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hinder many of the voluntiers from both Athole's men, who already were parting downe Lock Long, to take breaking homeward, and Huntley's their hazard in any Lowlands they suspicius; and cause them either should come at: The Erle intreated march together, for defending their us by a message to come on 2 miles oune, or els run away from their leadfarther, to Lock Gaire, to resolve and ers to their oune countrey : But withtake a joint course ; with great work out doubt he might, recruit himselfe, I persuaded them ; but at my coming, by the whole harassed people about

; insted of consulting, Sir John told mee Inverarie, whence now Athole was the Erle was resolved with all haist parted, and through all Argyle and to march over Leven water, and fight Lome ; and make a good shift till he the Lowland forces wherever we should hear of us; and that we should

; found thein ; he told mee, also the in- divide the voluntiers and lowlanders, telligence that Huntly was coming up being within three hunder and fiftie with many men to joine Athole, who in number, equally, one halfe to goe would quickly be upon our heels; that doune Loch Long in boates now reaDunbarton, with the standing forces dy; the other halfe down Lock Gaire, and militia, was about Glasgow; and to land at 2 distant places very fitt, presently, I found that all these newes which I named, wher no forces wer at were dispersed among our men, and present; mount on horses, such as they hugely disheartened : I told Sir they could not miss of, for dispatch in John that was the madest course in marching; and march to strong the world, and gave the reason I after. grounds in these countreys, that peowards exprest to the Erle; but albeit ple might have easie get to us, and he saw all others convinced and of my joine us: By this meanse, all should opinion, he would not condescend, nor not be discussed at once ; if

one par(such a faite was in it).so much as goe ty wer broak, another perhapes might along wiih me to reason with the shift; or it might be the Lord would Erle; so I went alone and he telling help us to gather up our crums, and me his present resolution, without ask- bring us together againe. After ing my advice, I repeated the same much more discourse, the Erle rethings I had talked to Sir John & the mained obstinately impersaudable, & gentlemen : That our armes and amu- as opinitive and wilful as ever : But nition being now lost with our ships, said, any that would not goe with & our men thereby exceedingly dis- him, might doe as they pleased ; his couraged, and most pairt run away ; intention was not to fight the enemie it wer madness for us to think to keep if he could shift them, but to march together, or think of fighting the for- straight to Glasgow, and there doe ces in a body, to lose the remaine of the next best: Some wer forced to our hopes in one desperate attemp; comply, who could not think of partbut that the best was, that he and his 'ing, but by consent; and I againe Highlanders should march bake by persuaded the most unwilling, that we head of Lock Long, wher he had did not separate. said there was a pass, which 100 men This Tuesday, the 16th of June, would easily maintaine against 1000, we marched from Lock Gaire and to Argylshire ; wher he might pro- crossed Leven at night, 8 miles above bably get more men, and wher his Dunbarton; having spent 5 weekes in Highlanders would fight, if any wher, the Highlands to no purpose, whereof being their owne intrest ; and wher the Erle alone was the cause : for Sir he might easily shun fighting, and le- John was persuaded by him to goe vieing the countrey, march to ene- cross to us against his own inclination; mies' lands; which might, render but this was the means to our ruine.




We encamped on Leven side, and than lose 3 hours march by that halt,) next morning marched airely, weary, being over marcht and wearied alreaand hungry enough, as I thought, to dy; and in truth wee all greatly needtake the hill way for Glasgow ; but it ed both refreshment of rest and meat; proved not so. About 7 in the morn- and he had caused provide very well ing we discovered a great pairty of of victuals, so as all had a sufficient horse, on a litle hiil top very near us, maile, but this halt proved fatall. -they sent off a detachment towards us; About 2 afternoon we marched whi. but some of our horse going of to ther I knew not, but supposed towards them they returned. Having no in- Glasgow; but indeed it was to the telligence, we thought the whole ar- great road from Dunbarton to Sterling: my was behind, and that a fore pairty; The doeing this, & designe of it, or and drew up ours in batalia, and stood reasons for it, wer concealled from to our armes above an hour : The mee; and none in the company of vo: Erle very discouraged came to mee lentiers knew the countrey, or whither wher I had drawn up the voluntiers ; they wer goeing; and wee had not asked what I thought best to doe, for marched an houre, when some who he had just now intelligence that the had passed a litle burne and got up a army was not at Glasgow; but he litle hill on the van, discovered the feared they wer not far from these army within a halfe mill of them, horsemen, whom he considered as a marching on the highway: Hearing fore pairty. I answered, it is not time this, I went over a horseback to view, now to make many words; send some found Sir John talking very high with horsemen to view if the whole army the Erle of a brave advantage we be not there ; why doe wee halt our might have of them; I kvew not with march? Let us not again stop our what eyes he saw them. When I march; but since wee are now betwixt came, and had observed them, & them and Glasgow, let us keep strong him to, he asked what was my advice; grounds, and a strong rear-guard of I said, the same I had given before, to our horse, and the voluntiers and Low- take the strong grounds, keep a good lander foot, and we shall be able to reare-guard, and not stop our march come thither in despite of them; and to Glasgow, nor fight unless foræd to if they come hard on us, that wee itt. He said it wer ane inexcusable needs must, our whole body shall fight thing to let so great an advantage them; he answered that is certainly slip; there was but a small pairt of the best of it, I will doe it : So we the army there, and the defeating of marched, and I kept the reare-guard them would make all the countrey with the volentiers. Our march was flocke to us, I desired him remember in very good order; and in a litle the how disheartened our men wer, how scouts came in, and told us the party starved, how overmascht, and how of horse wee had seen wer only gen- bent on Glasgow ; also, what'men wee tlemen and militia ; and that none of could reckon would stand to it, not the army was there : But insted of 500; in all wee wer not 900, and of marching toward Glasgow, Sir John these some wer still stealing off'; and had persuaded the Erle to march to by what I had observed of them, maKilmaronock, quite contrary, but not ny more would : Againe, that wee far off, for we came thither about 10 saw in view a regiment of red coat o'clocke: I expostulated with him; foot, and several troupes of horse, toa he said the men would not be able to strong for us to attaque ; and I assured march to Glasgow without refresh- him, he would find the whole army ment; (but they would gladly delay-' following toward Leven or Dunbar. ed it till their coming thither rather ton, upon intelligence of us ; thoe the June 1809.



covers of the ground kept us from see. wee' came back to Kilpatrick, not ye ing of them (as it after proved) and bove 500 men in all, sadly wearied ; therefor since evening was approach. Soone as I got downe the hill, very ing, and wee could without being seen faint & weary, I tooke the first aleof them, or suffering our sogers to see house and quickly ate a bit of bread, them, put a great hill betwixt them and took a drink, and inediately went

us, and let our horses be kerthing to search out the Erle; but I met in their view, till the foot were march- Sir John, with others accompanieing ed an houre ; and then come off ano. him; who, taking mee by the hand, ther way by help of guides wer there: turned mee, saying my heart go you 'The enemy, who wer taking a ground, with mee : Whither goe you said I? would take some time to draw up; over Clide by boate said he : I, wher and certainly not ventor on the hils is Argyle? I must see him : He, he is and mosses, to persue, till the next gone away to his owne countrey, you day. All this prevailed not, our men cannot see him : I, how comes this wer drawen over the burne in view of change of resolution, and that wee the enemie, and before wee could get went not together to Glasgow ? He, It them drawen up, wee wer well convin- is no time to answer questions, but I ced that the whole army and militia shall satisfy you afterward. To the was there together ; & our most in. boates wee came, filled 2 and rowed clined to fight, wisht to be off: Our over ; but a good troop of horse' on men saw nothing but death ; yet tru- Askine Green waited our landing, and ly the Lowlanders, except a few per- came as near the water as they could sons who slipt off and escaped, and draw up to fire on us; & planted some of the Highlanders, shewed a- some foot men and firelocks, behind bundance of resolution. The Erle some dry boates lying on the shaar ; came to mee, and asked my opinion of yet they wounded only one man.the ground; I said I likt it not, and Wee shot hard among them, beat the gave my reason ; but shewed him a men from their dry boates, wounded better hard by, which he preferred, and killed horses, and made the rest and said we should draw up upon it; well in disorder ; so they marched abut such was his confusion, that in- way, Wee stay'd till such as wer to deed wee wer never put orderly in ba- come over came over, in all about 100 talia. Wee stood to our armes till men ; then wee marched to a place to

a evening ; the enemie encamped and dine which I knew not ; Sir John was kindled fires on thar ground, and so busie, causing get horses taken, to

But when our fires wer help some of us in our march ; and kindled, the Erle told us wee should an honest gentleman who was present, varch off quickly, through the mosses told mee the manner of his parting at the nearest to Glasgow. So wee with the Erle ; Argyle being in the marched with as much silence as we roome with Sir John, the gentleman could ; at first in order, but that was cousing in, found confusion in the suddenly quite, and our retreat became Erle's countenance and speach; in .very fowle ; for the Highlanders sun, end he said, Sir John, I pray advise & crowded on the Lowland compa- mee what shall I doe; shall I nies, broke their order, that every ver Clide with you, or shall I goe to one was apt to tread down another; my owne countrey ? Sir John ansver60 ther was no safety but being off ed, my Lord, I have told you my opithem behind or at a sides we march- nion; you have some Highlanders here ed hard the whole night, throw very about you, it is best you goe to your bad, almost impassable ground : Next owne countrey with them, for it is to morning, being Thursday, June 18, no purpose for you to go over Clide:


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My Lord, faire you well ; then calld abundance of danger joined our body; the gentleman, come away Sir ; whe & caried the markes of severall pistoll followed him when I met with him. shot on his buff coate. Wee beat Having got some country horses, 2- them off with sore stroakes; yet only bout 10, such as wer lest able to walk one of them lay on the place, in that mounted, and wee came to the place charge, which was given upon our we designed to eat at, upon a hill; left hand : Then another party came thither the troope with some joined imediately from the body above us, them persued us. Sir John would and charged on the right hand; ours have us divide in three pairties, and received them most courageously, beat go over a litle deam to charge them ; them off in disorder with smart blowes; I would have them takeing meat, and and Captain Cleland who comanded, sitting a gaird, on a stone dike to de- lay dead on the place: After that, fend the deam by turnes ; that wee

the strong body below us advanced might not loose time, but get at a but our men wer very ready, and restrong, moss, he intended to be at, be. ceived them briskly, that they apfore night; but he gave me a reason proached not to the dike; & imedito satisfaction. Wee drew up, march.ately a strong troup on the left hand ed out, and putt them from their charged furiously,

furiously, and got in over the ground; for they wer only come to dike, a litle below us, and charged us dog us till more forces came up : Wee closs: But our men fired hard and returned, and all who had gone out, home, run on them with that spirit, about 90, (the rest being Highlands that they broke them in pieces, and men fled over the hill in our sight) beat them off in great disorder ; for tooke meat and marched presently to they carried sore blowes at that enLuton bridge; the troop keeping sight counter ; for I did perceive our shotes of us the whole way. We had stay'd gall them. Ther hors charged no but a little there, when we got an more, but some dragoons on foot came alarm ; whereupon wee marched up to charge on our right hand; but wee the hill, and severall Highlandmen quickly made them run to their horse: slipt away by the backs of the yaird Then they planted on a dike above dikes; some took leev and pairted :- us, and played on us with rifled guns Those who resolved to die on that and firelockes, and wee on them; by ground, and to sell their lives at as which ther was slaughter and wounde worthie a rate as they could, march'd on both sides; and so night came on, up; and seeing themselves surrounded Wee advised what to doe, and resolv. with squadrons of horse and dragoons, ed that by night, wee would fall out wer not at all dashed, but expressed upon the squadron above us on the much

courage : Wee liad scarce time right; and if it wer possible, to get to to take up a ground, in the place cal. a strong moss before morning; for led Moure dikes, in a little closs of we knew that they had sent for footstubly ground, within a low ston dike, to fight and overpoure us; but finding and to draw up, when a strong troop that they wer drawen off the ground, appeared to assualt us : Sir John, who wee marched off quietly, unperceived; caried with as much bravery as any and marching all night, came to a safe man could doe, conceiving the troup hiding before the morning, wher wee to be his nephew the Lord Rosse's, in- lurked all that day. Wee had no men tended to have bespoke him, and had kill'd in the actiou, but 4 ; few more - begun on horsebacke, but unluckily wounded; but it was carried with that one of our wen fireing his gun, they readiness of courage, that wer. I to fired on ys; and Sir John being inte choose 75 men upon my life's hazard, Tupted, got from his horse, and with I would not reject one of that 75 (and

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no more ther was) that came of that death the archives were removed to night. The next night we marched the garrets of Versailles, unheeded by againe, and came to another lurking his successors, who, nevertheless sufplace ; stay'd till night, engaged a- fered the collection to increase its bulk, mong us never to part but by consent: for the benefit of posterity. Towards And laie, Sir John got notice Argyle the end of that reign they were remowas taken, and his party quite broke ; ved to the Hotel des Invalides, at Pawhereupon he came and told us, that ris, under a regular establishment of now it was impossible to stay together, clerks, to be conducted by M. de la but we must pairt, and shift each for Faye. himselfe ; so wee condescended, and The plan of organization was now pairted.

renewed with spirit, and at the end of And this narrative is true, not full, several years successful perseverance, for I am forced to conceall names of many valuable documents were brought persons, places, yea cointreys, till a to light, to the great improvement of freer time. I have written this bais, science, history, and military tactics. tily, and had not time to correct errors

When the peace

of Utrecht gave rein the write.

pose to Europe, the war-ministers of France employed the interval towards

perfecting these military treasures.Account of the Origin, Progress, and All papers relating to the different Present State of the War Depôt in

wars were methodically classed, and FRANCE.

enrolled under two distinct heads; the

first, relating to dispatches from gene(Fro" Essays on the Art of War.i vols.


ral officers with the army; and the se8vo. London 1809.)

cond, containing the replies of the IT is known to all the world that King, of his ministers either the ori


or the success

ginal documents or attested copies in the late continental wars has been of them. To each volume M. de owing to no cause more evident than Chamillart caused a table of contents the skilful combinations with which to be annexed; and gradually added their movements have been directed at thereto a summary of each year's miParis ; and that this skill has arisen litary operations, under the title of from the scientific and literary resour. “ Avertissemens." ces of its war depôt. That establish- These manuscripts, distinguished at ment is, therefore, become interesting the depôt as their “ Ancient Arnot only as an object of curiosity, but chives, comprise at least 2700 vo

” as worthy of imitation in all coun- lumes ; referring, in part, to the etries.

leventh century, but commencing in It was formerly the practice for the series only from the year 1631. war-ministers of France to hold their The importance now given to this offices at their respective hotels ; so department authorized the nomination that, on a change of administration, of a general officer to its future dior a death, the records of that depart- rection; and the Marshal de Maillement were carelessly transferred to bois, so well known in the German the residence of the new minister, and campaigns of 1733-4, and in the Itafrequently lost or misplaced at the re- lian campaigns of 1744-5, was appointmoval.

ed to the charge. : Louvois, the minister of Louis In the year 1696 a corps was instiXiy. in 1668, first undertook the tuted, called “ Engineers of Camps herculean labour of organizing this and Armies,” which served under the yast mass of confusion but at his command of M. de Lillier, afterwards ca

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