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teal object of compassion, worthy to be- House. Unless some other Hon. Gentlecome the object of Royal munificence, pre- man pursued this course, he would, at the sented itself, and the Conimander in Chief, close of the debate, suggest a resolution, to awake to the liveliest feelings of humanity, mark with the animadversion of the House had not neglected the opportunity of suc- the connection itself in which the Com- couring the orphan son of an officer. mander in Chief had been engaged, and al

The Hon. Gentlefnan entered into a mi- 80 (without viewing it morally or religiousnute examination of the other cases which ly) its political bad consequences and danMr Wardle had brought forward, contro- gerous example. Previous to this, howverting his statements, and endeavouring to ever, he would deem it necessary to come shew chat Mrs Clarke's testimony was un- to a vote on a resolution, such as the first worthy of credit. He then observed, “I proposed by the Right Hon. Gentleman, am convinced that the House must be a

aye or no, whether the Commander in ware of niuch in the character and conduct Chief was guilty of corruption or not. Alof his Royal Highness the Duke of York, terwards he would propose an address.which will make them deeply regret the " That the House had observed with the necessity (if, contrary to my opinion, such deepest regret, that, in consequence of a a necessity should be thought to exist) of connection the most immoral and unbecotaking such steps as may tend to remove ming, undue influence had been exerted, His Royal Highness from a situation for which brought disgraceful charges against which I conceive him peculiarly qualified. the Commander in Chief, and tended to give If there be a man who thinks, that during colour to transactions the most pernicious the fourteen or fifteen years that illustrious and indiscreet." individual has possessed the Chief Com- Mr Whitbread began his speech by command, the army has prospered in an unex- plimenting the Chancellor of the Excheampled manner ;-that he has introduced

quer on the ability with which he had regulations of the most wise and beneficial pleaded the cause of the Duke of York. nature ; that he has consulted the interest

He then proceeded to shew, that Mrs of the officers, and the comfort of the sol- Clarke's evidence was fully as much entidiery ; that he has promoted merit, where. tled to credit as great part of the evidence ever it has displayed itself ; that he has im- constantly received in courts of justice, and proved the general character of the army, instanced a case, in which the testimony of and reformed its discipline ; that he has a woman of the same description was rewatched with parental care over the inte. ceived relative to a will, which was prorests of the troops, by the establishment of ven by her evidence alone. The Honourcharitable institutions for their families, and able Gentleman here went into a defence of schools and colleges for the purposes of of Mrs Clarke's conduct in this respect, military education ; if there be a man who and contended that there was no proof of thinks all this, that man, Sir, will see with a revengeful disposition towards his Royal the deepest regret any necessity that may Highness, and that the present discoveries be supposed to exist for adopting measures might be accounted for on other principles. leading to the disniissal from office of the

When she appeared at the bar, she certainpresent illustrious Commander in Chief.” ly had displayed all that pertness, levity, Mr Perceval concluded with observing, wit, acuteness, effrontery, and impudence, that in voting the Duke of York innocent with which she had been charged; but on of the charges of which he was accused, he being examined for three hours by a late had not the least apprehension of forfeit- Attorney-General, the present Attorneying the confidence of his constituents. General, and others, with the Solicitor

Mr Bathurst addressed the House at General at their back, by way of corps de considerable length; and though he did not reserve, and being called in again and athink that the Duke of York was guilty of gain, and re-examined, till she was like to any corrupt participation in those criminal faint through bodily fatigue, they had not transactions, he thought that the evidence been able to make any thing out. The adduced fully proved thac he acted under Learned Gentleman (the Attorney-Geneimproper influence. There was a part (he ral) might have observed, that she had observed ) not touched either in the Ad. baflled him, and when he thought he hard dress of the Hon. Gentleman (Mr Wardle,) for her fasí, off she went into a new beat. or in the Resolutions of his Right Hon. He then made some observations upon the Friend, (the Chancellor of the Exchequer,) mode in which she was treated, and did which many would think not the least im- not think it strange, that if all the Mem. portant in this matter, and it was this, bers encouraged her by laughing at her anwhich did not go to the extent of corrup- swers, she should continue in a course that

to undue infuence, that he had appeared so amusing, till she exceeded prothought it his duty to point out to the priety and decorum." The Learned Attor


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tion as

ney General had questioned her for three have laid their heads on Dalilah's lap with hours, and made but little of it. He got out being shorn ? The Hon. Gentleman out some stories which led to the disclo- now went into the several cases mentioned sures respecting Gen. Clavering, Dr O'. in the charge, and stated the points of the Meara, and the production of the correspon- evidence which made an impression on his dence which Mrs Clarke would never have mind, that undue influence had been used produced but from these circumstances. and connived at by the Commander in

How then did Gentlemen exult in her Chief. The Hon. Gentleman then conhaving advanced falsehoods!--Gen. Claver- cluded with the following observations: ing apply to her ! Dr O'Meara apply to -Now that all this evidence was before her ! and give her letters from the Hierarch the House, would Gentlemen still continue of the Irish Protestant Church, the Arch- to say, that infamy must attach itself some. bishop of Tuam ! Oh! it was impossible ! - where, on the accuser or the accused ? But when these things were proved, and Would they continue now to say, that it the letters from Nichols produced, they re- must attach to his Hon. Friend, (Mr Warcorded Gen. Clavering's misconduct, and dle?) No! Where, then, will they place Mrs Clark's truth. From this he did not it !-(A loud cry of heari hear : )-This, mean to contend that she was altogether a at present, he would not pursue farther. pure witness, but that some points, in which Where were the conspirators with whom. she was so strongly suspected, having turned we had been scared? Was his Hon. Friend out to be correct, it was but fair to allow a conspirator, was he a jacobin? No! the her some credit in others. The Hon. Gen- follies of Princes were the true food of tleman then endeavoured to show, that the, Jacobinism. They held their meetings in. contradictions in Mrs Clarke's evidence Gloucester Place, and the Duke of York were merely apparent, and that she had was the chairman. Drive it out of palaces, only desired Mr Knight to conceal it lest and you have nothing to fear from Jacoit should reach the Duke of York's binism in the cottages. His Hon. Friend ears through a different channel. From (Mr Wardle) was the real Anti-Jacobin ; the nature of the establishments in Glou. not such as flatter Ministers, and who tell cester Place, it appeared impossible to the people that those who are against Mi. him that the Duke of York should not nisters are against the Government, but one have known that money was procured else. who points out the real and simple truth, where. There was another strong point and tells us we are saved, if we timewhich must have awakened his suspicions ly stop the progress of corruption. The on this head, and that was, Mrs Clarke's Right Hon. Gentleman has talked of asking favours for persons unknown to her. the virtue of public men. I join him in the If she had said, do something for my bro

I believe that there never ther, it might have been so far excusable to was a time when public characters were comply with her request ; but what could less impeachable ; but then I believe that be said when an Irish Clergyman stepped this is, in a very great measure, owing to in? What could she know of him, or the the apprehension of exposure; I believe that Archbishop of Tuam? He must have it is owing, in a great measure, to the been known to be a stranger, and that was committee over which he once presided, sufficient to inform the Duke of York of but from which he is now separated. I hope the nature of her interference. Sanden, that Gerrtlemen will have a sufficient rewho is now expiating his offences in New- gard for the cause of liberty and justice;gate, and French, and Clavering, a family i hope they will divest their minds of all man, were all in the same predicament, for prejudice, and decide upon this important what interest could Mrs Clarke have in question, with the temper and the sentitheir success? As for the case of Samuel ments that become them. If you decide so, Carter, he would only mention it, to say we may yet eatertain hopes; but if you he wished it had never been introduced. It determine otherwise, with other views had been over-rated by the Right Hon. and other feelings, I must say, that the Gentleman opposite.

Yet, as he had plague is amongst us, and that this country turned out a meritorious officer, he trusted and constitution will be quickly at an end. what had passed on this inquiry would not The Attorney General replied to Mr prejudice his brother officers against him, Whitbread, and accused hin- of showing in a country where we did not look to our too much partiality to Mrs Clarke, after ancestry. This circumstance, however, which he controverted his views of the ewas a complete proof of the influence ex- vidence at considerable length. ercised by Mrs Clarke, and at the same time The debate was then (at four o'clock, of her humanity. Let no man, on such an adjourned till next day. occasion, blame too much ; for who could

ro- eulogium. 1

Historical Affairs.


passage of the Danube. On the 23d in (From the London Gaxette*.)

the evening he became master of it, and

immediately hastened along the right An account of the battle fought near bank of the Danube to enter the Aus.

Aspern on the Marchfield, on the 21st trian States, in order, as he openly de. and 22d of May 1809, between the clared, to dictate peace at Vienna. Archduke Charles of Austria, Gene- The Austrian army had taken a poralissimo of the Imperial Austrian ar- sition near Cham, behind the river Rea mies, and the Emperor Napoleon, gen, which was watched by some of the Commander in Chief of the French enemy's divisions, while the Emperor and Allied armies.

Napoleon called all his disposable troops THEEmperor Napoleon having, after in forced marches,

from the north of some sanguinary engagements near

Germany to the Danube, and considerAbensberg, Hausen, and Dinglingen, in ably reinforced his army with the troops which the fortune of war favoured the of Wurtemberg, Hessia, Baden, and some Austrian arms so as to force the French

time after with those of Saxony. garrison at Ratisbon to surrender, suc

Near Kirn and Nittenau, some affairs ceeded in cutting off the left wing of had happened between the out-posts, the Austrian army, and driving it back

which, however, had no influence upon to Landshut, and afterwards in advan.

the armies. cing by Eckmuhl with a superior corps

However easy it would have been for of cavalry, taking the road of Eglofs.

the Archduke to continue his offensive heim, and forcing to retreat those Aus. operations on the left bank of the Datrian corps that were posted on the

vube without any material resistance, heights of Lakepont and Talmessing, and however gratifying it might havé the Archduke, on the 23d of April, cros.

been to relieve provinces which were sed the Danube near Ratisbon, and join. groaning beneath the pressure of foreign ed the corps of Bellegarde, who had d.

dominion, the preservation of his native pened the campaign by several success.

land did not permit him to suffer the ful affairs in the Upper Palatinate, had enemy to riot with impunity in the enreached Amberg, Neumarkt, and He.

trails of the monarchy, to give up the mau, and had by this time approached rich sources of its independence, and Stadtam-hof, in order to execute its in

expose the welfare of the subject to the mediate junction with the Archduke.

devastation of foreign conquerors. The Emperor Napoleon ordered the

These motives induced the Archbombardment of Ratisbon, occupied by duke to conduct his army to Bohemia, a few battalions who were to cover the by the way of Klentsch, and Neumarkt,

to occupy the Bohemia forest with light (* We have given the first place this

troops and part of the militia, and to die month to the Austrian official account of rect his march towards Budweis, where the niarch of the French army to Vienna, he arrived on the 3d of May, hoping to and of two desperate battles which were join near Lintz his left wing, which fought on the 21st and 22d of May on the had been separated from him, and which left bank of the Danube, opposite to that was under the command of Lieutenantcity. It was published as a Supplement to General Baron Hiller. he London Gazette of the 11th July, and

But the latter had been so closely s considered a most important document,

giving a plain and interesting description pressed by the united force of the French f two bartles, which were obstinate and

armies, that after several spirited en loody in a degree almost unprecedented, gagements, and even after a brilliant afa nd in which Bonaparte exerted his ut- fair, in which he had the advantage near 10st energy to recover his tarnished glory, Neumarkt, and in which the troops atnd to save his army from total destruc- chieved all that was possible against the on.)

disproportionate superiority of the ene.

my, islands

my, he indeed was able to reach Lintz, and the pomp of a splendid Court, to-
but was incapable of crossing the Da- tally effaced every consideration of mi-
nube, and obliged to conient himself litary descacs. Palaces adorn the ram-
with destroying the communication with parts, the casemates and ditches were
the left bank, and taking up a position converted into workshops of tradesmen,
behind the Traun near Ebersberg. This plantations mark the counter-scarps of
was the occasion of an extremely mur- the fortress, and avenues of trees tra-
derous engagement, during which the verse the glacis, uniting the most beau.
enemy in storming the bridge lost near tiful suburbs in the world to the, corps
4000 men: Ebersberg was set on fire, de la place.
and Lieutenant Gen. Hiller continued Although under such circumstances
his retreat till he got so much the start no obstinate resistance of the capital was
as to pass the Danube near Stain, with- to be expected, yet from the unexam-
out being disturbed by the enemy, and pled loyalty of the inhabitants it was
to wait the approach of the Archduke, confidently hoped that Vienna might
who after having in vain attempted the for a few days serve as a tete de-pont to
junction of the army near Lintz, had cover the passage of the river; whence
marched from Budweis to Zwettel; still all preparations amounted to no more
hoping, by a quick passage of the Da- than to secure the place against a coup.
nube, to arrest the enemy's progress to. de main ; and for this reason the Arch.
wards the metropolis.

duke had some time before directed Meanwhile a corps of Wurtembergers Field-Marshal Hiller to send part of his had advanced from Passau along both corps along the right bank towards the the shores of the Danube, had occupied capital, in the event of his (the ArchLintz, and the bank opposite to it; had duke's) passage to the left shore. restored the bridge, and signalized'itself Field-Marsha! Hiller now received by destroying the defenceless villages orders to burn the bridge near Stain in and castles, which could not be protec. his rear, to leave a small corps of ob. ted by the small advanced guard pro. servation near Krems, to hasten by forceeding by the side of the main army. ced marches with the bulk of his army The enemy, by marching through the to the environs of Vienna, and

as cir. valley of the Danube in the straightest cumstances would permit, by occupying line, had got so much a-head, that all the small islands, to keep up the comhopes of coming up with him in front munication with the city and the de. of Vienna vanished ; still, however, if bouche across the bridge. that city had been able to hold out for The army of the Archduke now ad. five days, it might have been relieved; vanced, without interruption, by Neuand the Archduke resolved on ventu. polla, Horn, and Weikendorff, upon ring the utmost to rescue that good ci- Stockerau ; and in order to overawe ty, which, by the excellent disposition such enterprizes as the enemy might of its citizens, the faithful attachment project from the environs of Lintz, part to its sovereign, and its noble devotion, of the corps of the General of artillery has raised to itself an eternal monument Count Kollowrath, which till then had in the annals of Austria. All his plans remained near Pilsen, with a view to se. were now directed towards gaining the cure the north and west frontier of Bo. bridges across the Danube near Vienna, hemia, was ordered to march to Bud. and endeavouring 'to save the Imperial weis. residence by a combat under its very Napoleon had used so much expediwalls.

tion on his march to Vienna, that on Vienna, formerly an important for- the 9th of May his advanced troops aptress, was in vain besieged by the Turks, peared on the glacis of the fortress, and would even now, from the solidity whence they were driven by some canof its ramparts, the strong profiles of its non-shot. From three to four thousand works, and the extensive system of its regular troops, as many armed citizens, mines, be capable of making a protrac- and some battalions of country militia, ted resistance, had not, for upwards of defended the city; ordnance of various a century back, the luxury of a large calibres was placed upon the ramparts, metropolis, the wants of ease, the con- the suburbs were abandoned on account flux of all the magnates in the empire, of their great extent; and the numerous


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islands and low bushy ground behind The cavalry, for the convenience of wathe town were occupied by some light ter, was posted along the Russ, a small troops of the corps of Hiller, as well as rivulet, which is concealed by ground by militia.

covered with bushes, and the advanced The corps itself was posted on what guards pushed forward to the Danube, is termed " the point," on the left shore in order to observe the movements of of the river, waiting the arrival of the the enemy, and prevent his passing the army, which was advancing in haste. river, which he had already attempted

The occupation of Vienna formed too to do from Nussdorf, to what is called essential a part in the extensive plans the Black Lake, but with so little sucof the French Emperor; its conquest cess, that a battalion of his advanced had been announced by him with too guard was taken. The chain of the much confidence, and was of too great outposts extended on the left side as far importance towards confirming the pre- as the March, and on the right to judice of his irresistible power, for himn Krems ; this place and Presburg were not to employ every method of taking occupied by some battalions; and the it before the assistance which was so near head-quarters of the Archduke were, could arrive.

on the 16th of May, at Ebersdorf, gear For the space of twenty-four hours the high road leading to Brunn. the howitzers played upon the town ; On the 16th, the outposts reported, and though several houses were set on that the enemy had taken possession of fire, the courage of the inhabitants re- the great island of Lobau, within about mained unshaken. But a general devas- six English miles of Vienna ; that his tation threatened their valuable proper- numbers increased there every hour, ty, and when at length the enemy, a. and that he seemed to be employed in vailing himself of the numerous craft throwing a bridge across the great arm which he found there, crossed the smal- of the Danube behind the island. From Jer branches of the Danube, dislodged the top of the Bisamberg, the whole of the troops from the nearest islands, and the opposite country appeared to be enmenaced their communication with the veloped in a cloud of dust, and the glitleft bank, the city was justified in capi. ter of arms evinced a general movetulating, while the troops retreated by ment of troops beyond Summering, tothe great bridge of Tabor, which they wards Kaiser-Ebersdorf, whither, acafterwards set on fire.

cording to later accounts, the Emperor The Archduke received this intelli- Napoleon had removed his head-quargence in his head-quarters between Horn ters, and was by his presence hastening and Meissau, and though it was scarcely and promoting the preparations for pasto be expected that the city, surrounded sing the river. as it was, should continue its resistance, on the following morning, at daythe Archduke proceeded on his march break, the Archduke resolved to reconwithout interruption, flattering himself noitre the island, and employ for this that he might be able to execute his fa- purpose part of the advanced guard, unvourite project by a bold attempt to der the command of Field Marshal Lieu. pass the Danube near Vienna.

tenant Count Klenau, supported by some This city capitulated on the 13th of regiments of cavalry. May, so that there was no further oc- The isle of Lobau forms a convenient casion to expose the army to hazard by place of arms, which is about six En. crossing the Danube, for which no suf. glish miles long, and four and a half ficient preparation had been made, and broad, and being separated by the large which must have been effected in the arm of the Danube from the right bank, face of an enemy, and under local cir. nothing prevents the building of a cumstances of the greatest disadvan- bridge, which is concealed by ground tage. By the surrender of Vienna the covered with bushes; and the great exarmy had also lost a point of support tent of the island affords the advantage on which to rest its military operations. of sending troops and ordnance from so

In this situation of affairs, the Arch- many points of it, that the passage aduke resolved to collect his army at the cross the smaller arm to the large plain foot of the hill Bisamberg, and allow it of Marchfield may be made good by a few days of rest, which, after so many force of arms. forced marches, it urgently wanted. It was soon perceived, by the strength


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