---14. Mr Fox makes a Ipeech to both Houses of Parliament; the motion, that advances of money to the Emaddress is carried without a division. A most peror, without the previous consent of Par. Mocking murder commiited at Glasgow, hy liament, are repugnant to the constitution James Kean on James Buchannan a carri- negatived 285 to ST.---15. A formidable er.---M-Kean afterwards tried and sentenced French ficet put to sea from Brest, with feat Edinburgh, to be executed at Glasgow on veral thousand troops.---20 The executive the 25th January 1797.---10. Peace concludo directory of France require Lord Malmesburg ed between France and Spain. --- 11. Spain de- to give in his ultimatum ; and immediately, clares war agaialt Great Britain.---15. Lord on receiving his Lordship's answer, break off Malmesbury luts off for Paris as Minister the negotiation, and order his Lordship to Plezipotentiary to treat for peace; arrives there quit the territories of the republic.---26. Ado on the 22d.---17. King of Sardinia died.--- vice received that the elector of Saxony, and IS. Mr Pitt brings in a bill fer auginenting all the princes of his house, had acceded to the army and navy, as an additional protec- the convention of neutrality, and that an ar. tion to the country, in the event of an at- mistice had been concluded upon the Lower tempt at an invalion, which is threatened hy Rhine.---Intelligence received that the new the enemy.---21. The Austrians attempted Emperor of Rullia had set at liberty the brave to carry by assault the Tete du Pont of Neu. Kosciuško and two other Polish patriots.







Pag. Negotiation between Lord Malmef

POETRY. bury and M. Delacroix, concluded 866 La Liberta, by Metastasio,

907 Albert and Emma, a Tale, concluded 875 An Epigram Curious observations on the reign and character of Queen Elizabeth 885

Letter from Shakespeare to Anna Translation of the Credentials given
885 to Lord Malmesbury

910 On the Poetry of Spain and Portu- Declaration of his Britannic Majefgal

ty on the breaking up of the neOn tbe Influence of Climate

gotiation for peace

910 On Matrimonial Differences 897 Answer of the Court of Great BriEtymological Observations, by Dr tain to the Spanish declaration of Beddoe3 899

913 Original Letters between Principal


901 Topography and Natural History of


His Majesty's meflage of a rupture
Foflils in the County of Lanark 908

with Spain


Motion of cenfure on the minister, REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS. by Mr Fox


Motion for the relief of M. La FayTravels into different parts of Eu


922 rope in 1791, 1792. By John,

Message regarding the breaking up Owen, A. M.

of the negotiation for peace

925 Description of the ceremony of High

Advances to the Emperor

926 Mass at Rome; and of the Public East India Budget

929 Eating-houses at Vienna

905 Letters for Literary Ladies

King's Meflage



OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS of the Negotiation for Peace between Great Britain and

France; as presented to the two Houses of Parliament. See p. 833. "HE former part of the correspon- mit to the Minister of Foreign Affairs

; , as it is so nearly the same as the notes proposals of his Court, with respect to which the Directory have published, and the application of the general principle of which our readers are in poffeffion, already established, as the basis of the neWe begin where these publications end. gotiation for peace. The last was dated the 27th Novem- He will, with the utmost readiness, ber. Nothing further pailed till the enter with that Minister into every ex17th inft.

planation which the state and progress of

the negotiation will allow, and he will The undersigned is charged to transo not fail to enter into the discussion of Yol. LVIII.



these propositions, or if any counter- mands, that there be reserved to her Maproject which may be transmitted to him jesty the Empress of all the Russias, a on the part of the Executive Directory, full and unlimited power of taking part with that frankness, and that spirit of in this negotiation, whenever the may conciliation, which correspond with the think fit, or of acceding to the definitive just and pacific intentions of his Court. treaty, and thereby returning to a state of Paris, Dec. 19. MALMESBURY. peace with France.

III. His Majesty also demands, that Gonfidential Memorial, on the principal ob- her moft Faithful Majesty may be com

jeås of restitution, compenjation, and re- prehended in this negotiation, and may ciprocal arrangement.

return to a state of peace with France, The principle already established, as without any ceflion or burdensome conthe basis of the negotiation, by the con- dition on either side. fent of the two Governments, is found. IV. On these conditions his Majesty ofcd on reftitutions to be made by his Briefers to France the entire and unreserved tanic Majesty to France, in compensa. restitution of all the conquests which he tion of the arrangements to vhich that has made on that power in the East and Power may consent, in order to satisfy West Indies, proposing at the same time the just pretension of the allies of the that a mutual understanding should be King, and to preserve the political ba- established as to the means of securing, lance of Europe.

for the future, the tranquillity of the two In order to accomplish these objects, nations, and of consolidating, as much in the manner the most complete, and to as possible, the dangers of their respecoffer a fresh proof of the fincerity of his tive poffeffions. His Majesty offers, in wishes for the re-establishment of gene- like manner, the restitution of the islands ral tranquillity, his Majesty would pro- of St Pierre and Mequilon, and of the pofe, that there should be given to this fishery of Newfoundland, on the footing principle, on each fide, all the latitude of the status ante bellum. of which it may be susceptible.

But if, in addition to this, his Majesty 1. His Majesty demands therefore, were to have the right given to him by.

1. The restitution to his Majesty the the express ftipulations of the treaty of Emperor and King of all his dominions, Utrecht, of oppoling the ceffion of the on the footing of the status ante bellum. Spanish part of St Domingo to France,

2. The re-establishment of peace be- his Majesty would then demand, in retween the Germanic Empire and France, turn for this conceffion, a compensation, by a suitable arrangement, conformable which might secure, at least in fome de to the respective interefts, and to the ge- gree, the maintenance of the balance of neral safety of Europe. This arrange- the respective possessions in that part of ment to be negotiated with his Imperial the world. Majesty, as constitutional head of the V. In all the cases of ceffions or refEmpire, either by the intervention of the titutions, which may come in question in King, or immediately, as his Imperial the course of this negotiation, there Majefty shall prefer.

fhould be granted on each side, to all in3. The evacuation of Italy by the dividuals, the most unlimited right to French troops, with an engagement not withdraw, with their families and their to interfere in the internal affairs of that property, and to sell their land and imcountry; which fhould be re-ettablished, moveable possessions; and adequate aras far as poslible, upon the footing of rangements should also be made, in the the flatus ante bellum.

course of this negotiation, for the reIn the course of the negotiation, a moval of all sequestrations, and for the more detailed discussion may be entered fatisfaction of their just claims, which into of the further measures which it may individuals on either fide may have to be proper to adopt, respecting the ob- make upon the respective governments: jecis of these three articles, in order to

MALMESBURY. the providing more effe cually for the future security of the respective limits Confidential Memorial on the Peace with and pofieffions, and for the maintenance Spain and Holland. of general tranquillity.

The allies of France not having hither. II. With regard to the other allies of to expresied any defire or dispolition to his Britannic Majesty, his Majesty de- treat with the Kirs, his Majesty might

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