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being no Coroner's Inquest held, nor “ Finally, Madrid flatters herself that any civil proceeding taken to inquire she shall find protection in the power into the merits of the case, the House of your Imperial and Royal Majesty, at of Assembly, at its meeting, appointed the same time that your clemency gua. a Committee to inquire into the affair; rantees her happiness. and they made a report, upon which a “ Sire !-Ar the feet of your Impe. message was sent up to his Grace the rial and Royal Majesty." Governor, praying that he would direct To this address Bonaparte returned the proceedings on the Court-martial the following extraordinary answer :and Court of Inquiry to be laid before "I am pleased with the sentiments of the Assembly. The Commander in the city of Madrid. I regret the injuries Chief, General Carmichael, however, she has suffered, and am happy that, forbad all persons under his command under existing circumstances, I have to answer any questions put by the As. been able to effect her deliverance, and sembly, or to attend in person. The to protect her from great calamities. Assembly, in consequence, ordered the " I have hastened to adopt measures Serjeant at Arms to take him into cus. calculated to tranquillize all ranks of tody; and things went to such an ex• the citizens, knowing how painful a state tremity, that the Governor, who appro. of uncertainty is to all men. ved of the conduct of the Commander “ I have preserved the Spiritual Orin Chief, found it necessary to prorogue ders, but limited the number of monks. the Sessions, in order to get instructions There is not an intelligent person who from home.
is not of opinion that they were too numerous. Those of them who are in
fluenced by a divine call shall remain SPAIN.
in their cloisters. With regard to those Bonaparte has not been idle in prose- whose call was doubtful, I have fixed cuting his wonted policy at Madrid, their condition in the order of secular On the 9th of December, the Corregi. priests. But of the surplus of the mo. dor of Madrid, in the name of the manastic property, I have provided for the gistrates and citizens of that capital, maintenance of the pasturs, that imporpresented the following address to Na- tant and useful class of the clergy. I poleon :
have abolished that court which was a “ Sire :--The city of Madrid presents subject of complaint to Europe and the itself at the feet of your Imperial Ma present age. I have accomplished what jesty, to offer you its most respectful I owed to myself and my nation. Ven. thanks for the gracious clemency with geance has had its due. It has fallen u. which your Majesty has been pleased pon ten of the principal culprits; all the to think of the safety and welfare of its rest have entire forgiveness. inhabitants, and the beneficent treat • I have abolished those privileges ment which your Majesty has shown which the Grandees usurped, during towards them, and which the city of times of civil war, when Kings but too Madrid considers as a pledge of for- frequently are necessitated to surrender giveness for all that has occurred in the their rights, to purchase their own tran. absence of our King Joseph, your Ma- quillity and that of their people. I have jesty's brother,
abolished the feudal rights, and hence• The several Colleges constituting forth every one may set up inns, ovens, this Assembly, duly.deliberating on the mills, employ himself in fishing and rabsubject of their meeting, have conclu- bit-hunting, and give free scope to his ded and resolved to entreat your Impe. industry, provided he respects the laws rial and Royal Majesty, that it may and regulations of the police. The selplease you to grant them the favour of fishness, wealth, and prosperity of a seeing King Joseph in Madrid, in or. small number of individuals, were more der that, under his laws, Madrid, with injurious to your agriculture than the all the places under its immediate juris. heat of the dog.days. diction, and the whole of Spain, may at “ As there is but one God, so should length enjoy that tranquillity and hap- there be in a state but one judicial piness which they expect from the be. power. All peculiar jurisdictions were nevolence of his Majesty's character. usurpations, and at variance with the
rights of the nation; I have abolished habitants of the city of Madrid, let the them.
30,000 citizens assemble in the churches; “I have also made known to every let them, in the presence of the holy sa: one what he may have to fear, and what crament, take an oath, not only with he may have to hope. I shall expel the their mouths, but also with their hearts, English army from the Peninsula. Sa- and without any jesuitical equivocation, ragossa, Valencia, Seville, shall be re. that they promise support, attachment, duced to submission, either by persua- and fidelity to their King ; let the priests sion, or by the power of my arms; in the confessional and the pulpit, the There is no obstacle which can long re mercantile class in their correspondence, sist the execution of my resolutions. the men of the law in their writings and
“ But what transcends my power is speeches, infuse these sentiments into this-to consolidate the Spaniards as the people : Then shall I surrender my one nation, 'under the sway of the King right of conquest, place the King upon Should they continue to be infected with the throne, and make it my pleasing task those principles of aversion and hatred to conduct myself as a true friend of the to France, which the partisans of the Spaniards. The present generation may English, and the enemies of the Conti differ in their opinions; the passions have nent, have infused into the bosom of been brought into action; but your Spain, I will establish no nation, no grand-children will bless me as your reKing, no independence among you, if novator; they will reckon the day the King be not assured of your attach when I appeared among their memoment and fidelity.
rable festivals; and from that will the “ The Bourbons can no longer reign happiness of Spain date its commence. in Europe. The divisions in the Royal ment. Family were contrived by the Eng " You are thus, Monsieur le Corre. lish. It was not the dethronement of gidor, informed of the whole of my'deKing Charles, and the favourite, that termination. Consult with your fellow the Duht of Infantado, the tool of Eng. citizens, and consider what part you land, had in view. His intention was will choose; but wbatever it be, make to establish the predominant influence your choice with sincerity, and tell me of England in Spain ; a senseless pro- only your genuine sentiments.” ject, the result of which would have Thus it appears that the cession of been a perpetual Continental war, that Charles and Ferdinand, and the prowould have caused the shedding of tor. ceedings at Bayonne, have been forgotrents of blood. No power under the ten; and that Bonaparte now founds his influence of England can exist on the usurpation and disposal of the crown of Continent. If there be any that enter- Spain on the right of conquest. tain such a wish, their wish is absurd, According to the French accounts, and will sooner or later occasion their the demands of Bonaparte were speedily fall.
complied with by the terrified inhabi. " It would be easy for me to govern
tants of Madrid. “ That capital (say Spain, by establishing as many Viceroys they) exhibits an extraordinary sight. in it as there are provinces. Neverthe- Registers were opened in 64 quarters. less, I do not refuse to abdicate my Thirty thousand fathers of families rushright of conquest in favour of the King, ed to these in a crowd, and have signand to establish him in Madrid, as soon ed a supplication to his Majesty, in as the 30,000 citizens which this capi- which they entreat him to put an end tal contains, the clergy, nobility, merch to their misfortunes, by granting them ants, and lawyers, shall have declared his august brother, Joseph, as King. their sentiments and their fidelity, set At the same time, the Host was ele. an example to the provinces, enlighten vated all the churches. The priests ed the people, and made the nation sen.. attended at the altars.
All honest men, sible that their existence and prosperity even those of the lowest classes of socieessentially depend upon a King and a ty, enlightened by the calamities that free Constitution, favourable to the peo- fell on them in consequence of the abple, and hostile only to the egotism and sence of the Government, eagerly flockhaughty passions of the Grandees. ed to take the oath of fidelity to their “ If such be the sentiments of the in new Sovereign."
These accounts further state, that the by the agents of England, and that 8000 Marquis of Santa Cruz, the Prince of men, belonging to the city and its enCastel Franco, and Count Altamira, who virons, were in arms. The Duke of were all members of the Junta held at Dalmatia had to resolve upon opening Bayonne last summer, and who, after the trenches ; but, from the 24th to the taking the oath of allegiance to their 25th, various movements were manifest King, Joseph Napoleon, abandoned him, in the town. The 17th regiment of and joined the insurgents, had been light infantry had repaired to Mugararrested at Madrid, and sent to Bay- dus; the 31st regiment of light infanonne about the end of December. try was at the forts of La Palma and
The Madrid gazette states that Bo- Saint Martin, and at Lagrona ; and as naparte had reviewed the whole of his they blockaded the fort Saint Philip, principal lines. There is a very long the people began to fear the consequenarticle, occupying no less than four sup ces of an assault, and to listen to men of plementary sheets, on the utility of the On the 26th, three flags of truce, abolition of the, feudal rights and the furnished with authority, and the annex. convents, together with the great pub. ed letter, arrived at the head-quarters, lic advantage that must result from the and signed the surrender of the place. sale of church property. At the end “On the 27th, at seven o'clock in the of each of the supplementary sheets is morning, the town was occupied by the inserted an advertisement for the sale division of Mermet, and by a brigade of of the church property.
dragoons. On the same day the garri. On the 22d of January Joseph Bona son was disarmed; the disarming also parte made his second public entry into produced sooo muskets. The people Madrid.A sullen silence reigned thro' who do not belong to Ferrol have been the whole city.
remanded to their villages. The men Napoleon Bonaparte suddenly left who had stained themselves with blood Spain about the 17th of January. He during the insurrection, have been arappeared at the opera in Paris unex rested. Admiral Obregon, whom the pectedly on the 27th. The secret rapi. people had arrested during the insurdity of his motions does not surprise.us; rection, has been put at the head of the and we are told the object of his present arsenal. There have been found in the journey is to prepare for an attack upon port three vessels, of, 112 guns, two of Austria, who has positively refused to ac. 88, one of 74, two of 64, three frigates, knowledge Joseph Bonaparte as King of and a considerable number of corvettes, Spain, and who has for some time been brigs, and unarmed vessels, more than making great military preparations. 1500 pieces of cannon of every size, and
The following is the French account ammunition of all kinds. It is probable of the operations of their army in Gals that, but for the precipitate retreat of licia, after the embarkation of the Eng- the English, and the affair of the 16th, bish at Coruona.
they would have occupied Ferrol, and " The Duke of Dalmatia being arrived seized this beautiful squadron. at Ferrol, caused the place to be invest. “ The military and naval officers ed. Negotiations were begun. The ci. have taken the oath to King Joseph vil authorities, and the military and na with the greatest enthusiasm. What val officers, manifested a disposition to they relate of their sufferings from the surrender; but the people, fomented by lowest classes of the people and the Engthe spies whom the English had left, re lish, is inconceivable. Order reigns in sisted.
Gallicia, and the authority of the new “ On the 24th Jan. the Duke of Dal. King is re-established in this province, matia received two messengers, one sent one of the most considerable in the Spaby Admiral Massaredo, Commander of nish monarchy. the Spanish squadron, and the other, “ General Laborde has found at Cowho came across the mountains, sent runna, on the sea-shore, seven pieces of by the military Commanders. These · cannon, which the English had buried couriers' were both sent without the on the 16th, not being able to take koowledge of the people. They stated them away, La Romana, abandoned that the authorities were under the yoke by the English and his own troops, has of a furious populace, excited and paid died with 5000 men, in order to throw
himself into Andalusia. There remain the command of General Moncey. The ed at Lisbon only about 4000 or 5000 conduct of General Palafox furnishes Engtishmen. All the hospitals and all several anecdotes highly worthy of rethe magazines were embarked, and the lation. The French General sent in a garrison were preparing to abandon this fing of truce with a summions, promising nation, as indignant at the perfidy of the him a very advantageous capitulation. English, as they are disgusted by the The instant he read this proposal, Ge: difference of manners and religion, by neral Palafox was transported with inthe continual and brutal intemperance dignation, and his feelings burst forth of the British troops, and that arrogance in these clevated expressions :-“ Ne. and ill-founded pride which render this ver can I capiculate or surrender; talk nation odious to the Continent." of that when I am dead.". Being tur.
Thus it appears that a full week ther told that all Spain was in the power elapsed after the embarkation of our of the French, and that he could have troops, before Ferrol was in the posses no hope of establishing a communicasion of the French. The populace here, tion with any other country, he replied, as in other parts of Spain, were deter * My communications are open with mined to defend themselves, and here, every part of Spain, and with the whole as at Madrid, they were betrayed by worid; and if they were cut off, my men in officiai situations. This pusil- bayonets would again restore them.” lanimity of the upper ranks is one of the He added, that he was not in a situamost deplorable parts of the Spanish tion to apply for a capitulation ; “ for,” character. No effort can succeed ; no said he, “ if I had only a fifth part of the revolution was ever accomplished; no soldiers that I actually have, I should insurrection ever prospered, unless it still vanquish you, as the plains of Ar• was contrived and supported by the ragon covered with your dead can tes- higher ranks of society.
tify, and being now at the head of a The reverses in the north of Spain, numerous and invincible army, I will and the retreat and embarkation of the endeavour to effect your total extermiBritish army, have not at all diminished nation." the ardour of the Spaniards in the south Saragossa was closely blockaded by of Spain. They are arming with the the French, but continued vigorously to greatest activity, and the force under hold out, and the gallant Palafox had the Duke d’Infantado is increasing daily, proved successful in several sorties lateOn the ist of January it consisted of ly made by him from that renowned 24,000 infantry and 3000 cavalry. Be- fortress. The patriots had also beer sides these, 8000 men were on their successful in several actions in Catamarch from Estremadura, and 11,000 lonia, and advanced to the town of Fi. from Carolina ; so that, on the 23d of gueras, and destroyed the French mathat month, the Duke would have gazine at that place. 45,000 select, troops 1:ader his immedi The Supreme Junta having discovere ate command; and, in the mean while, ed that a treasonable correspondence an army of reserve was forming. The was carried on between some of the advanced guard of the Duke's army had leading characters of Cadiz and the late been defeated by the Duke of Belluno Governor, the traitor General Morla, -1000 men were made prisoners, and measures have been adopted, by which 20 pieces of cannon were taken by the the correspondence has been intercepenemy. The Duke was at Albacete.
ted. A number of arrests took place Saragossa still holds out, and if the on the 2d of February, and the most se. Spanish and Portugueze accounts are rious apprehensions were entertained correct, the French have lost a vast the following day, lest the indignation number of troops before it. The fol- and fury of the populace should lead to lowing statement appeared in the Spa. sanguinary excesses. nish papers :
The accounts from Cadiz of the 31st Badajox, Feb. 3._ Yesterday a Saragos. Jan. state that the Spaniards were then san Journal was received here, contains making every possible preparation to ing the particulars of the recent siege increase and strengthen the fortifica: of that city, which was attacked by tions of that city ; a great part of the from 45,000 to 5c,cco French, under arsenal of Seville was removing thither;
the Spaniards in that direction conti no time in rèmonstrating against the nued tirm in their determination to re violence of the proceeding; and the sist, by every means in their power, Government published the following the progress of the enemy; and their proclamation :efforts for that purpose were every day * Just representations having been iacreasing. Preparations were making made to the Governors of the kingdom, ar Seville for the reception of the 40th of insult offered in this capital to the British regiment, which was on its military and civil officers of the army march thither from Portugal.
and navy of his Britannic Majesty, and It appears that all the cannon in the to individuals attached and belonging lines of St Roque had been removed in to the British embassy in Portugal: to Gibraltar for the purpose of being The Governors of the kingdom are persent to Tortosa, in Catalonia.
fectly aware that those outrages proceed We learn with great pleasure that the from the perfidious suggestions of the French and Spanish squadrons were enemy of this kingdom, who, convinmoving to the outer harbour. The nu ced that the power and strength of such merous French prisoners, confined both a generous and useful ally oppose an inon board the hulks and in the city, vincible obstacle to the atrocious pro• were to be sent to Minorca and Ma- ject of subduing the peninsula, endeajorca.
vour, by every means in their power, to destroy the harmony which so fortunate
ly'subsists between Portugal and Great PORTUGAL.
Britain. They therefore think it right
to counteract the diabolical measures of Contrary to the expectation of every that plot, and accordingly declare, ir person in this country, the French had the name of his Royal Highness the not entered Portugal on the 16th Feb. Prince Regent, our Lord, that they are the date of the latest dispatches from determined to punish as disturbers of Lisbon ; nor did the Portugueze seem the public peace, and enemies to the to be under any apprehension of an im state, all such persons as shall offer any mediate visit from them. The people insult to individuals belonging to the of Portugal are said to be arming with British army, who may be easily distingreat enthusiasm, and formidable lists guished by their military uniform, and of armies already raised have been gi• to the civil officers of the same arven. For our part, we do not believe my and navy, or to persons attached that the Portugueze will attempt to re to the said British embassy, who shall sist the approach of a French army. be furnished with proper certificates The nation is too much degenerated to which prove the service and employ adnit of such energy ; nor, admitting they hold. the populace to be so inclined, could - The Governors of the kingdom are any leader of sufficient abilities be found perfectly satisfied that all true Portu. in Portugal to head them.
gueze are sensible how inuch it is their Some disturbances have taken place duty to contribute to the preservation in Lisbon, and the British, it appears, of the harmony which so happily subhave not escaped insult. The follow sists between the two powers; and that ing is the account of the affair that has it is only by the union of their forces, been published:-Mr Villiers, our Am. and by the powerful assistance of the bassador at Lisbon, and his suite, had British army, their 'national indepen. made every preparation for embarking dence can be asserted. They therefore on board the Venus Danish frigate. His hupe that they, on their part, will hearown baggage, and that of his suite, were tily join in such measures as tend to on the wharfs, and at the moment when prevent the ill informed or seduced from they were about to be put on board, a insulting the subjects of his Britannic Portugueze mob, suspecting that some Majesty, a most beloved Monarch, who, of the remains of the treasure of Portu. by his firmness and wisdom, has discongal had been secreted, seized the bag. certed the plans of the tyrant of Eugage, and with it seized the servants rope, and who, by means of his genein the suite of Mr Villiers, who were rous assistance, restored us to indepenthrown into prison. Mr. Villiers tost dence, sacrificing his gallant' troops in