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SCENE, a dark Cave ; in the middle, a
great Cauldron burning. Thunder. Enter the three Witches.
HRICE the brinded cat hath mew'd.
2 Witch. Twice, and once the hedge-pig whin'd.
3 Witch. Harper crys, 'tis time, 'tis time. i Witch. Round about the cauldron go, In the poison'd entrails throw.
[They march round the cauldron, and throw in
the several ingredients as for the preparation
of their Charm.
All. Double, double, toil and trouble ;
i Witch. Fillet of a fenny snake,
All. Double, double, toil and trouble,
3 Witch. Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf, Witches' mummy; maw, and gulf
Of the ravening falt sea-shark ;
All. Double, double, toil and trouble,
2 Witch. Cool it with a baboon's blood, Then the Charm is firm and good.
Enter Hecate, and other three Witches.
Mufick and a Song.
Blue spirits and grey,
You that mingle may. 2 Witch. By the pricking
of my thumbs Something wicked this way comes : Open locks, whoever knocks.
Enter Macbeth. Mac. How now, you secret, black, and midnight
hags? What is't you do?
All. A deed without a name. Macb. I conjure you, by that which you profess, (Howe'er you come to know it) answer me. Though you untie the winds, and let them fight
Against the churches ; though the yesty waves
heads to their foundations ; though the treasure
1 Witch. Speak. 2 Witch. Demand. 3 Witch. We'll answer. i Witch. Say, if th' hadft rather hear it from our
mouths, Or from our masters?
Macb. Call 'em : let me see 'em.
i Witch. Pour in sow's blood, that hath caten
All. Come high or low :
[Thunder. Apparition of an armed bead rifes. Macb. Tell me, thou unknown Power
1 Witch. He knows thy thought: Hear his speech, but say thou nought.
App. Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! beware Macduff! Beware the Thane of Fife- -dismiss meen
[Defcends, Macb. What-e'er thou art, for thy good Caution,
thanks. Thou't harp'd my fear aright. But one word more
1 Witch. He will not be commanded ; here's another
-Tho' the Treasure of Nature's germains tumble all together,] Thus all the printed Copies; and Mr. Pope has explain'd Gere mains by Kindred: but I have already proy'd in a Note upon K. Lear, that we must read, Germins, i, o. Seedsg
More potent than the first.
App. Be bloody, bold, and resolute; laugh to scorn
[Defcends. Macb. Then live, Macduf: what need "I fear of
[Thunders. Apparition of a child crowned, with a tree in his hand,
All. Liften, but speak not.
App. Be lion-nettled, proud, and take no care,
Of (20) Rebellious Dead, rise never till the Wood Of Birnam rise, &c.) Thus all the Impresions, from the very Beginning, exhibit this passage : but I cannot imagine what Notion the Editors could have of the Dead being rebela lions. It looks to me, as if they were content to believe the Poet genuine, wherever he was mysterious beyond being underftood. The Emendation of one Letter gives us clear Sense, and the very Thing which Macbeth should be suppos'd to say here. We must rçftore
Of Birnam rise, and our high-plac'd Macbeth
[The Cauldron finks into the Ground.
[Hautboys. i Witch. Shew! 2 Witch. Shew! 3
Witch. Shew !
All. Shew his eyes, and grieve his heart ; Come like shadows, so depart. [Eight Kings appear and pass over in order, and (21)
Banquo; the last, with a glass in his hand. Macb. Thou art too like the spirit of Banquo ; down! Thy crown do's fear mine eye-balls. And thy hair (Thou other gold-bound brow) is like the firft
Rebellious Head rise nevergi. e. Let Rebellion never make Head against me, till a Foreft move, and I fhall reign long enough in Safety.
(21) Eight Kings appear and pass over in order, and Banquo laft, with a Glass in his hand.] The Editors could not help blundering even in this Stage-Direction. For tis not Banquo, who brings the Glass; as is evident from the following Speech :
And yet the Fighth appears, who bears a Glass,
That twofold Bails, and treble Scepters carry. I have quoted the last Line, because it will not be amiss to observe, that this fine Play, tis probable, was not writ till after 2. Elizabeth's Death. These Apparitions, tho'very proper
ly thewn with Regard to Macbeth, yet are more artfully so, ¿ when we consider the Address of the Poet in complimenting
K. James I. here upon his uniting Scotland to England: and when we consider too, that the Family of the Stuarts are said to be the direct Descendants from Banquo.