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the case.


Account of the Town and University immediately from my friend to Mr of GLASGOW.

Cuming. This, however, was not From the German of Frank. ---, Reisenach,

My friend had, without Paris, London, Uc.)

my knowledge, procured the letter of

a third person. In these circumstanGL VLASGOW lies 42 miles from ces I cannot complain if he received

Edinburgh. I travelled this me pretty dryly. However, he had road, on the 9th July 1803, in seven the goodness to carry me to the hoshours and a half.

pital, and recommend me to the apoA traveller never runs a greater thecary, who might shew me the whole risk of forming a false opinion, than institution. when he removes from a place where

Royal Infirmary: he has met with uncominon kindness This institution for the sick has the into another strange city. This risk highest reputation of any in Britain, is the greater, when he happens to and is universally regarded as the light upon an inn, where he is ill ac- model of all hospitals. Such is the commodated. It can scarcely be be- account Mr Pictet gives of it in his lieved how much this circumstance excellent letters upon England and influences the judgement which tra- Scotland. I was therefore particularvellers form of this, or of that city.- ly desirous to make a close examinaAfter a good reception, objects appear tion of it. in roseate colours, which in oppo- The Royal Infirmary of Glasgow site circumstances assume a dark hue. lies on a height, close above the city. From all these causes I felt constrain. The ground about it is open, and they ed to do violence upon myself, in order have acquired the property of it, in not to judge falsely of Glasgow. Not order that no one may build


it. only was I accommodated in a wretch. The church too, with a large churched inn, but chance would have it, that yard, lies close to the Infirmary. The almost all the persons to whom I had building itself is magnificent. Its letters were in the country. Not front has some resemblance to the only does the situation here send a Hotel des Invalides at Paris. Before great number of the inhabitants into the Hospital is a large terrace .surthe country in summer, but even those rounded with an iron rail. The hoswho are confined to town by business, pital itself has four wards, besides one leave it at least in the summer even- underground; and as soon as we enter ings, and return in the morning. As the building, we find ourselves in a I came to Glasgow on a summer e

handsome porch. vening, the consequence was, that I I was carried into the ward that could meet almost nobody. This lies underground. I saw there the caused a delay in the delivery of my laboratory, the baths, the kitchen, and letter of recommendation to Mr Cum- the fantry. ing. He is, if I mistake not, profes- The apothecary's shop is small and sor of Oriental languages in the uni- dark, and the laboratory so narrow, that versity of Glasgow. To the little in- one can scarce turn round in it. The terest, which an unknown physician last is well supplied with water to could excite in such a man, another clean it, the influx and efflux of which circumstance was added. One of my are very conveniently arranged. friends had given me a letter of re- The baths are in two chambers; commendation to this professor.-- one for the warm, and the other for Nothing was so natural, as that I the cold baths. This last is little and should believe the letter to have come damp. The bathing place is built in,




and can scarcely hold one person. The tients, one for a withdrawing room, water bursts with great force into this and the fourth for a washing room, reservoir. I could not see the warm The last is well supplied with water. paths, because the key was missing! The passage which enters into this The patients who are unable to go to chamber is connected with the stair. the bathing place, have the bath Besides the principal stair, which is brought to their beds. For this pur- seen from the lobby, each wing has pose they make use of vessels of tin at the end a handsome stair of its plate, which have the appearance of own. (The overseer resides in the a shoe. It must be difficult for very middle of the building, so that these weak patients, or such as are af- stairs might give occasion to many fected with rheumatism, to move in- fraudulent proceedings.) to these vessels ; and it must be From what I have said, it appears, still more difficult to get them out that the infirmary in Glasgow is very again. The kitchen is very roomy, far from that state of perfection which but so arranged, that one would be- iş ascribed to it. It is however true, lieve there had never lived a Count that most of the faults which I have Rumford. Not only does an infernal noticed might, by attention, be remofire burn in one chimney, but all the ved in a few days; perhaps they are other fire places are conducted on removed by this time. I certainly principles the most opposite to his.- spoke on the subject to some of the Near the kitchen is a place where directors, and frankly stated my opithey wash the dishes. It was disgust- nion, for which they not only thanked ingly dirty. They would not shew me, but assured me that they would me the pantry ; but I caught a glance pay every attention to restore order in passing, and observed it to be in into the institution entrusted to them. very bad order,

In this case I will pledge myself that In the first ward we see to the right they will have no ground to complain and left, that is, in each of the wings of want of support from the public, as of the building, a sick-room ; the same was the case in former years. takes place in the three other wards.

The University. This large hospital, therefore, contains The University of Glasgow connot more than eight sick-rooms. tains no complete medical faculty.These are separated, in the first, by the Medicine is taught only by two Prochamber of meeting, in the second, by fessors, Dr Freer and Dr Jaffray, the hall of operation, and in the third, The one lectures on the Theory of by the residence of the overseer. Medicine, the other on Anatomy and Each sick-room has twelve beds. Botany. Besides the proper profesThese stand by two and two in the sors, they reckon here another kind of spaces between the windows, quite teachers, who are known under the close to each other. Thus each sick name of Lecturers. The Medical room has six windows, three on each Lecturers are Dr Miller and Dr side.

These stand directly opposite Cleghorn. The first lectures on Mato each other, so that the room teria Medica, the last on Chemistry. can be thoroughly ventilated. The Dr Miller was a scholar of John same is the case with the doors which Brown, and is numbered among the enter from the right and left of the most zealous disciples of his school. lobby into the sick room., On both The abovementioned lecturers on sides of the chambers doors open, medicine, Dr Cleghorn alone exceptwhich enter into a circular space, on ed, were in the country, so that I had the side of which are four very small no opportunity of forming an ambers; two for very restless pa- quaintance with them. The course


in this University begins in the month persons will undoubtedly do more in of November, and ends in May. - such an establishment than three hunDuring the holiday time, almost all dred in the common way. Not far the professors go to a distance. Dr from this establishment, is one for the Cleghorn is one of the most distin- preservation of drowned persons, calguished physicians in Scotland. Had led the Humane Society house. On it not been for his goodness, my stay this building stands an inscription, by in Glasgow would have been very which persons are warned of various disagreeable. He employed a part of deep places in the river, where it his valuable tine in giving me infor- would be dangerous to bathe. mation upon many important subjects. After having seen, through the Among others, Dr Cleghorn gave me goodness of the worthy Dr Cleghorn, the following statement, which appear- some muslin, steel, and other manued to me very important. Glasgow factures, I left Glasgow on the 11th is a completely healthy town. Altho’ July 1803. it is almost surrounded with marshes, at the distance of three English miles, yet no intermitting fevers prevail in Authentic Narrative of the Shipwreck it. When I asked Dr Cleghorn the cause of this important phenomenon,

of Lord Royston. he explained it to me thus; " Ex

To the Editor. perience has shewn that "marshes do SIR, not cause intermitting fevers, when they are surrounded by turf; a cit A Sit has been understood, by friends

of the parties, that very erroneous cumstance, which takes place uni- accounts have been given of the meversally in the 'neighbourhood of lancholy shipwreck of Lord Royston, Glasgow," Dr Cleghorn challenged and several other English, who lost me to examine the observation my; their lives off the coast of Prussia, last self. Certain it is, that the turf, which year ; your inserting the following surrounds marshes, attracts the damp narrative of the event, written by an very eagerly, and as it were drinks it English mate on board, will greatly up.

oblige them, and In a walk which I took in the

Your obedient servant, company of Dr Cleghorn to the banks

A Friend of the Parties. of the river Clyde, which winds thro! large meadows planted with trees, I On the 2d of April A.D. 1808, at saw an establishment, which pleased P. M. we sailed from Libau, the me very much. I speak of the public wind N. E. and fine weather, the ice washing house. It stands on one of lying close about half a mile from the the above meadows. By paying a shore, but we got through it without small

sum, every one can wash their injury, at the rate of two miles an own clothes, or get them washed. It hour, when we were in clear water at were to be wished that this establish- three P. M. On the 4th of April, we ment were imitated. I cannot doubt got sight of the island of Oeland at that in the hands of expert men iť the distance of eight or nine miles ; in might be greatly improved. By a an hour we got close in, and perceived washing-place constructed on Count the ice lying about a mile from the Rumford's principles, a very import- shore ; Colonel Pollen asked me if I ant saving of fuel might be expected. thought we could anchor under OeA single fire might then suffice, to land; I gave it as my opinion, we

; warm an immense quantity of water. could not, as the ice would drift off By a proper division of labour, thirty with the wind, which was about S.W.


and cut the cables. He then asked sight of Memel, he immediately came the Captain what was best to be done, on deck fuil of glee, as well as Lord and he said he would stand to the Royston and the other gentlemen ; shore till 8 o'clock, and then return to

Colonel Pollen said, “Now, Captain, the island, but neither at 8 nor at 12, you will give the charge of the vessel would he back, and it now blew a to Smith;" which he accordingly gale of wind from the W. and very did; at six o'clock we came to the heavy sea, the vessel made much wa- bar, the sea running very high, and ter, the pumps were choaked up with two seamen at the helm.

As soon as the ballast, and the water partly over the captain saw the sea breaking over the ballast, while the crew would the bar, he was so frightened, that he bale very little, by which it gained ran directly to the helm and put it very fast on us. At 12 o'clock, on hard a port; all my strivings against the 6th, Colonel Pollen consulted me three were in vain. I begged for what was best to be done, and if the God's sake they would put the helm vessel was fit to keep the sea. I told the other way, and save our lives, but him unless the sailors made more ex- all was in vain; for in ten minutes we ertion in baling, she could not live were on the South lands; the third long, as we had already three feet wa- time she struck, she filled with water; ter in the hold, and it was continually a dreadful scene now succeeded :gaining upon us, and that the best way there was a small wooden house on to save our lives was to bear away for deck, into which Mrs Pollen, Mrs some port in Prussia. The Colonel Bames, her three children, three genbeing of my opinion, told the Captain tlemen, and a maid servant of Mrs he thought it necessary we should

bear Barnes's

, got in to save themselves away for some harbour, to which he from the sea. Colonel Pollen and I readily consented, and recomended Li- immediately began to clear the boat bau, but Col. Pollen objected to it, out, the sailors would not assist us; on account of Mr Rannie, a passenger, we soon got a small one out, and who had escaped without a pass from three sailors got into her with the capRussia, so he agreed to go to Memel, taint; Lord Royston would have folbut said he was never there in his life, lowed, but I prevented him, assuring but if I would take the ship in, he him it was not safe, and the captain would give her into my charge when got out again ; the moment the boat ever she came to the bar*. At two in left the ship's side she upset, and the the morning of the 7th, we got sight men were drowned. We then cleared of land to the southward, about 15 out the large one, but before we could miles from Memel, and close in on clear her, she was wasbed away, and a lee shore, through the ignorance now we had no hope left us, but that of the captain in running so far in the the Almighty would send us some asdark; we hauled the ship to by the sistance. About 9 o'clock, wecut away wind on the starboard tack, and at four the mast to ease the vessel, but could see got sight of Memel, which the captain nothing of the life boat I, which gave took for Libau, and when I told him the gentlemen bad heart, for the sea it was Memel, expressed much surprise. I went down to the cabin and told Colonel Pollen we were in

+ This is ever the case with the Lubeckers, whose ignorance can only be e

qualed by their follv, for they never * This mate was in the Memel trade, make an exertion in the momentofdan and had been there several times that ger. very season; he had made his escape | Memel was not above a quarter o

Russia, where he was a prisoner. a mile from where the ship struck,



Pas tremendous, breaking right over safe back to the round house, and went our heads, and it was so very cold forward, but was washed overboard ; that it was impossible to hold fast by the boat picked me up, and I remem-' any thing ; Colonel Pollen asked me ber no more till five o'clock in the if the round house, where the ladies morning, when I found myself at Mewere, would stand; I told hini yes, as mel. I asked the people if the lifelong as the bottom of the vessel. I boat had gone off again, and they told then left him, and went aft the vessel. me the Captain said there was no one It was now about half past nine, but on board. What was his motive I canno boat appeared ; we all thought not tell. The boat went off six times it very long in coming, our situa- that afternoon, but never could reach tion being dreadful, the vessel enr. the ship, the wind and sea were so tirely under water, except about the tremendous. They must have past a round house. Mr Rannie cried out most dreadful night, the sea rolling very much, but was soon washed over- over them, and the cold so very great, board, and after him, about ten o'clock, by which Mr Folk, of Hamburgh, Lord Royston, Col. Pollen, Mr Bailly, died about three in the morning.and Me Barker, one sailor, Lord Roy. The life boat went off twice in vain, ston's servant, and Mrs Barnes's, were the third time she got to the ship, and all washed away within a few seas of brought away Mr Barnes, Mrs Poleach other. I saw the two servants go len, Mr Halliday, and Mr Paraza ; and get hold of them, but they were there being left on board, Mrs Barnes, obliged to quit them, which grieved her two children, and a Russian boy beme very much ; as for Lord Royston longing to Mrs Pollen. Mrs Barnes's and Col. Pollen, I never saw them after maid, and a child of two months old, I left them holding by the round house. with Colonel Pollen's man - servant, I then jumped from the mizen-mast in assisting them to get into the boat, into the round house, and Mrs Pollen were all washed away; the girl and said immediately, “Smith, where is child were got on shore in half an my husband, is he safe? I told her hour, but could not be restored. Mrs he had got in the ship's boat safe on Barnes remained on board three hours shore ; which I believe gave them all longer with only her children and spirits, in hopes he should soon bring the Russian boy; the people of the them the life boat.' I did not stop life-boat said they saw them perish, there ten minutes, but went out again, which I told the commodore was not and saw the life boat; it was now true, and that she was certainly alive

3 eleven o'clock, and a most tremen- Captain Davison, an Englishman, duous sea rolling over us ; the captain jumped into the boat, and brought and two sailors were on the bolt- them all safe off. sprit, and two dead seamen by them. The boat came close to the vessel, but filling with water, went away. I then thought we must be all lost in half an Account of the LESGHAES ; a people hour; but she returned, and the captain

on the CASPIAN. with two of his men, got into her. I

* (From Wilkinson's Description of Mount went to the round house, and took

Caucasus.) Mrs Barnes 07, in hopes to get her into it; but alas ! the sea was too strong SOME tribes

still inhabit the highme twice, but I always recovered her a- ward appearance, we should not congain by the help of God. I was now jecture that there was a single human doo weak to belp myself, so I got her being; and certainly there would be May 1809.


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