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highly improper to have proposed that the on the subject. He never entertained any Spanish Deputies should have been admitted expectation that the exertions of the Spato the negotiation at Erfurth ; for even after nish patriots, however great, would be the conclusion of peace, there was nothing crowned with success. In determining him to prevent Bonaparte from marching his to form this opinion, he ever bore in mind armies over the Pyrenees. He was afraid that the Spaniards were a nation that had that the subjugation of Spain was at this been sunk for centuries in ignorance ; that moment effected.
they had been subject to the most despotie The allusion of the French Emperor to the government in Europe ; and that their Catholics of Ireland, was only a proof that minds and habits had been ground down he knew where the weakness of the Bri. to the most abject slavery, by that most tish Government existed ; and therefore it dreadful of all human institutions, the Infollowed, that it was the duty of Govern. quisition. That such a nation, so circumment to remove the cause of that weakness, stanced, should be the only one that shewGovernment could trust the Catholics to ed any sympton of patriotic feeling in the fight for England, and to fight for Spain; general oppression of Europe, he confessed therefore, it was their bounden duty to re was most surprising; but his surprise and move the shameful restraints they labour- his sanguine hopes would not suffer him to ed under. He thought the negociation be carried away by those delusive expecta. might have been carried on, without any tions, which had been so industriously raimention being made of Spain ; but he was sed, without having any possible means of confident the Government never had done accomplishing any one purpose held out to its utmost to attain the objects of peace. this country. He lamented that, for the He felt that he was in a small minority in last fifteen years, the very self same system the opinions which he now delivered ; but of delusion had been practised, and had in. still the more imperious duty rested on volved this country in endless wars. In him to maintain those opinions. He there considering the conduct of his Majesty's fore again lamented, that the negociation Ministers, in their views of reinstating the Tiad been abrøptly broken off, because we kingdom of Spain on the basis of indepen, should very shortly have no place on the dence, he thought they betrayed a childish Continent to contend on; and we must, and unavailing ambition in aiming at obsome time or other, negotiate for peace; jects totally out of their reach, whether the and like the books offered by the Sybil to efficient power of the Spanish patriots was a King of Rome, the longer it was delay- internally viewed, or the external means of ed, the dearer would be the purchase. Now, assistance to be derived from the exertions when the cause of Spain was hopeless, as it and co-operations of this country. With appeared to be, the moment should not be these sentiments, he concluded by urging delayed. Perhaps at this moment Portu. the necessity of sending up a remonstrance gal was in possession of the enemy, and his to his Majesty recommending a change in eagles were planted on the walls of Lisbon. his Ministry. Much as he had hoped for the cause of The address was carried without a divi. Spain, those hopes were entirely gone; and sion. he would send no more armies to Spain, The Speaker acquainted the House, that where there was no prospect of success. he had received from Sir David Baird an He concluded with moving an amendment, answer to the letter in which he communithe purport of which was, that the House cated to him the vote of the thanks of that did not think any disgraceful preliminaries House on Wednesday last. The answer had been required by Russia and France ; was read from the chair.- Mr Sheriff Smith to express disapprobation of the conduct of presented a petition of the Lord Mayor, Ministers in proposing to admit Spain to Aldermen and Common Council, of Lonthe negotiations, and at the language used don, praying further time for the purchase by them towards France, which ought to of houses for the improvement of the enhave been conciliatory; and to request his trance into London by Temple-bar. Majesty to avail himself of any opportu. Some conversation took place relative to piry by which he might commence nego. Mr Jeffrey, member for Poole, who had giations with France, for the attainment of been appointed. Consul General in Brazil. such a peace as might be compatible with Mr Canning presented a copy of his patent the honour and interest of the nation. at the bar ; and, on a question of Lord
Sir Francis Burdett said, that from the Folkstone, informed the House, that his commencement of the Spanish war he ne emoluments were derived, not from there. ver entertained any of those sanguine ex venues of this country, but from the Con. pectations, which appeared on the eve of sul's fees, the minimum of which was being most woefully disappointed; he could L. 1500, the maximum L. 3000. That his Agt iherefore ayoid stating his sentiments salary was to be made good to the amount
of L. 1500. That he was to receive one that the place had not been filled up when fourth of the fees that he collected beyond Sir Arthur went to Portugal. No inconthat sum, while the remainder was to be venience had happened to the public. He put in the fund, as a provision for ot:ier had aceepted the salary, because he was Consuls.
obliged to keep an expensive establishment The thanks of the House were vored ta during his absence. He assured the House Brigadier-General Craufurd, whose name that the circumstance should not recur ahad been inadvertently, omitted in the fore gain in his person. Mr Whitbread decla. mer vote of thanks to the conquerors at
red himself satisfied with this assurance.com Vimiera.
The previous question was then moved and The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved agreed to. for a Committee to inquire into the expe The case of Mr Jeffery, member for diency of further suspending the distilla- Poole, who had accepted the place of Contion from grain in favour of that from su sul General for Portugal, was resumed, and, gar. He proposed that the suspension after some discussion, it was agreed upon should be continued in Great Britain, while that he had vacated his seat. A new writ distillation from grain should be permitted was ordered accordingly to be issued for in Ireland. That
the importation of spirits the election of a new member in his place. from Ireland to Great Britain, and from The House, in a Committee of Ways and Scotland to Ireland, should be prohibited. Means, came to a resolution to continue 'The House formed itself into a Committee the duty on malt, the duty on sugar, the accordingly, and determined that such a bill pension duty, and to raise 10,500,0001. an was expedient.
1,500,0001. by Exchequer bills, as the loan The 'thanks of the House were given by for the year. the Speaker to Brig.-General Fane, Lieu
Tuesday Feb. 21.
CONVENTION OF CINTRA.
Lord Henry Petty rose to call the atten-
tion of the House to the transactions that Mr Whitbread, after questioning Sir Ar. had occurred during the Campaign in Porthur Wellesley whether he retained his Lugal, and the convention of Cintra, whicke
was the unfortunate result of that camplace of Chief Secretary for Ireland, while paign. After a long speech, his Lordship in Portugal ? And being answered that he did, gave notice that he would move a re
read a variety of extracts from the docu solution of the House, that the office of ving the following resolutions :-1. That
ments on the table, and concluded by mor Chief Secretary for Ireland was an effec- it is the opinion of this House, that the contive office.
vention of Cintra disappointed the hopes Friday, Feb. 3. Mr Ward moved that 130,000 seamen
and expectations of the nation. 2. That and marines should be voted for 1809, which the causes and circumstances which led tb were voted accordiogly, also 3,126,0001, the misconduct of his Majesty's Ministers.
such convention appear to have arisen from for their wages, 3,269,8001. for wear and tear of the ships, and 4,685,5001. for vic
General Tarleton supported the motion.
--He blamed Ministers for superseding Sir tuals, all for the period of 13 months. Likewise 551,500l. for ordnance for the
A. Wellesley, and appointing Sir H. Dalsame, voted On the motion of Mr Hus fymple in his place, merely because he had
been useful at Gibraltar.
by attach to any person on account of the ra
Sir A. Wellesley said, if culpability could Exchequer bills, to pay off similar Exe
tification of the convention of Cintra, it chequer bills issued last Session.
must be to the military officers, not to his Monday, Feb. 6.
Majesty's Ministers. In his opinion it is The thanks of the House were given to impossible for a British arıny to carry on General Ferguson by the Speaker, Mr a war in that country with success, unless Whitbread rose to make his promised mo. in conjunction with the inhabitants. tion that the Chief Secretaryship of Ireland After a long and arduous discussion, in is an effective office of the highest respec which Mr Secretary Canning, Mr Wellestability, which cannot be held by any per- ley Pole, and Mr Yorke, spoke with great son sbsent from the realm. Sir Arthur warmth in support of the conduct of Mi. Wellesley informed the House, that when nisters; and Mr Bathurst, and Gen. Ferhe accepted the office of Secretary for Ire- gusson, argued in favour of Lord Henry land, it was clearly understood on all hands, Petty's motion; his Lordship replied at that he was not in consequence to be pre- great length. cluded from accepting any subsequent mi Upon a division, the numbers were litary command. It was owing to the For the previous question; 203_Against it, kindness of the Lord Lieutenant of reland 153-Majority for Ministers, 50.
the President is authorised to use force WE have in the New York papers an to compel their departure ; and citizens
account of the proceedings in Con- of the United States, having intercourse gress down to the 15th Feb. The Se. with them, are to be punished with fine hate had come to a resolution to substi- and imprisonment; the fine not to extute non-intercourse for embargo. The ceed 10,000 dollars, nor be less than 100. resolution was carried by a majority of In the case of private vessels offending 23 to 9. In the House of Representa- against this law, the ship and cargo are tives, the non-intercourse bill had been to be forfeited. Vessels sailing after brought in, read a first and second time, the removal of the embargo are to give and referred to a Committee. Our rea. bonds in double the amount of the ship ders are apprised, this bill enacts, " That and cargo, not to violate the provisions if either Great Britain or France shall of the non-intercourse act. Should the revoke such of her decrees, laws, or e. non-intercourse bill pass with these clau. dicts, as violate the lawful commerce ses, the embargo being taken off with and neutral rights of the United States, regard to all other countries, except as generally acknowledged by the laws Great Britain and France, and their de. of nations, the operation of this act, and pendencies, the commerce of America also of the act laying an embargo on all will be renewed as to such countries. ships and vessels in the ports and har. In that event she will begin to export hours of the United States, and the sc. to Sweden, to Spain and Portugal, to veral acts supplementary thereto, shall, the free ports, and the Spanish colonies ; so far as relates to the nation making and although the direct intercourse be: such revocation, forthwith cease and de- tween England and America is cut off, termine.”—The bill further enacts, in the productions of both countries may sect. 12th," That so much of the act, find a sale and exchange through these laying an embargo on all ships, &c. and circuitous channels. of the several acts supplementary there. On the 4th of March the new Presi. to, as forbids the departure of vessels dent, Mr Maddison, was installed in owned by citizens of the United States, his office, when he delivered the foland the exportation of domestic and lowing Address to the House of Repre. foreiga merchandise, to any foreign port sentatives. It requires no comment te or place, other than Great Britain or shew that the spirit which animated Mr France, or their colonies and dependen Jefferson, actuates his successor in of. cies, be, and the same is hereby repeal. fice, ed, after the 4th of March."--The bill THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH. further enacts, “ That the interdict is “ Unwilling to depart from examples to commence against all public ships of the most revered authority, I avail of France or England, from the date of myself of the occasion now presented, to the passing of the act, excepting ves express the profound impression made sels only which may be forced in by on me by the call of my country to the distress, or by being pursued by an ene station, to the duties of which I am a. my, or which are charged with dispat- bout to pledge myself by the most so. ches or business from the Government lemn of sanctions. So distinguished a to which they belong, and also packets, mark of confidence, proceeding from having no cargo nor merchandise on the deliberate and tranquil suffrage of a board-against all private ships of the free and virtuous nation, would, under same, from a day to be fixed in the any circumstances, have commanded Committee; and against the importa. my gratitude and devotion, as well as tion of all goods, wares, and merchandise filled me with an awful sense of the of the same, from the 20th May. In trust to be assumed. Under the various case of public vessels violating the law, circumstances which give peculiar so
lemnity to the existing period, I feel even a pretext for them has been given that both the honour and responsibility by the United States, and of the fair allowed to me are inexpressibly enhan- and liberal attempts to induce'a revoca. eed.
tion of them, cannot be anticipated. “ The present situation of the world “ Assuring myself that, under every is indeed without a parallel, and that vicissitude, the determined spirit and of our country full of difficulties. The united councils of the nation will be pressure of these, too, is the more se- safeguards to its lionour and its essenverely felt, because they have fallen up. tial interests, I repair to the post as. on us at a moment when national pro- signed me, with no other discouragesperity being at a height not before at. ment tban what springs from my own wined, the contrast resulting from this inadequacy to its high duties. If I do change has been rendered the more strik. not sink under the weight of this deep ing. Under the benign influence of our conviction, it is because I find some suprepublican institutions, and the main port in a consciousness of the purposes, tenance of peace with all nations, whilst and a confidence in the principles, which so many of them were engaged in I bring with me into this arduous service. bloody and wasteful wars, the fruits of “ To cherish peace and friendly ina just policy were enjoyed in an unri- tercourse with all nations having cor. valled growth of our faculties and re- respondent dispositions; to maintain sources.-Proofs of this were seen, in sincere neutrality towards belligerent the improvements of agriculture ; in nations; to prefer, in all cases, amicable the successful enterprizes of commerce ; discussion and reasonable accommodain the progress of manufactures and the tion of differences, to a decision of them useful arts; and in the increase of the by an appeal to arms; to exclude fopublic revenue, and the use made of it reign intrigues and foreign partialities, in reducing the public debt, and in the so degrading to all countries, and so valuable works and establishments eve bancful to free ones; to foster a spirit xy where multiplying over the face of of independence, too just to invade the our land.
rights of others, to proud too surrender “ It is a specious reflection tbat the our own, too liberal to indulge unwortransition from this prosperous condi. thy prejudices ourselves, and too eletion of our country, to the scene which vated not to look down upon them in has for some time been distressing us, others; to hold the union of the States is not chargeable on any unwarrantable as the basis of their peace and happiviews, nor as I trust, on any involun ness; to support the constitution, which tary errors in the public councils. In. is the cement of the union, as well in dulging no passions which trespass on, its limitations, as in its authorities ; to the rights or the repose of other nations, respect the rights and authorities reit has been the true glory of the United served to the States, and to the people, States to cultivate peace by observing as equally incorporated with, and es. justice, and to entitle themselves to the sential to the success of the general sysrespect of the nations at war, by fulfillo tem; to avoid the slightest interference ing their neutral obligations with the with the rights of conscience, or the most scrupulous impartiality,
functions of religion, so wisely exempt“ If there be candour in the world, ed from civil jurisdiction; to preserve the truth of these assertions will not be in their full energy the other salutary questioned. Posterity at least will do provisions in behalf of private and per. justice to them.
sonal rights, and of the freedom of the “ This unexceptionable course could press; to observe economy in public not avail against the injustice and vio expenditure; to liberate the public re. lence of the belligerent powers. In sources, by an honourable discharge of their rage against each other, or impel the public debts; to keep within the led by more direct motives, principles requisite limits a standing military force, of retaliation have been introduced, e always remembering, that an armed and qually contrary to universal reason and trained militia is the firmest bulwark of acknowledged law.. How long their repablican governments; that without arbitrary edicts will be continued, in standing armies their liberty can never spite of the demonstrations that not be in danger; nor with large ones safe ;
to promote, by authorised means, im, commerce for some time carried on provements friendly to agriculture, to with the island of Jamaica ; and that manufactures, and to external as well as the people were so much displeased on internal commercé ; tu favour, in like this point, that, in terms of high indigmanner, the advancement of scieece and nation, they charged the chiefs of the the diffusion of information, as the best administration with countenancing the aliment of true liberty ; to carry on the traffic. The commandant of the mabenevolent plans which have been so rine had his house set on fire, and was meritoriously applied to the conserva. compelled to consult his safety by light tion of our aboriginal neighbours from to New Orleans; and almost the whole the degradation and wretchedness of a of the merchants, known or suspected savage life, to a participation of the im. to have any concern in illicit trade, susprovements of which the buman mind tained outrage or insult from the popu. and manners are susceptible in a civi. lace. The multitude next proceeded lised state. As far as sentiments and to place their inflammatory placards in intentions such as these can aid the ful different streets, demanding the head of fillment of my duty, they will be a re the Viceroy, and vowing vengeance àsource wbich cannot fail me.
gainst his adherents. “ It is my good fortune, moreover, It seemed, however, the unanimous to have the path in which I am to tread determination of the people and their lighted by examples of illustrious ser. new Government in Mexico to mainvices, successively rendered in the most tain and encourage the regular comtrying difficulties, by those who have merce with their mother country, to marched before me. Of those of my annihilate all contraband trade, and to immediate predecessor it might least give their determined support to the become me here to speak.-I may how claims of Ferdinand VII. Immediateever be pardoned for not suppressing ly after the arrest of the Viceroy, was the sympathy, with which my heart is issued the following proclamation : full, in the rich reward he enjoys in the “ Inhabitants of Mexico, of all classes benedictions of a beloved country, grate. and conditions, our present necessities fully bestowed for exalted talents, zea. cannot be subjected to common laws, lously devoted, through a long career, The people have deposed his Excellento the advancement of its bighest inte. cy the Viceroy, and have imperiously rests and happioess. But the source to demanded his separation, for reasons of which I look for the aid which alone general utility and convenience ; in concan supply my deficiencies, is in the sequence of which, there was formed well-tried intelligence and virtue of my last night a Junta, composed of his Exfellow.citizens, and to the counsels of cellency the Archbishop of this capital, those representing them in the other de and other high characters. They have partments associated in the care of the named Don Joseph of Garybay, Marinational interest. In these my confi- shal de Campo, to succeed the Viceroy. dence will, under every difficulty, be according to the royal order of the 30th best placed, next to that which we have October 1800. Inhabitants of this king. all been encouraged to feel, in the guar. dom of Mexico, repose in the bosom of dianship and guidance of that Almighty your country! We have nothing to fear. Being, whose power regulates the des. We are now governed by a chief known tiny of nations, whose blessings have for his probity and prudence. Do not been so conspicuously dispensed to this divide yourselves into parties, which rising republic, and to whom we are would answer no other purpose but to bound to address our devout gratitude involve us in misfortune. for the past, as well as our fervent sup. * The President of the Junta, his Ex plications and best hopes for the future." cellency the Archbishop, and other aúWASHINGTON, March 4th.
thorities, have the faculties for their ris
tles, writers, and dispatches, which cir. Letters from the Spanish South Ame. cumstances require. By order of the rican settlements of Vera Cruz, say, that Junta, I am to circulate this proclamaa formal, complaint has been preferred tion. From the royal palace of the ciby the mercbants of that colony to their ty of Mexico, :6th September 1808. Government, against the clandestine
FRANCISCO XIMENES, Sec.”