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was aware of his being within several walk out, and employed myself till leagues of it. On its non-compli- the 24th in reconnoitering the strength ance it was bombarded for three days, of the garrison, in obtaining as much and the fire as briskly returned by information as possible,and in planning the inhabitants, though without the my escape, which I on that day effecsupport of a regular force ; the wo- ted in the disguise of a peasant, with men, by their courage and example, sti- only four dollars. King Joseph, the mulating the male mobility to deeds day before, made his public entrance of valour. The French were defeat- in great pomp, but was very ill receied with great slaughter in their at, ved ; neither could I perceive any tack on the gate de Antochi, and two Spaniard take off his hat, nor hear a generals, Grandmaison, and La Bru- single acclamation, except from Genyere, killed, the latter by a woman.- erals Oudinot and Belliard, behind
The enemy penetrated into the Retiro, whom I had taken post: I left Mawhich they retained possession of all drid about three o'clock, with a counight, and next morning the town ple of wallets (which are there called capitulated. Before, however, it was Foreas,) over my shoulders, and a entered by the French, the Marquis blanket over my coat; took with me de Perales, suspected of treason, was a groom of Lord William Bentinck, recognized in disguise, murdered, and and directed my course towards Saladragged through the streets. Two manca, where I knew my regiment others shared the same fate, one of had previously been: I frequently them for distributing cartridges filled passed detachments of cavalry and inwith sand. Napoleon and his brother fantry, afterwards L’Escurial and Guremained at St Martins, two leagues adarrama, which were full of troops. from Madrid ; 15,000 troops entered, At the latter place I was obliged to conand 35,000, under Marshal Bessieres, ceal myself in a wood contiguous to filed off towards Estremadura. the great road, till about three thou
The French having received infor- sand passed. I had afterwards to pass mation of my being in the city, I was a chain of posts, several of which were compelled to change my lodging se- not many hundred yards from me: ven times, till I found a secure retreat then crossed with precipitation the in the house of
when on great road, struck to the left, and lost the point of being apprehended.- myself in the mountains. In the Housekeepers were obliged to give in house where I stopt for the night, I a return of all persons residing with found a Spanish artilleryman, (woundthem, and daily and nightly patrolesed at the battle of Baylen) whom I ordered to take
persons suspec- persuaded to accompany me to the ted, and unable to account for them. army: next day, on entering a vilselves. The inhabitants, on account of lage called Naval Pascal, the artillethe frequent assassinationsof French sol- ryman having fallen behind, I was purdiers, were ordered, after sunset, to car- sued by the inhabitants, armed with ry their cloaks suspended on one arm, pikes, sticks, and stones. They believed and not to carry knives, on pain of me to be a Frenchman, and in spite of death. Şix persons were afterwards every argument I could use, I would hanged, for no other reason than ha- have been murdered, but for the timeving knives found on their persons. ly interference of the vicar, who, on
Jan. Ist, I left my bed for the first my leaving him, gave me a letter of time since the 22d of November, ha- recommendation to the Alcalde of the ving been attended during that period next village. I perceived Segovia on by a physician and two surgeons. On my left, and on entering Alcas Cades, the 10th, I was sufficiently strong to saw a party of the enemy escorting April 1809,
three Spaniards, whom they were go- ly familiar, I could not forbear threating to shoot. Being then within six ning them with my stick, which wasleagues of Salamanca, I was informed immediately forced from me, and a that the French were in possession of number of pikes pointed at my breast. that place, and their outposts were ve- Under pretence of my carrying a ry near me. I consequently turned knife, they pinn’d me against a wall, to the left, with the intention of going and proceeded to search my person, to Cividad Rodrigo, where General which manoeuvre they performed so Cuesta, it was said, was reassembling a roughly, as to force the buttons from fresk army. I again lost myself in my pantaloons. They then conductthe mountains of Estremadura, and ed me to the Intendant General of was almost starved. Many days I Police, who escorted me to the house wandered from eight in the morning of the Juge de district. There I till six in the evening, without suste- was stript to the shirt, and then sent nance ;
and frequently, when with dif- under a fresh escort to the General's, ficulty I had gained admittance into a who recognized and liberated me, afhouse, I was obliged to play on the ter I had been a prisoner five hours. flagelet o induce them to give me That I might not be again insulted, I something to eat. Generally, howe- slept at the General's, and next mornver, after a few hours, and when they ing, under the protection of an orderwere convinced that I was really an ly dragoon, rode to the ambassador's Englishman, they became very kind (Mr Villiers) at Belem, who politely and offered me every thing they had. offered me clothes of every descripOn my reaching Sexaresia, about six tion, and has since made a formal leagues from Cividad Rodrigo, I was complaint to the regency, of the informed of Sir Robert Wilson being - hardships I experienced. I found at an advanced post five leagues dis- here three officers and a hundred men tant. I therefore hastened to Martin of my regiment, and there are so madel Rey, and, to my inexpressible joy, ny men and officers of other regiments, found part of his legion there. He that we are formed into two fine batacquainted me that my regiment had talions. It is said the troops here are embarked, and advised me to go to immediately to take the field ; for Lisbon. I accompanied him to Civi- what purpose I know not, as we are dad Rodrigo on the following day, too weak to resist any serious attack and at his request furnished him with on the part of the enemy. Another a copy of a journal I had kept from report is, that the army will immedithe period of my arrival at Madrid, ately return; in which case, detached copies of which he transmitted to Mr officers will, of course, not be allowed Frere at Seville, and Sir J. Craddock, to go home. who has also forwarded one to Lord Castlereagh.
On the evening of my arrival at Description of EDINBURGH; with an Lisbon, I waited on the commander Account of the present State of its in chief in my peasant's dress, when, Medical School. about five o'clock, I was unexpectedly From the German of Frank. assaulted by an ill-looking fellow, who seized me by the neck, crying out (Reise nach, Paris, London, &c.—Vienna,
1805.) justitia. I was immediately surrounded by a number of men with pikes,
(Concluded from p. 98.) and followed by a crowd, who con
DISPENSARY. ducted me to a dark place resembling THIS institution is formed entirely a prison. Then, as they became grosse on the plan of the London Dis
pensary. It was founded in the
year at their seventh year, and dismissed at 1776, by Dr Duncan. The expences their nineteenth. They are commonare chiefly defrayed by an annual suba ly bred up as manufacturers. The si"scription. Dr Duncan the younger, tuation would be very good, did it son of the worthy Professor, occupies not lie too low. I had formed to mythe place of physician in the Dispen- self a much more advantageous idea of sary. I numbered this able young this institution, than I found realised. man among my hearers in the univer- Howard has borne testimony to this sity of Pavia. With the greatesi sa- Orphan hospital, as being the most tisfaction I renewed my acquaintance useful institution of its kind in Europe. with him in Edinburgh. He has ap- He has praised beyond measure the plied himself particularly to the study order and cleanliness introduced into of Medical Police. He is completely it In this last respect I observed the master of the German language, so very opposite; nor do I remember to that he can easily derive every advan- have seen so dirty and disorderly an tage from the classical writings which Orphan hospital as this. Nor could I Germany has produced on this subject. refrain from expressing my wonder to It were to be wished that a wider many of the inhabitants of Edinburgh, sphere of action were afforded to this and from asking the cause of such a very well-inforined young man. A contradiction. They unanimously insubject, with which Dr Duncan is al- formed me, that, since the death of Mr so very extensively acquainted, is Thomas Tod, who had managed it in Pharmacy. The last edition of the the time of Howard, this institution Edinburgh Dispensatory, superintend- had greatly declined: a circumstancé ed by him, affords a proof of his pro- which ought to call forth the exertion ficiency. It were much to be regret- of the present overseers. One thus ted, if circumstances should not per- sees, how precarious is the well-being mit us soon to see Dr Duncan among of such institutions, and how often the number of the Professors. It may they depend on a single man. be complained indeed that the chairs in the University have become a sort
HERIOT'S HOSPITAL. of inheritance, and professorships, in Heriot's Hospital is indebted for its this way, may often not go to the best origin to Mr George Heriot, a Goldqualified ; but to change this practice smith. This person raised so great a at the very time, when the round hap- fortune, that at his death he left pens to fall upon a most able young 23,6251. 10s. for the support and eduman, who has shewn himself thorough- cation of poor and fatherless children ly qualified for the office, would not of Edinburgh citizens. Since that surely be for the benefit of the Uni- time their property has risen to not versity.
less than 60,0001. sterling
The situation of this hospital is, in ORPHAN HOSPITAL.
an uncommon degree, beautiful and Andrew Gardner was the founder healthful. The building was erected of this institution. It afterwards re- between the
years 1628, and 1650.ceived great support from presents and It is very magnificent, and laid out in subscriptions; and this is still the case the Gothic style. The expences re. at present. The yearly income of this quired for the mere building amounted institution, which cannot be rated to 30,0001. sterling; notwithstanding higher than a thousand pounds ster. this, the institution still retains a yearling, would be insufficient, without ly income of 30001. sterling. some such help, for the education of The regulation of Heriot's Hospital 150 children." These are admitted in is, without doubt, admirable. One
par A four years.
departinent, which has attained to the their face, devote themselves to cook, highest degree of perfection, is the ery, May then the great superiority heating of the sitting and sleeping cham- of this system call the attention of the bers, as well as the fire place in the public at large, to make use of the kitchen. This regulation has been plan of the immortal Count Rumford. established for seven years, and is due The number of boys in this Hospito the philanthropy and skill of Count tal amounts to 120). They are inRumford. He caused the oven and structed in reading, writing, arithmethe kitchen fire to be built under his tic, and Latin. Those among them, own eye.
Since that time, the in- who wish to devote themselves to stitution saves yearly seventy bolls of trade or manufactures, receive, at gocoal, (reckoning the boll at twelve ing out, thirty pounds ; but those, who hundred weight,) and is besides better wish to devote themselves to an acaheated than ever. The fire place demical carcer, receive ten pounds for completely resembles a cabinet.
These sums may, two single vessel placed upon it cooks for hundred years ago, have sufficed for a one hundred and twenty persons, and student. seems scarcely employed in so doing,
GILLESPIE'S HOSPITAL, In this fire place we neither see fire nor smoke, nor feel the smell of the Mr James Gillespie, formerly a victuals. Through a very simple ar- merchant in Edinburgh, left, after his rangement, the fire is able to commu- death, the greatest part of his fortune nicate as much heat to each vessel as for the establishment of a house for the is held sufficient. The oven, in which reception of old men and women, and they roast the meat, is admirably suit- of a school for a hundred boys. For ed to its purpose. In short, such a this institution, a suitable place was fire place, in every respect, is beyond chosen, lying upon a height. The all praise. Without speaking of eco- convenient house built for this
purpose nomy, do we not consider, how bene- has before it a large open plain, togeficial this is for the health of the cooks. ther with a garden. The interior of The number of diseases which spring this hospital is cleanly. The cook from our mode of cookery, in which and the kitchen could alone form any the servant is roasted as well as the exception in this respect. The old meat, is greater than people imagine. people here accommodated, twenty in Loss of appetite, tremor of the limbs, number, have each a roomy and neat eruptions, headach, and such diseases, apartment; in a few only two are are the common effects, partly of im- lodged together. They appear very mediate working at the fire, partly of chearful and satisfied. The requisites the drinking, to which those so readi- for the admission of these aged persons ly yield who work at a great firé. - are as follows ; Good behaviour, joinLastly, the discoloration of the skin ed to poverty, the want of claim upon on the face and hands, which work- any other institution; their age too ing at the fire occasions, ought also must be fifty and upwards. Those to be taken into the account. This persons are particularly named who last circumstance alone is often suffi- have served George Gillespie ; who cient to prevent ladies from learning bear the name of Gillespie ; and who cookery, or from taking the necessary inhabit Edinburgh or its neighboursuperintendance of what is doing in hood. No native of Scotland however their kitchen. In a fire constructed is excluded. on Count Rumford's principles, the The school receives 100 boys, withmost delicate ladies could, without out regard to their residence, provided any danger of injuring their hands and they be poor, and their age not less
than six, nor more than twelve. These 1795. The foundation stone was laid, boys are instructed in reading, writ- with the greatest solemnity, in 1791. ing, accounts, as well as in the prin- They buried under it a number of ciples of the Christian religion. glass bottles, containing coins which ASYLUJ FOR THE INDUSTRIOUS
had been stamped in the reign of the
present king. In others of these botBlind.
tles were the names of the Magistrates The number of blind who are sup- at that time, a copy of the Edinburgh ported by this institution amounts to almanack, and of the four newspapers 27 men and 10 women, Most of
printed here. The interior arrangethese have lost their sight by the small ments of this house are truly admirable. pox. They make baskets, carpets, and other things of that nature. This Before I close my description of institution is supported by voluntary Edinburgh, I must mention one phycontributions. Some of the blind, in- sician who possesses my highest esstructed in these things, bave made teem*. He resides in the neighbourtheir fortune by them. Among these, ing sea port of Leith. The manner Dennis Macqueer, an Irishman, may in which this young man has trod the be given as an example. This man, medical career, gives giðund to hope after being employed here in various that he may always distinguish himmanufactures, returned to his native
more, and may further country, and established in Belfast,a extend the good opinion, which wę similar institution. He instructed fif- entertain of the Scottish physicians. teen blind persons, who now earn near. The first volume of a work' which Dr ly a shilling a-day, whilst he himself Cheyne has undertaken to write on makes half-a-crown.
the diseases of children, contains many THE PRISON.
important remarks, and deserves to be This prison lies in the middle of the translated into other languages. city, and is completely surrounded by houses. It contains upwards of sixty prisoners, partly debtors, partly male- Letters occasioned by Sir John Carr's factors. Those among them who are
CALEDONIAN SKETCHES. unable to maintain themselves, receive (Concluded from p. 191.). a small sum from the house. This
LETTER III. prison is so bad, and kept so dirty, that it must rank with the meanest
Plagiarism and originality.-Walwe have in Germany. a room,
lace's oak.- Bell Rock.- Arthur's Seat. where the malefactors were kept, the
- Pentland Hills. Capercailzie. air was so corrupted, that it was im- Black oats.-- Kelp.--- Prince Charles. possible for me to remain in it above
-Marble chair.-Conclusion. a minute, The sick lie mixed with in my last letter I made some ter
a son is a disgrace to Edinburgh. of the Scottish capital. He seems to HOUSE OF CORRECTION.
have hovered here for nearly the long The House of Correction, called space of a whole week; and this, it Bridewell, is the handsomest in Eu- will be remembered, is a great while rope. It lies without the city upon a
for a professed tourist to sacrifice, even height, which commands most part of to a city whose external aspects were it. The building, laid out on Howard's fortunate enough to rekindte his warm plan, both for punishment and improyement, was completed in the year * His name is Dr Cheyné.