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are sarcastically treated. Contrary to “ In sudore vultus tui vesceris panem.the practice of most tourists, who ge- I was at a loss what to think of this nerally express a " hope," at least, blundering inscription. I was aware that these buildings will“ one day be that it would be unreasonable to exfinished ;" the Knight puts on a wo- pecs patavinity from a baker ; but ful countenance, and pathetically re- I was likewise certain that no person marks, that “ when tinted by the mel. who had ever been at the Edinburgh lowing hand of time, they will afford grammar school, (where, Sir John the melancholy but picturesque effect Carr acknowledges, " the Latin lanof a mighty ruin.”- The exterior of guage is taught in great purity,") the Register Office is admired : but the could have committed so glaring an plain bound volumes of records with error in syntax as is here alleged ain, should, he declares, be concealed gainst this member of the ancient fraby green silk and brass lattice-work; ternity of Edinburgh baxters. It luckfor at present they “ accord with the ily occurred to me, that it would be noble appearance of the room, just proper, in the first place, to examine as well as the hat of a mendicant the original ; and on repairing to the would become a Knight of the Bath spot, I was not a little surprised and in his full robes."

gratified to find the inscription perfectConcerning St Giles's, he justly ly correct, viz. “ In sudore vultus tui remarks, that “ this venerable pile vesceris pane ;” and that the Scotch has not participated in that laudable baker thus proved himself to have been spirit of improvement which so strong- a better Latin scholar than Sir John ly prevails in Fdinburgh. It is sadly Carr, knight. disfigured by the petty buildings which In treating of Edinburgh theatriare placed against it, and seem to ad- cals, Sir John observes, “ During my here to it like barnacles to a ship's stay here, The Man of the World bottom. Were it relieved from such was performed to crowded houses.unworthy associates, it would be a This circumstance may be considered grand and august ornament of the as exhibiting a new trait in the chacity.” It may be added, that if the racter of the Scotch. Many of those street next to the north side-wall of speeches of Sir Pertinax, under the the Cathedral were levelled down, so lash of which every Scotchman foras to be no higher than the opposite merly writhed, now excite only laughpavement, several feet would be added ter and applause.” Whether, by this to the apparent height of the wall; manner of expression, the author means and that this would greatly improve to except some of Sir Pertinax's speethe effect of the whole,-a deficiency ches, I know not : but the following in height being the only objection to speech was never, I believe, pronounthe appearance of this ancient fabric.

ced on the Edinburgh stage, without In proceeding down the High some expression of dissatisfaction in the Street to the Palace of Holyrood- audience : “Weel! guin I had a thoohouse, our author saw John Knox the sand sons, I never would suffer yean reformer's house, and “ opposite to it, of your English university bred fel. in a front wall, two very fine heads in lows, till be aboot a son of mine aalto relievo, supposed to be of Roman gain; they ha sic saucy English nosculpture, and likenesses of Severus tions of leeberty, continually fermentand his consort Julia. There is (he ing in their thoughts, that a man is adds) the following ancient inscrip- never sure o' yean of them.” In the tion under them, supposed to have last two or three representations of been placed there by a baker, over this comedy, therefore, Mr Cooke whose shop they once were :

dropped that sentiment from his part.

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I hope, however, he will have the of manure! It is scarcely necessary courage to resume it, whenever be to explain Sir John's mistake : Drift again treads the Scottish boards. We ware, or the larger sea-weeds in gein the north, need and deserve some neral, cast ashore by the winter storms, occasional admonitions about liberty: and collected in cart-loads, is employ--we certainly do not possess that ed as manure ; bui dulse is a particu. constant and high sense of the liberty lar small species, (Fucus palmatus,) too of the subject on which an English- insignificant and too rare to be gaman justly prides hin elf, else the sar thered for that purpose. It seems ascasms of Machlin would riever tuiich tonishing that it did not occur to Sir our hearts. In passing, 1 may remark, John, that if a handful were sold for a that while Mr Cook's imitation of the penny, the load of a dung-cart would Scottish tongue is admirable, and his be worth perhaps ten guineas, and that whole performance of Macsycophant this would be rather expensive even as is doubtless a masterpiece,) it seems a top-dressing! That sea-weed should strange that he should not yet have be laid on the field, “ without the least become acquainted with the Scottish preparation,” excites the wonder of pronunciation of the word leree, which the Knight, and seems, by him, to be is so often in the mouth of the obse- considered as a mark of inferiority in quibus courtier. In Scotland, the ac Scottish agriculture. Had he been at cent is thrown upon the second sylla- the pains to make inquiry, he would ble : we say levér, not léver. The have discovered, that rotted sea-weed Scottish drawl of levée, from the lips has been found, by long experience, of Cooke, would have a happy effect. much less efficacious in promoting fer

In the course of reviewing our mar- tility than what is recent. How a trakets, Sir John Carr favours his Eng- veller like Sir John Carr should have lish and Irish readers with a curious fallen into the egregious mistake of account of the dulse of Scotland. “ A extolling English agriculture above sea-weed called dulse, (he says,) which Scottish, seems unaccountable. In grows on the rocks on the coast near whatever our inferiority may consist, Edinburgh, and which is used by the our husbandry certainly excels that of farmers for manure, without undergo- the South. ing the least preparation, is much Sir John's partiality for the ancient eaten and relished by the poor people, capital of Caledonia leads him much to whom a large handful is sold for a to over-rate its cleanliness. The “ popenny.” Dulse is so favourite a Scot- lice (he says) having turned its attentish whet, that its etymology has been tion to a subject of so much consesought in the Latin dulcis. But Sir quence, has succeeded in doing all John Carr has now discovered that it that the construction of the houses in is a sort of manure ; a very peculiar this

part of the city will admit.” We sort, no doubt, that is much eaten and never heard of this praiseworthy rerelished by the poor people even of formation till we read it in the CaleScotland! Dr Johnson's celebrated donian Sketches. The truth is, that definition of eats (" a grain given to so little has been done, especially by horses in England, but which, in the “

the “ police” properly so called, that Scotland, supports the people,"') is it is not worth mentioning. What not half so intolerable as this. The will Sir John think when he is told, Highlanders have their “scattan, agus

that there is not, in the old town, on braddan, agus puntaat,” (herring, and an average, one temple of Cloacina trout, and potatoes ;) but the low- for every hundred votaries! and that landers of Edinburgh, according to a single forica, not far from St Giles's, our Knight, devour with relish a sort is daily frequented by from 800 to


1000 citizens, there being no other in remaining duties of the day, by obserthat neighbourhood, nor for a consi- ving on the progressive success of this derable distance around.

The con

institution, both in ils imniediate and struction of the houses, (or terements peculiar functions for the instruction of land, as they are called) in the old of youth, and in its more general tentown, does not adinit of the erection dency to promote the improvement of those useful appendages, water-clo and extension of oriental literature ; I sets, or latrinta Furice, or commodités feel no distrust, I say, in the execupubliques, ought therefore to be erect tion of duties so foreign to my pered in every lane. Not a single audi- sonal habits and acquirements, betional one, however, has yet appeared. cause my own deficient judgment has The Magistrue who shall first apply been guided by that of learned and himself to the removing of this evil, honourable men, whose enlightened --so injurious to the health and con- testimonies, I know, cannot mislead fori of the inhabitants of the old city, me. Speaking, therefore, no longer - vill deserve well of the cornmunity


my individual character, but as I at large. A tenth part only of the ought, and as I am about to do, in muney disbursed of late years on the that of the high office which I have Pulice of the city, judiciously applied the honour to bear, I rest on the firm to this purpose, would have tended and secure ground which ought to be greatly to the lessening of the grie- the foundation of every act and of

every sentiment issuing from such of11th March, 1809.

fices; I mean, the collected wisdom, knowledge, and discernment, of those

who are qualified, by their station and Discourse by Lord MINTO, Governor by personal endowments, to aid me

with their counsel. General of BENGÁL, to the Members

Supported, therefore, by such auof the College of Fort-WILLIAM.

thority, I am happy to commence my Delivered 2d March 1808.

first discourse from this seat, by conFrom Calcutta Extraordinary Gazette of 3d gratulating the College and the pubMarch isos.

lic, on the satisfactory and honorable

proofs afforded in the present examiGentlemen of the College of FORT nation, of the growing advantages deWILLIAM,

rived from this institution, and of the IN N addressing a body constituted as progress continually making towards

you are, I have to regret, that the the accomplishment of its important course of my pursuits and occupations ends. These gratifying results are has not led to those attainments, which evinced, both by the proficiency of the can enable me to form a personal judg- Students in the different branches of ment on the interesting objects which learning which they have cultivated, are peculiarly connected with the so and in the valuable additions which lemnities of the present day, much less have been made to the general stock to bring into this chair the authority of Eastern literature, by the learned of the distinguished and accomplished labours, as well of able men attached person who lately filled it. In the de to the College, as of other studious licate and scrupulous office, however, persons who drink at the saine spring. of distributing the honours and re If a comparison were drawn bewards, which are annually assigned to tween the present year and the three talents, 'application, and condu:ct in preceding, the result would be exthis place, I have felt no diffidence, tremely advantageous to the latter peand I shall feel none in performing the riod; and would justify, on clear


and satisfactory grounds, ihe assertion tisfactory progress in the Institution which I am happy to think myself itself, that a competence in the Colwarranted in making, that the College legiate Studies, qualitying the Student of Fort - William is adı ancing in a for the Public Service, was found to course of sensible improvement. But have been obtained this year in a peas the number of years we should have riod considerably shorter than appearto review might rer.der the argumented to have been the case at the forsomewhat complicated, and as a pa- mer examination. rallel between the present and the Of the fifteen Gentlemen who were last preceding year will yield the qualified to leave College in January same conclusion, I shall content my. 1807, three only had attended Colself with a few observations on that lege less than two years. view of the subject.

Of the twenty who are this year The first indication of progress qualified for the service, ten have atwhich I have the satisfaction to re tained that proficiency in a shorter mark in the present year, compared period than two years. with the preceding, is, that a greater Last year the longest period of stunumber of Students have been found dy was two years and eleven months. sufhciently proficient in the Oriental This year the longest period has languages to quit College, and to been two years and five months. enter on the duties of the Service. The shortest period at the former Twenty names have been reported examination was one year and three this year competent to the functions months. of Public business. The number which The shortest of this year has been the examination of the preceding year so little as four months, and there is furnished to the Service was fifteen. another example of five.

I observe, also, with satisfaction, These latter instances indeed of ex. that the number of Students who have traordinary and successful application presented themselves for examination to studies, the difficulties of which in the Persian language, has consi- have been acknowledged by the most derably increased. At the former ex able and the most diligent, should raamination the number was fifteen ; it ther be ascribed, no doubt, to the exis now twenty-seven.

traordinary efforts and abilities of the In the preceding year three Stu- individuals to whom I allude, and dents had attained a sufficient emi- whom I shall not easily forget to name nence in the knowledge of Persian to 'in their proper place, with the honour be ranked in the First Class.

that is due to them, than adduced as In the present year that number of

argument of superiority in the eminent Persian Scholars is doubled. particular period that has happened to

In the former year, five were placed produce them, But, in truth, we are in the Second Class.

entitled on a general comparative aIn the present, nine have attained 'verage of time, at the two examinathe same degree of proficiency; and tions, to claim a sensible progress in in the present year the same number the success of this College during the are found in the two superior Classes, last twelve months. as occupied three at the former exa It is impossible, in this place, not mination.

to remark, that the progress of this It is also worthy of remark, as de- year, which I have just established, noting, either improvement in the bears a strong testimony to the wismode of instruction, or increased apa dom of a very material alteration which plication in the Students, but indica- has been made, since the Examinating, either way, in effect, a very sa- tion of 1807, in the rules which for


a fair

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merly prevailed respecting the period ducive also to another most desirable of attendance on the College of Fort end; for, by supplying a powerful inWilliam prescribed to the Students. ducement to diligence and exertion, it The whole of the Junior Civil Ser- infused into the studies of the College vants were formerly attached to the that ardour and activity, which a disCollege during a fixed period of throe tant and a fixed period of emancipayears. The alteration to which I al- tion must have tended to damp and lude was made by Section XII. Re- repress. The two causes appear, acgulation III. 1807, which rescinded cordingly, to have produced their the former rule, and provides “ that corresponding effects; and the effi" their continuance in College will ciency of the new regulation, in ani" henceforward be regulated by their mating the studious efforts of our " proficiency;" and it is added, that young Brethren, has been signally ma" the Patron and Visitor will deter- nifested on this first occasion, when “ mine, from the reports of proficiency the test of experience could be applied " made to him after the public Exa- to it. I think it on that account my “ minations, when the Students may be duty to declare, that the sense I en“ permitted to quit the College, as tertain of its importance will ensure

having completed the prescribed on my part an impartial and inflexible “ course of Study."

execution of this beneficial rule. After the system which now sub The period of attendance on Colsists for the Education of the Compa- lege, and that of entering on the great ny's Junior Servants, was adopted; theatre of life, will be regulated, therethat is to say, when provision was fore, by the proficiency of each indimade in England by instituting the vidual' in the studies prescribed to College at Hertford, for the more ge- bim. Those whose diligence may have neral branches of instruction, and for abridged the term of restraint, will an elementary and preparatory intro- not only enjoy sooner the fruit of their duction to Eastern learning, and labour, but even the sweets of liberty when the studies to be pursued at the will be enhanced by honour, and they College of Fort William were limited. will carry into their new condition, to the languages of Asia, and to the the reputation and distinction which Laws and Regulations of this Presi- their former' merits had obtained. dency, it became unnecessary to de I refrain from the more ungracious tain the young men destined for the delineation of the opposite consequenpublic service, in a state of inaction, ces, which must accompany the slow during a period which, having been entrance of those into the world, who fixed in contemplation of a more ex may have permitted a succession of tended course of study, would not juniors tò pass before them, and who have been too long for the completion will have to endure the uneasy gloom of such a plan, but ceased to be requi- and humiliations which always attend site for the contracted and supplemen- both the consciousness and the display tary course reserved for this College. of inferiority. It is enough, in this The competence of the Student" for place, to say, that an early or a late the business of India, is now the rea entrance into the service, are the first sonable measure of his confinement to conséquences of meritorious or blameCollege, and its protraction beyond able conduct at College. There are that point, becomes unprofitable to undoubtedly other and more importhe public, and, speaking generally, tant points depending on the same cridetrimental to the individual.

terion, but I shall speak of them mi In these respects, therefore, the al- another part of any discourse, teration was salutary ; but it was con I have had the satisfaction !o confer March 1809.


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