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It is urged, that had the French been where cattle can be procured in the counpushed to extremity, they would have try, this difficulty cannot be well pleaded, crossed the Tagus, and have protracted the if admission is to be given to the speculacampaign in such a manner as to have frus- tion, that the heavy cannon necessary for trated the more important view of the Bri- batcering forts St Julien and Cascaes were tish Generals-namely, sending succours to be got ashore in the bays of the rock of into Spain.
Lisbon. The question then comes to this, This measure must have been equally whether the convention did (as has been feasible for the French if no victory had asserted) secure all the objects which were been obtained over them; but confess proposed by the expedition ? If it did not, that the chance of such an attempt seems it was not what his Majesty was entitled to to me assumed against probability. Sir H. expect from the relative situation of the Dalrymple notices what he calls “ the cri- two armies. tical and embarrassed state of Junot,” be- I humbly conceive it to have been errofore that General had been pressed by the neous to regard the emancipation of PortuBritish army; and, in explanation of that tugal from the French, as the sole or the expression, observes, that the surrender of principal object of the expedition. Upon Dupont, the existence of the victorious whatever territory we contend with the Spanish army in Andalusia, which cut off French, it must be a prominent object in the retreat of the French in that direction, the struggle to destroy their resources, and and the universal hostility of the Portu- narrow their means of injuring us, or those gueze, made the situation of Junot one of whose cause we are supporting. This great distress. No temptation for the trans- seems to have been so little considered in lation of the war into Alentejo presents its the convention, that the terms appear to self from this picture; nor does any other have extricated Junot's army from a situarepresentation give ground to suppose that tion of infinite distress, in which it was Junot could have contemplared the mea- wholly out of play, and to have brought it, sure as holding forth any prospect but ulti- in a state of entire equipment, into immemate ruin, after much preliminary distress diate currency, in a quarter too where it and disgrace. The strongest of all proofs must interfere with our most urgent and as to Junot's opinion, arises from his send. interesting concerns. ing, the very morning after the battle of Had it been impracticable to reduce the Vimiera, to propose the evacuation of Por: French army to lay down its arms uncontugal; a step which sufficiently indicated ditionally, still an obligation not to serve that he was satisfied he could not only for a specified time might have been inmake no effectual defence, but could not sisted upon,' or Belleisle might have been even prolong the contest to take the chance prescribed as the place at which they should of accidents. He seems, indeed, to have 'be landed, in order to prevent the possibibeen without any real resource.
lity of their reinforcing (at least for a long It appears in evidence, that of the troops time) the armies employed for the subjugaleft by him in Lisbon and the fores, a con- tion of Spain. Perhaps a stronger considersiderable proportion were of very doubtful ation than the merit of those terms presents quality. Those troops on whose fidelity he itself. Opinion relative to the British arms could confide, had been dismayed by a sig- was of the highest importance, as it might nal defeat, and they were sensible that they influence the confidence of the Spaniards, had no succour to look for from abroad. -- or invite the nations groaning under the To the British generals it was known, when yoke of France, to appeal to this country, the armistice was granted, that 10,000 men and co-operate with it for their deliverance. under Sir J. Moore, as well as the 3d and The advantages ought, therefore, to have and 42d regiments of foot, with the 18th been more than usually great, which should dragoons, might be immediately reckoned be deemed sufficient to balance the objecupon; and although much advantage had tion of granting to a very inferior army, not been drawn from the Portuguese troops, hopeless in circumstances, and broken in their support, and the general violence of spirit, such terms as might argue, that notthe country against the French, cannot be withstanding its disparity in numbers, it laid out of this calculation.
was still formidable to its victors. No adThe disparity of force and circumstances vantages seem to have been gained that was, then, such as could leave no doubt would not have equally followed from forthat the issue must be favourable to us. Icing the
to a more marked submisdo not omit adverting to the difficulties sion. The gain of time as to sending sucurged as possible to occur in furnishing the cours into Spain, cannot be admitted as a British army with bread. But putting plea; because it appears that no arrangeaside the obvious solution, that such a tem- ments for the reception of our troops in porary privation is not ruinous to an army Spain had been undertaken previous to the
convention; and this is reasoning without Very well, Sir, you may do so if you subsequent facts.
please.” The witness went below, and orThe convention in Egypt, which has dered the clerk to disrate him at the Capbeen advanced as a parallel case, appears to tain's request. In the course of between me inapplicable. No object beyond the ten and fifteen minutes, he went on deck, dislodgement of the French from Egypt and reported that he had desired the clerk was there in question. In the present in- to disrate him ; did not see the prisoner at stance, the operation of the convention that time. About three quarters of an upon the affairs of Spain was a considera- hour after, the witness was standing on the tion of primary interest ; and in that view poup, Capt. B. was standing with his back the inevitable effect of some of the articles towards him on the larboard gang. ladder, offers itself to my mind as liable to material looking at the sails, when the witness obobjection.
served the pristmur turn round the capstan, I trust that these reasons will vindicate and when at the distance of five or six feet me from the charge of presumption, in from Capt. B. observed him present a pismaintaining an opinion contradictory to tol at the back of Capt. B. The witness that professed by so many most respectable rushed from the poop with an intent to seize officers; for, even if the reasons be essen- him, but before he reached him, he had tially erroneous, if they are copclusive to discharged the contents in the back of Capt. my mind (as I most consciously affirm them B. He then flew to the assistance of the to be,) it is a necessary consequence that I Captain, who, turning round, with one must disapprove of the convention.
hand took hold of the stanchion, exclaimed, Dec. 27. ISOS.
MOIRA, General. " I am shot! who has shot me?" and fell
into my arms. Many flew to his assistance, TRIAL FOR MURDER.
The witness rushed from him in the agitaOn Monday, Dec. 19. à Court Martial tion of his mind, to have put an end to was held on board the Salvador del Mun
the prisoner ; wben Mr Steventon the first do, in Plymouth harbour, on James Smith, Lieut. requested he would not do any thing the master's mate of his Majesty's sloop of to the prisoner, as he was then secured. war the Parthian, on a charge preferred by He then assisted in conveying Captain B. Lieut. Steventop of that ship, for the mur. to his cabin, and continued with him for der of Capt. Balderston, on Monday, 12th about fifteen minutes, when he thought, December. The Court was composed as from his speaking so sensibly, there might follows:
yet be hopes, and the first Lieutenant immeAdmiral Sutton, President.
diately gave me a boat to go to Dr BeatCapt. Scott,
Capt. Broke, tie, his friend. He found Dr Beattie at Rodd,
Quilliam, home, who immediately went off; but unSeymour,
Smith, fortunately Capt. B. had expired five miSir Wm. Bolton.
nutes before they reached the ship. The members of the Court being sworn, The Prosecutor then asked Mr Snape if the prosecutor, Lieut. T. Steventon's nar
Captain B. was ever made acquainted with rative, was read, and the following witnes- the person who killed him? ses examined :-The purser deposed, that A. He was : when the Captain was lyon Monday the 12th, about one o'clock, he ing on the sofa, he looked round, and askwas walking on the starboard side of the ed who had shot him ; saying, “ was it a quarter-deck, when he heard Capt. B. in- great gun?” The Second Lieutenant, Mr quire for the prisoner, requesting to know Schulcz, told him it was the prisoner ; un why he was not on deck, and desired he which he replied, " I know, I know;" and might be immediately sent for. In the looking round, said, “ If I have injured any course of two or three minutes the prisoner of you, God forgive me.” I requested to came up, saying, " Did you send for me, hear if he had any thing particular to say, Sir?" Capt. B. replied, " why was you not when he replied, « I have two sisters; tell on deck at a time like this, when the ship them I am very sorry for the trouble I have was getting under weigh?”. The prisoner given them.” replied, “I was never told;" when Capt. Mr Galbraith, surgeon, was then examiB. replied, " that was no excuse, and for ned. He said, " the balls or slugs entered his general bad conduct since he had been the lower part of Capt. B's back, a little to in the ship, he would disrate him, as neglect the right side, and passed out at the belly, of duty was a thing he never forgave in a little below the navel. Near the last any oficer;" at the same time saying to the wound, under the integuments, I could feel witness who was on the other side of the two hard substances, which I supposed to quarter deck," Mr Snape, disrate him.” The be slugs. I then reported to the Lienteprisoner then said in a most contemptuous nant that the Captain was mortally wounta manner, (crossing bis hauds over his body) ed. He was carried below to his o: 107
bin, where I staid by him until he expired, time spent in prayer, he took leave of the about an hour and a half."
clergyman,' made the usual signal, when Mr Hammick produced three slugs, which the latal bow-gun was fired, and he was he found in the body of the deceased after run up to the fore-yard-arm, and launched he was brought on shore.
into eternity. After hanging an hour, his Mr Coombes, midshipman, stated, that body was put into a shell, and conveyed to after the prisoner came below, he saw him the Royal Naval Hospital for interment. sitting, leaning on his elbow ; he spoke to Smith was a native of St Croix, in the himself, and said, " What am I broke for ? West Indies ; his father British, his mother I will be revenged;" and knocked his hand a native of the island. It is hoped his meon the table. He took the piscol from a lancholy fate will operate as a serious warna side chest close to the bulk-head, and ran ing to other inferior officers in the Royal up the ladder.
Navy, how they give way to passionate reThe evidence for the prosecution being venge, when reprimanded by their superior closed, the President asked the prisoner officers for neglect of duty. what he had to say? Prisoner I have no Capt. Balderston was only 25 years of witnesses, and I do not see what use it will age, an excellent officer, and greatly belobe for me to make any defence; I leave it ved by his officers and men. to the Court to judge as they think proper."
On this the Court was cleared, and, after having deliberately weighed the evi- DRURY LANĘ THEATRE DESTROYED BY dence in support of the charge, was of opi
FIRE. nion it was fully proved; and adjudged him Lo be hanged by the neck unti
To the destruction of Covent Garden
he was dead, at the yard-arm of one of his Majes Theatre by fire, (see vol. 70. p. 870.) ty's ships, and at such time as the Right
we have now to add the destruction of Hon. the Lords Commissioners of the Ad- Drury Lane Theatre, on Friday, Feb. miralty shall please to direct.
24. by the same cause ; and thus, within The doors being opened, and the audi- five months, the two great theatres of ence re-admitted, the sentence was pro- the metropolis of London have been nounced accordingly; after which Rear- burnt-one of them, the theatre of Dru. Admiral Sutton addressed the prisoner as
ry Lane, for elegance of design and de. follows:-“ After the solemn and awful sentence just pronounced upon you, for the coration, for the lightness and yet the foul murder of your captain, manifesting; of the coup d'æil which the interior of
solidity of its structure, for the beauty by the nature of the act, a mind of the most depraved assassin, you cannot expect
the theatre presented, unparalleled permercy, even from the unremitting huma- haps in Europe. nicy of a benevolent Sovereign : therefore, The fire began in what was called the for the remaining period of your existence Chinese lobby, that is, the lobby underin this life, lose not an instant in preparing neath the grand lobby which faced yourself, by every possible means, for the Brydges Street. This Chinese lobby awful tribunal before which you must soon was the second entered going into the appear " On Monday, Dec. 26. the execution of usually but ill-lighted, and from it as
Theatre from Brydges Street; it was this unfortunate man took place on board the Parthian, in Hamoaze, Plymouth. At
cended two stair.cases to the main pas. eight o'clock in the morning, the signal of sages and lobbies level with the back of a yellow flag was hoisted on board the flag- the front boxes. According to the oriship, and repeated by a gun and a similar ginal plan of the Theatre, this Chinese sigual from the l'arthian. A boat, manned lobby was intended to be surrounded and armed, was sent from each ship to at- with shops, for the sale of various artitend round the Parthian. Mr Smith had cles, such as gloves, fruits, &c. This been extremely penitent since his convic. lobby was nearly ready, the varnishers rion, and was employed in prayer the whole
were at work rather late on Friday of the preceding night, with the chaplain of night, and from vegligence the fire hapthe Salvador del Mundo. At eight o'clock he received the sacrament, and at nine, at
pened. How it happened is not exacttended by the provost marshal, with a
ly known; but it is known that the drawn sword, ascended from his cabin, ac
varnish caught fire, and that almost incompanied by the clergyman, to the plat- stantly the whole Theatre was in a blaze, form on the forecastle of the Parthian. the varnish being such combustible matTwo double-headed shot were then sus. ter, newly laid on the walls, and much pended round his ancles, and, after a short of it lying about į though the fire was
immediately discovered by a gentleman Tavistock Street. These books and of the name of Kent, passing in Bryd- papers, with the articles from Mrs Jorges Street, yet there was no possibility dan's rooms, were the only things saof getting it under. No performance ha- ved. The persons interested in the ving taken place that night, it being Theatre speedily arrived ; but these, to. Oratorio night, there was but one watch- gether with the performers, were in man or two and a porter in the house ; time to witness the destruction of the and as the fire began at the most remote property. At this moment Mr Peake, part from their usual stations, it had ac- the treasurer, arrived, in a s:ate of agi. quired an unconquerable height before tation not easily to be described, and, they were aware of its having begun. against the repeated advice of his friends, The supply of water on the top of the resolutely went to the treasury, and suc. Theatre was quite useless, the flames ceeded in getting away other private being up there as soon as any person papers. The Theatre was at this time could have reached the roof, and the left to its fate, and the appearance was iron curtain, which, in case of fire, it awfully and tremendously grand. Newas intended to drop in the centre of ver before was heheld so immense à the house, at the front of the stage, body of flame, and the occasional explothus to save one half of it at least, had sions that took place were awful in apbeen found so rotten, and the machine- pearance beyond description. The in. ry so impracticable, that it had been re- terior was most completely destroyed moved.
by one o'clock. In less than a quarter of an hour the When the leaden cistern fell in, it fire spread in one unbroken flame over produced a shock like an earthquake, the whole of the immense pile, extend. and the burning matter forced up into ing from Brydges Street to Drury Lane, the air resembled a shower of rockets so that the pillar of fire was not less than and other artificial fireworks. Some of 450 feet in breadth. It is impossible the houses partially caught fire in Rusfor the mind to conceive any thing more sel Street; but the engines, with a plenmagnificent than this spectacle, if the tiful supply of water, continued to play idea of the horror and ruin which it on the houses contiguous to the Theabrought on the sufferers could have been The advantage of having a great separated from the sublimity of the ob- public structure of this kin
in an in. ject. In about thirty minutes after its sulated situation was apparent upon commencement the Apollo on the top this awful and melancholy occasion. fell into the pit, and soon after the Although the engines could not arrest whole of the roof also fell.-Mr Kent, the progress of the flames in the 'Theaaccompanied by two others, proceeded tre, they were able to play upon the by way of the stage to the spot on fire, surrounding buildings, and thus saved and at that time it was confined to the the neighbourhood from destruction. saloon under the coffee-room which In contemplation of fire, there was a re. fronts Brydges Street. In a very few servoir full of water on the top of the minutes the whole of that part of the building, which fell in. Of its quantiTheatre, together with the front row ty, and that supplied by the engines, of boxes, were on fire, and the rapidi. some idea may be formed from the ar. ty of the flames was such, that before pearance of the street, in the vicinity. twelve o'clock the whole of the interior The whole line from the Theatre down of the Theatre was one blaze. At the to St Clement's Church, which had been suggestion of a gentleman present, Mrs perfectly dry only an hour before, was Jordan's dressing room was broken on scarcely passable at two o'clock, from pen, and her bureau, the looking glas. the depth of water upon it. Neither ses, &c. were conveyed away. · The the burning of Covent Garden Thea. treasury was next looked to, some gen- tre, nor the late fire at St James's Pa. tlemen present having directed the at- lace, can be compared, interrific grantention of about a dozen persons, who deur, with the fire of Drury Lane. The were in the house, thither, and all the Thames appeared like a sheet of fire, books, papers, &c. were conveyed away Several Members of Parliament quitto the houses of Mr Grubb, Mr Row. ted the House of Commons and went upon ley, in Russel Street, and Mr Kent, of Westminster Bridge, to view the flames,
which, from that point, présented a
FATAL DUEL. spectacle more sublimely terrific than On Tuesday morning February 28, about any that has been witnessed in the ca- nine o'clock, a meeting took place at Chalk pital since the fire of 1666. Those who Farm, bet ween' Lord Falkland, a captain recollect how beautiful and conspicuous in the royal tavy, and Powell, Esq. of an object the Theatre appeared from
Devonshire Place, an intimate friend of nis the Bridge, may form some conception Royal Highness the Duke of Clarence. of the awful spectacle it exhibited. They were attended to the ground by two
friends not known. The distance of ten The night was uncommonly fine, and the body of the fames spread such a
paces being stepped, and the pistols loaded mass of light over the metropolis, that
by the seconds, the parties took their
ground, when, by etiquette, Mr Powell beevery surrounding object glittered with
ing entitled to the first shot, his ball fatally the brightness of gold. About half-past entered the right groin of Lord Falkland. twelve parts of the outward walls, both
He was attended by Mr Heaviside the surin Russel Street and Vinegar Yard, fell geon. The cause of this fatal duel arose down, and completely blocked up the froni, as it is said, a misunderstanding that passages.
At three o'clock the flames took place the night before at Stevens's hohad early subsided, and that once mag
tel in Bond Street, from Lord Falkland's nificent structure presented to the view
addressing Mr Powell by the familiar apnothing but an immense heap of ruins. pellation of Poggy ; on which the latter exAt five o'clock the flames were com
pressed much displeasure, remarking that
he had not the honour of being sufficientl plete.y subdued.
acquainted with him to entitle his Lord. The building of the Theatre cost 200,000l. Of the immense property of from Lord F. a sarcastic reply, accompa
ship to take so great a liberty.” This drew all sorts, in scenery, machinery, dresses, nied by some threats; on which Mr P: decorations, music, instruments, plays, rejoined, that " he had that in his hand &c. of which nothing was saved, no (meaning his stick) which would defend estimate can be formed.
him against any menace,
even from a If the Theatre cost 200,000l. in build
Lord.” Lord F. on the instant snatched ing fifteen years ago, it cannot now be
a cane from some Gentleman in the room, rebuilt for 300,000l. It was insured on.
and, as it is reported, struck Mr P many
severe blows with it. Mr Powell has ally for something more than forty thousand pounds, in the following offices :
ways been esteemed, by a nụmerous body
of most respectable friends and acquaint5000 British,
ance, as one of the best tempered and most 13,000 Imperial 6500 Globe,
inoffensive men that exists. After the duel, 10,000 Hope,
41,000 Lord Falkland was conveyed to the house On Saturday morning, about three o'. of Mr Powell in Devonshire Place, in the clock, one of the fragments of the wall latter gentleman's carriage. Lady Falk in Russell Street, in falling into the land was kept ignorant of this calamitous street, killed a poor man, who was in- event nearly che whole of the day, at her discreetly standing at a door opposite to
apartments at Durant's Hotel, from no the place. Another person was wound
friend having sufficient fortitude ro impart ed, but not severely. The walls tell to
to her the melancholy event.' About seven the ground, at intervals, as the fire con
o'clock in the evening, however, she received some information respecting
and sumed the timbers in their centre; but proceeded, with her children, to Devonthe danger was visible from the cracks, shire l’lace to visit his Lordship. An opeand they generally fell in wards. Thro' ration was attempted to be performed next the whole night, however, the tottering day, for the purpose of extracting the ball, fragments hung in the most tremendous but we understand it failed. His Lordship form, and raised the most lively atten. languished in great pain till two o'clock on tion of the spectators who watched their Thursday morning, when he expired, to the fall.
great grief of his Lady and infant family. On Saturday evening, at six o'clock, blame in this fatal rencontre, declaring that
His Lordship acquitted Mr Powell of all tbe wall at the cast end fell with a tre.
he alone was in fault. Lord F kland was mendous crash on the side next Drury esteemed an extremely active officer. He Lane.
was pleasant and lively in company, but A high paling fence has been proper- yield d too much to convivial excess, which ly erected round all the avenues to pro- occasioned his dismissal from the command tect the passengers from further accident. of the Quebec frigate in Sept. 1807. March 1809,