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We must next turn our eyes to the when his dispatch from his head.quaroperations of the archduke Ferdioand, ters at Sacille, of April 17. was sent off. who commands the Austrian army in Besides this number of prisoners, the Gallicia, composed of 40,000 men. On French lost in killed and wounded the 15th April H. I. H. transmitted more than seven thousand men, sixteen to the Polish minister at war, prince Po. pieces of cannon, and three standards. niatowski, a printed declaration of war, It is exquisitely gratifying to find together with a letter, in which he in- that even the French journalists acformed him, that 12 hours after the de. knowledge their defeat in a manner 100 parture of the bearer of these dispatches, unequivocal to be mistaken. They say, he should advance into the dutchy of that their troops, though inferior in Warsaw with the Austrian army. Im- numbers to the enemy, executed the ormediately the archduke advanced, and ders, and fulfilled the intentions of Beau, took possession of the frontier town of harnois ; " -- which they might certainly Norvemiasto, on the river Pelica. The do, by taking to their heels with all posarmy of the dutchy, with the Saxon and sible expedition. It appears that EuFrench troops, superintended by Berna. gene was frightened out of his wits, for dotte, broke up from Warsaw, and ad- the French accounts say that he remainvanced to meet him. Several conflicts ed upon the bridge during the whole took place, in which the Austrians were action ; and when it was over, that is, victorious. H. I. H. moved forward when the Austrians retrograded, the with great rapidity, and on the 19th, French also retrograded, and repassed the attacked the confederate army, and de: Piave, admitting that they had' 1,500 feated it. The result was the evacua- men killed, The official journal of tion of the city of Warsaw, by the ene- Milan, April 29th, states that“ the permy, who fell back to Kalish, while the sons employed in the military depart. van of the Austrians entered the city, `ment, and those who follow the army, and the centre and rear on the follow. were struck with such a panic after the ing day.
battle of the 16th, that they fled preci. On the side of Italy, the Austrian ar. pitately beyond the Brenta, to the city my, under the archduke John, has been Vicenza." We may judge too of the very successful. With his army he en- fright of the troops from another little tered the territory of Frioule, by Pon- slip of the pen, as follows ; their teba, Cividale, and Goritia, and after a flight gave birth to the most extravafruitless opposition on the part of the gant reports, which, passing from mouth enemy, he advanced on the 13th to the to mouth, received such additions as is Tagliamento. The enemy, command. always the case upon such occasions, ed by Eugene Beauharnois, Bonaparte's Those who are always anxious for revoluvice in Italy, retired across the river, tionary proceedings, did not fail to take adand fell back upon the troops in their vantage of it. His highness issued a rear at Sacille. In the night of the proclamation this morning, command14th, the archduke procetded with his ing that all those who, in 48 hours, did advanced guard towards Pardonne, fol. not return to their posts, should be tried lowed at day-break by the remainder by a military commission. It is certain of the army. The advanced guard of that our army maintains itself upon the the enemy was at Pardonne, and his ar- Piave." From this statement it is evi. my was posted between that place and dent, that the consternation of the Ita. Sacille, near Fontana. In this situation lian army was so great after their dean action commenced, which, after a feat, that they were in a state of comsauguinary contest of two days, termi. plete disorganization; they were so ternated entirely to the advantage of the rified, that they durst not venture again Austrians. The result was so decisive, across the Piave, and that the disaftecthat the French could not maintain tion of the people to the usurper's go. themselves behind the river Livenza, vernment is manifest from their dispobut were obliged to make a rapid re- sition to take advantage of the disaster treat to the river Piave. The arch. ' which had befallen their oppressors, and duke took six thousand prisoners, among to bring about those " revolutionary whom are generals Paze and Bressan, proceedings,” the very idea of which and more were continually arriving, has become so obnoxious to the tender
nerves of the enlightened children of li formidable description has broken out. berty and equality.
Bonaparte adverts to it with savage Upon the whole, from this analysis of fury in his third bulletin, wherein he the operations of the campaign, it is ob. accuses the Austrians of having invited vious, that the good and bad fortune of the people to rebellion, forsooth, against the combatants seem to be equally ba- their tyrants, whom he calls their sotanced ; consequently, the bloody bat- vereigns. The popular feeling predotles in Bavaria are not likely to have minates in Germany in favour of the any material influence upon the gene. Austrians. The insurrection in Hesse ral issue of the war. Traversing the will either require a considerable body extensive theatre of conflict, from the of French troops to be withdrawn from shores of the Vistula to the banks of their grand army, in order to keep down the Piave, we shall perceive that the the hostile mind of the Hessians, or Austrians have been every where suc- that people will soon assume, from their cessful, except in Bavaria, and that e- known hatred to the French, a form ven the effects of the hard-fought bat- ' and consistency sufficiently formidable tles there, have been by no means de- to invite proselytes in other parts of cisive, since the army of the archduke Germany, and to demand the presence Charles is in too strong a force for the of a whole French army to subdue them. enemy to penetrate much further into So great is the ardour of the Hessians, the hereditary dominions, without being that thousands have flocked, according exposed to the imminent hazard of being to the Moniteur, to Prague, where their entirely cut off.
legitimate sovereign, the elector of Hesse, · Without alluding to the unexampled has unfurled the standard of indeped. spirit of loyalty which pervades all or- dence. The usurper, Jerome Bonaders of men throughout the hereditary parte, calling himself king of Westphadominions of the house of Austria, we lia, has issued proclamations, and per. know from the indubitable testimony petrated many murders upon the patrieven of those continental journals un. otic Hessians; and some accounts state, der the influence of France, and from that he has since been compelled to fly the corroborating and more direct evi. from bis capital. dence of Bonaparte's bulletins, that a The enthusiasm of the Tyrolese, in storm is mustering against him in every the cause of their ancient sovereign, the part of Germany, that the fame of in- emperor Francis, is a dreadful note of dependence is blown into action, and warning to Bonaparte. Without offithat the ancient patriotic spirit of the cers, without organization, without dis. Germans is once more up. This tem- cipline, and almost without arms, this per, and this spirit, are enemies far more brave and faithful people, by a spontadifficult for him to encounter, than dis- neous movement, completely expelled ciplined armies.
their Bavarian oppressors from their At Leipsic, whither the king of Sax- country, after having made six thousand ony and his family had retired after they of them lay down their arms, and sur. had left Dresden, during an illumina- render prisoners of war. The subjointion which took place on the 24th April, ed report of lieutenant-general Taxis to in celebration of Bonaparte's victory the emperor of Austria will put the on the 20th, the populace assembled in reader in possession of Bonaparte's prosgreat multitudes, and threw stones and pects in the Tyrol *. Well may the balls of mud at the windows of the pa. French slaves, treating of what they lace. . The same sentiment of indigna.
call tion was expressed in a similar manner against the windows of the houses of Report of Lieut.-General Taxis to his the ministers, and of such persons as
Imperial Majesty, dated Inspruck, April were supposed to be favourable to the 15, 1809. cause of the French. The police took Sire, I feel it a duty incumbent no notice of these disorders, dexterous. upon me to make known to your imly ascribing them to foreigners in a state perial majesty the testimonies of bravery of intoxication, by way of cloaking the and fidelity which former subjects of real indignant spirit of the Saxons. In your majesty have displayed, in proof Hesse,aes sС an insurrection of a very of their attachment to your august
call“ the incendiary proclamations of ferent parts of Germany that the hospi. the Austrian generals," deprecate the tals are crowded with wounded French z spirst which actuates the ruffians in pay and in an article from Frankfort of the of Austria-." allies worthy of England.” 7th May, in confirmation of the losses In addition to these facts, the arma- which the French must have sustained ments in reserve which Austria has pre- in Bavaria, that Kellermann las recei. pared to support her armies, are upon ved orders to break up his head-quaran unprecedented scale of magnitude. ters at Hanau, and to advance by raThe Hungarian insurrection alone, head. pid marches with the army of reserve ed by the archduke Palatine, and gene- under his comniand, to form a junction ral Haddick, already amounts to 80,000 with the French grand army: men. In Bohemia, besides the militia battalions, a corps of 10,000 chasseurs are forming; and in Poland, vast num
PORTUGAL. bers of its oppressed inhabitants have We congratulate our Readers upon joined the standard of the archduke the expulsion of the French once more Ferdinand. Lastly, we learn from dif- from Portugal. On the 22d of April,
General Sir Arthur Wellesley landed at House, The brave Tyrolians, driven Lisbon from England, to resume the to despair by the extinction of their con- @inmand of the united British and Por. stitution, which had been preserved en- tuguese armies. He was received with tire and inviolate under the dominion extreme joy by the inhabitants, and a of your majesty, and that of your au- splendid illumination took place. He gust ancestors, took up arms on the set out on the 24th for the army, which ioth instant, attacked' the Bavarian had proceeded on its march for Oporto. troops at Sterkingen,' at Inspruck, at The following dispatches to Lord CasHall, and at the convent of St. Charles, tlereagh contain the accounts of the Ge. and after having killed or wounded neral's complete success in driving the more than seo of the enemy, compel. enemy back into Spain, led them to surrender and capitulate.
Oporto, May 12. 1809. On the 12th, a body of about 3000 men,
MY LORD-I had the honour to apcomposed of French and Bavarian troops, prise your Lordship, on the 7th inst. presented themselves before Wildau, that I intended that the army should near Insprucķ, and sustained a similar march on the oth from Coimbra, to dis, defeat to that of the former; and a rein. possess the enemy of Oporto. forcement of French troops, which came The advanced guard and the cavalry up on the 13th, did not meet with a bet. had marched on the 7th, and the whole ter fate. As prisoners are continually had halted on the 8th, to afford time for coming in, I am not as yet enabled to Marshal Beresford, with his corps, to ascertain the number of them with pre- arrive upon the Upper Douro. cision ; but there have already been The infantry of the army was formed brought in, and sent on their way to into three divisions for this expedition, Saltzburgh, the French general Bisson, of which two, the advanced guard, conseveral officers of the staff, from 3,000 sisting of the Hanoverian Legion and to 4,000 men of different descriptions, Brigadier-General R. Stewart's brigade, artillery, light infantry, &c. and like- with a brigade of six-pounders, and a wise the Bavarian general Kunkel, co- brigade of three-pounders under Lieu. lonel Ditford, ż lieutenant-colonels, 2 tenant-General Paget, and the cavalry majors, about 20 officers, and about 1,200 under Lieutenant-General Payne, and Bavarian troops.
the brigade of Guards; Brigadier-Ge. “ The loss of the enemy in cannon,
neral Campbell's and Brigadier General colours, muskets, and money, is not yet
brigades of infantry, with a exactly ascertained, because the pea. brigade of six pounders under Lieu. sänts, 'in the enthusiasm of victory, tenant General Sherbrooke, moved by have not yet brought in several articles the high road from Coimbra to Oporto, of which they took possession. A con- and une composed of Major. General siderable number of prisoners are brought Hill's and Brigadier-General Cameron's in every other, moment, who have been brigade of infantry, and a brigade of sixdispersed in the different attacks." pounders, under the command of Ma.
jor. Gen. Hill, by the road from Coim. 'It was important, with a view to the bra to Aveiro,
operations of Marshal Beresford, that I On the roth, in the morning, before should cross the Douro immediately ; daylight, the cavalry and advanced guard and I had sent Major-General Murray crossed the Vonga, with the intention in the morning with a battalion of the to surprise and cut off four regiments of Hanoverian Legion, a squadron of caFrench cavalry, and a battalion of ia- valry, and two six-pounders, to endeafantry and aruillery, cantoned in Alber- vour to collect boats, and, if possible, gatia Nova and the neighbouring villa- to cross the river at Ovintre about four ges, about eight miles from that river, miles above Oporto; and I had as many in the last of which we failed; but the boats as could be collected brought to superiority of the British cavalry was the ferry, immediately above the towns evident throughout the day: We took of Oporto and Villa Nova. some prisoners and their cannon from The ground on the right bank of the them; and the advanced guard took up river at this ferry is protected and comthe position of Oliviera.
manded by the fire of cannon, placed On the same day Major-General Hill, on the height of the Sierra Convent at who had embarked at Aveiro on the Villa Nova, and there appeared to be evening of the gih, arrived at Ovar, in a good position for our troops on the the rear of the enemy's right; and the opposite side of the river, till they head of Lieut.-General Sherbrooke's di- should be collected in sufficient numvision passed the Vonga on the same bers, evening.
The enemy took no notice of our col. On the 11th, the advanced guard and lection of boats, or of the embarkation cavalry continued to move on the higha of the troops, till after the first battaroad towards Oporto, with Major-Ge- lion (the Buffs) were landed, and had neral Hill's division in a parallel road, taken up their position under the comwhich leads to Oporto from Ovar, mand of Lieutenant General Paget bn
On the arrival of the advanced guard the opposite side of the river. at Vendas Novas between Santo Re. They then commenced an attack u, dondo and Grijon, they fell in with the pon them, with a large body of cavalry, outposts of the enemy's advanced guard, infantry, and artillery, under the comconsisting of about four thousand infan- mand of Marshal Soult, which that corps try, and some squadrons of cavalry, must gallantly sustained, till supported, strongly posted on the heights above successively by the 48th and 66th reGrijon, their front being covered by giments, belonging to Major General woods and broken ground.-The ene- Hill's brigade, and a Portuguese battamy's left Alank was turned by a move- lion, and afterwards by the first battament well executed by Major General lion of detachments belonging to BrigaMurray, with Brigadier General Lang- dier-Gen. Richard Stewart's brigade. worth's brigade of the Hanoverian Le- Lieut.-Gen. Paget was unfortunately gion; whilst she 16th Portuguese regi. wounded, soon after the attack comment of Brigadier-Gen. Richard Stew- menced, when the command of these art's brigade attacked their right, and gallant troops devolved upon Majorthe riflemen of the 95th, and the flank General Hill. companies of the 29th, 43d, and 52d, of Although the French made repeated the same brigade, under Major Way, attacks upon them, they made no im. attacked the infantry in the woods and pression, and at last Major Gen. Murvillage in their centre.
ray having appeared on the enemy's left These attacks soon obliged the ene- flank on his march from Ovintre, where my to give way; and the Hon. Briga: he had crossed, and Lieutenant-Genedier-General Charles Stewart led two ral Sherbrooke, who by this time had squadrons of the 16th and 20th dra. availed himself of the enemy's weakness goons, under the command of Major in the town of Oporto, and had crossed Blake, in pursuit of the enemy, and de- the Douro, at the ferry between the stroyed many, and took many prisoners. towns of Villa Nova and Oporto, ha
On the night of the ith, the enemy ving appeared upon the right with the crossed the Douro, and destroyed the brigade of Guards, and the 29th regi. bridge over that river.
ment, the whole retired, in the utmost
confusion, towards Amaranthe, leaving I have also to request your Lord. behind them 5 pieces of cannon, 8 am- ship's attention to the conduct of the mounition tumbrils, and many prisoners. riflemen, and of the flank companies of
The enemy's loss in killed and wound. the 29th, 43d, and 52d regiments, un. ed in this action has been very large, der the command of Major Way of the and they have left behind them in Opor. 29th, and that of the 16th Portuguese to 700 sick and wounded.
regiment, commanded by Colonel Ma. Brigadier-General the Hon. Charles chado, of which Lieut.- Colonel Doyle Stewart then directed a charge by a is Lieutenant-Colonel; and that of the squadron of the 14th dragoons, under brigade of the Hanoverian Legion, unthe command of Major Harvey, who der the command of Brigadier General made a successful attack on the enemy's Langworth ; and that of the two squarear-guard.
drons of the 16th and zoth light dra. In the different actions with the ene. goons, under the command of Major my, of which I have above given your Blake of the 20th, in the action of the Lordship an account, we have lost some, with; and the conduct of the Buffs, and the immediate services of other va. commanded by Lieut. Colonel Drum.. luable officers and soldiers.
mond; the 48th, commanded by Col. In Lieut.-General Paget, among the Duckworth, and 66th, commanded by Jatter, I have lost the assistance of a Major Murray, who was wounded ; and friend, who had been most useful to me of the squadron of the 14th dragoons, in the few days which had elapsed since under the command of Major Harvey, he had joined the army,--He had ren- in the action of this day. dered a most important service, at the I have received the greatest assistmoment he received his wound, in ta- ance from the Adjutant General and king up the position which the troops Quartermaster-Gen. Col. Murray, and afterwards maintained, and in bearing from all the officers belonging to those the first brunt of the enemy's attack. departments respectively throughout the
Major Harvey also distinguished him- service, as well as from Lieut. Colonel self at the moment he received his Bathurst, and the officers of my perwound, in the charge of the cavalry on sonal Staff, and I have every reason to this day.
be satisfied with the artillery and offiI cannot say too much in favour of cers of engineers. the officers and troops.
I send this dispatch by Captain Stan. They have marched, in four days, 0- hope, whom I beg to recommend to ver eighty miles of most difficult coun- your Lordship's protection : His bro. try, have gained many important posi- ther, the Hon. Major Stanhope, was un. tions, and have engaged and defeated fortunately wounded by a sabre, whilst three different bodies of the enemy's leading a charge of the 16th light dratroops.
goons on the 12th instant. I beg particularly to draw your Lord- I have the honour to be, &c. ship's attention to the conduct of Lieu.
ARTHUR WELLESLEY. tenant General Paget, Major General
Abstract of the killed, wounded, and mise Murray, Major Gen. Hill, Lieut. Gen. Sherbrooke, Brigadier Gen. the Hon.
sing of the army, in action with the ad. Charles Stewart, Lieut.-Colonel Delan
vanced posts of the French army at Al.
bergaria Nova, 10th May 1809. cey, Quartermaster General, and Capt. Mellish, Assistant Adjutant-General, for None killed; 1 Major (Lincoln Stan. the assistance they respectively render- hope,) 2 rank and file, wounded ; rank ed General Stewart, in the charge of the and file, missing-Total 4. cavalry, this day, and on the rith, Ma.
In the action on the heights of Grijon, jor Colin Campbell, Assistant Adjutant.
May 11, 1809.
Nineteen killed, 63 wounded, mis.
sing-Total 69. his post, and Brigadier General Stewart, in the charge of the cavalry this
Officers killed and wounded. day, and Brigade. Major Fordyce, Cap. 16th Light Dragoons-Capt. Sweat. tain Corry, and Capt. Hill, for the as. man, wounded slightly; Lieut. Tomsistance they rendered General Hill. kinson, severely. Captain Owens, 38th