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Sir John MOORE.
and asked Percy if all his Aides-de-Camp The following particulars are given were well.-He pressed my hand close by one of his most confidential attend- to his body, and in a few minutes he ants and friends, one who was by the died without a struggle. side of the hero in his last moments,
“ He said to me, while the surgeons and with whom he deposited his expir- were examining his wound—You know ing wishes.
I have always wished to die this way:I met the General on the evening As far as I can recollect, this is every of the 16ih instant, as some soldiers thing he said, except asking to be placed were bringing him into Corunna, sup- in an easier posture.” ported in a blanket with sashes. He Sir John Moore, before his death, knew me immediately, though it was al- was asked, whether he wished to be tamost dark ; squeezed me by the hand, ken to England, but answered, that there and said, 'Do not leave me.'-He spoke was no occasion for it. He was buried to the surgeons on their exaruining his at his own desire in the citadel of Cowound, but was in such pain he could runna, as was also General Anstruther, say but little. After some time, he who died of a dysentery on the march. seemed very anxious to speak to me ; and, at intervals, expressed himself as
GENERAL ORDERS. follows :—The first question he asked The benefits derived to an army from was—' are the French beaten ??' which the example of a distinguished Cominquiry he repeated to all those he mander, dù not terminate at his death: knew, as they entered the room. On His virtues live in the recollection of being assured by all that the French® his associates, and his fame remains the were beaten, he exclaimed — I hope the strongest incentive to great and glorious people of England will be satisfied. I actions. hope my Country will do me justice. In this view, the Commander in You will see my friends as soon as you Chief, amidst the deep and universal repossibly can--tell them every thing, gret, which the death of Licut.-General say to my mother'-(bere his voice fail. Sir John Moore has occasioned, recalls ed bim.)
to the troops the military career of that ' Hope-Hope-I have much to say, illustrious officer, for their instruction but cannot get it out.--Is Colonel Gra. and imitation. ham, and are all my Aides-de-Camp, Sir John Moore from his youth emwell?--I have made my will, and have braced the profession with the feelings remembered my servants.-Colborne bas and sentiments of a soldier:-He felt, my will and all my papers.'
that a perfect knowledge, and an exact “ Major Colborne (his principal Aid- performance of the humble, but imporde-Camp) then came into the rooni- tant duties of a subaltern officer, are the he spoke most kindly to him, and then best foundations for subsequent military said to me- Reinember, you go to fame; and his ardent mind, while it and tell him, it is my request, and that I looked forward to those brilliant at: expect he will befriend Major Colborne chievements for which it was formed, ap-he has been long with me, and I know plied itself with energy and exemplary him most worthy of it. He then again assiduity to the duties of that station. asked Major Colborne if the French In the school of regimental duty, he were beaten ; and on being told they obtained that correct knowledge of his were repulsed at every point, he said, profession so essential to the proper di. • it was a great satisfaction, in his last section of the gallant spirit of the sol. moments, to know be bad beat the French dier; and he was enabled to establish a
* Is General Paget in the room?' On characteristic order and regularity of my telling him he was not, he said, conduct, because the troops found in ! Remember me to him'
their leader a striking example of the I feel myself so strong, I fear I shall discipline which he enforced on others. be long dying ;-I am in great pain.' Having risen to command, he signa.
“ He then thanked the Doctors for lized his name in the West Indies, in their attention.
Holland, and in Egypt. The unremit“ Captains Percy and Stanhope came ting attention with which he devoted into the room--he spoke kindly to both, himself to the duties of every branch of
his profession, obtained him the confi- of Dalmatia's corps, came up with the dence of Sir Ralph Abercromby, and he advanced guard on the 3d. At 4 P. M. became the companion in arms of that it reached the rear-guard of the English, illustrious officer, who fell at the head who were upon the heights of Pieros, a of his victorious troops, in an action league before Villafranca, consisting of which maintained our national superi. 5000 infantry, and 600 cavalry. This ority over the arms of France.
position was a very fine position, and Thus Sir John Moore, at an early pe. difficult to attack. Gen. Merle made his riod, obtained, with general approbation, dispositions. The infantry advanced, , ,
, that conspicuous station, in which he beat the charge, and the British were gloriously terminated his useful and ho- entirely routed.The difficulty of the nourable life.
ground did not permit the cavalry to In a military character obtained a- charge, and only 300 prisoners were tamidst the dangers of climate, the priva- ken. We had some fifty men killed or tions incident to service, and the suffer- wounded. Gen. Colbert advanced to ings of repeated wounds, it is difficult see if the cavalry could form ;his hour to select any one point as a preferable was arrived a ball struck him in the subject for praise : It exhibits, however, fore-head, and he lived but a quarter of one feature so particularly characterisa
an hour. tic of the man, and so important to the “ Since the 27th ult. we have taken best interests of the service, that the more than 10,000 prisoners, among Commander in Chief is pleased to mark whom are 1500 British. We have taken it with his peculiar approbation. also more than 400 baggage waggons,
The life of Sir John Moore was spent 15 waggons of firelocks, their magazines amongst the troops.
and hospitals. The British retreat in disDuring the season of repose, his time order, leaving magazines, sick, woundwas devoted to the care and instruction ed, and equipage." of the officer and soldier ; in war he Valladolid, Jan. 9.-" The Duke of courted service in every quarter of the Dalmatia, after the battle of Pieros, proGlobe.—Regardless of personal consi- ceeded to expel the British from the derations, he esteemed that to which his post of Piedra Fella. He there took country called him, the post of honour, 1500 British prisoners, five pieces of and by his undaunted spirit and uncon• cannon, and several caissons. The ene. querable perseverance, he pointed the my was obliged to destroy a quantity of way to victory.
baggage and stores. They left behind His country, the object of his latest them in their carriages a quantity of solicitude, will rear a monument to his gold and silver. Half the British calamented memory, and the Commander valry is on foot. Since our departure in Chief feels he is paying the best tri. from Benevente up to the 4th instant, bute to his fame, by thus holding him we counted on the road 1800 British forth as an example to the army.
horses that had been killed." By Order of his Royal Highness the Valladolid, Jan. 13.—“That part of the Commander in Chief.
treasure of the enemy which has fallen HARRY Calvert, Adjutant General. into our hands is 1,800,coo francs. The Horse Guards, Feb. 1. 1809.
inhabitants assert that the British have
carried off from eight to ten millions. BATTLE OF CORUNNA.
« The Duke of Dalmatia arrived on French Accounts.
the 6th in presence of the enemy. He The French accounts of the battle of employed the 7th and sth in reconnoitCorunna, and of the operations of their ring the enemy. The left only was atarmy, are given in their usual contra. tackable--he manæuvred on their left. dictory and exaggerated manner. The His dispositions required some moveloss of the British army on its retreat, ments on the 8th, the Duke being dein horses and baggage, has no doubt termined to attack on the oth, but the veen very great, but we cannot believe enemy retreated in the night, and in the it to the extent stated in the following morning our advanced guard entered bulletins.
Lugo. The enemy left 300 sick in the Benevente, Jan. 5.“ The head of Mer. hospitals, a park of 13 pieces of cannon, le's division, forming part of the Duke and 300 waggons of ammunition. We
inade 7oc prisoners. The town and en- visions of Merle and Mermet occupied virons of Lugo are choaked with the bo- the heights of Villabon, where the enedies of British horses. Hence, upwards my's advanced guard was stationed, of 2500 horses have been killed in the which was attacked and destroyed. The retreat. The British are marching to enemy was stationed behind some adCorunna in great haste, where they liave vantageous heights. The rest of the already lost baggage, ammunition, a part 15th was spent in fixing a battery of 12 even of their most material artillery, and pieces of cannon ; and it was not till the upwards of 3000 prisoners,
16th, at three o'clock in the afternoon, " They are reduced to 18,000 men, that the Duke of Dalmatia gave orders and are not yet embarked. From Sa- to atrack. The assault was made upon hagun they retreated 150 leagues in bad the English by the first brigade of the weather, worse roads, through moun- division of Mermet, which overthrew tains, and always closely pursued at the them, and drove them from the village point of the sword. It is difficult to of Elvina. The enemy, driven from his conceive the folly of their plan of cam- positions, retreated to the gardens which paign. It must be attributed, not to surround Corunna. The night growing the General who commands, and who' very dark, it was necessary to suspend is a clever and skilful man, but to that the attack. The enemy availed himspirit of hatred and rage which animates self of this to embark with precipitation. the British Ministry.”
Only 6000 of our men were engaged, Valladolid, Jan. 21.--" The Duke of and every arrangement was made for a. Dalmatia left Betanzos on the 12th inst. bandoning the positions of the night, Having reached the Mero, he found the and advancing next day to a general atbridge of Burgo cut. The enemy was tack. The loss of the enemy has been dislodged from the village of Burgo. In immense. Two of our batteries played the meanwhile Gen. Franceschi ascend. upon them during the whole of the ened the river, which he crossed at the gagement. We counted on the field of bridge of Sela. He made himself mas- battle more than 800 of their dead bo. ter of the high-road from Corunna to dies. We have taken 20 officers, 300 Santiago, and took six officers and 60 men, and four pieces of cannon. The soldiers prisoners. On the same day a English have left behind them more budy of 30 marines, who were fetching than 1500 horses, which they had kil. water from the bay near Mero, were ta.
led. Our loss amounts to 100 men kil. ken. From the village of Perillo, the led and 150 wounded. British fleet could be observed in the "" At day-break on the 17th, we saw harbour of Corunna. On the 13th, the the English convoy under sail. On the enemy caused two powder magazines, 18th, the whole had disappeared. The situated near the heights of St Marga. Duke of Dalmatia had caused a carronret, at half a league from Corunna, to be ade to be discharged upon the vessels blown up. The explosion was terrible, from the fort of Santiago. Several trans. and was felt at the distance of three ports ran aground, and all the men who leagues. On the 14th, the bridge at were on board were taken. Burgo was repaired, and the French ar- “ We found in the establishment of the tiilery was able to pass. The enemy Palloza (a large manufactory, &c. in the had taken a position at two leagues dis- suburbs of Corunna, where the English tance, half a league before Corunna. He had previously been encamped), 3000 was seen employed in hastily embark- English muskets. Magazines also were ing his sick and wounded, the number seized, containing a great quantity of of which, according to spies and deser- ammunition and other effects belonging ters, amounts to three or four thousand to the hostile army. A great number men. The British were in the mean- of wounded were picked up in the subwhile occupied in destroying the batte. urbs. ries on the coast, and laying waste the “ Thus has terminated the English excountry on the sea-sliore. On the even pedition which was sent into Spain. ing of the 14th we saw a fresh convoy After having fomented the war in this of 160 sail arrive, among which were unhappy country, the English have akour ships of the line.
bandoned it. They had disembarked " On the morning of the 15th, the di. 38,000 men, and 6000 horses. We have taken from them, according to calcula. On the 27th January, Colonel Baird, tion, 6500 men, exclusive of the sick. (brother of Sir David Baird) Captain They have re-embarked very little bag Baird, Capt Gregory, and Dr M'Gregor, gage, very little ammunition, and very (who attends Sir David Baird) went off tew horses. We have counted sooo kil. to the Ville de Paris, at Plymouth, in led and left behind."
her barge, to bring that gallant officer Such is Bonaparte's account of the on shore. At noon Sir David was land. termination of our campaign in Spain. ed in a large cot, and carried in the It differs very materially from that gi: arms of several of the crew of the Ville ven by our own officers, in almost every de Paris to lodgings in the High Street. particular. That 6000 men should de. A crowd of persons assembled, whose feat the whole of our army, with the loss hearts seemed big with the sight. We of only 100 men, and yet that this ar- are happy to hear that he is as well as my, after this defeat, should embark un: can be expected. Soon afterwards Col. molested, are contradictions too palpa. Bradford, Deputy. Adjutant General to ble to obtain credit.
the army, was brought on shore in a cot It is very extraordinary that no no- from the same ship, born by several of tice is taken of the Marquis of Romana the crew. He is a fine young man, who and his troops in any of the dispatches has a bad wound in the small bone of to Government. It is known that they his leg, by a musket ball. Several other crossed our army during the retreat.-- officers landed, who are sick, and were They are said to have bravely opposed led up from the Sally.port to lodgings. the French at Astorga, and, according The eldest son of Sir Harry Burrard, to some accounts, being reduced to a- and Aid-de-Camp to Sir John Moore, bout 8000 men, they retreated to Vigo, was severely wounded in the late epwhere they embarked for Cadiz. gagement, and was put on board the
A brigade of British troops, under Audacious, in which ship he died on the command of Generals Alten and the 21st. Crawfurd, consisting of 3100 men, took The greater part of the sick and the road to Vigo, where they embarked wounded of our army that have returnin safety on the 18th January, not hav. ed from Spain are doing well. We are ing been pursued by the enemy. sorry, however, to state, that Colonel
The following is an abstract of a ge. Maxwell, of the 26th, and Major M‘Gre. neral return of the troops embarked at gor, of the 59th, with an officer of the Corunna for England. Cavalry, 2,872 ; 38th, and ten privates, have died of their Engineers, &c. 2,686; Infantry, 19,539; wounds at Plymouth. Total, 25,067. If to this we add 3100
NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. embarked at Vigo, the whole amount The weather has been so extremely to upwards of 28,000.
and universally tempestuous during the The whole of the north coast of Spain month of January, that we are concernbeing now occupied by the French, in. ed to state several melancholy losses at telligence of the military operations in On Sunday, the 22d of January, the south can only be derived from Ca- about six o'clock in the morning, the diz, and for a short time perhaps thro' Dispatch transport of Shields, from CoPortugal.
runna, with about 100 of the 7th regt. The whole of our transports, both of light dragoons on board, struck on from Corunna and Vigo, have now ar- the Manacle rocks near Falmouth, in a rived, and our army is cantoned along violent gale of wind; she afterwards the south coast of England. The Vigo floated off, and drove into Coverach detachment was not pursued, but was bay, without any person on board, and somewhat short of its original comple- nearly full of water. It appears, that ment, in consequence of the excessive seven men saved their lives, but all the fatigue it underwent. The loss which rest perished, among whom were Major our army sustained in Spain' has not yet Cavendish, Captain Duckinfield, and been ascertained. Bonaparte rates it at Lieut. the Hon. E. Waldegrave.The â full third, General Stewart at little Primrose sloop of war, of 18 guns, Capt. more than a tenth ; but it is probable Weir, from Portsmouth, struck on the that accurate returns will be speedily Manacles at the same time, and all on Said before the House of Commons. board were lost, except one boy.
The Jupiter of so gens, was lately pound carronades, and a long 12 pounwrecked upon a shoal near the Bayonne ders on the main-deck, and 2 9-pounislands. À Court-martial admonished' ders on her quarter-deck. The little Captain Baker, for not having a pilot Maria had only 12 12 -pounder carronon board. The officers and crew were ades, and 65 men. Her loss was Lieut. all acquitted.
Bennett, commander, Mr O'Donnell, The Gazette of the 3d January.con- midshipman, and 4 seamen killed, and
9 tains an account of the following cap- wounded, and recovering in the hospitures by the boats of the Standard, Capt. tal at Guadaloupe. Harvey, off Corfu :
man The Standard fell in with the Volpe Italian gun.brig, carrying an iron four. DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. pounder and 20 men well armed, and the Legere French dispatch-boat, with
FIRE IN ST James's PALACE. 14 men well armed. The wind failing, A most alarming fire broke out, a. the pinnace and eight-oared cutter were - bout one o'clock on the morning of the sent in pursuit of them. After two 21st January, in St James's Palace, which hours rowing, La Volpe was come up burnt with great fury, and was not got with and taken, after a smart resistance. under until about eight o'clock. No The Legere was run ashore about four water could be procured for a considermiles north of Cape St Mary; the crew able time, and then only a small supply, formed on the rocks above her, and en- all the pipes being stopped by the frost. deavoured to protect her, but she was The fire being thus unrestrained, and soon in possession of the boats, who the building containing an immensity of towed her out, under a fire of musketry old timber, the flames attained a great from the shore, which was returned height, and assumed a most tremendous with great spirit by the marines in the appearance. To the immediate specta. boats. One Frenchman was seen killed; tor, it presented one of the most sublime we had not a man hurt. The boats pictures that can be conceived, as seen were commanded by Lieut. Cuil and through the trees, with its brightness Capt. Nichols of the Marines, both vo- reflected from the snow. The fames lunteers. A French Ensign de Vaisseau were not subdued one half of the was passenger in the Legere; M. Mo. Palace was consumed, including the left nier, Ensign de Vaisseau, on the Staff wing, with the apartments of his Royal of General Dougelet at Corfu, was ta• Highness the Duke of Cambridge, who ken in La Volpe.
had but just returned home, when the The Gazette also contains a letter fire broke out. For the greater part of from Mr Dyson, master of his Majes- the time it was not expected that any ty's late brig Maria, Lieut. Bennet, da- part of the Palace could escape destructed Roseau, Dominica, containing the tion. , A great deal of valuable furniture
1. following account of the loss of that ves- is destroyed. The Prince of Wales, and sel. “ Desirous of joining ihe Admiral the Dukes of York, Kent, Cambridge, as soon as possible, he procured from and Sussex, attended and remained unGen. Ernouf a cartel for four officers til a late hour, encouraging the firemen and himself. On the morning of the and others in their exertions to stop the 29th of Sept. he was attacked by a large progress of the flames, and save the furFrench corvette, with which she main niture, of which great quantities were tained a hopeless contest.-When there carried out of the Palace, and deposited was no possibility of saving the ship, in the area. The Queen's guards were and her ensign haulyards were shot a stationed round the Palace, to keep off way, the French Captain called out, the crowd and prevent plunder. The “ Had she struck?" Lieut. Bennett re- fire began in the apartments of Miss plied, “ No;" and was shortly after kilé Rice, in the eastern wing. Her serled by three grape shot he received vant.maid, the only person lost or injil. in his body. The master still ordered red, was found next morning, not burnt the fire to be kept up; but finding the but apparently suffocated in the apart brig sinking, he struck, ran her on shore, ment. It is supposed that her candle and left her a mere wreck. The ene- set fire to the room, and was the cause my's vessel was Le Sards, of 10 32- of this catastrophe. Feb. 1809.