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Proceedings of Parliament.


lant and meritorious officer who had led the Friday, Jan. 20.

through such hardships to such glory:

Sir John Moore was among the most vaSET

EVERAL orders were made with re- luable of his country's sons. He had exspect to the hearing of Scots appeals, a

clusively devoted his life to her service, few petitions for the lodgment of new ap- and her interests and her honour were als peals were presented, and several standing ways the first objects in his sight, and the appeals were ordered to be withdrawn, on

cunstant aim of his unwearied exertions. the application of parties; among the latter Such were the high motives that supplied were Strang v. Strang, Souter v. Farquhar, the spring of all his actions, and which son, D. Suuter v. Ditto, Harding v. Ditto, formed a life that proved as useful to his Hamilton v. Borland, anu Wight v. Horch- fellow countrynien as it was glorious to kis.

himself. It required only such a death to The Earl of Liverpool presented copies

consecrate his fall, and to make it a subject of the correspondence relative to the over- of regret to those who can estimate the tures made from Erfurth, on the part of the

void it has left in the country: He conclu. Emperor of ali the Russius and Bonaparte, ded with moving, that the thanks of that which were ordered to lie on the table.

House be given to Sir D. Baird, Lieut.-Gen. (!'hese papers were inserted in last maga- Hope, &c. &c. who took the conimand of zine.)

the army in consequence of the wound reMonday, Jan. 23.

ceived by Lieut.-Gen. Moore, who had so The thanks of the House were unani- gloriously distinguished himself previously mously voted to Sir A. Wellesley, and the

to that fatal disaster. officers and men belonging to the British

Lord Moira was ready most cordially to army that archieved the victories of Roleia conicur in the motion of the Noble Earl, as and Vimiera. Lord Moira wished to have far as it related to the exploits of the army, associated Sir Harry Burrard in the vote ;

and to the merits of the distinguished offibut it was considered, that though officially cer by whom it was commanded. He knew Commander in Chief, that officer took 110 what British woops were capable of, and active or efficient part in the acts which this recent proof of their courage, their conthe House was called upon to recognise and stancy, their discipline, and every virtue honour.

that constitutes the soldier, confirmed the Il'ednesday, Jan. 25.

opinion he was always disposed to entertain

of them. In giving, therefore, his warm THE BATTLE AT CORUNNA. concurrence to the motion, as far as it inLord Liverpool rose to move the thanks cluded the merits of the army and its Geof the House to the Generals and Officers peral, he niust beg leave to observe, thac under whose conduct, and by whose erer. he should not thereby be pledged, by any rions, the signal battle before Corunna had means, to approve of the conduct of those been won, and by whose skill, activity, and who had employed that army in a manner courage, the re-embarkacion of the British the most reprehensible and absurd. in troops had been effected. The subject to Spain was the battle of England, as well as which he had to call the attention of their of Spain, to be fought. The prowlest porLordships was in itself so singular and tion of the British army was sent to fight splendid, that it required no effort on his it. The army fought as might have been part to place it in its proper light. Indeed, expected from its known intrepidity and it spoke too forcibly for itself. The noble discipline; but all its efforts were frustrated Earl then entered into a detail of the ara by the ignorance or incapacity of chose who duous toils and severe privations with which had the direction of our public affairs. In the British army had to war before they their haods nothing prospered; the strength had an opportunity of contending with the as well as the glory of the nation was on enemy. The splendour, however, of that the decline ; in short, we were a sinking glorious victory, he had, in common with country. The blood and the treasure of that House and the country, to regret should the empire were lavished only to purchase have been clouded by the disasters attend- disgrace, and to accelerate our ruin; an e ing it, particularly by the fall of the gulo normous expenditure of men and money Murch 1809.


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had been incurred, to produce no other ef- en the death of a soldier. It was too toply fect than that of uniting the whole Conti. said by his Noble Friend (Lord Moira,) pent against England. We must now de. that we are a sinking country. During the sert Spain as we have deserted Sweden,

short interval of three years the country has and where then would there be an ally for been deprived of the two ablest Statesmen, England. This misconduct of Ministers he to whom she looked with confidence and could not forbear animadverting upon on pride. In that short time she lost an Ad the present occasion; and if he left them miral, whose genius, skill, and courage, caruncensured, he should feel that he deserted ried the British navy's fame to a pre-emithe cause of his brave companions in armis. nence to which it has never before presu.

: Lord Sidmouth concurred in the senti- med to aspire. To those severe losses she ments of his Noble Friend, as far as the ar- has now to add that of Sir John Moore.--. my and its immortal leader were concern. When deprived of such props, may not the ed. It had ever been his opinion, that, un. country be truly said to be a fallen counder whatever circumstances they canie in- try; and how precipitate must be her fall to contact, a British was always superior to if she is to have no better support than the a French army.

abilities of the present Ministers? Lord Mulgrave delivered a most feeling The different motions of thanks were encomium on the merits of Sir ļ. Moore, then agreed to nen. dissent. and expressed his astonishment that the Noble Lords opposite to him could have

Thursday, Jan. 26. mingled with such a subject as that before Lord Liverpool rose to move an address them, discussions, altogether unconnected to his Majesty, for his gracious communi. with it, and which, at best, might well be cations to the House respecting the corres, deferred to a future occasion.

pondence at Erfurth, and to assure his MaLord Erskine took pride to himself in re- jesty, that their Lordships coincided with flecting on the long catalogue of heroes him in opinion, that the only means of prowho adorned the country to which he had curing a safe and honourable peace was by the honour to belong. The names of Moore, a vigorous prosecution of the war. His Baird, Hope, Mackenzie Fraser, Fergusson, Lordship then went into a tedious discusGraham, &c. were now to be added to it. sion of the several papers submitted to the For more than 100 years had his country. public, and inferred that his Majesty would men been thus contributing to the power have acted derogatory to his known honour and the glory of the British empire. But and good faith, had he omitted to stipulate of what avail be their labours, for Spain in the proffered negociation ; and if they were to be exerted under no better that France, having refused to admit the auspices than those of the present Minis- Government acting for Ferdinand the VII. ters?

as a party to the conference, plainly indicaLord Grenville could not give a silent ted that the overtures were hollow and invote on such an occasion. There was no şincere. His Lordship concluded by moy. regret too keen for the loss of such a man ing the address. as Sir John Moore. No praise adequate to Lord Grenville admitted that Ministers the skill and constancy displayed by him in were justified in stipulating for Spairi, and his recent conduct. No commendation too that the overtures from the two Eniperors high for the valour and virtues so eminent- were hollow and insincere: at the same Jy evinced by the army under his command, time he deprecated their conduct in enterduring the unparalleled difficulties and ing into a formal.creaty with the Spanish dangers which they had to encounter. The Government, when it was apparent that greater those sufferings were, the greater Spain could not bear up for two months a the praise of those Generals by whom the gainst the usurpation that threatened it. In army was extricated from them; the greater the course of the evening his Lordship alsa also the responsibility of those who igno- said, that Ministers owed it to the country, yantly, or improvidently, had exposed them and to the memory of the lamented officer to such uncalled for hardships. Ministers, who fell at Corunna, to lay all possible inwho sent them, knew that Bonaparte had formation of the campaign before the House, above an hundred thousand men before that the expediency and wisdom of the them, so as to render attack not only im- measure might undergo a solemn discussion. practicable, but retreat only possible, by the Every hour, he said, brought news of fresh noble, unparalleled exertions they were as disasters, and all, in his mind, was ascribed sembled to commemorate : and what sort to the gross mismanagement of Ministers. of a retreat--a retreat, leaving upon the Lords Sidmouth, Muigrave, and Suffolk, roads and in the mountains of Spain, from and the Lord Chancellor, also delivered 8. to 9000 of our brave men, dying of fa- their sentiments, and the address was cas. Ligue, without one act of courage to sweet

ried without a division.




congratulate ourselves upon a victory which

maintained or augmented the national gloTuesday, Jan. 24.

but that, at the same time, we have had Mr Whitbread begged leave to ask, why, to lament the loss of, at least, some of those in the Extraordinary Gazette, containing an by whom such glory has been atchieved. account of the proceedings of the army un- It is in this manner that nations participate der Sir John Moore, and of the death of Sir the common loc of humanity, and that in John, the public were not favoured with our aggregate, as in our individual capacity; the last dispatch of that gallant and lament- unmixed good, unalloyed prosperity, is not ed officer, of which, it was said, Ministers the lot of man. We have now to lament were in possession ?

an individual, who united all the qualities Lord Castlereagh said, there certainly which could either endear man to man, or was no wish to conceal from the public any the hero to his country.--One consolation, part of the opinion of that gallant officer as however, is not wanting, and this is to be io the situation of affairs in Spain. The found in the splendour of the victory; in communication alluded to was not such as those brilliant circumstances of heroism and could be considered official. It was rather success which accompanied, and, as it were, a confidential communication $o Ministers, crowned his fate. It is in the nature of of which they were to publish such part as things, Sir, that success is in some degree might, in their opinion, be advisable. necessary to human glory; and great as Sir

Gen. Stewart said, he felt it his duty now John Moore might have been, glorious as to state what had been communicated to might have been his fall, his glory would him hy the gallant and lamented offices als have wanted its radiance, had not Fortune luded co. He sent for him previous to his lent her light--had not Victory waved her setting out on his return home, and explain. angel wings, and hovered over her dying ed to him that he had not time to write so child. I will not hesitate to say, that in fully as he wished, but that he should send the long annals of our country, from its by him such account as he could franie at first civilization to the present moment, the moment, in the way of a private and never has there occurred an action, never confidential coniniunication, leaving it to has there been a Commander, to whom the Ministers to publish such parts of it as national gratitude was more due. Woundthey thoughe expedient; observing, at the ed early in the action, and with the certime, that if he sent an officer home without tainty of his approaching dissolution, he any written communication, it might appear yet retained his native magnanimity of strange in the eyes of the public. He (Gen. mind,—he yet retained his sense of duty, Stewart) was satisfied the communication and like the illustrious Roman on record, would, if published, do as much credit to who dying enrobed himself in his purple, the gallant officer, as it would afford satis- that he might die an Emperor, it may be faction to the country. He hoped, there. said of our lamented General, that he died fore, his noble Relation would see no ini- in command died with no other feelings propriety in publishing, if not the whole, than those of his duty as Commander in the greater part of it, as he was certain it Chief, The life of Sir John Moore, tho' must, both to the army and to the country, short in duration, was ample enough for afford the highest satisfaction.

his glory ; his country may have cause to Lord Castlereagh assured the House, that lament his early death, but he has lost noit was his most anxious wish to comply thing by it himself. He had filled up the with any thing which could have formed a circle of his glory-he had traversed big wish of the gallant officer now no more, splendid orbit. I will not diminish the due and as he now understood it to have been effect of his splendid actions by wearying the wish of that gallant officer that his opin the House with a detail of them; but there nion should be known, the communication are one or two points to which I feel it my should be published as far as could be done duty to call more peculiar attention. The consistently with propriety and expediency. first point is, that after a march, the most Wednesday, Jan. 25.

arduous, this illustrious General assembled his army at Salamanca, and assembled them

in a manner, whether as to discipline, to Lord Castlereagh. "Sir, I rise to call the equipment, to the health and spirits of his attention of the House to a subject at once men, which no one, pressed of all the cirmost afflicting and most grateful, a subject cumstances of that march, could have con. which must appeal most powerfully to the ceived to have been possible. The army, feelings of the House. Seldom, indeed, has then at Salamanca, to use his own expresan occasion of any public gratulation occur- sions, more resembled an army on parade, red but what it has been mixed with subjects than a body of men harassed by a long of a contrary nature--seldon have we had to march through countries totally unsuited



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either for the progress or subsistence of the Rear Admiral De Courcy and Rear-Admi.
army. The second point is the retreat he ral Sir S. Hood, and the officers under their
made, when retreat became necessary, and command, for their exertions in aiding the
I will most absolutely take upon myself to enterprize of our troops at Corunna.
say, that such a retreat is without parallel. Also an acknowledgment to the non-
Recall, Sir, to your mind, some of the cir- commissioned officers and seamen, of the
cumstances, as they are given in the official approbation of the House on the same oco
narrative ; an army inferior in numbers, ha- casion.
tassed through a long line of march by the Both resolutions were agreed to nem.con.
overwhelming squadrons of a superior ene-
my, with not a moment of respite either Lord Castlereagh rose, nd made his
from fighting or marching, the physical motion for thanks to Sir Arthur Wellesley,
strength of our soldiers exhausted, and no- and the officers and men under his com..
thing remaining hut their invincible firm. mand, for the brilliant victory they had
ness of mind under these circumstances, obtained at the battle of Vimiera.
Sir, imagine our army to have arrived at This gave rise to a debate of consider-
Corunda, and to have gained the point of able length, Mr Whithread nioved as an
embarkation, when the enemy poured down amendment, that Sir H. Burrard be inclu-
upon them, and compelled them to a con. ded in the vote of thanks.
Aiet under every possible circumstance of General Stewart paid a high compliment
disadvantage, and against an infinice supe. to the distinguished merit of Sir A. Wel-
riority of force, and half of our own army lesley; and, in confirmation of his opinion,
not in a state of battle.--Yet, under all stated the sentiments of a late gallant friend
these circumstances, so coinplete was our of his, Gen. Anstruther, a man for whom
triumph, so glorious was our victory, that he had entertained the sincerest love and
not a wounded man, not a single piece of affection, and who had pronrised to be-
artillery, was left behind. I will not press come one of the brightest ornaments of the
farther upon the attention of the House, British army. That gallant officer, not
.but conclude by moving,

long before his death, had cold hint that it " That an humble Address be presented was impossible to conceive any human exto his Majesty, that he would be gracious- ertion greater than that used by Sir A. ly pleased to order that a Monument be Wellesley during the whole of the can. erected in the Cathedral Church of St paigns in Portugal; that no difficulty arose Paul's to Sir John Moore, who, after an which that illustrious General was not ahonourable life in the service of his coun- ble to obviate; and that he wielded the try, was killed by a cannon ball at Corun- military machine with as niuch ease as the na, where, by judicious arrangements, and mose skilful mechanic managed the instruthe most resolute courage, he repulsed a su- '

ments of his trade. perior enemy, and effected the re-embask- Mr Adam concurred in the general praise ation of the army under his command.” of Sir A. Wellesley, and trusted that his

Lord H. Petty expressed his perfect con- Hon. Friend would be prevailed upon to currence in the motions, and reprobated, in withdraw his amendment. He said it was eloquent terms, the conduet of some minis. impossible for him to speak on this question terial papers, which consulting the suppo, without considerable emotion, as thanks sed defence of its patrons, had inputed the were to follow, among others, to a person . total failure of the expedition to the inca- in whom he felt the deepest interest; he pacity of Sir John Moore. This was to meant General Fergusson, whom he consnatch the merited laurels from the grave sidered not merely as a friend, but as a of the dead,

son, the companion and friend of his sons, The motion was then carried unanimous- who were fighting the battles of their ly; as were, immediately afterwards, other country. That he felt for him a truly pamotions of the Noble Lords, for the thanks rental affection ; and he knew, from the of the House to General Sir D. Baird, and best authority, that Sir A. Wellesley had all the other generals and officers engaged said, that the intrepid gallantry and conin the battle of Corunna, and of high ap- duct with which General Fergusson had probation of the conduct of the non-com- led on his troops to the charge, was the missioned officers and privates of the ar- finest thing he had ever seen in his military my, for the valour displayed by them on service. that day.

Mr Whitbread acquiesced in the suggesLord Castlereagh then said, that as great tion of his Hon. Friend, and withdrew the part of the glory and splendour of the amendment. transaction was owing to the spirit, acti- The following questions were then put vity, zeal, and enterprize of the navy, he by the Speaker: should move the thanks of the House to That the thanks of the House be given

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to Sir A. Wellesley, for his conduct in the stitute. He was very sanguine in believing, battles of the 17th and 21st August : that by this means a sufficient number of

That the thanks be given to Majors-Ge men might be yot, without any material neral Spencer, Hill, and Fergusson, and or very sensible pressure upon the country, Brigadiers-Gen. Nightingale, Bowes, and and concluded with moving, that leave be Fane :

given to bring in a bill to allow a certain That the thanks be given to the non

number of the militia to enter into the recommissioned officers and soldiers who ac. gular army. ted in that engagement.

Mr Tierney, Sir T. Turton, Lord MilAll of which questions passed, with the ton, and other Gentlenen, opposed the single dissentient voice of Lord Folkstone. measure, on the ground of not knowing for

what purpose additional forces could now

be wanted; and that if raised, they ought Lord Castleseagh again rose, to submit not to be trusted to the displosal of the prehis plan for the increase of the regular ar- sent Ministers. my to the consideration of the House. The question being put the House di. The measures adopted by Parliament to- vided : For the motion 77-Against it 26m wards the close of the sessions of 1807, Majority 51. were those he meant now to propose, The bill was then read a first time. namely, to avail himself of the spirit and zeal of the regular militia in volunteering

Friday, Jan. 27. into the line, which had been attended with

The Speaker rose, and, in a most solemn the most beneficial consequences. We had and impressive manner, addressing Sir ArDOW so far proficed by experience, to feel thur Wellesley, conveyed the unanimous a confidence that we night always rely u. thanks of the House for his prowess, skill, pon the spirit of the militia on such occasions : Out of 28,000, which were permit- 21st August, in Portugal.

and gallantry, in the battles of the 17th and ted to volunteer from the militia into the line, more than 27,000 actually did volun

Sir Arthur Wellesley, in a very feeling

manner, returned his thanks to the House, teer within the space of twelve months.

and next to the Speaker, for the very handMany of them had since participated in the glorious battles of Vimiera and Corunna ; thanks of the House to him.

some manner in which he conveyed the and there were doubtless many privates

Sir John Anstruther, in a speech of some now in the militia panting to distinguish length, but almost inaudible, suggested to themselves against the enemy. Upon the the House the propriety of erecting a molast occasion, the deficiency which had nument to the late Gen. Anstruther. been produced in the militia had been

Lord Castlereazh passed an eloquent euspeedily supplied. Within six months not logium on the very eminent services of that less than 41,000 men were raised in Great gallant and unfortunate officer, but said it Britain and Ireland, and had actually join- was not usual for Parliament to vote a moed their head-quarters. This certainly was a heavy pressure upon the country at that died in battle.

nument to any military officer who had not time. The additional proposed pressure Sir Arthur Wellesley bore testimony to should not, however, be laid on the nation, the eminent advantages he derived from except in the case of obvious necessity. that brave officer's services in Portugal. The extent to which he now proposed to

After a few words from Sir James Pul. limit the volunteering would be, that no

teney, to the same effect, the subject regiment of militia should be reduced to

dropped. less than three-fifths of its present force;

THE DUKE OF YORK, and instead of 36,000 men to be raised in England, he should propose only 24,000. Mr Wardle rose to make a motion which He apprehended that it would be impossi- went to arraign the conduct of the Comble to get rid of the ballot alcogether ; but mander in Chief of the army. He felt constill an effort might be made to obtain men scious that he was actuated by no motives by a milder process. He should propose of private or personal hostilicy, but only by that a great part of the expence of raising an ardent zeal for the welfare of his country, the men should be defrayed, not by the and by an honest wish to rescue the intecounties, but by the public. That the pub- rests of the army from a power which had lic should pay a bounty for enlisting-a-long abused them to the worst of purposes. bout ten guineas. If after this the country. It was well known that there had been esshould be compelled to have recourse to a tablished what was called a Fund, ballot, he should propose that the bounty and that this arose from the money derived of :er.

seas should be given to the bal from the sale of commissions which were loted o assist him iu procuring a sul falling in from time to time. The Com


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