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position, set about compiling a diction. I shall scarcely seem to transgress ary of the Pooshta language, which, them, by the short and easy transition with the assistance of his own learned thence, to the language of China. I Affghans, he accomplished in the space am in truth strongly inclined, whe

, of one year ; a work, which I am able ther regularly or not, to deal one ento say, on better authority than my couraging word, to the meritorious, own, does high credit to the spirit and and I hope not unsuccessful effort, exertion, as well as to the learning and making, I may say, at the door of our capacity of the Rohilla chief. College, though not admitted to its

The Malay language is that of portico, to force that hitherto impregtrade and general intercourse on the nable fortress, the Chinese language. shores of the Eastern Isles, as well as The means we all know, that, in the on the Malay Peninsula. In our set- present circumstances, can be employ.. tlements on the Prince of Wales's ed in that difficult undertaking, are Island, and on Sumatra, it is of the very inconsiderable. The honour is same importance as the Hindoostanee so much the greater to those, whose and Persic taken together, in this part enterprize seems already to have openof India; for, in addition to its being ed at least a prospect of success. Three the language of general intercourse, it young men, I ought, indeed, to say, is also that of deeds, official papers, boys, have not only acquired a ready

, and records 'It is, therefore, satisfac- use of the Chinese language for the tory to know, that this medium of purpose of oral communication, which, human knowledge is not entirely ne- I understand, is neither difficult nor glected. At Penang, Mr Shaw has rare, amongst Europeans connected made considerable progress in publish- with China, but they have atchieved

; ing a grammar of the Malay language. in a degree worthy of admiration, that This work, by the accounts of it which which has been deemed scarcely withhave reached me, will be found to con- in the reach of European faculties or tain a considerable mass of every vaindustry ; I mean a very extensive luable material. Mr Shaw has sought and correct acquaintance with the for his information at the fountain written language of China. I will head; both in the most approved Ma;

not detail the particulars of the exalay compositions, and at the courts of mination which took place on the 10th the Rajahs of that country, where he of this month at Serampore, in the has the merit of having resided for the Chinese language, the report of which laudable purpose of improving his however I have read with

great interknowledge of the language.

est, and recommend to the liberal noThe same language has been suc- tice of those whom I have the honour cessfully cultivated by Mr Raffles, Se- to address. It is enough for my precretary to the Government of Prince

sent purpose to say, that these young of Wales's Island, who, much to his pupils read Chinese books and tranhonour, has been long employed in slate them; and they write composicompiling a Code of Addat Malaya, tions of their own in the Chinese lana or Malay Laws, from the best authori- guage and character. A Chinese press ties in the Malay and Bouguese lan- too is established, and in actual use. guage.

In a word, if the founders and supIf I have not passed beyond the porters of this little College have not legitimate bounds of this discourse, yet dispelled, they have at least rent

, in ranging to the extremity of and admitted a dawn of day through those Countries, and to the furthest that thick and impenetrable cloud, , island of that vast Archipelago in they have passed that oceanum dissociawhich the Malay language prevails, bilem, which for so many ages has in



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sulated that vast Empire from the to your society, and his additional rest of mankind. Let us entertain at rank and authority augment his power, least the hope, that a perseverance in without diminishing his zeal to serve this or similar attempts, may let in at your cause. But if in literal truth it length upon those multitudes, the con- must be said, that one golden branch traband and long-forbidden blessings has been broken off from your tree, of human intercourse and social im- non deficit alter. Your chair is again provement.

filled by a distinguished scholar, and I must not omit to commend the an upright and an able magistrate. In zealous and persevering labours of Mr both characters, I am bound to-day, Lassar, and of those learned and pious to present to Mr Harrington, the acpersons associated with him, who have knowledgements of the College and accomplished, for the future benefit, the public, for the Analysis of Mahowe may hope, of that immense and medan Law, with which he has enpopulous region, Chinese versions in riched them both. A work, to which the Chinese character, of the Gospels the scholar and the judge seem, as if of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, throw- in emulation, to have brought their ing open that precious mine, with all choicest contributions. It is, indeed,

its religious and moral treasures, to the fitting in all countries, but indispendargest associated population in the sable in this, that those two characters world.

should meet on the benches of our It is impossible to be silent to-day highest tribunals. Nothing can beton the change which has removed ter illustrate the gains that accrue to from your chair the eminent scholar, all, by the kindly traffick amongst who, speaking in the scale of human men of reciprocal benefits, than this rank, now fills a higher place. I can- work. While Mr Harrington, as a not, however, condole with you on man of letters, has gathered the flowers that event, because, in reality, while of literature from the native volumes additional honours have fallen on the of Mahomedan jurisprudence, he makes heads of your two most distinguished a rich return to our native subjects, in Members, no substantial alteration is the pure dispensation of a law whick experienced by your learned body.- they love and are accustomed to reThe promotion of Mr Colebrooke, vere. That the learned forms of our will not be found to withdraw him College may long supply such magisfrom the cultivation, the protection, trates, and that the venerable benches or the encouragement of learning. To of our tribunals may long return suclı operate such a revolution, it is not scholars to preside in your Council, is enough to pass Mr Colebrooke, from the wish of one, who, unlearned himone honourable station to another. He self, is, an ardent lover, both of learnmust be made a new man, and divested ing and justice. of himself. He who, in Asiatic let- I am desirous, before I conclude, to ters, facile princeps, surrounded by il- address a few words to the younger lustrious scholars, has held, by accla- part of my audience. In doing so, I mation and general consent, the high- should wish to lay down my authority, est place, can neither abdicate that or if it must be maintained, let it be precedence, nor lay down either the that of a parent, tempered with indulpractice of study or the literary affec- gence and affection. tions and solicitudes which are its at- Two objects are proposed by these, tributes. The benefit which the state solemnities : is to receive from the seat he now oC- First, The mere and


satisfaccupies is not detracted from you.. tion of justice. That merit may not His new honours are new ornaments be defrauded of its due retard; but


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may receive the best and highest .ex. the short period of your collegiate ternal recompence with which it can life, application and diligence I say, be required. I mean its manifestation not extreme, but moderate, are conto the world, and the homage of pub- ducive to the public good, and to your lic acknowledgement and applause. own individual benefits.

The second object is combined of You are about to be employed in justice and public policy. It is un- the administration of a great and exdoubtedly proposed by these cereino- tensive country, in which, it would nials, to promote exertion by exciting not be much beyond the truth to say, a liberal and ingenious emulation, and that the English language is not by kindling the most generous, and at known. You will have to deal with the same time the most manly ardour multitudes, who can communicate with that can inflame young bosoms, the you, can receive your commands, or love of genuine and honourable fame. render an account of their perform

It is here, too, that the only path ance of them ; whose testimonies can which leads to that bright temple is be delivered, whose engagements can discovered. The love of fame is not be contracted, whose affairs, in a word, evinced, or at least will never be


can be transacted, discussed, and retified, by a meré careless and inert de- corded, only in some one or other of sire to wear its feathers. That mis- the languages which are taught at tress must be won by constant and as- the College of Fort William. siduous service; not by starts of ener- Were it only for your personal ease, gy which the very caprice of idleness security, and comfort, the vernacular can furnish; but by patient and sted- and colloquial language of Bengal fast exertion; by opposing repeated would be infinitely valuable. But effort to repeated difficulty ; awaken- whoever considers the tediousness and ing indolence by zeal, subduing fa- delay, and, what is yet more material, tigue and disgust by courageous and the imperfection and error, which resolute perseverance; defeating se- must attend the conduct, frequently, duction by principle, and finally ter- of trivial and ordinary, but often also, minating all contest, and triumphing of complicated and important affairs, over all obstacles, by the establishment by the clumsy and unsatisfactory transof virtuous habits.

position of loose discourse, or intricate Since our object, then, is to excite discussion, ore tenus, from one landiligence and promote study, it falls guage to another, must acknowledge naturally within the scope of my dis- the important advantage derived from course, to exhort you on that head. the ready use of the native languaYou are young, but not boys ; your ges. occupations, too, are of a manly cast, Tediousness and error are not the and must have tended to mature, al- only nor the worst evils resulting from though they could not add to your ignorance of the languages of India. years. As men, therefore, I propose It creates almost unavoidable, and alto address you, and instead of cajoling most unlimited dependence on native you with trivial and ineffectual decla- and subordinate officers. How much mation, or assailing you with dry and prejudice to the interests of the Comharsh admonition, I wish to satisfy pany, how much oppressive vexation, your judgements, to speak to your un- extortion, and cruelty, towards our derstandings, and to persuade, by con- native subjects; and how much loss vincing you.

of character, how much disgrace and For this purpose I have only to re- ruin to the unfortunate European, mind you, that application and dili- whose ignorance has delivered him

, gence in your present studies, during over to that helpless and dependant


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thraldom, and wedded his fair fame justice on my part to promulgate, and and his best hopes to the chances of so give authentic notice of laws, which foul a connexion, making him respon- are to affect eventually the condition sible in his reputation and fortune for and fortunes of those on whom they the corruption of a servant, whom this are to operate. I am desirous, thereone defect has erected into his master, fore, of explaining, thus publicly, the and into the arbiter of his fate ; how principles by which it is my firm remuch public loss and calamity; how solution to regulate that important much individual shame and ruin have part of my administration which resesulted, and are daily resulting from lates to the selection of Gentlemen for this cause, a very short acquaintance public trust and employment. I would with the affairs of India will too clear- speak more particularly at present to ly show.

this point, as it may affect the junior To these serious evils, the govern- part of the service ; and I cannot dement of this country has determined clare too explicitly my determination to oppose the best remedies it can de- to give the preference, in the first vise.

steps of their career, to those who instruction in these languages has shall have established, at the College been provided both in England and of Fort William, a reputation for good in Bengal, for the junior members of conduct, diligence, and talents; three the service: Every imaginable facili- qualities, which cannot fail of being ty is furnished, as you are now expe- evinced, and as it were measured by riencing, to the diligent student, and their progress in the studies peculiar amongst other incentives, we are this to this institution, that is to say, by day employed, in one and not the their proficiency in the native langualeast efficacious means to stimulate, ges of India. I shall consider this as and quicken study.

a rule for the distribution of favour It remains for me to announce the and promotion, both because the atlast branch of that important system, tainment in question is itself an essenthe object of which is to diffuse a cor- tial and indispensable qualification for rect and intimate knowledge of the the public business of India ; and beprincipal languages used in these pro- cause that rule of selection may be vinces, throughout the civil establish- considered as reposing on the more ment of this Presidency.

general principle just estimated, nameI have reserved, I confess, this pointly, that the progress of a Student in to the conclusion of my discourse, be- the particular study assigned to him cause it presents to you motives some- may be regarded as a safe general criwhat less enlarged than I have hither- terion of character, application, and to set before you, as inore worthy of abilities you generous

time of life, and more The senior part of my audience will, congenial, I am persuaded, with your I am sure, add the testimony of their ingendous minds and dispositions. Yet observation and experience to mine, in it is no reproach, amongst higher con- affirming, that, with few exceptions, siderations, and in aid of a virtuous the distinctions obtained at early pelove of duty, regard for the public riods, in the free competition, and imgood, and relish for fame and public partial judgment of great public semiesteem; it is no reproach, I say, to feel naries, or other large societies of youth,

2 also those inducements of fortune and has continued to attend the individual advantage which, in the world, are through life. They who have been amongst the mature and legitimate re- remarked as good scholars, and as diliwards of merit.

gent and clever boys, on the forms of ļt is at the same time a point of our public schools, have been eminent



also on the benches of our Judges; in strides of youthful study. It is, inthe cathedrals of our Prelates ; on the deed, matter of great encouragement Hoors of our Houses of Parliament; in to the young, and of wonder to the the cabinets of our Sovereigns. Fame, old ; and makes not boys, but men adin a word, and distinction, have con- mire, to see how much can be atchievtinued to follow and illustrate their ed by the fresh faculties of youth, its footsteps through every walk of life. happy facility, its keen edge, not wastYou, who are fond of honour, there- ed on the nuces et nugas ; attracting, I fore, and aspire to future celebrity, re- allow, at that early period, but apmember that the tunick of your youth plied, in some rare instance, with the discloses already, to the discerning eyes ardor of youth and the constancy of before which you stand, the texture of age, to the nobler pursuits of men. that robe which is to clothe your On these foundations I rest my manhood. If it is now of coarse ma- hopes of a still advancing progress

duterials, if it is already soiled and tat- ring the ensuing year, and I leave with tered, we can anticipate a poor and great confidence those gratifying exsordid garment

future wear.

pectations to be fulfilled by you. If we perceive the gloss and lustre cf genius and virtue in the young samples now before us, we discern, thro' a short interval of time, the purple Account of a Residence in MADRID, and which is to adorn your manly years..

Journey from thence to LISBON ; by On this principle, then, rational in

a BRITISH Officer. itself, and ratified by experience, my choice, and I will venture to assure

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by a General Officer in this town, you, the choice of my successors, will

who has been so obliging as to combe directed in confiding the great in- municate it to us. It appears to us interests of this government to its ser- teresting, as containing some particu.

lars, both respecting the attack on Let me now conclude, by tendering

Madrid, and the present state of to you the last, but not the least invi- Spain, which may not be generally ting inducement to exertion ; I mean,

known to our readers.] the assurance that your labours will be

Lisbon, 6th March 1808. rewarded with success. You are too little aware of the advantages posses- ACCOMPANIED my regiment to

I sed by that age, out of which you are Spain, but left it at Talavera della impatient to emerge, and which might Reina, in consequence

of a severe atin truth be more justly an object of tack of my old enemy, the jaundice, envy and regret to those who have and the ophthalmia. I was not above passed beyond it. You will purchase two days at Madrid, when I was obone day the experience which now liged to confine myself to bed, suffertells you through my lips, not only ing severe pain in the leg I bruised at that the enjoyments of your time of Shorncliff, which had not annoyed me life have a livelier relish than those to when on the march. In consequence of which your inexperienced fancies as the defeat of Castanos, my regiment, pire, but that your mental powers which was to have passed through Maboast also in many points the same su- drid, went to L'Escurial. periority, even in the graver pursuits nish army under Don Juan was a few of your seniors.

days after defeated at Somo-Sierra, Of this encouraging truth, you and such was the rapidity of the enehave, on this day, more than one con- my's movements, that the city was invincing proof, in the hardly credible vested and summoned, before any one



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