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maker of a revolution, and the deliver-, threatened to leave the wounded on er of a country, restrict himself to the the road, an officer went to the rear rules, or yield to the visitings of hu- of the column, and informed the capmanity? Be assured such an enter-, tain of artillery, and several of his prise supposes in him who conducts it, companions, what might take place. a singleness of view, that can sacrifice About twelve in number determined, the right to the expedient, and the if such an attempt was made, to proparts to the whole. The wounded test against it; if that did not proof our troops were carried in litters duce the desired effect, they resolved upon the shoulders of the men, and to resist the order at the point of much they suffered in mind and body their swords, being assured of the asin this dreary and fearful march. sistance of the men under their comOwing to the weight of the litters, and mand, to whom they had already the offensiveness of the wounds of some stated the barbarity of such a proceedof the persons in them, the soldiers ing, and who were not less indignant and sailors who were willing to do on the occassion than their commantheir utmost to help and convey off ders. This threat of Miranda is pertheir distressed companions, but who haps to be attributed to his ungovernwere weakened by fatigue and hunger, ed fear of being attacked by the Spacould not support their burden for a- niards, and falling alive into their ny length of time, and were obliged hands. This fear he may be supposed frequently to stop and change.- to have had, and yet not be a coward. Whenever this took place, Miranda I do not deny that he would meet the flew into a violent rage, pretending perils of ordinary battle with real couit was an unnecessary delay. At rage. I am persuaded he would ralength he declared, that if the wound- ther fall into the hands of his couned retarded the march of the column, trymen dead than alive. Armed they should be put aside and left on horsemen were seen hovering upon the road! This he said in hearing of the flanks and rear of our column ; the wounded, who expected the bar- but they never came within reach of barous threat would be executed, and musketry. Midway between La Ve they should be left to perish without la and the city, we forded a river, assistance, or to be cut in pieces by the banks of which were exceedingly the Spaniards. One of the men at. steep; here all thought it probabie tached to a litter, conveying an officer, we should be attacked, and it was declaring that he was so much spent near this place, that the General made he could go no farther, unless he was the threat of abandoning his wounded relieved; the General said to the sol- to the mercy of fate. But admitting dier :-“ Go on, Sir, I know what he was not seriously determined to do you can do ;"—then turning to the so, the event proved that he had no officer directing the order of march, occasion to resort to an expedient of “Suffer no complaint, shoot that man-- so abominable a complexion to hasten give me a pistol here ; let me do it.” the march, as the Spaniards allowed This officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Roor us to pass the river unmolested.. bach, in a very spirited and becoming They no doubt over-rated our strength, manner, remonstrated with Miranda whilst Miranda, in this instance, preupon this conduct; endeavoured to ferred acting on the defensive, as well check the torrent of curses he was from an apprehension of their superior venting against the men ; and begged force, as to prove the sincerity of his him to have some consideration for professions of tender regard towards the wounded and those who carried the people of South America. them The moment the General In the course of the morning before


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eur march to the city of Coro, about would have been inviolate, at least, so , twenty-five or thirty Indians were far as they had discovered a willingcaptured. They were, as is custo ness to be free, and to take our visit mary in this country, armed with in good part. Though we were thus bows and arrows. They preferred scrupulous in this respect, we projoining our standard to being kept as bably shall not have the imputation , prisoners. As we entered the city of forbearance. It is said, no doubt ; they formed part of the advanced with truth, that, in several instances, guard ; but the moment the firing those inhabitants, who first came into took place, they fled precipitately, the town after our evacuation, plunleaving their bows and arrows on the dered the houses and stores of those ground. It has been reported, that who had not yet returned, and gave when they saw our men firing at each out that we were the robbers. other, they supposed it was through Our care in this respect affords alanimosity; and observed, that if Mi- most the only consoling reflection, to randa's men fired at each other, they be gleaned from a review of our thought their turn would soon come; works on the Spanish Main. -- As and therefore, they had better seek I before observed, nearly all the insafety in flight. Whatever might habitants, rich and poor, male and have been the motive which drove female, the sick and the old, as well, them off, they took good care never as the healthy and young, had disapto make their

appearance afterwards. peared, having fled to other places, It is a satisfaction to reflect, that and to the woods. What a horrid the property of the inhabitants of La panic must have seized these inoffenVela de Coro and the city was respect, sive people, to have driven them to ed amidst all our, wants; except in- measures so extreme ; and what a stances of rapacity in individuals, of scene of distress must their flight have a description always to be found in an exhibited. It was not, however, in assemblage of men under arms, and all cases, their own terror that prompthe necessaries taken for our subsis- ted thein to quit their homes ; but

many, who would rather have encoun, The property found in the king's tered infidels than become the comstores being considered as belonging panions of wild beasts, were coerced to the free people of South America, to depart by the Spanish government, was taken in charge for their benefit, The Governor, drove the multitude by order of the Commander in chief. out before him like cattle, and would The whole value of this did not ex listen to no entreaties from those who ceed fifteen hundred dollars, which is desired to stay. Many, doubtless, to be divided among the troops.*- thought they might as well perish by What provisions we found in the de- the sword as famine; and that they serted houses, stores, and gardens of stood at least as good a chance from the Spaniards, our hunger obliged us the clemency of the invaders, as was to apply to our own use ; had they offered by a retreat into the forests, chosen to stay, it would have been our My heart is wrung to think of the General's policy to pay in proportion domestic misery that must have been to his ability for what we wanted. I occasioned by this detestable business, presume, their persons and property Some of it I saw, and heard of more ;

and have no doubt there existed hun* It consisted chief, of coarse linens,

dreds of instances of extreme suffering, and furnished one shirt and a pair of which we could not know. One pantaloons to each non-commissioned morning whilst we were at Coro, a officer and private soldier.

young officer informed

he had ac-

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cidentally seen a sick and helpless old ficer. When we considered that this man, who was near dying from want, good catholic must have regarded us having had nothing to eat for the last as enemies to his religion, his king two days. I proposed to take him and country, and probably to mansome of our provisions before we din- kind, his benevolence touched our ed. We accordingly proceeded to his feelings with peculiar force, and conapartment with such sustenance and tributed to sharpen the regret we refreshments as we had. At this un- could not but feel at the terror and expected relief, his gratitude and joy distress we occasioned. were more than he could express. He Though we evacuated the place, it uttered short thanks in Spanish, for was not from any apprehension of danhe could speak no English; but his ger to our persons. Whilst there we face said a thousand grateful things had several alarms ; but none, I bethat no language could convey. By lieve, more terrific than the followa gentleman who accompanied us, who ing: understood Spanish, we learned that On the day of our re-embarkation the old man's family and servant had from La Vela, intelligence was announleft him, taking with them all the pro- ced at head-quarters, that a corps of visions in the house, the moment that Spanish cavalry was advancing against the firing of our cannon at La Vela us. A detachment of infantry, with was heard. He had been long con a piece of artillery, was put under fined by sickness, and was only strong march, with a view to prevent their enenough to sit in bed ; but not to reach trance into the town. The Commandhis crucifix and prayer book, which er-in-chief soon followed ; near the enwere on the window board some paces virons of the village he found the lieufrom his bed side. In this situation tenant halted, with a cluster of bushes he must have expired had we not in front. It was then raining in torcome to his relief. Before our de. rents. Miranda supposed this time parture from Coro, he and other suf- and place proper for surprising the fering inhabitants whom we knew, enemy, then believed to be advancing, were supplied as far as in our power by a well-directed fire from the amwith a stock of provisions, to serve bush. The General, puffing and funthem till their affrighted friends re- ing as he approached, said, “why don't turned.

you fire, Lieutenant? why don't you Upon taking my departure from fire, Sir?” “I see nothing to fire at, the Main, it is due to gratitude, that General ;” replied the Lieutenant. I mention the affecting kindness of a “ Fire at those bushes, then, Sir," reRoman priest at Coro, to our sick and joined the General; "Fire, Sir, and wounded. He discovered a most ami- let them know we have got guns !". able solicitude, both for the comfort The officer blazed away according to of their bodies, and the future welfare order. What havock was made aof their souls. Towards Colonel Kirkó mong the bushes we know not, as no land, for whose life we entertained se return of the killed and wounded has rious apprehensions, be exercised the ever been made. The truth is, the benevolence of a Christian, and the Spaniards never approached nearer tenderness of a father, He provided than within three or four miles of the for him not only a comfortable but town and batteries ; nor was there any elegant apartment, with several atten- appearance of their force at eleven dants, and every necessary which his o'clock the day after, when we weighsituation required. He is held in the ed anchor, bound to Aruba most grateful remembrance by that of

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Conversations of FREDERICK OF PRUS- hoping that the King would afford
SIA and the Emperor Joseph II. him an opportunity of a little revenge.

“ Your ballets are pretty,” said the ( Translated from Lettres et Pensees du King; “ your dancers have grace,

but Prince de Ligne.)

it is starched grace. You make them,

I think, lift their shoulders and arms
Y an extraordinary chance, in too high ; for if you recollect, Mr

1770, the Emperor had an op- Noverre, your first dancer at Berlin portunity of indulging the personal was not like that." _“ Sire," said Noadmiration which he had conceived

verre, " that was the reason why she for the King of Prussia ; and these two

was at Berlin." great sovereigns were on such good One day that I spent sone hours terms as to pay. mutual visits. The with the King, he said to me: Emperor allowed me to accompany you know who taught me the little him, and presented me to the King : that I know : it was your old Marit was at the camp of Neustadt in Mo- siiall Traun ; that was a man. You ravia. I cannot remember if I had, spoke of the French just now : are or if I assumed, an embarrassed air ; they making any progress?"-" They but I recollect well that the Emperor, are capable of every thing in time of who perceived it, said to the King, war, Sire," said I ;“ but during peace, speaking of me: “ He looks timid, their rulers wish them not to be what which I never saw before; he will do they are, and attempt to make them better soon.

He said this with grace what they cannot be."-" How, disand gaiety, and they went out from ciplined? They were so in the time quarters, I think to the play. The of Turenne.”. Oh, it is not that ; King, on the way, left the Emperor they were not disciplined in the time an instant, and asked me, if my letter of Vendome, and did not gain battles to Jean Jacques Rousseau, printed in the less ; but they wish them to be the

newspapers, was genuine. our apes and yours, which does not suit swered : “ Sire, I am not so celebra- them." “ That is what I think ; I ted, as that my name should be bor- have already said of their trainers, that Towed.” It is well known that Ho- they wish them to sing without knowing race Walpole borrowed that of the music.". "Oh! that is true ; but only King, to write to Jean Jacques the leave them their natural sounds; take famous letter, which contributed most advantage of their valour, their agility, to turn the head of that eloquent and and even of their faults; I believe their extravagant man of genius.

confusion might put the enemy into As we left the play, the Emperor confusion.-" These French,” said the said to the King of Prussia,

“ There King,

are a brave and amiable na. is Noverre, the famous composer of tion; it is impossible not to love them; ballets. He has, I believe, been at but, my God! what have they made Berlin." Hereupon Noverre made of their men of letters ? what a dif. a handsome dancing-master's bow. ference of tone! Voltaire, for instance, “ Oh! I know him," said the King; had an excellent one; D'Alembert, we saw him at Berlin; was very

whom I esteem in many respects, droll ; he mimicked every one, espe- makes too much noise, and wishcially our opera dancers, and made us cut too great a figure in sodie of laughing." Noverre; who was ciety; was it the men of letters who not at all satisfied with this way of re- gave grace to the court of Louis XIV. collecting him, made another hand- or did they receive it from the numsome reverence in the third position, ber of agreeable persons who compo


I an

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12" I ask your

sed it? That was the patriarch of you ever see,” he would say, rain Kings. Rather too much good was said like that of yesterday? Good cathoof him during his life; but greatly too lies among you will say : This it is much ill after his death.”_" A king to have a man without religion among of France, Sire, is always the patri- us; what have we to do with this curarch of men of wit.”_" There cannot sed king, Lutheran at best? For I be a worse lot ; they are not worth the really believe that I am to blame for -ljto govern. I would rather be it. Your soldiers will say : Peace is patriarch of the Greeks, like my sis- made, and yet this devil of a man will ter the Empress of Russia. She gains still trouble us.”—“Certainly, said I, by it, and will gain more. That is a if your majesty is the cause, you are religion which comprehends so many very wicked. That is allowed only different nations and countries : As to Jupiter, who has always good reafor our poor Lutherans, they are so sons for every thing, and you would few, that I would not take the trouble have done like him who, having made to be their patriarch.”

some perish by fire, wished to make “ Louis XIV," said he,“ having the rest perish by water; but now at more judgment than wit, sought rather last the fire is at an end, which I nethe one than the other. He wished ver expected to escape. and found men of genius. You can- pardon for having tormented you so not say that Corneille, Bossuet, Racine, often ; I am sorry for all humanity ; and Condé, were men of wit.”_-“There but what a fine apprenticeship to war! is every thing, Sire, in that country, I have committed faults enough to and it really deserves to be happy. make all you young people better Your majesty, I am told, has said, that worth than myself. My God! how if you wished to make a fine dream, I love your grenadiers ! how well you would wish..,"_“Yes, it is true, they have defiled in my presence! If to be king of France." _ If Francis "the god Mars wished a guard for his I. and Henry IV. had come into the person, I would advise him to take world after your majesty, they would them without hesitation.” have said: to be king of Prussia.". Why cannot I recollect a hundred * Tell me, I pray you, is there nobody bright sayings that dropt from the siow in France that one can quote.”. King during this conversation, which I laughed : the King asked me why? lasted till dinner was announced.I told him he made me think of the The King sat down to table, and it was

Russian at Paris' that charming little this day, I believe, that some one askpiece of Voltaire, and we repeated ed why M. de Laudon was not yet archarming things from it, which made rived ; on which the King said: “ That us both laugh.

is not usual with him. Formerly Our conversation began commonly he arrived often before me ; allow him by some vague words upon any sub- to have this place by me, for I like ject, but he found means to render it better to have him on my side, than interesting; the common subjects of opposite." good and bad weather became at once One day he bid me name to him sublime, and never did you hear from the officers who were there, and to him any thing vulgar. 'He ennobled tell him those that had served under every thing; the examples of the Marshall Traun : for, “ in short, says Greeks, of the Romans, and of'mo- he, as I think I have already told dern generals, soon changed what- you, he is my master ; he corrected me ever, with another, would have re- at school”, -Your Majesty was very mained trivial, or common. “ Did ungrateful; you did not pay your les

sons ;

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