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ferently from those around him; and, a good solid understanding, and dir occasionally awaked by emotions and criminating judgement, on matters unsentiments seldom experienced by the connected with taste, fancy, or refined erowd, breaks out into impassioned sensibility. Among these, I shall, for strains, congenial to his feelings, un- the greater perspicuity, select three checked by considerations of worldly descriptions, namely, those who are prudence, and altogether regardless of bred to professions totally distinct and what chietiy actuates the minds of different from what is connected with these constantly in pursuit of their the fine arts ; 2dly, those who have own interests. Now, taking mankind no natural love or relish for them; in cumulo, may it not be fairly asked, and, lastly, those who, having run how many are governed by similar through the whole circle of literature, principles? or, to speak more unequi- conceive themselves qualified to judge vocally, how many are actuated and and decide on every branch in conseinfluenced by similar emotions, senti- quence of their being critically conments, and passions? If it be admit- versant with some of them only. Howted, that hardly one in a bundred ex- ever extraordinary it may appear, there periences, in the tenth degree, the an be no doubt whatever of this fact, warmth and enthusiasm of the roman- that wankind are more disposed to tic and disinterested poet; may it not, talk about what they are superficially with equal propriety, be questioned, if acquainted with, than on what they one in an hundred can be a real judge accurately understand. Whether this of his effusions, or can enter cordially proceeds from a consciousness of their and critically into his particular beau- defects, and a desire to conceal them, ties and excellencies? As well may or that, depending on the justness and we suppose, that a blind man is quali. acuteness of their reasoning and perfied to appreciate the excellence of ceptions on certain subjects, they conthe finest painting, or the beauties of ceive themselves competent to judge a natural landscape ; and yet, all pre- of all, I shall not take upon me to detend to judge and decide on what is termine ; but in either case it is eviforeign to their nature, their habits, dent, that the leading principle or efand their propensitics, with the same ficient cause is vanily, of which all tone and pertinacity as the most en- mankind possess less or more. To be lightened critic and enthusiastic admi- silent on any subject started in conter of genuine poetry,

versation, is certainly a little mortifyHaving thus briefly explained and ing to those who wish to obtain a defined what appears to me to be the share, and are ambitious to display real qualities, or principles of a divine their knowledge; but to remain mute art, and the natural deficiencies and when topics are introduced which arc restrictions which exclude thousands considered familiar to all, would be from any knowledge of it, I shall next tantamount to absolute stupidity and endeavour, with equal brevity, to point extreme ignorance. Under these faout the causes which lead mankind to miliar topics may be classed politics, such absurdity and error, concluding religion, and poor poetry ! nor is there with some observations on the conse- an instance in which any of them is quences or effects of this indiscrimi- introduced, but the whole companating criticism.

ny breaks out into one general torIn this short review, I mean not to rent of criticism. The natural conseinclude either the stupid or the illite- quence is, that the last mentioned arrate, but such as, having enjoyed the ticle (poetry) has not only a sad time benefit of a regular education, possess, of it, but is literally torn in tatters. at the same time, the natural gifts of The dry practitioner of the law-the

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grave intestigating mathematician- heard some of them assert, that sensi-
the experimental patient chymist-the bility and judgement were the same,
unfanciful dissector of plants, and ana- for no other reason than this, that
tomizer of frogs and caterpillars, are all judgement and good sense are synoni-
intimately skilled in the language of mous terms ; and that, as sense is de-
metaphor, passion, sentiment and des- rived from sensus, so must sensibility,
cription ; nor is the most minute beau- and judgement be precisely the same ;
ty of epic, dramatic, lyrical, or di- in other words, that a poet possessed
dactic composition, hid from their all of the one must consequently be en-
discerning taste and critical penetra- dowed with the other !
tion. If not edifying or instructive, The intention of the foregoing stric-
it is certainly not a little amusing, to tures, is to point out the extreme folly
hear these profound judges descanting and absurdity of advancing opinions
on what they have not the smallest on subjects, which neither habit nor
conception of, and floundering from nature qualify us to appreciate, or
one absurdity to another : but with comprehend ; and, at the same time,
regard to a different description of to induce mankind to confine their re-
critics, amusement is altogether out of marks to what they critically know,
the question, for every thing is con- and are qualified to judge of. Hunan
ducted with such intemperance, dog- talents and perceptions are as differ-
matism, and over-bearing conceit, that ent and distinct, as they are wisely
the mind, as well as the ears of the and wonderfully diversified ; and in-
listeners, is disturbed and pained with stead of grasping at what we can ne-
pedantic petulance.

ver attain, mankind ought to rejoice The class or description of men at the barriers that oppose them. here alluded to, is that of the mere They are, in fact, the links that bind grammarian ;-the cold, phlegmatic, society more closely together; and painful plodder, over the construction were vanity and idle conceit a little of sentences, the analogy of words, restrained, and modesty a little encouthe derivation of terms, and the affini- raged, each would have cause to rety of languages. These men, from joice at the limited and just proportion their having waded through the whole allotted to him. But, unfortunately, gulf of ancient leaming, and, by a te- for the progress of science, and the im. nacious memory, retained innumera- provement of true taste, literary and ble passages from Horace, Virgil, and professional men, instead of prosecutHomer, conceive themselves not only ing studies particularly adapted to competent to judge of every species of their natural capacities, range amidst poetical composition, but altogether devious paths that bewilder and lead above contradiction. Woe be to the them astray, without their ever arrivpoet, or poetical judge, who presumes ing at the object of their ambition, to oppose them !--they will lead you which flies them as a phantom. Simia dance through a maze of unconnect- lar to the mere gingler of rhymes, and ed, unintelligible jargon, till you are

the fabricator of smooth versification, bewildered, and spent with pedantry who, conceiving himself endowed with and stupidity ; and, finally, knock you, qualities essential to inspired song, down with quotations that have no scribbles on without ever attaining connection whatever with the subject what constitutes the true poet. In a in dispute. All you can do is to give former paper, I took occasion to offer up the argument, and leave these tor- some observations on “ poetic characpid, imperitable lumps of clay, to re- ter, and literary fame ;' may I hope tain their own crude, indigested opi- that this well-intentioned hint to poeaions; and to maintain what I have tic critics will find a place in your


miscellany :-— would I could assure jo Oning to the scarcity and high myself, that it will be productive of price of lint, which has prevented the desired effect--but, alas! in a hope- many private families from sending less case, I am afraid all we can say their usual orders for spirning, ihe is, -" In pertusum ingerimus dicta do- Managers have been under the disakum."

grecable necessity of refusing admitEdinburgh, 2


tance to many starving applicants, Dec. 14th, 1803.

and for the present to restrict the number of spinners to 15.

Lace Alanufactory.

From the 1st of November 1807, Account of the EDINBURGH House of to 1st of November 1908, the average Industry.

number of lace-workers has been 24.

Of these ! 1 are under 12 years of age. TH THIS establishment was instituted The number of yards of lace manu

for the purpose of affording as- factured here froin the 1st of Novemsistance to aged females of respectable ber 1807 to the 1st of November character, when thrown out of em- 1808, amounts to 1613; many ployment, and of training the young pieces of the lace of so good a quality to habits of industry and virtue. as to sell at the rates of ten, twelve,

This institution is divided into and even so high as eighteen shillings three distinct branches; the Spinning- per yard. room, the Lace Manufactory, and the The girls who are here trained to School for Servants.

habits of industry and application, are On minutely investigating the cir- employed for ten hours of every week cumstances of the persons adınitted day; giving six hours of that time to into the first of these, it does not ap- lace-working, three to needle-work, pear that any of them couid have and one to reading and spelling. Eforind means of honestly supporting very girl is paid on Saturday for the themselves. They must, consequently, lace she has worked through the either have parted with their integrity, week. A certain proportion of her or been reduced to beg through the earnings having first been deducted to streets, or have thrown themselves on pay for materials, and towards defraytheir respective parishes for support, ing the expence of the Institution, she By far the greater number are, from has of the remainder one shilling and age and infirinities, incapacitated from sixpence to carry home to her parents; tarning what would barely suffice for and whatever exceeds that sum she preservation of existence; but by the deposits in her money-box, to form a meal a-day, here given in addition to fund for the purchase of clothes. their earnings, they are enabled to live, The best proof that can be given and, from having the benefit of a of the utility of this school of induslight, warm, and cheerful room, to try, will be found in the good behalive in some degree of comfort.- viour of the young persons who have Besides the full amount of their earn- been trained in it to habits of order ings, an allowance of sixpence weekly , and decorum. At Whitsunday last, is granted to the sick, and to the very rewards were given by the Managers infirm, and to those widows who are to four young women, who had then burthened with two or more children. been one year at service, and had con

The number of spinners kept here ducted themselves to the entire satisfacin constant employment has seldom tion of their employers : Others have been less than 24, and in severe sea- since then gone to service, who it is sons has sometimes been upwards of hoped will have an equal claim to ap


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probation. For as the plan of in- course of instruction, seem so fully
struction is now considerably enlarged, sensible of the benefit derived from
there is every reason to expect that it, that there can be little doubt that
the progress of improvement will the beneficial consequences will in
keep pace with the pains bestowed, many instances extend to them.
and that the investigation annually to The expences attending the ser-
be made into the behaviour of those vants school must be greater in pro-
who leave the house will prove a portion than those of the lace school:
source of heart-felt gratification to the the girls in the latter having only onc
ladies who have taken a particular in- meal a-day (of bread and broth) from
terest in its management.

the house ; whereas in the former If any of the young persons who have they are maintained and clothed from gone from the lace school into service, the funds of the Institution. It is should, from sickness or other circum- likewise intended that the girls admitstances, be tbrown out of place, they ted to the servants school shall have will be less destitute than other fe- beds in the house, as soon as the state males in a similar situation, as they are

of the funds will enable the Manacapable of exercising a trade by which gers to provide them. The number they may at all times earn a subsis- of scholars in this department is at tence. But as it appears to be emi- present limited to six; but if the plan asnently for their advantage, as well is deemed worthy of general approas for the advantage of society, that bation, the Managers confide in the they should learn to fulfil the active liberality of the Public, for bestowduties of their station, it is thought ing the means of its extension and adviseable, that, before engaging in permanent establishment. In order service, they should for a certain time to prevent any misapprehension of be employed in the SERVANTS SCHOOL. their views with regard to the Insti

The School for Servants have been tution in question, the Managers lately added to the former branches of think it necessary to observe, that it the Institution; and though the Ma- is not so much their object to make nagers have not yet been enabled accomplished readers and needle work(from the state of their funds) to puters, as to make active, diligent, and the plan on which it has been esta- sober-minded servants, well instructed blished completely into execution, in their duty to God and man, and they have, as far as the experiment who have acquired habits which may has been made, great reason to be sa- accord with and support their princitisfied with the result. It will be ples. observed, that in the lace school the In the name of the Aged and Deschildren of the poor, (and in many titute, who have here found an asylum instances they are of the very poorest,) from despair, and in the name of the are initiated in habits of application, Young, who have here been protected cleanliness, and decorum; and that in and instructed, the Managers return the school for servants they acquire, thanks to the subscribers for the conwith a knowledge of household work, tributions that have already been so habits of activity and arrangement. liberally bestowed. And as this is In both branches, the pains bestowed one of the few Charitable Institutions on their religious and moral instruc. which is entirely dependent on Annual tion is seen to produce the happiest Subscription, they earnestly intreat a effects. Nor are the effects confined continuance of their Bounty. to the children. The parents, many

Subscriptions continue to be receiof whoin attend the Sunday evenings ved at the House of Industry, and by


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the Treasurer, Mr Muir, at the music also. The attention of the town is shop of Muir and Wood, Leith-street. upon Lord Lovat's trial, which has of ,

held this weck, and will, 'tis supposed, Canongate, Edin. Nov. 1. 180s. continue most part of the next. The

articles of impeachment were opened by Sir Wm. Young, who was seconded

by Lord Coke, and then the Attorney Letter on the Subject of Lord Lovat's Generall spoke for near two hours : Trial.

there were two witnesses examined the To the Editor.

first day, who proved many instances

of disaffection to the government, at SIR,

different times, since the year 1719. volume of Lord Clarendon's his- bating, whether Secretary Murray tory, the other evening, I found the should be admitted as an evidence or following letter, which, as it contains not. The objection was, that he, not some particulars of Lord Lovat's trial, surrendering within the time limited may not be unworthy of preservation by the Act of Parliament, became atin your miscellany. I am,

tainted. In answer to which it was SIR,

said, that he had surrendered in time, Your most obedient servant, which he having pleaded in the Court 9th Jan. 1809. An Antiquary, of King's Bench, and the Attorney

General having admitted the plea to DEAR SIR,

be true, all was set right, and his tesgive you many thanks for the fa. timony could not be impeached. And vour of your last letter, and think my. so it was resolved by the Lords. On self much obliged to you, for putting me Wednesday he was examined, and in a way of being in some measure of gave a very circumstantial detail of use to you. I was with Mr Manby the rise, progress, and success of the yesterday, who says, he has not bad last rebellion. He spoke for above Dr Stukeley's Itinerarium curiosum two hours, and delivered himself in so for some time, neither does he believe polite and sensible a manner, that it can be met with in the shop; but every body was charmed with him.he does not know, but it may be had He named Lord Bre, Sir J-n of the Doctor, who printed a few more H-d C-n, and Sir W---ns W--ms than was subscribed for. The price W-n, as persons who had promised in sheets is two guineas, and if you to assist to the utmost of their want it, I'll speak again to Mr Man- power, and at last brought the matby, who will send to the Doctor, and ter home to Lord Lovat, by proving know if he has it. There have been his conferring with the young cheva5 numbers published, of the heads of lier after the battle of Culloden, his illustrious persons, since the last vo- receiving money from him, and raislume was completed. They were pub- ing men for his service. Mr Murray lished four together, and will continue has made a full and ample discovery to be so, till a second volume is finish- of the whole affair, and I do assure ed. But as they found the heads of you, that party begins to be in a terseverall persons were wanted separate- rible alarm ; for it seems to be generly, they will publish a great number ally believed, that the Parliament will in this way : when I find those you inquire into that matter, and I hope want, I'll take care to buy them for punish past offenders, as well as make you; and if you chuse to have the five laws to prevent future rebellions.-Lact numbers, I shall buy them for you Tis said Lord Traquair will be pro


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