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poetical pieces, under the title of the since resided in the Mysore country, Muse's Bower, will soon make its ap- has completed a very valuable work on pearance in four small volumes. The 'the various casts of India. It has been first will contain a selection of lyrical inspected and highly approved by Sir J. and pathetic pieces; the second narra. Mackintosh and other literary charac. tive, humorous and epistolary; the third ters in India, and by them recommenddescriptive and sacred; and the fourth ed to the notice of the government, who selections from the ancient classics. have agreed to purchase the manuscript

About the middle of this month will of the Abbe, and to publish it at their. be published, in two vols. 8vo. Outo own expence. The translation of the lines of Mineralogy, containing a gene. French is entrusted to a military officer ral history of the principal varieties of of consequence and ability. mineral substances; together with a par- We understand, that a Member of the ticular statement of their physical cha-, Wernerian Natural History Society is racters, and chemical analysis ; by J. about to put to the press a translation, Kidd, M.D. Professor of Chemistry in from the German, of Werner's celebra. the University of Oxford.

ted Treatise on Veins. It is to be illusThe Abbe Dubois, who was so for., trated with notes and drawings, illustra. tunate as to escape from France during tive of the venigenous appearances in the horrors of the revolution, and has. Scotland.

Poetry.

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EPITAPH,

TRANSLATION.
On Mr ALEXANDER COCKBURN, jounger ALL, Cockburn ! all thy shortened spar

of ORMISTON, in a cemetery at ORMIS- can show,
Ton HALL, now a Seat of the Earl of Which lengthened years on other men be-
HOPETOON.

stow,

A noble birth, and manly beauty joined, OMNIA qvæ longa indviget mortalibvs

A rapid genius, and a generous mind,

With every gift that mind, that genius
Hæc tibi Alexander prima jvventa dedit stored,
Cvm genere et forma generoso sangvine Which study, prudence, and success af.
digna

ford.
Ingenium velox ingenvvmqve animvm In Britain first, then, guided still by these,
Excolvit virtvs animum ingenivmqve ca- Where Gallia courts the cool Helvetic

breeze, Svccessv stvdio consilioqve pari

Wast taught Germania's, learned Gallia's His ducibus primum peragrata Britannia tongue, deinde

What Sion, Rome, and polish'd Atheus Gallia ad armiferos qva patet Helvetios

sung
Doctvs ibi lingvas qvas Roma, Sion,' et Though young in years thou quit'st this
Athenæ,

mortal state,
Qvas cum Germano Gallia docta sonat Thou meet’st an early, not untimely fate :
Te licet inprima rapvervnt fata jvventa Nor short his life, nor call his fates un-
Non immatyro fvnere raptus obis

kind,
Omnibvs officiis vita qvi functvs obivit Who leaves no duty unfulfilled behind.
Non fas hvnc vitæ est de brivitate qveri.

Here lies Mr Alexander Cockburn, el.. Hic conditvr Mr Alexander Cockburn, dest son of John, Master of Ormiston, and Primogenitus Joannes doniini Ormiston of Alison Sandilands, of the illustrious faEt Alisonæ Sandilands ex preclara mily of Calder, born 13th January 1535, Familia Calder qvi natvs 13 Janvarii 1635 having been remarkable for his proficiency Post insignem lingvarvm professionem of languages, died 1st September, the Obit anno ætatis suæ 28 calen Septe 28th year of his age.

HIS.

Historical Affairs.

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AMERICAN STATES.

sufficient inducement might be found in oOTH Houses of Congress made a quo- change produced by a compliance with our

ther considerations, and particularly in the pointed a Conmittee to inform the Presin just demands by one belligerent, and a redent, who returned with an answer that he fusal by the other, in the relations between would send a written communication next

this other and the United States. To day: Accordingly the following message is so ascendant, it was deemed not incon

Great Britain, whose power on the ocean with several accompanying documents, were presented to both Houses :

sistent with that condition to state expliMessage.

citly, that on her rescinding her orders in

relation to the commerce of the United' To the Senate and House of Representa. States, their trade would be opened with tives of the United States :

her, and remain shut to her enemy, in case “ It would have been a source, fellow of his failure to rescind his decrees also. citizens, of much gratification, if our last From France no answer has been received, communications from Europe had enabled nor any indication that the requisite change, me to inform you, that the belligerent na- in her decrees is contemplated. “ The fa.' tions, whose disregard to neutral rigbes has vourable reception of the proposition to been so destructive to our commerce, had Great Britain was the less to be doubted, become awakened to the duty and the po- as her orders of Council had not duly been licy of revoking their unrighteous edicts.' referred for their vindication to an acquiesThat no means might be omitted to pro- cence on the part of the United States, no' duce this salutary effect, I lost no time in longer to be pretended-but as the arrangeavailing myself of the Act authorizing a ment proposed, whilst it resisted the illegalsuspension, in whole, or in part, of the se. Jecrees of France, involved, moreover, sube' veral embargo laws. Our Ministers at stantially the precise advantages professedLondon and Paris were instructed to ex. ly aimed at by the British orders. The arplain to the respective Governments there, rangement has nevertheless been rejected. our disposition to exercise that authority in “ This candid and liberal experiment hasuch manner as would withdraw the pre- ving thus failed, and no other event having text on which the aggressions were origi. occurred on which a suspension of the emnally founded, and open the way for a re- bargo by the Executive was authorized, it newal of that commercial intercourse, nocessarily remains in the extent originally which, it was alleged on all sides, had been given to it. We have the satisfaction, how. reluctantly obstructed. As each of these ever, to reflect, that in return for the priGovernnien:s had pledged its readiness to vations imposed by the measure, and which concur ia renouncing a measure which our fellow.citizens in general have borne' reached its adversary through the incon with patriotism, it has had the important testable rights of neutrals only, and as the effects of saving our mariners and our vast measure had been assumed by each as a re- mercantile property, as well as of assording taliation for an asserted acquiescence in the time for prosecuting the defensive and proaggressions of the otler, it was reasonably visional measures called for by the occasion. expected that the occasion would have been It has demonstrated to foreign nations the seized by both, for evincing the sincerity moderation and firmness which govern our of their professions, and for restoring to the councils, and to our citizens the necessity Voited States its legitimate freedom. of uniting in support of the laws and the

“ The instructions to our Ministers, with rights of their country; and has thus long respect to the different belligerents, were frastrated those usurpations and spoliations necessarily modified with a reference to which, if resisted, involved war; if submit. their different circumstances; and to the ted to, sacrificed a vital principle of our nacondition annexed by law to the executive tional independence. power of suspension, requiring a degree of “ Under a continuance of the belligerent security to our commerce, which would not measures, which, in defiance of laws which result from a repeal of the decrees of France. consecrate the rights of neutrals, overspread

“ Instead of a pledge, therefore, for a the ocean with danger, it will rest with the suspension of the embargo as to her in case wisdom of Congress to decide on the course of such a repeal, it was presumed that a best adapted to such a state of things; and Jan. 1809

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bringing with them, as they do, from every New Orleans, where most was to be done

i part of the Union, the sentiments of our and although a great proportion of the last constituents, my confidence is strengthened, appropriation has been expended on the that, in forming this decision, they will, former place, yet some further views will with an unerring regard to the essencial be submitted to Congress, for rendering its rights and interests of the nation, weigh and security entirely adequate against naval compare the painful alternatives out of enterprise. A view of what has been done which a choice is to be made. Nor should at several places, and of what is proposed I do justice to the virtues which on other to be done, shall be communicated as soon occasions have marked the character of our as the several reports are received. fellow-citizens, if I did not cherish an equal “ Of the gun-boats authorized by the act confidence that the alternative chosen, what. of December last, it has been thought neever it may be, will be maintained with all cessary to build only one hundred and three the fortitude and patriotism which the cri. in the present year'; these, with those besis ought to inspire.

fore possessed, are sufficient for the lar: (The President then alludes to che affair bours and waters most exposed; and the of the Chesapeake, for which, he says, no residue will require little time for their further compensation has heen granted, and construction, when it shall be dremed newhich had now been brought into con- cessary.” nexion with the distinct and irrelative case (He then adverts to the act of last Ses.. of the orders of Council.),

sion, for raising an additional military force, Our relations with the other powers observes, that the recruiting had been sucof Europe have undergone no material cessful, and that no trops had been wants changes since your last session. The im- ed, except a few small detachments for the portant negotiations with Spain, which had maintenance of the embargo.) been alternately suspended and resumed, “ Considering the extraordinary characnecessarily experience a pause, under the ter of the times in which we live, our acextraordinary and interesting crisis which tention should unremittingly be fixed on distinguishes her internal situation.

the safety of our country. For a people i (With the Barbary Powers, the Presi. who are free, and who mean to remain so, dent adds, all is well, except some trifling a well organized and armed militia is their mark of disrespect towards the American hest security. It is, therefore, incumbent Consul by the Dey of Algiers, which he on us at every meeting to revise the conleaves to the consideracion of Congress. dition of the militia, and to ask ourselves if With their Indian neighbours, he observes, it is prepared to repel a powerful enemy at that the public peace has stradily maintains, every point of our territories exposed to edi)-" " and generally from a conviction invasion. Some of the States have paid a that we consider them as a part of our.

laudable attention to this object; but every selves, and cherish with sincerity their degree of neglect is to be found among orighęs and interests, the attachment of the thers. Congress alone having the power Indian tribes is gaining strength daily, is to produce an uniform state of preparations extending from the nearer to the more re- in this great organ of defence, the interests nuote, and will amply requite us for the jus- which they so deeply feel in their own and tice and friendship practised towards them; their country's security, will present this as husbandry and household manufactures are among the most iniportant objects of their advancing among them more rapidly with deliberation, the southern than the northern tribes, from “ Under the acts of March 11, and April circumstances of soil and climate ; and one 23, respecting arms, the difficulty of pro. of the two great divisions of the Cherokee curing them from abroad, during the prenation have now under consideration to so- sent situation and dispositions of Europe, liçit the citizenship of the United States, induced us to direct our, whole efforts to and to be identified with us in laws and go- the means of internal supply; the public vernment, in such progressive manner as we factories have, therefore, been enlarged, shall think best.

additional machineries erected, and, in pro“ In consequence of the appropriations of portion as artificers can be found or forma the last session of Congress for the security ed, their effect, already more than doubled, of our sea-port towns and harbours, such may be increased so as to keep pace with works of defence have been erected as the yearly increase of the militia. The anseemed to be called for by the situation of nual sums appropriated by the latter act the several places, their relative importance,

have been directed to the encouragement and the scale of expense indicated by the of private factories of arnis; and contracts amoụnt of the appropriation. These works have been entered into with individual unwill chiefly be finished in the course of the deltakers, to nearly the amount of the first . present season, except at New York and year's appropriation.

* The

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" The suspension of our foreign.com- been my great encouragement under all merce, produced by the injustice of the bele embarrassments. In the transaction of theis ligerent powers, and the consequent losses business, I cannot have escaped error--it is and sacrifices of our citizens, are subjects of incident to our imperfect nature; but ł just concern The situation into which we may say, with truth, my errors have been have thus been forced, has impelled us to of the understanding, not of intention; and apply a portion of our industry and capital that the advancement of their rights and to internal manufactures and improvements interests has been the constant motive for The extent of this conversion is daily in- every measure. On these considerations, 1 creasing, and little doubt remains that the solicit their indulgence. Looking forward establishments formed and forming, will, with anxiety to their future destinies, I under the auspices of cheaper materials and trust, that in their steady character, unshasubsistence, the freedom of labour from ken by difficulties, in their love of liberty, taxation with us, and of protecting duties obedience to law, and support of the puband prohibitions, become permanent. The lic authorities, I see a sure guarantee of the commerce with the Indians too, within our permanence of our Republic;

and, retiring own boundaries, is likely to receive abun- from the charge of their affairs, I carry, dant aliment from the same internal source, with me the consolation of a firm persuaand will secure to them peace and the pro- sion, that Heaven has in store for our begress of civilizacion, undisturbed by prac. loved country long ages to come of prospetices hostile to both.

rity and happiness. " The accounts of the receipts and ex

(Signed) Tuo. JEFFERSON." penditure during the year ending on the Nov. 8. 1808. 30th day of September last, being not yet made up, a correct statement will hereafter In the House of Representatives, on the be transmitted from the Treasury. In the 10th of November, Mr Chittenden, after mean time, it is ascertained that the re- enlarging on the ruinous effects of the ems ceipts have amounted to near eighteen bargo, which had now had a fair trial, of millions of dollars, which, with the eight fered resolution, that the embargo act, millions and a half in the Treasury at che and the several acts supplementary and adbeginning of the year, have enabled us, af. ditional thereto, ought to be immediately ter meeting the current demand and interest repealed. On that question, whether the incurred, to pay two millions three hundred House will agree to consider the resolution, thousand dollars of the principal of our it was carried in the affirmative-ayes 82, funded debt, and left us in the Treasury, noes 9. It was then ordered to be referred on that day, near fourteen millioas of dol- to a Committee of the whole House, and lars ; of these, five millions three hundred after so me debate, it was made the ordet and fifty thousand dollars will be necessary of the day for Monday next, a motion for to pay what will be due on the first day of its postponement till Monday week kaving January next, which will complete the re- been negatived.-In the course of the de. imbursement of the eight per cent, stock. bate, Mr Eppes moved as an amendment These payments, with those made in the to Mr Chitrenden's motion, three resolu. six years and a half preceding, will have tions to the following effect :-—"That, from extinguished thirty-three millions five hun- and after the — day of all intercourse dred and eighty thousand dollars of the between the Voited States and France, and principal of the funded debt, being the between the United States and Great Bri. whole which could be paid or purchased tain, shall cease and determine ;-that prowithin the limics of the law and of our vision ought to be made by law for the contracts; and the amount of principal arming and equipping for immediate serthus discharg:d will have liberated the re- vice, thousand militia, in addition to the venne from about two millions of dollars force already authorized by law." These of interest, and added that sum annually in resolutions were referred to the same Com. the disposable surplus.

mittee to which Mr Chitrenden's motion “ Availing myself of this the last occa- was referred.'' sion which will occur of addressing the two The documents which accompany the Houses of Legislature at their meeting, I President's message are, the whole of the cannot omit the expression of my sincere correspondence between Mr Madison (the gratitude for the repeated proofs of confi. American Secretary of State) and Mr dence manifested to me by themselves and Armstrong, (the American Anibassador at their predecessors since my call to the ad- Paris ;) Mr Madisou and Mr Erskine, the ministration, and the many indulgencies British Envoy in America,) and Mr Canexperienced at their hands. l'he same grate . ning and Mr Pinckney. These papers are ful acknowledgments are due to my fel. much too long for any room we can allot to low.citizens generally, whose support has them; and having failed to produce any ef

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1

49

fect on either side, has lost much of their ture) the full amount of the cargoes they interest.

bring thither? The following extračts contain the latest “ Ships sailing under this regulation and most material part of the above cor- would or would not go voluntarily to Eng. respondence

land. If they went voluntarily, it would

only be because that country afforded the GEN. ARMSTRONG TO MR MADDISON,

best markets for the productions of France,

in which case the habitual results would be Paris, July 26. 1808. “ It would have given me the highest receive a balance for her manufactures,

entirely changed, and England, ceasing to pleasure to have drawn from this Government such explanations on the general sub

would begin to pay one to the United ject of our differences with them, as would

States on the productions of France. Could

France wish a state of commerce more have met the friendly and equitable views of the United States; but I owe it as well prosperous than this ? to you as to myself to declare, that every ships did not go voluntarily to England,

“ If, on the other hand, the American attempt for that purpose hitherto made has but were captured and sene' in for adjudifailed, and under circumstances, which by cation, it may be fairly presumed, that the no means indicate any change, in this re

United States would no longer hesitate aspect, for the better."

bout becoming a party in the war against OIN. ARMSTRONG TO MR CHAMPAGNY. England.

" Thus, in either case, the interests of his Paris, Aug. 6. 1808.

Majesty would be directly advanced by the 6 Mr Armstrong thiuks proper to state measure, and the wishes of his Majesty dihis regret, that the political relations of the rectly promoted." two Powers should continue to wear an aspect less auspicious to their future good

Mr PINCKNEY TO Ma CANNING. understanding than is wished for by those

London, Aug. 23. 1808. who are the friends of both.

“ It is not my purpose to recapitulate in “ That his Majesty (Napoleon) has a this note the statements and reasonings conright to make such municipal regulations tained in the letters of Mr Madison, in supas he may deem proper, with regard to port of the claim of the Government of the foreign commerce, neither is nor has been United States that the British Orders be denied. For example, he may forbid the revoked. But there are explanations which entry into the ports of France of American these letters do not contain, and which it is ships which have touched in England, or proper for me now to make. These explabeen destined to England; and he may ei- nations show, that while every motive of ther sequester or confiscate such vessels of justice conspires to produce a disposition to the United States as shall infract these recal the Orders of which my Government laws, -after due promulgation and notice complains, it is become apparent that even thereof; but beyond this the United States their professed object will be best attained hope and believe that his Majesty will not by their revocation.

“ I had the honour to state to you, Sir, 5 M. de Champaigny will not fail to that it was the intention of the President, see the distinction which these remarks in case Great Britain repealed her Orders, present, between the authority of munici- as regarded the United States, to exercise pal regulations and that of the public law, the power vested in him by the act of the and will decide whether it does nor does last Session of Congress, entitled," An act not offer a ground on which a good under- to authorise the President of the United standing, so long and so nsefully niaintain- States, under certain conditions, to suspend ed between the United States and France, the operation of the act laying an embargo may be preserved, and a degree of inter- on all ships and vessels in the ports and course revived between them, which shall harbours of the United States, and the sehave the effect of reanimating their former veral supplementary acts thereto," by susindustry.

pending the embargo law and its supple“ Does his Majesty fear that the balancements, as regards Great Britain. of trade arising from this renewed indus- " I am authorised to give you this assutry would go to the advantage of Eng. rance in the most formal manner; and I land? Means are certainly not wanting to trust that, upon impartial inquiry, it will prevent this consequence. Would it not be found to leave no inducement to persebe entirely avoided by making it a condi- verance in the British Orders, while it cretion of the commerce in question, that all ates the most powerful inducements of eships leaving France shall take (in some ar- quity and policy to abandon them. On the etcle or articles of her produce or wanufac- score of justice, it does not seem possible to

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