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to disguise : be allowed himself to be A Character of Sir John Moore. seen as he was.

It is not easy to appreciate the poSIR IR JOHN MOORE was indeed an sitive benefits which the British army

eminent man. His official dis derived from the talents and exertions patches alone, in the absence of other of Sir John Moore. Riepeatedly, in proofs, would convince discerning rea- the face of danger, he animated his ders that he possessed powers of no countrymen by Lis example, and led ordinary cast. Whether he narrates, them on to victory : yet conspicuous argues, or details, there reigns through- as were his services in the act of comout his letters an ease, a clearness, a bat, they were surpassed in utility by matchless facility of expression, which the effect of his instructions and supercould only result from a correspond. intendance in the hour of preparation ing distinctness and a facility of con- for active warfare. His life, as it bas ception. They are evidently the pro- been stated from authority, was spent duction of one, who, while a varie- among the troops. The whole force ty of complicated affairs press upon of his

abilities was unremittingly emhis attention, without an effort, com- ployed in devising and executing meaprehends, disentangles, arranges, and sures for promoting the comforts and retains the whole ; who perceives in advancing the efficiency of the soldistantaneously the exact tendency and ery. The camp at Sandgate, where bearing of every nascent circumstance; he bad the opportunity of carrying and to whose penetrating glance what through, and exemplifying fully the is intricate seems strait. More remark- effect

of his plans, will long be recolable still than the masterly freedom of lected as exhibiting the perfection of his style, is the careless security with military economy and discipline. It which he exposes the facts within his was a school of unrivalled repute for knowledge, and his opinions founded officers as well as men. To have seron these facts ; regardless of any pos- ved there, is a recommendation to a sible effect of his communications as candidate for employment. Instructo his own private interests or reputa- tions of such a nature are not confined tion ; forgetful of the ascertained sen to the individuals who receive them ; timents of the individuals whom he ad one imparts to another what he has dresses ; forgetful that he is himself a been taught; the precept and example party to the transactions which he de. are diffused through an encreasing scribes ; one object, and one alone, circle ; and it is impossible to tell occupies his attention--that of unfold. where the benefit stops. Sir Arthur ing fully what he sees distinctly and Wellesley is now pursuing the French feels strongly. Such absolute rectitude with troops essentially improved, at of design could belong only to a great least, if not formed, by Sir John Moore, and upright mind.

Some may doubt whether merits But it was not in his correspon- of the above description are alone sufdence alone, public or private, that heficient to characterize the great Genediscovered this superiority to personal ral. Perhaps they are not--and yet and selfish considerations; his man- it would be difficult to point out in ners, his discourse, the whole tenor of history an instance wherein striking his life, were of the same manly and advances in discipline have been efunaffected strain Neither in the so- fected by others than military men of ciety of his friends, at the council, on the highest order. The opportunity the parade, nor in the field, did he for proving and displaying the full exever either aim at exhibition, or stoop tent of his talents by one of those bril- ,

snow.

A stranger,

liant atchievements, called victories more stand in comparison with the on a large scale, was not afforded to nice and delicate feelings of honour Sir John Moore :-- those, however, which ruled the practice of Sir John who knew the strength of his natural Moore, than the sickly white of the abilities; who were aware of his fami- painter with the lustre of falling liar acquaintance with every branch of the art of war, acquired by exten Nature, which bestowed such care sive reading, profound reflection, and in the formation of his intellect and constant practice :-those who witnes. heart, had not withheld from him the sed the finished perfection wherewith more trifling advantage of a graceful the important military operations at form. His person was, in a high devarious times entrusted to his execu gree, manly, elegant, and commandtion were performed ; who marked ing : his features were fine, and strong. his presence of mind and commanding ly indicative of that calm intrepidity glance in the field ; who saw that he which marked his character. I never uniformly rose with the occasion ; that looked in a face which told so intellidanger only excited and gave scope gibly that the mind was inaccessible to his powers ; that every enterprize to fear or weakness. which he undertook was beneath his contemplating his countenance, would force ; that every difficulty which he have said, -that man it is impossible to did encounter shrunk from before alarm. him ; they distinguished him from the I hardly know whether I am wriofficer of mere industry : fondly anti- ting with the view of conveying a nocipated a period that should rank him tion of his worth to those who are perwith the Turennes and Marlboroughs sonally unacquainted with it; or, of of history, or the equally illustrious mi- awakening pleasing recollections of tary names of the present day; and his talents and virtues in the minds of still think that life alone was wanting his friends. For either purpose, in to his fame.

fact, this sketch is too imperfect. I I forbear to dwell upon the many am rather indulging my own feelings, virtues that adorned the private cha- by recalling to my thoughts the va racter of Sir John Moore; on his filial ried excellencies of this accomplished and paternal piety; his habits of tem. soldier ; whom I shall ever class with perance and activity; his sincerity; the distinguished few, the magnanimi his humanity ; his kindness to friends heroes, whose exertions and endowand dependants; his liberality. One ments redeein the failings of their speexcellence, from its near connectioncies, and successfully assert the digniwith his public merits, ought to be ty of human nature. more particularly adverted to the

C. unsullied purity of his views and conduct in whatever regarded his own interest. He abhorred the most distant On the Improvement of the EDINsemblance of what was mean or selfish. BURGH BOTANIC GARDEN. At any moment he would have sacrificed, without hesitation, his fairest WITH much satisfaction I peruprospects, rather than seek command sed, in your last number, Suggesor emolument by solicitation and in tions for the Improvement of the Botatrigue. The decent correctness of nic Garden. It is a subject on which behaviour which some content them. I have occasionally ventured to ofselves with aiming at, is not other- fer hints in the article intituled, wise than laudable ; but the principles Monthly Memoranda in Natural and motives of such persons can no History,” for two years past. But it

9:h July.

is fortunately now in abler hands : and ny sum which can possibly remaiti some gentlemen, I am happy to un must be utterly insufficient for a saladerstand, have of late interested them- ry to the superintendant. The forselves, who possess the requisite in mer one indeed, the most eminent fluence to ensure a hearing in that practical botanist in this country, left quarter which alone can give effectual his situation in disgust, it is said, on aid.

account of the insutticiency of the stiI entirely agree with your corres- pend: and it would be unreasonable pondent as to the excellent style in to expect that any person, possessed of which the garden is at present kept as the enterprize, steadiness, talents, and far as depends on the superintendant. taste, of the present superintendant, Considering the small number of oper. should long remain in a station ative hands allowed, (not equal to a where his services must necessarily man for each acre ! laying the hot-hou- be so ill requited; while salaries of ses entirely out of view, each of which L.100. are given to many gentlemen's would require an appropriate attend gardeners in diferent parts of the ant,) it is doubtless astonishing to find country. I mention this particularly, the garden so trim, and the stove. because the insufficiency of the suplants so healthy and vigorous; and perintendant's salary is not hinted much praise is due to the superintend- at by your correspondent. ant for his unwearied diligence and The formation of a new and more attention in this respect. I may be

I may be extensive garden is a thing, however permitted to remark, however, that desirable, scarcely to be hoped for at the projector of the principal new this period; and therefore it is not of walks, which are certainly laid out much importance, at present, to diswith great judgment and taste, was the cuss the merits of the western half of late Mr John Mackay, one of the Hope Park as a site. The soil, howkecnest botanists and most tasteful ever, is not perhaps so eligible, either gardeners which Scotland ever pro for variety or quality, as your corresduced, and who died, in the prime of pondent imagines; and he does not life, in 1802 *.

seem to have been

aware,

that

every Your correspondent, proceeding on westerly breeze envelopes the whole imperfect data, states the annual in. in clouds of smoke from Lochrin Discome of the garden at no more than tillery. 1191. Sterling, –a sum scarcely ade The improvement of the present quate to meet the yearly expences of garden, by procuring more ample a single hot-house, in coals, glass, tan, funds; by increasing the number of &c. exclusive altogether of wages.-- hands, and suitably rewarding the suI believe the endowment of the gar- perintendant; by erecting a new greenden to amount to nearly double the house and stove; and by forming an sum stated; and still I add with con- arranged collection of shrubs, is not fidence, that 2401. is a pittance no- only practicable, but is what the Uniwise suitable for the maintenance of versity and the Public of Edinburgh this public institution, and indeed to have a right to expect. I may be tally inadequate to the purpose. It permitted here to remark, that it is obvious, that after deducting the would not be reasonable that the unavoidable expences of the manage. weight of directing and contracting ment on the most economical plan, a for such improvements should be laid

entirely on the Professor of Botany in * For Memoirs of Mr Mackay, see

the University, who is ex officio manaScots Magazine for 1303.

ger of the garden, but who has other

important duties to perform as a phy. sics, that there is an immorality in sician of eminence and extensive prac- departing from nature, therefore (Hobtice. Three or four commissioners bes's proposition being admitted ex conmight be found qualified for the un cesso, which I believe it is in practice dertaking, and willing to act, --who by all party men,) according to their in conjunction with the Professor, principles, it would be the greatest would undertake the trouble of super- dereliction to be in peace or quiet. intending the improvements, and re An eminent author, Addison, I beporting their progress.

lieve, says somewhere, that opposition, I cannot conclude without obser- or, if you will, party; is not only essen. ving, that it is painful to see large tially necessary to the vigor, but to tickets erected close by the walls the very preservation of the British of the Botanic garden, intimating Constitution. that the grass parks immediately 'sur Were I permitted to examine the rounding it are now to be feued for truth of the principles so well expresbuilding. This purpose when accon- sed in the motto, by the uniform law plished, will of course ruin the garden. of animate and inanimate nature, and It has been thought that the interfe- apply it to them, I could shew by rence of public commissioners might way of illustration, that this law has a have the happy effect of preventing or strong analogy to Civil government. at least delaying so deleterious a pra To exalt my subject, I shall in the ject.

first place select instances from the Edinburgh, 7

sublimest parts of creation. The pla

N. nets that roll over us, and our own 25th July 1809. S

globe, are kept in their orbits by con/ Monthly Memoranda in Natural tending parties, which are perpetually History in our next.)

struggling one against another; and these are known to astronomers by

the names of attraction, centripetal ON PARTY SPIRIT.

and centrifugal powers, which keep . Ex privatis odiis, respublica crescit."

the various bodies in their order; and

BOVhours, whoever pleases may designate them To the Editor,

by the three branches of our Legis

lature. SIR, THE above motto has been selected

To pursué our subject, but at same TH for this paper, from a persuasion it is certain that the circulation of

time to descend from so giddy a height, that some instruction may be deduced from it ; and which, ik properly made and which tends to the preservation of

fluids in animal and vegetable bodies, use of, may prove highly beneficial to this flourishing city ; -and the motto

life, is nothing else than a state of warmay be thus translated : .

fare ; one atom pushing another out of • By wrangling and jangling, a country pecupying its place ;- this also gives

its way as fast as it can, and instantly prospers,"

us an idea of the British Constitution, Or, it may be paraphrased in the lan

To continue the proof of our hypoguage of the Poet,

thesis :--The salutary operations of Partial evil, universal good." digestion are assisted by a violent, HOBBES, in a very long treatise, la contention in the stomach, known to bours to prove, that the natural state physicians by the name of the peristalof man is a state of warfare ; and it be- tic motion ; and some things, that shall

ng agreed upon by the most eminent be nameless, which are known to evephilosophers, both in ethics and phy. sy.one as apt to excite considerable

Indeed some the number of ships trading to en

disturbance, but hose expulsion I beg leave farther to illustrate the pogives ease to the sufferer, are the im- sition, by stating that Hudibras's mediate offspring of the most violent -trenchant blade, Toledo trusty, internal commotions.

For want of fighting was grown ius• Tempests dispel the noxious vapors of the atmosphere, and by pre

And ate into itself, for lack venting the stagnation of the ocean,

Of somebody to him and hack. prevent putrefaction. Our best culi. Edinburgh, 7

TIMON. nary dishes are produced by violent 13 July 1809. ebullition ; and our choicest wines by a process of strong fermentation. This parallel might be carried on RUSSIAN COMMERCE. much farther, but it is thought that enough has already been said to con: FROM a very interesting work, vince any unprejudiced person, that written by Count Romanzow, enparty, and of the most violent descrip- titled, “ State of the Commerce of the tion too, is essentially necessary for Russian Empire from 1802 to 1808, the welfare of the community. we learn that in 1803, the value of

It is with pleasure I see the luxu- foreign commodities imported into riant and rapid growth of it lately in Russia, amounted to 55 millions of this city; and it is certain that the as- rubles, and the exports to sixty-seven siduity which has been employed in millions. The duties exceeded those the culture of this most valuable plant, of the preceding years' by 110,000 has not been in vain ; and that it is rubles. In 1804, owing to the difhere likely to take deep root, and te ficulties of commercial speculations, flourish.

the imports were minus six, and the exTo drop the metaphor : as good ports three, millions of rubles. Even governments in general give encou- then the balance in favour of Russia, ragement to particular branches of which in 1803 had been 21,590,968 business that are beneficial to the coun- rubles, still amounted to 9,517,440. try, either in the form of drawbacks, In 1805, notwithstanding the almost bounties, or premiums ; so, in confor. total stagnation of trade, the imports mity to such laudable examples, and exceeded those of 1804 by six milurged to it by an ardent zeal for lions; and the exports by 134 millions ; the good of this city, I would re- and the balance in favour of Russia was commend, that a fund may be raised 25 millions of rubles. The number by subscription, or by any other mode of ships which arrived at, and departthat may be thought more eligible, ed from, the Russian ports during (perhaps at a general meeting ;) and that period, was as follows : that the same shall be impartially dis

Arrived. Sailed. tributed in premiums to those whose In 1802 3,730 3,622 conduct, or public productions, by 1803

4,135 4,157 their violence, petulance, absurdity, 1804

3,478 3,471 or scurrility, are best calculated to 1805

5,332 5,085 keep up a true and laudable spirit of How large a proportion of these faction'; and from whose exertions the were English may be judged, from a greatest good may be expected, as has comparison with the year 1808, already been proved. Indeed some

the efforts have been lately made here to ports of Russia was-arrived 996– keep up party spirit, that merit a sailed 926. The exchange on Hamhandsome gratuity :-Remember burgh, which in 1802, and 1805, had

Ex privatis odiis, respublica crescit. sustained itself from 23 to 271, and 29, and again, to shew the evil of quiet; fell in 1808 to 15 and 16.

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