« ZurückWeiter »
ambition has stained so many of the pa- d'Aix. The French Admiral adds, that ges of history with blood, and whose ar- the enemy being driven from before L'. rogance has again excited such agitation Orient, Captain Tronde had been able among the nations.
to run out with his division, to fulfil the “ A soldier of Napoleon must not on- mission with which he had been entrustly be free from censure, but without ed. (This division is supposed to be ala fear. If there be any of a contiary cha. so three ships of the line, and its desti. racter in our ranks, and who shall so far nation the West Indies.) Such is the transgress against the fundamentals of French Admiral's account of this imporall discipline, as to dishonour his cloth tant expedition. by plunder or disobedience, punishment Admiral Stopford has, however, gi. shall speedily follow.
yen a better and more satisfactory ac“ The results of this war are certain. count of the French squadron. In his We shall be supported by the Emperor letter to the Secretary of the Admiral. Alexander, who is faithful to his engage- ty, dated Feb. 27. he says, that being at ments in peace or war,
With his ar anchor to the S. W, of the Chassiron mies, whom you highly respect; with light house, in the Cæsar, of 80 guns, the confederate Sovereigns, whose wish with the Donegal, 80, Defiance, 74, and is that we should avenge their cause, Amethyst, Amelia, and Naiad frigates, and secure them in future against the about ten P. M. he observed several rocambition of our eternal enemy; and, kets in the N. W. which induced him lastly, through the justice of our cause, to get under sail and stand towards victory must be ours. Your courage, them. Next morning he perceived eight and the genius of your Sovereign, when ships of the line and two frigates stand. you see him in' the midst of you, willing into the Pertuis d'Antioche, under be the most infallible assurance of your French colours. He immediately detriumph.
tached the Naiad, by signal, to acquaint “ The Marshal Duke of AUERSTADT." Admiral Lord Gambier, who had gone
into Plymouth. The Admiral soon afNAVAL INTELLIGENCE.
ter gave chace to three French frigates,
which were standing in for the Sable DESTRUCTION OF A FRENCH FLEET,
d'Olonne. Having anchored in a posiOn the 21st of February, the Brest tion which the Admiral thought attack. - Fleet, consisting of eight ships of the able, he immediately opened his fire, line and two frigates, left that port, un whicb in a short time obliged two of the der the command of Admiral Allemande, frigates to cut their cables and run on in consequence of orders from his mas. shore. The tide falling, the British squater Bonaparte. According to the Ad. dron were obliged to stand out, leaving miral's report to the French minister of all the frigates ashore, two of them marine, these orders were to attack the heeling much. The batteries protectwo British squadrons of four ships of ting these ships were strong and nume. the line each, that were blockading rous, and considerably damaged the l'Orient and Rochefort. The same even- masts and rigging of our ships. The ing he appeared off L'Orient, whence Donegal had one man killed, and six three frigates were to join him ;-but wounded; the Defiance two killed, and these could not get out till the follow. 25 wounded. On the 26th the Admi. ing day, when (as the Admiral could ral' was joined by four more ships, when not wait for them) they got into a very he resumed the blockade of the enemy's unpleasant situation, being chased by fleet, which had anchored in Basque 'four British ships, and were obliged to roads, protected by the strong batteries Tetreat to Sables Roads, where aided by on Isle d’Aix. On reconnoitring closethe forts, they defended themselves for ly, on the 28th, the Admiral discovered three hours, and at length compelled a large ship, supposed to be the Regu. tbe enemy to retreat. The Admiral Jus, of 74 guns, on her beam ends, all Teached Basqué Roads on the 241h, her masts gone, and apparently bilged. when he did not meet with the British One of the frigates, the Indienne, was -squadron, but the division of Rochefort lying on the beach in the same situ1. (said to be three ships of the line) join- tion, and abandoned by the crew. The ed the Brest division in the roads of Isle other two frigates were also on their
beam ends at low water, and a strong quilon, of 74 guns; and Calcutta, of 56 western swell setting in, it was expec- guns) of the enemy have been destroyted they would be completely destroyed. ed at their anchorage, and several o.
In the mean time, on the receipt of thers, from getting on shore, if not renthe intelligence of the enemy's sailing, dered altogether unserviceable, are at Admiral Sir John Duckworth was dis. least disabied for a considerable time. parched from Plymouth, with eight The arrangement of the fire-vessels, ships, to Ferrol and Cape Finisterre, to placed under the direction of Captain watch their passage in that quarter, lest Lord Cochrane, were made as fully as such should be their intention. He then the state of the weather would admit, proceeded to Cadiz, from thence to Ma- according to his Lordship's plan, on the deira, and returned to Plymouth about evening of the 11th inst.; and at eight the roth of April, without learning any o'clock on the same night they proceedthing of the enemy.
ed to the attack under a favourable On the sth of March, Admiral Lord strong wind from the north-ward, and Gambier sailed from Plymouth with four flood tide, (preceded by some vessels ships of the line, to resume the com filled with powder and shells, as propomand of the feet blockading the enemy sed by his Lordship, with a view to exin Basque Roads. Upon closely recon. plosion,) and led on in the most unnoitring their situation, however, it was daunted and determined manner by found impracticable to effect any thing Captain Wooldridge, in the Mediator against them with large ships, on ac- fireship, the others following in succescount of the narrowness of the anchor- sion, but, owing to the darkness of the age, which is also very rocky, and the night, several mistook their course, and strength of the batteries on shore. It failed. was therefore resolved to attempt their On their approach to the enemy's destruction by fireships and rockets. ships, it was discovered that a boom was For this purpose, Col. Congreve, the in- placed in front of their line for a de. genious inventor of the rockets, sailed fence. Thris, however, the weight of from Portsmouth on the 29th of March, the Mediator soon broke, and the usual in the Ætna bomb, with several fire- intrepidity and bravery of British sea. ships, and accompanied by some officers men overcame all difficulties, advancing and privates of the Royal Marines, who under a heavy fire from the forts on the had become extremely expert in throw. Isle of Aix, as well as from the enemy's ing the rockets. Lord Cochrane, who ships, most of which cut or slipt their had but lately arrived from the Medi- cables, and from their confined anchorterranean, was dispatched at the same age, got on shore, and thus avoided ta. time in the Imperieuse, with a special king fire. commission from the Lords of the Ad. At daylight the following morning, miralty, appointing him to conduct this Lord Cochrare communicated to me hazardous enterprize. The attempt was by telegraph, that seven of the enemy's accordingly carried into execution on ships were on shore, and might be dethe morning of the 12th of April, and a stroyed. I immediately made the sig. considerable part of the enemy's fleet nal for the fleet to unmoor and weigh, destroyed. The following is Lord Gam. intending to proceed with it to effect bier's report of the attack, which was their destruction. The wind, however, published in a London Gazette Extra- being fresh from the northward, and the ordinary on the 21st.
flood tide running, rendered it too haCaledonia, at anchor in Basque Roads, shallow water ;) I therefore anchored a
zardous to run into Aix roads, (from its SIR, April 14, 1809.
gain at the distance of about three miles The Almighty's favour to his Majes. from the forts on the island. ty and the nation has been strongly As the tide suited, the enemy evinced marked in the success he has been plea- great activity in endeavouring to warp sed to give to the operations of his Ma. Their ships (which had grounded) into jesty's feet under my command : and I deep water, and succeeded in getting have the satisfaction to acquaint you, all but five of the line towards the enthat four ships (Ville de Varsovie, of trance of the Charente, before it became $o guns ; Tonnerre, of 74 guns; A. practicable to attack them.
I gave orders to Captain Bligh, of the co-operation of Rear Admiral Stopford, Valiant, to proceed with that ship, the and Sir Harry Neale, Bart. the Captain Revenge, frigates, bombs, and small ves of the fleet, as well as of the animated sels, viz. Indefatigable, Aigle, Emerald, exertions of the captains, officers, seaPallas, Beagle, Ætna bomb, Insolent men and marines, under my command, gun-brig, Conflict, Encounter, Fervent, and their forwardness to volunteer upon and Growler, to anchor near the Boyart any service that might be allotted to Shoal, in readiness for the attack. At them; I cannot speak in sufficient terms 20 minutes past two P. M. Lord Coch. of admiration and applause of the vigorane advanced in the Impericuse with rous and gallant attack made by Lord his accustomed gallantry and spirit, and Cochrane upon the French line-of-batopened a well-directed fire upon the tle ships which were on shure, as well Calcutta, which struck her culours to as of his judicious manner of approachthe Imperieuse ; the ships and vessels a. ing them, and placing his ship in the bove mentioned soon after joined in the position must advantageous to annoy attack upon the Ville de Varsovie and the enemy, and preserve his own ship; Aquilon, and obliged them, before five which could not be exceeded by any o'clock, after sustaining a heavy cannon feat of valour hitherto atchieved by the nade, to strike their colours, when they British navy. were taken possession of by the boats It is due to Rear-Admiral Stopford of the advanced squadron. As soon as and Sir Harry Neale, that I should here the prisoners were removed, they were take the opportunity of acquainting set on fire, as was also the Tonnerre their Lordships of the handsome and a short time after by the enemy.
earnest manner in which both these me. I afterwards detached Rear-Admiral ritorious officers had volunteered their the Hon. Robert Stopford, in the Cæsar, services before the arrival of Lord with the Theseus, three additional fire. Cochrane, to undertake an attack upon ships, (which were hastily prepared in the enemy with fire-ships; and that, the course of the day,) and all the boats had not their Lordships fixed upon him of the fleet, with Mr Congreve's roc to conduct the enterprise, I have full kets, to conduct the further operations confidence that the result of their efforts of the night against any of the ships would have been highly creditable to which lay exposed to an attack. On them. the morning of the 13th the Rear-Ad. I should feel that I did not do justice miral reported to me, that as the Cæsar, to the services of Captain Godfrey, of and other line-of-battle ships had ground. the Ætna, in bombarding the enemy's ed, and were in a dangerous situation, ships on the 12th, and nearly all the he thought it advisable to order them 13th, if I did not recommend him to all out, particularly as the remaining their Lordship's notice ; and I cannot part of the service could be performed omit bearing due testimony to the an. by frigates and small vessels only; and xious desire expressed by Mr Congreve I was happy to find that they were ex to be employed wherever I might contricated from their perilous situation. ceive his services in the management of
Captain Bligh has since informed me his rockets would be useful; some of that it was found impracticable to de. them were placed in the fire-ships with stroy the three decked ship, and the o effect, and I have every reason to be sathers which were lying near the entrance tisfied with the artiilerymen and others of the Charente, as the former, being who had the management of them, un. the outer one, was protected by three der Mr Congreve's direction, lines of boats placed in advance from I send herewith a return of the killed, her.
wounded, and missing, which, I am hapa This ship and all the others, except py to observe, is comparatively smail. four ships of the line and a frigate, have I have not yet received the returns of now moved up the river Charente. If the number of prisoners, but I conceive any further attempt to destroy them is they amount to between four and five practicable, I shall not fail to use every hundred. means in my power to accomplish it. I have charged Sir Harry Neale with
I have great satisfaction in stating this dispatch (by the Imperieuse ;) and how much I feel obliged to the zealous I beg leave to refer their Lordships to
him, as also to Lord Cochrane, for any Hortense, Capt. Allegaud. further particulars of which they may N. B.-One of the three last frigates wish to be informed.
on shore under Isle Madame. I have the honour to be, &c.
Return of Officers, Seamen, and Marines, GAMBIER.
Killed, Wounded, and Missing. April 15.-P. S. This morning three
Killed.-Wm. Flintoft, acting Lieuof the enemy's line-of.battle ships are observed to be still on shore under Fou. Gunner of the Mediator.
tenant of the Cæsar. James Sergess, jas, and one of them is in a dangerous
Wounded.-Capt, Wooldridge (much situation. One of their frigates (L'In- burnt.) Lieutenants N. B. Clements, dienne,) also on shore, has fallen over, J. Pearl, (slightly burnt) of the Medi. and they are now dismantling her. As
ator, Mr Edward Fairfax, of the Ca. the tides will take off in a day or two ledonia, Master of the fleet. Mr R. F. there is every probability that she will Jewers, Master's Mate of the Theseus. be destroyed.
Mr James Gaslard, Lieutenant of the Since writing the foregoing, I have learnt that the Hon. Lieut. col. Coche Revenge. Mr Marsden, Purser, and
Mr Gilbert, Surgeon's Assistant of the rane (Lord Cochrane's brother,) and Lieutenant Bisset of the navy, were vo
Imperieuse. Mr John Conyers, (badly lunteers in the Imperieuse, and render scorched) Master's Mate of the Gibraled themselves extremely useful, the former hy commanding some of her guns ficers, 26 men wounded; a man missing.
Two officers, eight men killed; 9 of. on the main deck, and the latter in con
Total 46. ducring one of the explosion vessels.
From the latest accounts from our Names of the ships in Aix Roads previous feet, all the French ships which could
to the attack on the 11th April, not be destroyed, had succeeded in getL'Ocean, 120 guns, Vice-Adm. Alle ting over the bar into the Charente. mande, Captain Roland.-Repaired in led, and several were ashore in the ri.
The whole of them are quite dismant2306 ; on shore under Fouras.
ver. 'The Indienne frigate has been Foudroyant, so guns, Rear. Admiral
burnt. It is not believed that more Gourdon, Captain Henri.. Five years than three out of the whole fleet, are reold; on shore under Fouras.
pairable. Cassard, 74 guns, Capt. Faure, Com. modore.-Three years old ; on shore un.'
Several ships (among others the Im
perieuse, Lord Cochrane,) have come der Fouras.
to England from the squadron off RocheTourville, 74 guns, Capt. La Caille. -Old; on shore in the river.
fort, with French prisoners taken in the
fleet in Basque roads. They amount in Regulus, 74 guns, Capt. Lucas -- Five
all to about 1200. The killed and years old; on shore under Madame.
wounded are said to be about the same Patriote, 74 guns, Captain Mahee..
number. Repaired in 1806.
It appears by accounts from Admiral Jemappe, 74 guns, Capt. Fauvau.
Cochrane in the West Indies, that the On shore under Madame.
Tonnerre, 74 guns, Capt. Clement de three line of battle ships and two fri. la Roncierg-Nine months old ; never ral's report as having gone out of L'
gates, mentioned in the French Admi. Aquilon, 74 guns, Capt. Maingon.- tined for Martinique ; but learning on
Orient on a secret expedition, were des. Old: Ville de Varsovie, 80 guns, Captain session of the British, and that Guada.
the passage that the island was in posCouviller,-New, never at sea. Calcutta, 56 guns, Captain Tonie.- dron, they had run into the Saints, a
loupe was blockaded by a British squaLaden with flour and military stores.
small island about two leagues from FRIGATES.
Martinique. Admiral Cochrane, as soon Indienne, Capt. Porteau. On shore, as he got notice of them, immediately near Isle d' Eget, on her beam ends, steered for the Saints, where they were Elbe, Capt. Perengier.
blocked up by four sail of the line and Pallas, Capt. Le Ligot.
several frigates. The Admiral writes,
that the enemy's ships are so closely ging were much cut, but she had only
The Captain and first Lieutenant ManExclusive of the destruction of the ly Dixon were severely wounded early fleet in Basque roads, we have been ex in the action, and obliged to quit the tremely successful of late in capturing deck ;--but the battle was nobly sus. some of the finest frigates in the French tained by the second Lieutenant, the navy, in single action, and in different Hon. George Douglas, who gallantly quarters. The following account of fought the ship for an hour and 35 mi. these successes may gratify our rea. nutes. The enemy having from the ders :
beginning pointed his guns high, the Le Topaze. On the 22d of January, Horatio was reduced to a complete the Cleopatra frigate, Captain Pechelt, wreck in masts, sails, and rigging. In while cruizing offGuadaloupe gave chace this situation, the enemy attempted to to a strange ship, which immediately get,off;--but the Latona English frihauled close in shore, and anchoring un. gate coming within gun-shot, and firing der a small battery off Point Noir, secu. a few guns, which the enemy returned, red her by springs upon her cables, and and wounded six of the Latona's men, others made fast to the trees on shore. she immediately brought to on the starAbout five P. M. the Cleopatra had got board tack, and every mast went by the within a cable's length of the shore, and board. She proved to be la Junon, of half musket shot of the enemy, when 44 guns, with 323 men, commanded by his firing commenced. The Cleopatra, M. Augustin Rousseau, a member of the finding she could not close without dan. legion of honour, who was mortally ger of being raked, was obliged to an wounded, and expired soon after the chor in 6 fathoms water, when she re. action. The enemy had 47 men killed, turned the enemy's fire, 'which fortu. and 83 wounded, and besides the loss nately very soon cut away his outside of all her masts and rigging, had ber spring, when he swung on shore, with hull terribly cut up. La Junon bad his head towards the Cleopatra. This been a remarkably fine ship, only three situation the latter so effectually preser. years old, and had never been at sea till ved, that the enemy never afterwards she left France about three months be got more than half his broadside to bear. fore the action. The Horatio suffered The action continued thus for 40 mi- but little in her hull, had seven seamen nutes, when the Jason and Hazard came killed, 13 badly wounded, (besides the up, the former placing herself on the Captain and Lieutenant Dixon,) and 10 enemy's starboard quarter, and firing seamen and marines slightly wounded. her bow guns, while the Hazard attack Le Niemen. On the 5th of April, the ed the battery. The enemy finding any Amethyst frigate, Capt. Seymour, fell in further resistance useless, hauled down with another French frigate, 42 leagues his colours. She proved to be the from Cordovan light house, which she French frigate le Topaze, carrying 48 lost sight of in the night. At one in the guns, 18, 24, and 36 pounders, with a morning of the 6th, she again came up complement of 330 men, and command with her, and a severe action began, ed by M. Lahalle ;--had been out from which continued for two hours, when Brest 47 days, bound for Cayenne, with the enemy's main and mizen masts fell 100 soldiers and 1100 barrels of flour on overboard. The Arethusa at this time board. The enemy had 12 killed and came up, and firing a few guns, the ene14 wounded ; about one third of his my struck his colours. She proved to crew took the water, and several were be Le Niemen, a fine new French frieither killed or drowned in making their gate,copper fastened, mounting 44 guns, escape. The Cleopatra's masts and rig, with 319 men, out only two days from