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degrees of honour, and other marks of do injustice to the talents and applica-
approbation and distinction, on the tion of Mr Lindsay, if I did not ob-
Gentlemen whom I am about to serve, that the merit of these numerous

acquirements is enhanced by the short

period in which he has triumphed Mr Colvin,

over so many difficulties. Mr LindMr LINDSAY,

say entered College in the month of

November 1806, and has entitled him-
Mr Sisson,

self, therefore, to quit it with singular

honour in the short space of a year

and two months.
The degree of honour is itself an Mr ALEXANDER holds the second
unequivocal testimony of distinguish- place, and stands, therefore, amongst
ed merit, because the statutes of the the most eminent both in the Persian
College have wisely required such and Hindoostanee languages, having
proof of excellence, in those who as- attained that distinction by the assi-
pire to it, as diligence and talents duous application of little more than
united can alone furnish. I am un one year and six months.
willing, however, to pass, unnoticed, Mr Sisson and Mr MACNAB have
the particular claim to distinction furnished other examples of the suc-
which each of these candidates for ho- cess, which attends a diligent and vi-
nour has successfully asserted. gorous exercise of talents, by rising, in

Mr TYTLER stands in the highest a year and a half, to the first classes of
class of Hindoostanee and Persian, and the Persian and Hindoostanee langua-
his name is at the head of those who
have studied the vernacular language And Mr BARWELL has the dis-
of Bengal. To eminence in two lan- tinction of possessing the first place in

and to the first place in ano Hindoostanee; the third in the useful
ther, his industry and capacity have language of Bengal, and the first in
enabled him to add an elementary ac the

Art of Nagree Writing. quaintance with a fourth ; I mean the I should indulge myself in a wider Mahratta, a language more immedi- field of commendation than is warately connected, indeed, with the ser ranted by former practice, if I were vice of other Presidencies, but no un to recite the names, and it would be profitable acquisition in some depart- no inconsiderable number, of our ments of the public service under the younger members, who have already government of Bengal.

given earnest of future eminence, and Mr Colvin has attained eminence in this honourable conflict of early in the Persian and Hindoostanee lan- talents and virtues, have already seizguages, and in the midst of those oc- ed on stations beyond their standing. cupations, has obtained the first place, But if their claims on public approbawith the distinction of a Medal, in tion are not yet mature for this anni. the study of Arabic.

versary, do not let them imagine they Mr LINDSAY occupies the first place are unobserved. I have a pleasure in in the first class of Persian. He is in declaring, as Patron and Visitor of the highest form of Hindoostanee, and this important establishment, that I is second only to Mr Colvin in Ara- keep even the youngest in my eye, bic. To these successful and various and while we are gathering on this studies, he has added the difficult but day the ripe fruit of one abundant valuable accomplishment of high pro- Summer, I am happy to contemplate ficiency in writing both the Persian the fair blossom, which, on its turn, is and the Nagree characters. I should to crown the promise of another.


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Forbearing, however, as I do, from “sent wish to leave the College, his the premature notice of good conduct, name is not included in the above however commendable in itself, in the .“ report.” first stages of academical life, I should Every line of this passage appears feel far short of a duty at once sacred to me pregnant with praise of the and grateful to me, if, on this day of highest quality, public testimony to merit, I should Mr SoTheBY, it is observed," does withhold from acknowledgement and “not belong to this establishment." applause two names, low indeed in That circumstance is a remarkable the list of your College, but already feature in Mr Sotheby's case. conspicuous in the roll of its honours. The admission of Gentlemen be

Mr CHALMER, who entered the longing to the establishment of other College of Fort Williain but last Au- Presidencies, to the College of Fort gust, has, in January, been declared William, is not in strictness conforto possess a competent proficiency in mable to the regulations which it has Persian and Hindoostanee, with ele. pleased the Honourable Court of Dimentary knowledge of Arabic. A rectors to appoint on that subject.progress so rapid and so remarkable, But the literary thirst of Mr Sothehas required, and therefore evinces, a by's eager and inquisitive mind, and rare union of distinguished qualities. the sound, well-regulated, well-direcLabour would alone have conducted ted and ingenuous ambition of his árhim to the same goal, but at a lower dent character, were not to be represpace. Genius, unattended by indus- sed, by a general regulation, merely try, unstimulated by a liberal love of of convenience, made for ordinary calearning, and undirected by a steady ses, but not inflexible, as it has prosense of duty, might have made less ved, to the individual claims of bright progress, than ever dulness itself.- exceptions. Mr Sotheby, therefore, But abilities and application, vigo- began by surmounting that obstacle, rously addressed to the discharge of and was warmly welcomed into the duty, have opened to him the career very sanctuary which he violated. of life almost in its dawn, and presen- How well he has justified this deviated to him the early, prospect of ho- tion from law, and redeemed his own nour and advantage generally reserved offence and ours, by the fruit which it for riper years.

has borne, the College Council has Mi SOTHEBY has, in four months just apprized us, study, merited the following testimo The report which I have read states, nial, which I shall read in the very " that Mr Sotheby, having attained words with which the learned Council “high proficiency in the Hindoostaof the College conclude their report“ nee, and considerable proficiency in of those gentlemen whom they have “ the Persian and Mahratta languaadjudged to be qualified to leave the “ges, appears to be fully competent College, and enter on the public Ser “ to enter on the public service.' vice:

As the attainments thus reported Mr SOTHEBY having attained by the College Council were made in “ high proficiency in the Hindoosta- the short space of four months, and

nee, and considerable proficiency in exceed so far the usual atchievements " the Persian and Mahratta Langua. of industry and capacity as to wear al

ges, appears to be fully competent most an air of fable and prodigy, no " to enter on the public Service; but higher testimony could be borne to “ as he does not belong to this estab- those qualities, and to the signal and “ lishment, and as the College Coun- remarkable degree in which Mr Som ** cil understand he does not at pre- theby possesses them, than the report

which I have just read. Government seemed to court his acceptance. He would surely have concurred in the has, indeed, made that choice, which conclusion which follows, “ that Mr the moral fable of antiquity has taught “ S. was fully competent to enter on us, was recommended by Wisdom, and the public service;" and, in confirma- rewarded by Fame and Immortality. tion of that sentiment, it will not be I have dwelt, I confess, somewhat imagined that marks of confidence and largely, on what appears to me a rare favour would have been wanting to example of early maturity in judgendowments so worthy of both. ment, talents, and character; because The report concludes:

I have thought it, in truth, entitled to " And as the College Council un a place in the Fasti of your College, “ derstand he does not at present wish and si quid mea Carmina possunt, the “ to leave the College, his name is name of Mr Sotheby shall not be “ not included in the above Report." omitted in its tablets.

Eminent as the place undoubtedly (To be concluded in our next.) is in our esteem, to which the studious energy of Mr Sotheby has entitled him, it is, I confess, in the point last alluded to that he stands, in my judge- Memoirs of the Progress of MANU. ment, most remarkably and most ho FACTURES, CHEMISTRY, SCIENCE, nourably distinguished. We are all and the FINE ARTS. acquainted with that impatience for manhood, which is in a manner cha. DR KENTISH, of Bristol, has racteristic of youth. There are two ways of asserting that claim, and gra- the faculty may order heat or cold in tifying that impatience; one, and I any proportion to be applied to a pa. fear, the most general, is to assume in tient either locally or generally. haste the forms, costume, and habits The following account of a shock of men ; to emulate their

of expences,

an earthquake felt at Dunning in without their means; to copy their ri- Perthshire, on the 18th of January, dicules, and to anticipate their vices. about two o'clock, A. M. is given by The other, and less frequent mode of Mr Peter Martin, surgeon of that aspiring to and hastening manhood, is place. He was returning home, at the to accumulate knowledge; to mature time, on horseback, when his attenthe mind ; and to put on the true pro- tion was suddenly attracted by a seemperties and character of man. He ingly subterraneous noise ; and his who in his desire to be, and not to horse immediately stopping, he perseem a man, consents to prolong the ceived that the sound proceeded from restraints, the disqualifications, the pri-' the north-west. After it had contivations, the dependence of boyhood nued for half a minute, it became or youth, is already the man that louder and louder, and apparently others would strive in vain to appear. nearer, when, suddenly, the earth heaTo Mr Sotheby, the door of restraint. ved perpendicularly, and with a tre*vas unbarred; the world stood open mulous, waving motion, seemed to to his view; and with all the entice- roll or move in a south-east direction. ments of novelty, of favour and of ho- The noise was greater during the nours, invited him to the fellowship of shock than before it, and for some ser

He has had the manly judg conds after it was so loud, that it made ment, and the manly fortitude, to turn the circumjacent mountains re-echo his back upon those allurements, and with the sound; after which, in the has chosen to merit rather than to course of about half a minute it gra. Possess, the tempting objects which dually died away. At this time, the


atmosphere was calm, dense, and clou- pairs of plates of copper and zinc of dy, and for some hours before and af six inches square, charged with a soter there was not the least motion in lution of concentrated nitrous acid in the air. Fahrenheit's thermometer, about forty parts of water. This is when examined about half an hour af- the lowest power that I employed ; ter the shock, indicated a temperature but as some of the plates had been of 15 degrees below the freezing point much corroded by former processes, I of water. The preceding day, was should conceive that a combination of calm and cloudy, thermometer at 8 eighty would be sufficient, provided A. M. M°. at 8 P. M. 13°. The morn the whole arrangement was perfect: ing of the 18th was calm and cloudy, The decomposition of the alkaline but the day broke up to sun-shine; earths and ammonia, by amalgamation ther.nometer at 8 A. M. 19o. at 8 P. M. or combination of their bases may be 16o. If this shock had been succeed- accomplished by a much weaker comed by another equally violent, it must bination, fifty plates of six or four inhave damaged the houses ; but we ches square being adequate to produce kave not heard that it occasioned any sensible results. The potassium which injury.

I have used in various analytical enMr James Scott, of Dublin, states, quiries lately carried on, has been all that he has found, by repeated experi- procured by chemical means, without ments, that platina possesses, on ac- the application of electricity. Potash count of its imperceptible expansion, a may be decomposed by different progreat superiority over other materials cesses, some of which are described in for making the pendulum-spring of a paper which I am now reading bewatches; but that arsenic must not be fore the Royal Society, but the best employed in consolidating it, as it method is that which we owe to the would then be liable to expansion.-- ingenious researches of Messrs Gay When properly drawn, it possesses Lussac, and Thenard, and which is self-sufficient elasticity for any extent the first of this kind, by mere chemiof vibration; it coils extremely well, cal attraction, made known. When and if placed when coiled on the sur-'melted potash is slowly brought into face of a flat piece of metal, making contact with iron turnings or filings, one end of the spring fast, and inark- heated to whiteness, hydrogen gas is ing exactly the other extremity, not evolved, holding potassium in soluthe slightest expansion is visible when tion : and if one part of the iron tube heat is applied. Mr Scott further re or gun-barrel in which the experiment marks, that he has for a considerable is made, be preserved cool, the metal time made use of platina for compen- is deposited in this part, being precisation curbs, and considers it as very pitated from the hydrogen gas by superior to steel for every instrument cooling. The potash is never procuof that kind.

red quite so pure in this way as by elecTo some enquiries respecting the tricity ; but it is fit for analytical pursmallest number of Galvanic combina- poses, and I have obtained it with so tions, and the smallest surface of plates little alloy, as to possess a specific grathat is sufficient to decompose the vity considerably below 8, water befixed alkalis; and also, the best solu. ing 10. I have now by me a compact tion for charging a battery so as to mass produced in an operation, which produce the greatest power, Professor weighs nearly 100 grains." Davy has given the following answer : Mr John Russel has invented a Ba—“' In my early experiments upon rometer on a new and improved conpotassium, I often procured it bystruction, by which the rise and fall means of a battery of one thousand of the Mercury can be ascertained to


in use.

the thousandth part of an inch. The persons of every description, from the Dial is ten inches in diameter, and highest to the lowest ; it is sung

alike presents two Indexes; the one of the in the palace and in the cottage ; and common range, the other pointing out combines every charm of the highest the thousands of an inch. It contains, refinement, and most homely familiabesides, two Registers, (moveable from rity. It formed the era also of the the outside, without the necessity of awaking of the Scottish muse from a opening the machine ;) an accurate long slumber. Poets, indeed, had apThermometer, with the Scales of the peared, and of the first excellence ; Royal Society, Fahrenheit, and Reau- but they had formed themselves altomur, attached.

This instrument is gether on the English model, and had not apt to go out of repair, it does not shunned, with the utmost care, every Tequire oil on the pivots, which, in national peculiarity. The poetry of time, clogs every instrument, and is Burns gave a permanence to our experfectly secured against dust. piring language and manners; it rai

An ingenious method of affixing sed them, with our southern neighletters on the fronts of shops, in place bours, from objects of contempt, to be of painting, has lately been introduced objects of interest and admiration. in this city by Mr John Ruthven. We Under these circumstances, to arunderstand it is applicable for Names range and publish the posthumous and Numbers on doors; the letters works of Burns, becomes a task of pebeing of burnished brass, are rendered culiar delicacy. The public is cumore distinct than the plates at present rious and anxious to see every thing

It is also well adapted for in- which is worthy of himself; but he scriptions on monuments ; the letters, wrote many careless and unguarded being of cast tin, or lead, are not pieces, which a regard to his fame, subject to that decay, which, in the would now consign to oblivion. usual way of cutting out on stone, they

Mr Cromek has, in a very modest are liable to.

and interesting preface, explained the steps by which he was led to under,

take and accomplish this collection. SCOTTISH REVIEW.

He appears, indeed, to have employed

uncommon pains in doing so; and, Reliques of Robert Burns ; consisting tances of Burns, in different quarters

making a round through the acquainchiefly of Original Letters, Poems, of the country, had access to materials and Critical Observations on Scottish Songs Collected and pub- the whole, however, such had been

which had escaped Dr Currie. Upon lished by R. H. Cromek. 8vo. 10s. 6d.

the industry of that gentleman, that

much was not left to be gleaned. are few works, of which This volume, therefore, will not make the title and nature could ex any great addition to the gratification cite such an universal interest through which the admirers of Burns derive out Scotland, as the present. In this from the whole collection. Still, howcountry, Burns has long been the ob- ever, it makes some addition ; and ject of every thing short of idolatry, though a good deal might have been His poetry, with all its excellencies, retrenched without detracting from its is peculiarly and completely Scottish value, yet, we have reason to believe, His humour, his tenderness, his ene that a great and laudable forbearance thusiasm, possess all a certain charac- has been practised, in not inserting ter which makes them exclusively our pieces, which, though they might have own. His poetry addresses itself to been read with avidity, would have



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