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20. Batavia taken from the Duteh.---22. Ad. 1. The British troops, engaged in the un- miral Pringle's squadron faiis from Leith successful expedition to the coast of France, roads, and falls in with the Dutch fileet, of returned to Portsmouth.---5. Advice receiv- fuperior force, a few days after, which proed of the departure of the daughter of the ceeds on its course without attempting to unfortunate Lonis XVI. from Paris for Vi- come to action.---23. The West India fleet enna --6. Intelligence received of Trinco- fails from Cork---26. General Stofflet, the male, in the island of Ceylon, being captured chief of the Chouans in la Vendce, with some by the British forces, under Colonel Stuart of his principal officers, shot at Angers. and Admiral Rainier.---7. The Count D'Ar

March. tois (Monsieur) arrives at Edinburgh. The

1. The Dutch National Convention orgaPrincess of Wales delivered of a daughter, nized. Intelligence received that the King who is christened Charlotte Augufta...--8. of Poland was, by order of the Empress of The Diomede frigate loft off 'Trincomale.--- Russia, compelled to sign the papers of his 9. An armistice concluded upon the Rhine, abdication and resignation of his kingdom, áster desperate fighting, by which both ar- which he did on St Catharine's day.---2. Ofmies were rendered incapable of continuing ficial advice received of the capture of the the combat.---10. Various outrages commit- island of Ceylon, with its valuable settlements ted by the Irish defenders.---13. Intelligence of Malacca, Cochin, Columbus, and Japerareceived of a very extraordinary deluge in

patam ; and of the death of the Nabob of the island of Barbadoes.---14. Advices receiv- Arcot.---9. A general faft throughout Enged of the princess Maria Therefa having been land.--10. The Archduke Charles setsout from cxchanged at Balle, for the French deputies Vienna to take the command of the army given up to the Austrians by Dumourier.--

upon the Rhine.---14. Vice-Admiral Corn19. Several depredations and acts of violence waliis unexpectedly returns to Spithead in committed by the Orange Boys of the North the Royal Sovereign, not being able to proof Ireland, against the Roman Catholic inha- ceed on his voyage to the West-Indies on ac, bitants. The Goldsmiths Hall, Aslay-office, count of the damage sustained by his ship.--and several shops in the Parliament Close, 17. Sir Sidney Smith failed into Herqui bay, Edinburgh, burnt by accidental fire.--23. ^ and destroyed several armed vessels, &c.--violent hurricane, accompanied with 'high 24. Gen. Pichegru resigns the command of tides, by which considerable damage is done the army of the Rhine and Moselle, and is at fea, and in various parts of England and succeeded by Gen. Moreau. A corresponScotland. ---25, Thę Dutton East-Indiaman dence between Mr Wickham and M. Barthielost near Plymouth, together with several lemy takes place in Switzesland, relative to of her crew.---28. The Triton East-indianian

overtures for

peace, , taken by a French privatcer, and the captain and feveral of her crew treacheroudly

April. killed by the enemy.

2. The impudent forgery of Vortigern Mr Stone tried in the Court of King's Bench for high treason---Ver- received the general condemnation of the pudiet, Not Guilty.---29. 'The greater part of blic, as Drury-Lane theatre.---5. Accounts Admiral Christian's ficet, defined for the received of the Dutch fettlement of Malacca West Indies, driven back to Spithead, after having surrendered to the British troops. Sir encountering the storm for 7 weeks.

Sidney Smith, commanding the Diamond fri

gate, reconnoitering in a boat near Havre de February.

Grace, is made prisoner (with three officers 1. Intelligence received that the enemy and 16 seamen), and sent to Paris.---S. Vicehad poilcfied themselves of the whole island Admiral Cornwallis tried by a court-marcial, of Grenada, excent the town of St George, at Portsmouth, for disobedience of orders, . and the important poit of Richmond Hill. and acquitted - --- 12. Government published a A Jaring insult offered to their Majeslies in note, expreslive of the failure of a pacific apreturning from Drury-lane Theatre, a stone plication made to the French directory, having been thrown into the carriago, which through Mr Wickham, at Balle.---16. Intelnearly truck the Queen.---A reward of 1oool. ligcace received of the capture of the Dutch offered for discovering the offender.----4. Ad- fort of Quilon, and the faclories of Porca rice received of the opening of the Corfican and Quilon, in the Travancore country.--parliament; of the people having refused to 17. Intelligence received of Sir Edward Pela pay che impofts levied upon them; and that lew having deltroye 1 a French thip of war they had massacred leveral of the Englith ins and several merchantnien on the French habitants.---15. Mr Grey vrings forward a coaft.---18. Mr Pitt brings forward a supplemotion for peace, which is negacived, 189 to mentary budget--- The taxes on wine---hats--$0.---18. The House of Commons, or the ard dogs. The canipaiga: opened in Italy. inotion of Mr Wilberforce, agreed to abolish The French army, commanded by Gen. Bouthe Slave Trade, by a majority of 26 votce.-- naparte, obtains two Signal victories over the

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Auftrigas under Gen. Beaulieu. There are tadel of Milan surrenders to the French army : falowed by many severe actions, in which who foon after form the blockade of Mantua. the French claimed the victory. A gallant --30. The election of the Sixteen Scotch fard is made by the Austrian army under Peers takes place at Holyroodhouse. Gen. Wurmier. Bounaparte's army overruns Pelitait and Savoy, and didates a tributary 1. Adion at Edingen, in which the Aufand Walgraceful peace to the King of Sardinia. trians were forced to give way, and the ar. May.

my of Conde was routed.---3. Major Forbes i. Kidd Wake, convicted of having insult- arrived with intelligence of the capture of ed es majesty, when on his way to parlia- Morne Fortune, in the island of Si Lucie, mert, fentenced to the pillory, and five years on the 26th of May.---6. Porto Ferrajo, in ispiament in Gloucester goal.---10. Mr the island of Elba, occupied by the British For's motion for an enquiry into the staie of troops.---7. Marshal Wurmser made a sortie the waisa negatived 216 to 42.---11. Croff- from Mantua ; by which the French lo bes, Le Maitre, Higgins, and Smith, ar- 3,00) men and 17 pieces of cannon.--.9. The na gned of high treason, in conspiring to kill French army of the Sambre and Meuse crossed teáirg by means of a poisoned arrow.---13. the Lahn, after an obltinate contest.---12. Information received that the king of Sar- Louis the XVIIIth thot in the forehead by è sa isad concluded an armistice with the an unknown person, Dillingen, near Ulm.Frect---20. Parliament dissolved, and a 16. Capt Trollmpe, in the Glacron of 54 guns, DE* cle Ca.. d to meet on the sth July.---21. engages and beats off a French squadron, Accounts received of the capture of Milan consisting of cight ihips, one of 50,

two of jó, by the French, and that Bounaparte had three of 28, one of 13, and one of 12 guns dren the Austrian army into Mantua.--- 18. Suspension of arins agreed to between 33. The account received of the ratifica. France and the Duke of Wurtemberg. The 12.6 of peace between France and Sardinia.' Stadtholder's property fold at the Hague..... and the French garrison at St Lucia ta- 25. Armittice concluded between the Frenc!2 ket. Dy Genera! Abercrombie ; under whore Republic and the Margrave of Baden.---27. drestin the campaign is in general fuccefs. The circle of Suabia make peace with France.-fa; our troops suffering more from the cli. 31. The liege of Mantija raised by the Auf tate man the enemy.---31. The armistice trians, and the French defeated with great tersan the Austrian and French armies on loss in several of the sicighbouring posts. the Rhine terminates. The French armies

Auguft. foretrate into Germany; that of the Sambre A reverse of fortune attends the French ad Merle, under Jourdan, into Franconia; armies on the Rhine. Jourdan, after beins Lat of the Sambre and Moselle, under Mo- defeated by the Archduke in several levere Iesu, by Suabia. The Auftrian arıy disputes engagements, retreata with precipitation to.

enery inch of ground, but is compelled to wards Duileidorff. Morcal's array being ! 1.6 xay to fuperior numbers.

left uncovered by the defeat of Jourdan, is June.

in hazard of being entirely cut oif; retreats 4. Liretto and åncona, both belonging through Suahit, and aftertuffering great lulies, to the Pope, taken hy the French ---8. The effects its escape, and crotc' the Rhine at Jawa, a Durch frigate of 36 guns, with 200 Kehl; to which place the Austrians lone mun, brought into Creenock by the crew. time after lay tieze.---3. Buonaparte routes --u. St Vincent's' and Grenada retaken the Auitrian army in Italy.---13. The Arch!s General Abercrombie.---15. The arch- duke defeated near Donawert, that place tacake Charles attacks the van of the French ken by the eneniy, and his royal highuels asty of the Sambre and Meuse, under Le forced to cross the Danube.--- 27. General Fevrt, on the Upper Lahn, and totally de- Washington reiigns the Prefidentihip of the Saat it ; upon which the enemy falis back American States.---22. The united-armics of o the Sicg ---18. Great part of General the Archduke Charles and General Warten!.ardan's army retreated by the bridge ef Acben, atacked the ariny of General JourNeuwied to the lett bank of the Rhine ---22. dan, which they defeated, with the loss of The Chouaus, in la Vendee, surrendered near 7000 men, and obliged it to retreat fronie. tteir arms, and acknowledged the French the Nah; Col. Crautord was wounded in Republic..--23. The French army under (e. this engagement.---23.. General Juurdan's scral Moreau crofied the Rhine ncar Stras- arıny was ikiven from Amberg to Foreteary, and took the fort of Kehl.---27. The cheim, with couliderable loss. General MoFreuch entered Leghorn, previous to which reau obtained an important victory near ile the greatest part of the British property had Lech ---24. Augsbourg and Munich entered bect removed.-.-28. Advice is received that by the French army. The elector of Bavaria Commodore Nellon, in the Agamemnon, takes sent a ininister to Moreau to negoriate a wi destroys four armed ships of the enemy peace.---29. a treaty of alliance, offensive da ib: batteries of Laona.--29. The ci and dulenlive, concluded between France will

Spain. Much damage done to the shipping wied, in which they were repulsed, with the upon our coasts by a violent gale of wind.--- loss (according to the French accounts) of September.

four thousand men.---22. The French repos. 2. General Moreau gained a victory over

fessed themselves of Corfica, which had been the Austrians upon theller. ---3. The Arch- haftily evacuated by the British, and took duke again defeates the arny of General

fome prisoners and cannon. Jourdan, and obliges it to retreat co Hamel

November. berg, with the loss of 4000 men.---4. Wurtz 4. Intelligence received of Admiral Elburg retaken by the Austrians. Roveredo, phinstone having captured the Dutch Alect in Icaly, taken by the French, and the Aus- under Admiral Lucas, at the Cape of Good trians defeated with confiderable slaughter.--- Hope (August 16.), without firing a gun.--6. Bounaparte defcaied the Austrians at Ca. 14. The republican army, conimanded by vela, took a great number of cannon, &c. Vaubois, attacked by General Davidovich, and made four thousand prisoners.---8. Ge- on the heights of Rivoli, and defeated, by neral Wurmser made a grand attempt to cut which the blockade of Mantua was uncover. DIT Bounaparte's army, but was completely ed.---16. General Alvinzy, zc the head of defeated in all points, and narrowly escaped 40,000 men, advanced to Arcosa, on the by flight. Frankfort retaken by the Auf- Adige, where he was attacked with the greattrians.---9. A dreadful.nfurrection at Paris; est impetuosity by Bounaparte. At length, the insurgencs attempted to poffefs themselves after a moft sanguinary contest of three days, of the camp at Grenelle, but were dispersed, the Austrians were totally defeated, and oafter the loss of some lives.---The Imperialists, bliged to fall back on Vicenza.---17. The Emcommanded by Generals Frolich, Horze, and press of Ruma dics at Petersburgh, and is sucthe Prince of Puritenberg, defeated the French ceeded by the Grand Duke, Paul Petrowitz.--army of the Rhine and Mofelle, under Mo. 28. Intelligence received from India, of the reau, and obliged the enemy to raise the fiege Mollucca or Spice iBands, including Amboyof Ingolstadt, with the loss of 2000 rien kil. na, having surrendered to the British arms. led and wounded, and 1500 prisoners.---15.

December. An order issued for laying an embargo upon 5. A loan of 18 millions raised for Goall Spanish ships.---17. A dreadful fire at Li- vernment by voluntary subscription in Lonwerpool, by which several people were burn- don in a few days.---7. Mr Pitt opens the ed to death. The Batavian convention pub- budget.---Taxes on tea, fpirits, audions, diflihed a proclamation, prohibiting the impor- tilleries, bricks, sugar houtes, receipts, poftation of English goods into any of their cage of letters, stage coaches, parcels, inland ports..--22: The Amphion, of 32 guns, acci- navigation, &c. In copfequence of an inten. dentally blown up at Plymouth.---The new tion on the part of the French to invade PorParliament meets---Mr Addington chosen tugal, several emigrant regiments, commandSpeaker, Two rich Spanish merchantmen ed by British officers, are ordered to embark taken by the Seahorse and Cerberus frigatcs, for that country. The Reunion frigate, of and carried into Cork. The Leeward illand 35 guns, loft on the Swin, the crew, except ficet arrives at Crookhaven in ireland.

three, faved...-12. A message from his MaO&ober.

jelly delivered to both Houtes relative to the 6. His Majesty makes a most gracious rupture with Spain.---14. Mr Fox makes a Ipeech to hoch Houses of Parliament, the motion, that avances of money to the Emaddress is carried without a division. A most peror, without the previous consent of Par. hocking murder committed at Glasgow, hy liament, are repugnant to the conftitutionJames Kean on James Buchannan a carri- negatived 285 to $7.---15. A formidable er.---M'Kean afterwards tried and sentenced French ficet put to fea from Breit, with seat Edinburgh, to be executed at Glasgow on veral thousand troops.---20 The executive the 25th January 1797.---10. Peace conclud. directory of France require Lord Malmesbury ed between France and Spain. ---II. Spain de- to give in his ultimatum; and immediately, clares war agaicit Great Britain.---15. Lord on receiving his Lordship's answer, break off Malmesbury sets off for Paris as Minister the negotiation, and order his Lordship to Plezipotentiary to treat for peace; arrives there quit the territories of the republic.---26. Adon the 22d.---17. King of Sardinia died.-- vice received that the elector of Saxony, and 1S. Mr lite brings in a bill for auginenting all the princes of his house, had acceded to the army and navy, as an additional protec- the convention of neutrality, and that an artion to the country, in the event of an at- mistice had been concluded upon the Lower tempt at an invasion, which is threatened hy Rhine.---Intelligence received that the new the enemy.---21. The Austrians attempted Emperor of Rullia had set at liberty the brave to carry by assault the Tete du Pont of Neu. Kosciusko and two other Polish patriots,









Pag. Negotiation between Lord Malmef

POETRY. bury and M. Delacroix, concluded 866 La Liberta, by Metastasio,

907 Albert and Emma, a Tale, concluded 875 | An Epigram

908 Curious observations on the reign and character of Queen Elizabeth 885

STATE PAPERS. Letter from Shakespeare to Anna Translation of the Credentials given Hatherrewaye

to Lord Malmesbury

910 On the Poetry of Spain and Portu Declaration of his Britannic Majefgal


ty on the breaking up of the neOn tbe Influence of Climate

gotiation for peace On Matrimonial Differences 897 Answer of the Court of Great Bri. Etymological Observations, by Dr tain to the Spanish declaration of Beddoe3 899

913 Original Letters between Principal Robertson and Dr Birch


901 Topography and Natural History of Scotland

His Majesty's message of a rupture
Fossils in the County of Lanark 908

with Spain


Motion of censure on the minister,


Motion for the relief of M. La FayTravels into different parts of Eu


922 rope in 1791, 1792. By John

Message regarding the breaking up
Owen, A. M.

of the negotiation for peace 925 Description of the ceremony of High

Advances to the Emperor
Mass at Rome ; and of the Public

East India Budget

929 Eating-houses at Vienna

905 Letters for Literary Ladies 906

King's Message






OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS of the Negotiation for Peace between Great Britain and

France ; as presented to the two Houses of Parliament. See p. 833. THE THE former part of the correspon- mit to the Minister of Foreign Affairs

dence it is not necessary to reprint, the inclosed memorial, containing the as it is fo nearly the same as the notes proposals of his Court, with respect to which the Directory have published, and the application of the general principle of which our readers are in poffeffion. already established, as the basis of the neWe begin where these publications end. gotiation for peace. The laft was dated the 27th Novem He will, with the utmost readiness, ber. Nothing further palled till the enter with that Minister into every ex17th inft.

planation which the state and progress of

the negotiation will allow, and he will The undersigned is charged to tranfm not fail to enter into the discussion of Yol. LVIII.



these propositions, or if any counter- mands, that there be reserved to her Maproject which may be transmitted to him jesty the Empress of all the Russias, a on the part of the Executive Directory, full and unlimited power of taking part with that frankness, and that spirit of in this negotiation, whenever she may conciliation, which correspond with the think fit, or of acceding to the definitive just and pacific intentions of his Court. treaty, and thereby returning to a state of Paris, Dec. 19.

MALMESBURY. peace with France.

III. His Majesty also demands, that Gonfidential Memorial, on the principal ob- her moft Faithful Majesty may be com

jeås of restitution, compenjation, and re- prehended in this negotiation, and may ciprocal arrangement.

return to a state of peace with France, The principle already established, as without any cefsion or burdensome conthe basis of the negotiation, by the con- dition on either side. fent of the two Governments, is found. IV. On these conditions his Majesty ofcd on reftitutions to be made by his Bri- fers to France the entire and unreserved tanic Majesty to France, in compensa- restitution of all the conquests which he tion of the arrangements to vhich that has made on that power in the East and Power may confent, in order to satisfy West Indies, proposing at the same time the just pretension of the allies of the that a mutual understanding should be King, and to preserve the political ba- established as to the means of securing, lance of Europe.

for the future, the tranquillity of the two In order to accomplish these objects, nations, and of consolidating, as much in the manner the most complete, and to as posible, the dangers of their respecofer a fresh proof of the fincerity of his tive poffeffions. His Majesty offers, in wishes for the re-establishment of gene- like manner, the restitution of the islands ral tranquillity, his Majesty would pro- of St Pierre and Mequilon, and of the pofe, that there should be given to this fishery of Newfoundland, on the footing principle, on each fide, all the latitude of the status ante bellum. of which it may be susceptible.

But if, in addition to this, his Majesty 1. His Majesty demands therefore, were to have the right given to him by.

1. The reftitution to his Majesty the the express ftipulations of the treaty of Emperor and King of all his dominions, Utrecht, of opposing the ceffion of the on the footing of the status ante bellum. Spanish part of St Domingo to France,

2. The re-establishment of peace be- his Majesty would then demand, in retween the Germanic Empire and France, turn for this conceffion, a compensation, by a suitable arrangement, conformable which might secure, at least in fome de to the respective interefts, and to the ge- gree, the maintenance of the balance of neral safety of Europe. This arrange- the respective possessions in that part of ment to be negotiated with his Imperial the world. Majesty, as constitutional head of the V. In all the cases of cessions or ref Empire, either by the intervention of the titutions, which may come in question in King, or immediately, as his Imperial the course of this negotiation, there Majesty shall prefer.

fhould be granted on each side, to all in3. The evacuation of Italy by the dividuals, the most unlimited right to French troops, with an engagement not withdraw, with their families and their to interfere in the internal affairs of that property, and sell their land and imcountry; which should be re-established, moveable poffeffions; and adequate aras far as possible, upon the footing of rangements should also be made, in the the satus ante bellum.

course of this negotiation, for the reIn the courfe of the negotiation, a moval of all fequestrations, and for the more detailed discussion may be entered satisfaction of their just claims, which into of the further measures which it may individuals on either fide may have to be proper to adopt, respecting the ob- make upon the respective governments, jeets of these three articles, in order to

MALMESBURY. the providing more effe&tually for the future security of the respective limits Confidential Memorial on the Peace suitha and pofíeffions, and for the maintenance Spain and Hollard. of general tranquillity.

The allies of France not having hither. 11. With regard to the other allies of to expressed any defire or disposition to liis Britannic Majesty, his Majesty de- treat with the Kirs, his Majesty might

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