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Philosophy. This valuable and ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS.
This college also has no connecare universally sought after, and ca
ses properly the chirurgical faculty of sily understood by the hearers. I Edinburgh. It is well known that know few men whose society is so a
surgery is greatly cultivated in this greeable as that of Mr Stewart. His moral character is so universally es
city. To whom are the names of teemed, that the nobility of England Benjamin and of John Bell unknown?
Mr Benjamin Bell is a man of aand Scotland are much gratified when they can entrust their children, who tality. He has an immense practice
manners, and of open hospistudy in Edinburgh, to the inspection in and about Edinburgh, so that it is of this excellent man. Mr Stewart difficult to enjoy his society. The lives in the highest degree of do- few leisure hours which this worthy mestic happiness. Mrs Stewart (sis. man enjoys are employed in agriculter to the lady of my admirable friend
Mr Bell has written a work u. Baron Purgstal, in Vienna,) harmo
pon this subject, which is very highly nizes in every respect with the cha
valued. He has some landed properracter and pursuits of her husband. tyin the neighbourhood of Edinburgh, What happiness, when philosophy is which lies in an uncommonly beautipreached by such apostles !
ful and romantic situation. The orROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS. chard belonging to it is well worth
This college has no connection secing. I spent a very agreeable day with the University, although most with Mr Benjamin Bell* of the Professors are members. Those
Mr George Bell, one of the sons of
the abovementioned gentlemen, folphysicians who wish to be admitted into it, must, when strangers, deposit lows the footsteps of his worthy fafifty; when inhabitants, a hundred ther
. He has had the goodness to pounds Sterling. The King's college give me many marks of his friendship of physicians forms properly the me
during my stay in Edinburgh, for dical faculty of the capital of Scot, which I now publicly thank him. land. It holds its sittings in a splen
Mr John Bell is known, not only did apartment. At the time I was
as a distinguished Surgeon, but also in Edinburgh, Dr Wright filled the
as a great anatomist. He is a man of
much talent and fire. His anatomi. place of President of this College.
This worthy man has long served in cal work will be continued by his the Royal Navy as a physician. He brother Charles Bell, of whom hois author of a Treatise on the Medical nourable mention has already been
made. plants of Jamaica, which is inserted in Dr Simmons's collection of Medical
ROYAL INFIRMĄRY. Treatises. Dr Wright is the first who
This institution owes its establishemployed the affusion of cold water
ment to the above-mentioned College in fevers*.
of physicians in Edinburgh. These,
this purpose, which has risen to above * Dr Wright was physician, not in the
20001. Navy, but Army. While in Jamaica, in 1768, he used this remedy successful. ly in five hundred cases of eruptive fe. cured himself of a malignant fever by ver after small pox, and in 1774, in six the same method. London Medical Jour's cases of locked jaw. Lond. Med. Obs, and nal, and Dr Currie's report. Inquiries vol, 6. In coming home, he * This gentlemen died April 4. 1806.
2000l. sterling. The supporters of At first, the Members of the College this undertaking chose a committee of physicians attended the Hospital from among themselves, who took up- each a month in turn gratis ; but as on them the direction of the Hospital, some inconveniences arose from this For the Hospital itself a small house arrangement, the Directors have now was hired, which opened with the re- fixed a perpetual physician, who daily ception of a small number of poor attends the patients that do not belong patients. More could not be done for to the clinical department. This want of funds, as they were possessed place is at present filled by that excelof no capital New contributions how- lent physician Dr James Hamilton, ever by degrees came in. In the year Formerly also, surgeons attended 1736, the Directors of this Hospital the infirmary, alternately with eachepresented a petition to his Majesty, ther. From similar causes, they found that he would declare it a royal insti- themselves compelled to ehuse four of tution, and thus allow it to enjoy all their number, and to intrust to them these advantages which fall to the the chirurgical department. Each of share of such establishments, viz. the these attended the Hospital for the space stability of the institution, the permis. of three months. These four surgeons sion to have a seal of their own, to had a right to chuse as many assistants purchase ground, &c. After this who alternated like them. But nei petition was granted, the Hospital ther did this arrangement succeed. proceeded with giant strides. They On this account they have hit upon were soon obliged to think of building the scheme of fixing two surgeons in a house for themselves. In the year the Hospital, who have two assistants. 1738, they began with the half of the After the expiration of two years, these present house. By degrees they found assistants become ordinary surgeons, themselves brought into a condition of and those who were formerly so, are being able to complete the whole now only employed as consulting surbuilding. The directors of this esta- geons.
The two surgeons who go blishment had recourse to every me- out, have their places supplied by two thed by which they might raise the newly appointed. In this manner evefunds necessary for their benevolent ry surgeon who is elected, serves in project. Balls and concerts, by which the hospital for six years, two as asthey defrayed the expences, so that şistant, two as ordinary, and two as the revenue went clear to the estab- consulting surgeon. But many are lishment, were set on foot for the at- not pleased even with this arrangement. tainment of this noble end. This Great controversies, in short, have agood example operated so powerfully, risen about the constitution of the surand the zeal to erect the Hospital rose gical department in the Edinburgh to such a pitch, that even common Infirmary, which have given occasion labourers offered two or three days to many writings,' and even to a cougratuitous labour for its benefit. The ple of quarto volumes. What strikes largest contributions which the institu- me is, that the last-mentioned arrangetion received were from the Hon. ment is very good; as in this manner George Drummond, and from the Earl the patients in the Hospital are alof Hopetoun.
ways attended by young surgeons,
who Does not the history of this Hos- are in general to be preferred to those pital afford a double proof how insti. of a too advanced age. Yet does the tutions thrive which are undertaken period of six years appear to me too en a small scale, and how easy it is to short: at least I must wish great joy find supporters for them, when they to the city, in which such a quick exare set on foot in suitable places ? change never gives occasion to the inFeb. 1809.
troduction of persons of slender talents which I resolve this summer to coninto the hospital. It were surely tinue after the same scheme, in the much better for the hospital, that the same language, to which I think same man were six years assistant, six principal Arbuthnot's excellent preyears ordinary, and six years consulting face should be prefixed. I shall take surgeon.
care also of inserting any thing new which Mr Macfarlan has, the most part whereof you know I had collec
ted myself, and to which some addiLetter from ProFESSOR Ker to the tions, even in the genealogical part, Viscount of ARBUTH NOT, concern
may be yet made, and some omissions ing the Genealogy of the Family of supplied. As for those omissions of reARBUTHNOT.
presentatives, viz. of the Hughs and (From the original, in the possession of the of David the First, mentioned in your Publishers.)
Lordship's letter, which your Lordship MY LORD,
has observed from Findaurie's tree, and SOMETIME ago I had thc honour which you charge the Principal with
, of your Lordship's letter, with Mr would be well weighed, and the vouchMacfarlan's genealogical account of ers examined, it being strange that your Lordship's noble family. Since the print should have been guilty of your Lordship is pleased to ask my so manifest omissions. I rather incline thoughts of it, I cannot but do jus- to think those have been collateral tice to the worthy author, in assuring branches, than representatives in a diyour Lordship, that, in my opinion, rect line, considering the print has not Ptis handsome and well done, in a man- entirely omitted them, but brought ner proper enough to answer the chief them in as such, particularly David, design of such performances; yet per- who married Rind of Carse his daughhaps it may not be amiss for your Lord. ter, he makes second son to Hugh ship to have a more full account, con- second son to Robert the First. But, taining the characters of your
as I said, this is to be well examined : ship’s worthy predecessors : some suc- and indeed the tree may be of cinct historical narratives of this na- use, but will not barely be sustained ture interspersed tend to make the as a good voucher ; however, I'm glad mere genealogical part,(which to stran- your Lordship has it. l design to gers is generally dry and jejune,) a wait on your Lordship, sometime this great deal more entertaining, and may summer, and consider these matters be of great use also for animating o- with some deliberation. thers to the imitation of virtuous My bookbinder has not as yet got and laudable actions. I am the more ready some copies of my Canticum Soconfirmed in the expediency of this, lomonis on fine paper, which I design that your Lordship has already such to trouble your Lordship with, but an excellent piece in elegant Latin I shall send them very soon. done after this plan, I mean Principal Arbuthnot's Origo et Incrementum
I am, with great esteem and sinceFam. Arbuthnotiae. The only fault sily, my Lord, I perceive in that work, was his ne- Your Lordship's most obliged, glect of the chronology, and the and most obedient humble sertranslation from one representative to another is frequently not so clear ;
vant, which detects, together with some o
King's Coll. Abd.
J. KER. missions, I have endeavoured to help 25 Aprile, 1727. in the abstract I made of it, and
Journey through the HIGHLANDS, bable I would describe this place in a and WESTERN ISLES, in the Sum- former letter, therefore I shall only mer of 1804.-In a Series of Letters' tell you in this, that we travelled from to a Friend.
Rowdil to Luskintyre on foot, a dis.
tance of twelve miles ; there we tar(Continued from p. 17.)
ried three days, which we spent in Br the ETTRICK SHEPHERD.
traversing the country, viewing it miLetter VIII.
nutely as far as the isthmus of Tarbet.
We visited several of the cottages and DEAR SIR,
shealings, contemplating their manAFTER having detained you. so ners, and modes of tillage. We were
long reading a voyage, which, treated in an original stile by some of though rendered somewhat interesting the inhabitants; and, in one cottage, by the many cross dispensations at- surprised half a score of females plying tending it, is, nevertheless, trifling, at the fulling of cloth, and braying a and fraught with very little informa- song
with a vehemence which seemed tion, I shall hasten to a conclusion, the effect only of madness or inspiraor at least to places which I have not tion; and though there were four of heretofore visited.
us, exclusive of a servant, all more We at length left Loch-Madi with genteelly dressed than those they were a fair wind, and, in two hours, found wont to see, and all strangers, yet ourselves in the great bason at Row they were nothing abashed; on the dil in Harries, which is one of the contrary, the mania seemed rather to greatest curiosities in these countries. gather new vigour, and I am not cerThere are three narrow entrances into tain if any of them even deigned to it, but the middle one is impassible, look at us. As I have nothing new and very dangerous to strangers, as it to offer on the present state or farmis the only one which is seen ; and had ing of this country, I shall cease to not the inhabitants of Rowdil observ. entertain you with adventures and ed us in a critical minute, we had in- anecdotes where I have a mixture of fallibly been dashed to pieces, as we nothing else. Suffice it then to say, were entering it in full sail : but they, that after a stay of three days at Lusjoining in a general shout, tossed their kintyre, we travelled again to Rowdil bonnets up into the air, and thus open- by another way, keeping the eastern ed our eyes to our imminent danger; side of the island, than which a more. nor was it with small difficulty that barren and inhospitable scene is not we then got the vessel put safely a- to be met with in the highlands, bebout, on the very brink of the sunk ing wholly covered with rocks, moss, rocks. A pilot soon after arriving, and stagnant lakes. Arriving at Rowwe got safely in by the south en- dil, we tarried there another night, trance, and lodged that night at the and the next morning hoisted sail and inn in the village of Rowdil, where departed again for Arisaig. Having we got plenty of every thing, and been detained such a weary time on were well refreshed. Here we all ma- our journey to Harries, my two friends nifested considerable satisfaction at ha- were grown quite impatient to return ving gained in safety the place to home; and I was obliged, reluctantwhich we were bound, after having ly, to come away with them, without struggled so long with conflicting ele- seeing either Ensay or Mr Hume; alments. As I made considerable stay shough a messenger arrived at Lushere the preceding summer, it is pro- kintyre with a pressing invitation fær
us to join them, with which, if I had against one place, and his shoulders to been suffered to comply, a great part another, resolved to keep his birth of my ensuing misfortunes had been per force; but all his endeavours provprevented : so unqualified is humaned fruitless, he was tossed out." He prudence to judge what may be the then set up his bare head, which was consequences of the smallest or most all in an uproar, out at the hatch.-favourable incidents, for what I here What now, Sirs ? What now, said he, viewed as my greatest happiness in 6 Led preserve us, what's the matter this journey, namely their company, now ?” The mast was at this time alturned out my greatest bane. We ternately striking on the waves on each left the coast of Harries with a fair side, and the men were apprehensive wind, which bye and bye grew consi- that it would be torn from the beam, derably rough ; and the Hawk being In a short time, however, the breeze so buoyant, by the time we were off again set in, and bore us safely into Dunvegan-head in Sky, my two friends Arisaig, where we dined, and that were again seized with severe qualms, evening travelled to Kinloch-Enort, a which continued during the rest of our stage on the road to Fort William.course. Mr J., who had hitherto been When we arrived there the people quite calm and resigned, now became were all in bed, but on rapping loudsomewhat frenzical, and though he ly at the door, the landlord, a big, slept for the most part, he would some- black, terrible-looking fellow, came times come on deck, and maintain a stark naked, and let us in : he then point with great warmth which no lighted a candle, tied on his kilt, and body was cotitesting with him. As for asked how far we had come to - day? Mr W. he always continued in a state we told him from Harries. He stared of utter despair, from the time that us full in the faces, and perceiving the vessel began to k, viewing our that we were in our sober senses, anfate as certain, and our escape rather swered only with a hem! as much as a miracle, if it should happen; and to say, I know how you should be bewhatever he saw or talked of, his lieved. He then shewed us into a litthoughts were wholly engrossed by tle damp room with an earthen floor, them cursed winds and waves, in and set before us what cheer he had whose power we had put ourselves so in the house for supper, which conentirely. “ There is a body of our sisted of cakes, milk, and rum, for, friends again,” said he once, meaning what is very strange, he had no whisthe marrots ;
“ I see they are still ky. In this same apartment there persisting in their old plan of drink- were two heather beds without hanging :” his looks shewed that his heart ings, on one of which a woman and had no share in the observation. Off some children were lying. Mr W. the mouth of Loch-Slapan we were 0- was now in a terrible passion, and vertaken by a dead calm in the very swore he would abandon that horrid place where the mecting of tides car- place, and take shelter in the woods. ried the most dreadful swell that ever The woman and children, however, I witnessed. I never felt more disa- slid away; the beds were made up greeable all the way than I did here, with clean cloathes, and we were obfor the space of ten minutes; but it o- liged to pass the night on them the riginated wholly in idea, for the sca- best way we could. Mr L. complainsickness never infected me in the least. ed much in the morning of several Mr J. was lying in his hammock rude engravings made on his body by when it commenced, and being un- the stubborn roots of the heather; willing to move, his feet be placed and Mr G.'s back was all tamboured