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ters, she said that she fancied one of Colonel Gordon was again called in. them was written by the Baroness's el. He stated that he had been acquainted dest son.
with Major Turner since 1803. He Three letters of Mr Elderton were called upon Colonel Gordon previous tien read, two to Mrs Clarke, soliciting to his resignation, but did not solicit ner to apply to the Duke in his behalf, any favour, as far as he could recollect. and one to the Duke of York, thanking Colonel Gordon had dissuaded hin from him for confirming his leave of absence. resigning, but understood he had got Then two letters from the Baroness into an unfortunate scrape with a wo. Nolken, expressing her gratitude for man, which made it desirable for him to the favours conferred upon her by the retire. He admitted that measures were Duke of York.
taken against Major Turner, in conseMrs Favourite was next examined.
quence of an anonymous letter, and said She was waiting-maid and house keeper that all anonymous, letters were for to Mrs Clarke at Gloucester place. She warded to the Commander-in-Chief. had known Mrs Clarke since the time Lord Fulkstone thought it necessary to of her marriage, but had not been her state the purport of the papers that servant tilt she went to Gloucester would be produced. By these papers, placé. Miss Taylor used frequently to it would appear that a negotiation was dine with the Duke of York and Mrs carrying on by the Duke of York to Clarke, Mrs Clarke was often pinck. obtain the loan of about L. 70,000 in ed for money; the Duke was unwilling 1804, to be paid by way of annuity. to advance money ; sometimes he paid The person employed was a Mr Kennet, bills when they were presented when then residing in Lincoln's Inn Fields. he was in the house. Mrs Clarke kept At the same time, a concurrent negotitwo or three men cooks, and treated his ation was on foot to obtain for Kennet Royal Highness sumptuously.
à place under Government. Several apMr Wardle was next examined and plications were made by the Duke of declared he was ready to produce every York to different departments of Gofetter of Mrs Clarke's and, to the best vernment, to obtain fur Kennet places of his knowledge, they had been all pro in the West Indies. The advance of duced.
the sum of money to the Duke was des The next witness examined was Mr pendent on his obtaining a place for Greenwood. He stated that no“person Kennet. This Kernet proposed as the of the name of Fromte was in his office; sine qua non, and the answer of the that Frome came to town to settle some Duke's private secretary acknowledgaccounts of his own, and settled near ing the receipt of Kennet's letter, exMr Greenwood's office, and that he has pressed no displeasure at the proposino connexion whatever with Frome : tion. After some observations from the That he once wrote Mrs Clarke, and Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr Duff sent the letter by Mr Taylor, shoe-ma was called in and examined. ker, Bond Street. He knows Mrs Sin He stated that he was solicitor on Mr clair Sutherland'; he knew her previ. Robert Kennet's bankruptcy, and in ously, but his acquaintance was mor consequence had become possessor of increased through the Duke of York, the papers which he gave to the clerk. He was made acquainted with her con Mr Robert Kennet was twice bankrupt. nexion with the Duke of York by Mrs He was tried for a conspiracy to defeat Sutherland herself, and had heard hes the commissioners, found guilty, and had a child to the Duke, The Duke sentenced to the pillory. of York ordered Mr Greenwood to in. The handwriting of Mr Kennet, Col. quire into the character of Mr Elder- Taylor, the Duke of York's private seton;" the first accounts were satisfac. cretary, Mr Adam, Mr Long, Mr Chaptorý; but, in consequence of some sub- man, &c. was then proved, and the difsequent reports of misconduct, he wrote ferent letters were then read. They to Sir Robert Abercrombie, who obvi. contain allusions to the loan of money ated these reports entirely, and even to the Duke of York; but consist chief: applied for Mr Elderton himself. No ly in statements of the applications made sums of money ever went through Mr by the Duke's order for situations for Greenwood's hands to Mrs Clarke. Mr Kennet,
WAR BETWEEN AUSTRIA AND FRANCE, Here he pron ises abandantly in orPRELIMINARY REMARKS.
der to cạjole ; and had he succeeded in
allaying the apprehensions of the Court E FORE entering into a detail of of Vienna ; had he procured it to distaken place, we may be perunitted to rising spirit of the people, until he had make a few preliminary observations subjugated Spain; it would have been apon some curious documents which a matter of perfect indifference to him have very recently come to light. what it might have afterwards resolved
It appears now to be ascertained, that upon, as he would have been prepared so far back as May 1308, the hostile pre to dictate, and not to soothe. parations of Austria had created a very But the Cabinet of Vienna was not great alarm in the mind of Bonaparte, to be so cajoled. It did dissemble its who was then finishing his work of le. hostile intentions, and actually issued a gislation for Spain ; for in a letter from proclamation against the propagators of his Secretary, Champagny, dated at reports tending to encourage the idea Bourdeaux in June, to Count Metter- of the renewal of war. It is surprizing nich, the Austrian ambassador at Pa- that this circumstance, with the des ris, he offered to make no small sacri- molition of Brannau and Egra, should fices, in order to appease the Court of have lulled the vigilance of a man, who, Vienna, and to elicit from it, by way of according to his slave Champagny, “lays keeping up appearances with the rest it down as a principle, not to reject whot of the continent, an explicit declaration' seems improbable.” Nevertheless, he eiof a pacific mind. “ Do you wish to ther was satisfied, or pretended to be sabe at rest with regard to the dispositions tisfied with the pacific declaration of the of France ? All the assurances you can Austrian Emperor. But whatever semdesire will be given you. Do you wish blance of pacific disposition the Cabithe encampments in Silesia to be brok. net of Vienna may have'assumed, it did en up? They shall be broken up. Are not, in the slightest degree, cause any you desirous that the directions given alteration in ihe armament and discifor arming the fortresses in that pro. pline of its people. These went on with vince should be countermanded? That surprising alacrity, even according to shall be done. Do you wish that the the French accounts. Yet such was measures for forming magazines of pro- the eagerness of the tyrant to crush the visions at Palma-Nova should be discon. Spaniards, that he detached in August tinued ?- They shall be discontinued. 100,000 men from his grand army of the Publick declarations to that effect shall Rhine, and sent them into Spain; an erbe made to you in any form you desire. ror, in our apprehension, totally repugThey shall be couched in such terms as nant to his known rule of conduct, and that the supposition of a meditated at. even to his expressed apprehensions. tack on the part of France shall mani. From the lights we have since obtainfestly appear to be absurd ;-but do you, ed, we have discovered many apparent on your side, recal and discontinue those circumstances of irresolution in his conmanifestly hostile and threatening mea duct. But the deluding nature of vice sures, that are inconsistent with the pre- is such, that he was not aware of the sent situation of Europe, and with the hatred, indignation, and desire of rerepose of which it so much stands in venge, which his cruelties and his perneed—thật remove to a distance all fidy had provoked. Having trampled hope of a general peace, and above all upon every sentiment of justice, he had that are incompatible with the native no conception of the general abhorrence disposition and principles of the empe. that has risen against him. He thinks ror."
resentment may belong to the suflerers June 1809.
and their immediate adherents; but ha are clothed, your fortresses are supplied ving no faith in a disinterested sense of with provisions. In a word, a sure sign virtue, he feels no apprehension lest o. that you are preparing for war is this; ther persons should be offended with his that you have been purchasing horses. injustice, or inclined to punish his guilt. You already possess 14,000 for the arAdd to this, that success has hitherto tillery. Such extraordinary expences administered to his audacity; and that are never made in the bosom of peace. he is daily more and more inured to the These expences are increased by those commission of outrage. Thus render of your military organization. Your ed familiar with perfidy and cruelty, men are paid with money; you have flushed with success, more elate with con clothed a part of them, and found them fidence in his own ability, than attentive
with arms. This cannot be done but to the suggestions of his suspicion ; and at great expence; and yet you confess from his incapacity of feeling moral ob- yourselves the bad state of your finanligation, more ignorant of the general ces. Your exchange, which has been abhorrence he has incurred, than averse for a long time low, has fallen still from revenge ; as he becomes, if possi lower; your commerce has decayed. Is ble, more inhuman, he certainly becomes it then without an object that you have more incautious. Thus his conduct in. bid defiance to all such difficulties? Do volves him in danger.
not say that you were forced to think In detailing the particulars of a col- of your own security. Confess that all loquy between the tyrant and the Aus our relations have been friendly. You trian Ambassador, at an audience of the know that I ask for nothing, and want Diplomatic body, the following singular nothing; and I consider the maintenance marks of Bonaparte's irresoluteness are of your power, under present circumstanmanifest.
ces, as very necessary to the European “ Austria means to make war upon system, and the prosperity of France, us," said the emperor,
or she means I have put my troops in camp, in order to frighten us," M. de Metternich to keep them in good discipline and acbore testimony to the pacific disposi. tivity. They do not encamp in France, tions of his government. “ If so, why because it costs too much. They ensuch enormous preparations?" " They camp in foreign countries, where it is are merely for defence," said the minis. not so dear. My camps are scattered ter. "But who attacks you, that you about. Not one of them threatens you. provide for your defence in such a way? I should have had no camps, if I had Who threatens you, that you should think of had projects against you. And I was so being attacked? Is not all around you very pacific, that I dismantled the forquiet ? Has there been the least dispute tresses of Silesia. I should certainly between us since the peace of Pres. not have had those camps, if I had burg ? Have I asked any thing of you? thought they would have given you any Has not the whole of our intercourse uneasiness. A single word from you been friendly? And yet all on a sud. would have been enough for me, and I den you have set up a cry of war. You am ready to break up all of them, if it have put your whole population in mo. is necessary for your quiet." tion. Your Princes have been running Although, in this curious dialogue through the provinces, and you have between Bonaparte and the Austrian sent abroad the same proclamations, and Minister, it is easy to detect his old artaken just the same steps you did when tifices and stratagems, yet we are perI was at Leoben. Was this only a new suaded from many circumstances, more organization, you would have done all especially from the critical state of his this more slowly, at less expence, with arms in Spain, that the present is not a less violence, without creating such a war of his own seeking, and that he has ferment at home, or raising such a dis., entered upon it with extreme reluctance. turbance abroad. But your measures Rightly did he assure Count Metterare '
not merely for deferice. You have nich, that he wished to maintain Austria added 1,300 men to each of your regi. under present circumstances, for he had suf. ments. Your militia will furnish you ficient work cut out for him in Spain. with 400,000 men, which you can dis There has lately appeared in the Mo. rose of as you please. These men are niteur an ex parte correspondence beit into regiments. A part of them tween the two governments previous to
the commencement of hostilities, ac and place him in a situation which he cording to which, it is plain, that France has never yet been reduced to the left no means untried, without compro necessity of carrying on hostilities with mising her power, to avert a war with
two great powers, many hundred miles Austria. And, if this be not sufficient- apart from each other. Consequently ly conclusive, the French minister's re the great cause of all his victories would port to the tyrant strongly indicates the be annihilated; he was sensible that he measures which France took to elude the
could not concentrate his forces, and war, until she had completed her ob- bring them to bear in irresistible masses jects in Spain. It says, “ your Majesty upon each enemy at the same time. made a new endeavour to avoid this He must relinquish one or the other ; war, which you had not given rise to ; or, if he were to persist in contending you called for the interference of the with both, his power against each of Russian minister of foreign affairs, who them must necessarily be diminished; was at that time in Pans. This minis- and his wars would no longer be carter, having been instructed by your ma. ried on upon the principles which have jesty, visted the Austrian ambassador. made him the terror of Europe, but acHe proposed an arrangement by which cording to the old system, and of course the three empires should be united by variously mingled with good and bad a triple guarantee, and which secured fortune. But a check, a permanent reto Austria the integrity of her territory sistance, even would be more fatal to by the guarantee of Russia against the his arms, than defeat in pitched battles ; enterprizes of France, and that of France because the moment the delusion is disagainst the enterprizes of Russia ; and pelled respecting his irresistibility, he is in like manner the guarantee of Austria
aware that his power will totter; and was accepted by the other two powers. that he will have gathering around him, It is unpleasant to be obliged to declare *what he dreads more than regular ar
that these proposals by M. de Roman- mies, insurgent nations, availing themzoff had no effect*."
selves of the complexity and danger of What can be more decisive of the re
his situation to regain their indepenluctance of Bonaparte to enter upon dence. Above all, the success either this war? In fact, the success of his of Austria or Spain, while he is engaged arms in Spain had not corresponded with both, would compel him to carry with his expectations. He had been on against one of them a defensive war ; successful in the first inundation ; but and the reader need not be told, that the Spaniards recoiled, and suffered it from the moment the French are driven to spend itself. Instead of finished de
to fight upon their own territory, and to solation, the war there has resumed the
draw their resources from it, the magic same features which it wore last year; of his usurpation will fall to the ground. the same as it has always appeared in Bonaparte himself has told us in the from the time of the ancient Romans, printed account of his colloquial discusand the Moors, down to the present sion with Count Metternich at his levee, hour, whenever subjugation has been that “ his troops do not encamp in the object of the invaders. It was evi France, because it costs too much; they endent, therefore, to the tyrant, that ano camp in foreign countries, where it is not ther, and perhaps, a fourth campaign so dear;" and he might have added, would be necessary; it was evident, that where they cost nothing comparatively, the whole of his disposable force would as the comforts of the wretched inhabibe required to subdue a people resolved
tants are wrung from them to support to be free. Hence an Austrian war his slaves. But, when these encampwould divert the whole of such a force ; ments are confined within the French
frontier, when the resources must be * We have been further told, that ano extorted from his own vassals, he is ather great concession was offered to the ware that they will ask, “ Emperor Francis, no less than the dis oceans of blood and waste of fortune are solution of the Confederation of the vainly lavished? why may not France, Rhine, leaving these Princes to act as assured of her integrity, be blessed at they thought proper,
length with repose ?"
gen, where he had half an hour's confe. The grand Austrian army opened the
rence with the king of Bavaria, in which campaign with passing the river Inn, and he promised to make a man of him; and directing its march to Munich, the ca
in fifteen days, to make him greater pital of Bavaria. On the 9th April the than any of his ancestors had ever been. generalissimo, Archduke Charles, esta
On the 17th, he arrived at Donaublished his head-quarters at Lintz; and werth, whence he issued the following sent to the general commanding the gasconade to his serfs. Soldiers, the French army, in Bavaria, a letter notify- territory of the Confederation of the ing the declaration of war, his orders to Rhine is violated. The Austrian geneadvance, and to treat as enemies all who ral was desirous that we should take to should make any opposition. On the fight at the first appearance of his ar. 25th of the same month, Bonaparte ar.
my, and abandon our allies to his disrived at Strasburgh, while the French posal. I come with the rapidity of the troops were marching in great force eagle. Soldiers ! you were around me, through Swabia for Bavaria. The same
when the sovereign of Austria came to day that the Archduke notified'the com.
visit me in my camp-but in Moravia. mencement of the war, the Austrian Ge. You saw him experience my bounty, neral Bellegarde sent a similar decla.
and swear eternal friendship to me. We
have been victors in three wars. ration from Egra, to Friant, who com
Aus. manded the French troops on the fron. tria owes every thing to our generotiers of Bayreuth *. No time was lost sity; thrice has she broken her engage. after these declarations. Hostilities
Our past success is the sure commenced on the 10th of April, and pledge of the victory which now awaits the Austrians crossed the Inn, between
Let us advance, and let the enemy Brannau and Burghausen.
at the sight of us again recognize their About this time, the positions of the conquerors.”. French army and their allies were as fol.
On the 10th of April, the Austrians low : The corps of D'Avoust was at
entered Passau, to the great joy of the Ratisbonne, that of Massena at Ulm, inhabitants, and took a battalion of Ba. the corps of Oudinot at Augsburg. The varians prisoners. On the 16th, they Bavarian army, under the superinten.
advanced to Landshut and Dingelfingeri, dance and command of the French gene: of Landshut. The enemy had broken
on the Iser, the 5th corps being in front ral Lefebvre, was formed in three divi. sions; the first, under the hereditary down the bridge at Landshut, and a di. prince, was stationed at Munich; the vision of 12,000 Bavarians under Deroi Second, under general Deroi, at Land- defended the passage. Notwithstandshat ; and the third under general ing the fire of the enemy, the bridge Wrede, at Straubing. The army of the
was re-established, the 5th corps crosking of Wirtemberg, superintended by sed, and an action followed, which ter. the French general Vapdamme, was at
minated in the retreat of the Bavarians Heydenheim. The Saxon troops were
upon the division of Wrede at Neustadt, encamped under the walls of Dresden, where the Bavarians took a central posuperintended by Bernadotte ; and the
sition. There was no great loss on ei.
ther side. No French troops had yet corps of the dutchy of Warsaw, com. manded by prince Poniatowsky, was in appeared, though several French officers the environs of Warsaw. Wrede's di.
were taken prisoners among the Bava. vision advanced from its position to
rians. The 4th corps of the army, unNeustadt, on the other side of the Da. der prince Rusenberg, passed the Iser Tube ; Massena's corps quitted Ulm, the left of these divisions, the corps un
without opposition at Dingelfingen. To and arrived at Augsburg. On the 16th of April, we are told in the first French der field marshal Jellachich, passed the bulletin, Buxaparte arrived at Dillen. Inn at Rosenhein, and Wasserburgh:
aod his advanced guard entered Munich
on tbe sob of April. The king of Ba• * The Archduke's letter was deliver. varia fled under French protection frota ed to the crowned slave of Bavaria, at his capital, taking his jewels and treaMunich, as no French general had then sures to Dillengen, whence he issued arrived in Bavaria.
the following proclamation :