« ZurückWeiter »
Chastler's advanced directly upon Ess. The intrepidity of the cavalry which lingen, while two battalions of Belle. had marched up, particularly Maurice garde's were ordered to penetrate to the Lichtenstein's regiment and the Archleft flank of the village, and the small duke Francis's cuirassiers, the former contiguous wood. I wo battalions of headed by its gallant Colonel Roussel, Hiller's and Sztaray's, besides the Arch- frustrated the repeated assaults of the duke Ferdinand's and Stipsic's regiments enemy by counter-attacks, by which of hussars, and two divisions of Rosen- they at length put a stop to his impeberg's light horse, were in the plain in tuous advance, and completely repulsed readiness to support them.
him with considerable loss. In these These combined attacks were made conflicts, the French General of Divitwice successively with uncommon in- sion, Durousnel, Equerry to the Empetrepidity, the enemy's troops were re- ror, was taken prisoner a few paces puised at all points, and driven into the from him, as was also General Fouler, village of Esslingen, which had been set Equerry to the Empress, after having on fire. But as the enemy's army was been slightly wounded. Notwithstando drawn up in several lines between Ess. ing the fire of musketry which now en. lingen and Aspern, and met each new sued, the Prince ordered a general ad. attack with fresh reinforcements, be. vance, by which the enemy was straitcause the safety of his retreat depended ened in the alignement between Esslinon the possession of this village ; our gen and Aspern, but on account of the troops were obliged to abandon it at the Hanking fire from Esslingen, could not approach of night, and to await, under be pursued any farther. The fire of his arms, the arrival of morning.
guns was answered with spirit by the The reserve corps of cavalry had horse artillery. About seven in the marched in two columns, under the evening, 3000 horse were again detachcommand of General Prince of Liche ed towards the point of union between tenstein, and advanced upon the New the cavalry and the corps of reserve and Inn between Raschdorf and Breitenlee. the left wing of Prince Hohenzollern, Gen. Count Wartensleben, with Blank, and fell en masse upon the brigades of enstein's hussars, conducted the advan. cuirassiers of Gen. Kroyher, Klary, and ced guard.
Siegenthal; but by the steady intrepi. No sooner did the enemy perceive dity of the Blankenstein's and Riesch's the general advance of the army, than regiments, who with the utmost vallanhe placed the bulk of his cavalry, sup- try made a sudden attack on the eneported by some battalions of infantry, mny's banks, his cavalry was again rein order of battle between Esslingen and pulsed, and part of it, which had fallen Aspern, and commenced a brisk can- upon some of the regiments of the new nonade upon the columns of Austrian levies, placed in the third line, was cut cavalry as they approached.
off, and there taken. Prince Lichtenstein directed his co- Meanwhile night came on, and it was Sumns to march forward in two lines, passed by the Prince in the best state on which the enemy detached 4 or 5000 of preparation on the ground which he cavalry from his position to the right had gained from the enemy. by way of Esslingen, and excited some For the first time Napoleon had susapprehension that he would impede the tained a defeat in Germany. From progress of the fourth column, or even this moment he was reduced to the rank break through it. The Prince there- of bold and successful Generals, who, fore ordered four regiments to the left, like himself, after a long series of de and kept the second column formed in structive atchievements, experienced two lines, till he was convinced that the the vicissitudes of fortune. The charm fourth would not meet with any impe- of his invincibility was dissolved. No diment to its march.
longer the spoiled child of fortune, by During this movement the remain- posterity he will be characterized as the der of the enemy's cavalry also advan sport of the fickle Goddess. New hopes ced with the greatest confidence, to- begin to animate the oppressed nations. wards the right wing of the Austrian. To the Austrian army the 21st of May They were received with a firmness was a grand and glorious epoch, that which they probably did not expect, must inspire it with a consciousness of
its strength, and a confidence in its en. nues to be carried on with various sucergies. Overwhelmed by our irresist- The army of General Blake had ible infantry, its proud opponents were resumed offensive operations, and had extended in the dust, and the presence formed a junction with the armies of of their hitherto unconquered Emperor Murcia and Valentia. A division of his was no longer capable of snatching arruy had, however, been surprised near from the heroes of Austria the laurels Saragossa by a French corps under Gewhich they had acquired.
neral Suchet, and obliged to retreat Napoleon's glory was obviously at with considerable loss. Blake, at the stake. New efforts were to be expect- date of the last accounts, was advancing ed the following day ; but he was also by Tortosa to attack General St Cyr's obliged to fight for his existence. By corps, which had been weakened by'de. means of fire-ships sent down the Da. taching 10,000 men to reinforce Vic. nube, the Archduke had caused the ene. tor's army. At Alcantara, a very gal. my's bridge on the Lobau to be broken lant action took place between a corps down, and its repairs would take up of Spaniards, of only 2000 men, com. several hours.---Meanwhile Napoleon manded by Cols. Mayne and Grant, and had already in the evening been joined a body of French, consisting of 10,000, by the corps of General Oudinot ; and in which the latter lost 1200 men, and all the disposeable troops followed from the former made good their retreat with Vienna and the Upper Danube, and
little comparative loss. were transported across the river in ves- A letter from an English Officer, who sels as fast as they arrived. The Arch. was in the action of Alcantara, dated duke, on his part, ordered the grenadier !4th May, gives the following interestcorps which had not had any share in ing account of that battle: the first engagement, to advance from “ This morning at 8 o'clock, three of its position near Gerasdorf to Breiten. the enemy's columns, with artillery and lee; and the short night was scarcely cavalry, attacked furiously our position sufficient to complete the respective on the height before this place; the preparations for the commencement of small force which the brave Col. Mayne, a second tragedy.
of the Loyal Lusitanian Legion, (Go
vernor of the town,) had, consisted of (To be concluded in our next.) 1300 men of the regiment of Idanha,
and 600 of the first division of the Loy:
al Lusitanian Legion, with six pieces of SPAIN AND PORTUGAL. artillery.
10,000 infantry, The accounts received from Spain 1500 cavalry, and 12 field-pieces, Our and Portugal, since the expulsion of artillery and infantry fought with such Soult from the latter country about the fury, and such indescribable bravery, middle of May, contain hardly any in- until sunset, that they maintained the formation respecting the movements of pass against all the efforts of the enethe British army. Sir Arthur Welles. my, whose superiority was so excessive, Jey had marched his army southward The enemy kept up a fire from all his from the Minho to Abrantes, where he troops, which was more terrible than was collecting stores and provisions to can be imagined. Our troops suffered enable him to march into Spain, to join somewhat, but nothing in comparison General Cuesta, who had assembled a with the loss of the enemy, which was bout 40,000 men round Merida.' They not less than 1200 men. The intrepid were then in conjunction to attack Vica Colonel Grant, second in command, tor and Sebastiani's corps, who had u. who had been wounded in a previous nited, and occupied an entrenched po.." action, gave, with his usual courage, sition near Truxillo, a town about 70. every assistance to Col. Mayne, which miles from the Portuguese frontier. Ge.' enabled him to make a more regular re. neral Crawford had arrived at Lisbon treat than could have been expected, on the 3d of July, with a reinforcement ing all his artillery. of 3000 men from Ireland, and had pro “ 'The enemy's cavalry followed us ceeded to Abrantes.
in the evening, but by the judicious dis. Meanwhile, the war in Spain conti- position of the Commanders, they were
not able to harrass us as they wished, with the enemy's approach. He had but and still less to prevent us from assist- one regiment with him, the regiment of ing the wounded, and collecting the dis. Princessa. This he stationed to defend persed. It is impossible for me to con. the bridge of the Nora. But the enevey an idea of the eulogies due to the my were so superior in numbers that officers and soldiers for their unparal- the bridge was soon carried, and their leled and intrepid conduct. It is use- own occupied. Romana immediately less to mention the sang froid, valour, proceeded to Gijon, and with his aidsand steadiness, which are natural to the de camp, embarked on board the Pala. English, and which shone so conspi. mo sloop of war, in which she set sail cuously in Colonel Mayne, and Lieut.. for a port in the west of Gallicia, where Colonel Grant; since experience proves he meant to land, and rejoin the main that the English fight, not like men, but body of his army as soon as possible. like lions. I shall conclude by telling All the shipping escaped out of Gijon, you, that from the beginning to the end, two only excepted. the Loyal Lusitanian Legion fought in In the Providencia, which first brought a manner worthy of soldiers ; the same the above intelligence to Portsmouth, may be said of the regiment of Idanha. have arrived the Bishop of St Andero, If
you had been present in this glorious and several other ecclesiastics. action, you would have seen an infer. Authentic accounts have, however, nal fire."
since arrived, stating, that the Spaniards (Here follow the names of the Por. had recovered possession of Gijon and tugueze officers killed and wounded ; St Andero ; and that Marshal Ney, afthe loss in privates is estimated at 200, ter repeated attempts to cross the bridge the greater part of whom had been dis- of St Payo in Gallicia, had suffered a persed, but were coming in.)
great defeat, and been obliged to evaThe most flattering accounts respec
cuate both Ferrol and Corunna. It is ting Spain were received early last also stated that Soult's army were much month. King Joseph, it was said, had in want of ammunition and provisions, been obliged to leave Madrid, and re- and had not been able to effect a junctire to Burgos. The two Castiles had tion with Ney's corps. risen against the enemy; the Spanish The following official accounts were army in Gallicia had taken Santiago published in the London Gazette of Ju. and Tuy; while Gen. Ballesteros had ly 8. defeated the French at the eastern ex.
ADMIRALTY OFFICE, tremity of Asturias, and was expected to get possession of St Andero. Elated
July 8. 1809. with this favourable aspect of affairs, The following particulars relative to we were suddenly informed of the ira the evacuation of Corunna and Ferruption of the French into Asturias, and rol by the French, are contained in of the capture of Oviedo and Gijon.
a series of letters from Captain The following is the best account we Hotham, of his Majesty's ship the can collect :-A vessel is arrived from
Defiance, to Adiniral Lord Gam. Vivares, on the coast of Spain, which bier, dated from the 22d to the 30th she left on the 6th of May, and brings of June. an account that the French who enter.
In consequence of the defeat sused Oviedo were about sooo strong.-- tained by the enemy's army under They got into the province by a pass Marshal Ney, in the action against the which had not been defended, and were Spanish forces at the bridge of the Payo, opposed on their march by 2000 Spa- that General fell back on Corunna on niards, who behaved with the greatest the 16th of June, and immediately begallantry, but were at last obliged to re- gan to take measures for relinquishing treat, which they did in good order. the possession of that place and fer, The Marquis de Romana was at Ovi- rol, removing his forces by divisions to edo, making the necessary reforms in an encampment three leagues in adthe magistracy, after having dissolved vance from Betanzos towards Lugo.the weak and criminal Junta, when he The last divisions of the French left Fer. Ieceived a dispatch, acquainting him 'rol on the 21st, and Corunna on the
22d, after having in both places spiked Amazon, with a party of armed seathe guns, and destroyed the defences on men, under the direction of Capt Par the land side, together with the maga. ker, who entered the castle without zines and stores of every kind, and com- opposition, preceded by a flag bearing pletely disarmed these places and their the name of King Ferdinand the Sea inhabitants.
venth and the Spanish colours. The The proximity of the enemy's posi- detachment then proceeded to the town tion continuing to hold the authorities of Ferrol, where it was received in the established by the French at Corunna in most affectionate manner by the inhabisubjection, through the fear of his re. tants, and having arrested ihe Com. turn, no communication being suffered mandant of the castle in the name of with the British ships but by flags of King Ferdinand, sent him on board the truce, and the state of the defence in Defiance. The Governor of Ferrol not which the batteries and lines on the same having any means of garrisoning the side were left, rendering it dangerous castle, the guns in it were spiked, and for the English to land or approach the the powder removed to the arsenal, and coast, in the event of the se-appearance the place left under the command of the of any of the enemy, Captain Hotham, former Governor, who had been superon the 24th, ordered detachment of seded by the enemy. seamen and marines to land, and disable On the 28th, Captain Hotham entered the guns on the different batteries bear- the port of Corunya, where he was into ing on the anchorage, offering at the formed by the Governor that he bad resame time to the Governor the services ceived instructions from the Marquis of the detachment in rendering any de la Romana, dated at Orense on the assistance that might be in its power 27th, to proclaim his Catholic Majesty, to the cause of the Spanish patriots. Ferdinand the Seventh, with the advice The cannons and mortars on the sea that he had dispatched a regiment from lines at Corunna, and in the forts cum- his army to attend the ceremony and manding the bay, were accordingly all garrison the place : the Governor at the dismounted on the same day, leaving same time gave Captain Hotham assu. untouched those on the lines towards rances that the port was from that hour the land, which had been spiked by the to be considered under the controul and enemy.
authority of the lawful King of Spain ; On the 26th, Captain Hotham sent and the Captain placed himself, and eCaptain Parker, of his Majesty's ship very assistance that the ships under his Amazon, to Ferrol, where he was re- orders might be able to afford, at the ceived by the people with the loudest Governor's disposal. acclamations of joy, and received from On the 29th, Major. General the Con. the higher orders of the inhabitants the de de Norona, Captain General of Galstrongest possible marks of attachment_licia, arrived at Corunna from St Jago, to the English, and happiness at, seeing and was followed on the next day by once more among them an officer of General Carrera, with about 11,000 that nation. The castle of San Felipe, men, forming the Conde's division of however, was still under the command the Marquis of Romana's army. of a person appointed by Marshal Ney, The French army under' Marshal and attached to the French interest, Ney, moved from its camp near Betanwith a garrison composed of a detach- zos on the 22d, taking the road to Lu. ment of a legion raised by the enemy go and Astorga. It was reported that, during their possession of Ferrol and previously to its breaking up the camp, Corunna ; and on the 27th Captain Ho. it had destroyed its baggage and heavy tham received information that the an artillery, bove Commandant had given orders On the 27th the Marquis de la Ro. to fire on any English ships or boats mana was stated to be at Orense with that might attempt to pass the castle.- General Mahi and 30,000 men.
MarIn consequence, Captain Hotham re- shal Soult's position on the 16th was paired to Ferrol in the Defiance, and said to have been at Monforte and Quilanded the marines of that ship and the rage.
Captain M'Kinley, of the Lively fri. his forces at Lugó to those of Co. gate, stationed off Vigo, has transmitted
runna, amounting in all to 8000 infanto the Lords of the Admiralty the fol- try, 2500 cavalry, and 10 pieces of artillowing letter of Don Carrera, giving an lery. With this force he advanced on account of his taking from the French the 6th to the north side of the bridge, the city of Saint Jago Compostella ; in where he occupied some houses, and a which affair the General and his troops wood a little below the bridge. The displayed great ardour and gallantry. Spaniards, consisting of 7000 infantry, Head.quarters at Santiago, May 9. 1809.
120 cavalry, and nine field pieces, were Santiago is in our possession :--the At nine in the morning of the 7th, the
well posted on the heights on the south. enemy, consisting of 3000 infantry, with 14 pieces of artillery, and 300 horse,
enemy commenced a cannonade, which
was sustained by the Spaniards with came to meet us, and attacked us on our march in the plain called De la Estrel. The day. Next morning, at the fall of
great coolness and bravery the whole of la. Our scouts having fallen in with their voltigeurs, and exchanged some
the tide, the enemy made two desperate firing, brought me information, and I bridge with his cavalry and infantry, in
attempts to pass the river below the ordered the division to form in the best
both of which he was repulsed with position that could be taken. The e
great slaughter. After another attempt nemy attacked with vigour, but were unable to gain the least advantage..
io cross at the bridge of Sottomayor,
which was gallantly opposed by ano. Our artillery was as good as their's was
ther force under Don Palla Murillo, he bad, not a man being wounded on our side by a cannon-ball. After an hour's finally retreated to St Payo, having a
number of dead and wounded on the firing, we became impatient of sustering field. The Spaniards had 110 killed and it, and I ordered Don Pablo Murillo to
wounded. charge them on their right flank, whilst
COURT MARTIAL I advanced in front with the three other columns. The enemy twice took up
: On Rear Admiral Harvey. positions, and were as often dislodged.
On Monday May 22. a court martial Thc unevenness of the ground favour.
on the conduct of Rear-Admiral Eliab ed their escape ; in effecting which, Harvey commenced in Portsmouth har. they shamefully blew up two ammuni- buur, on board his Majesty's ship Glation chests; iwo others, with two of diator, at half.past nine o'clock. The clothing, upwards of 600 muskets, and members of the court were, somc horses and other articles, which I Admiral Sir Roger Curtis, President, have not yet examined, fell into our
Admirals. Sutton hands. Murillo entered the city, and
Otway pursued the enemy through the streets Sir).T. Duckworth Captains. to the distance of more than a league Sir H. E. Stanhope H. K. Legge from hence. I am not yet informed of Douglas
Beresford the number of slain, nor that of the pri- Campbell
Irwin soners, of whom there are many. The Wells
Macnamara General, Maquain, has been severely wounded by two musket shot; the se
The Judge Advocate read the re cond in command was killed in the field,
quisition under which the court-martial
was held, founded upon two letters, adwhose insignia have been brought me
dressed to the Hon. W. W. Pole, Seby the soldiers. Our loss has been trif. ling; tbe troops are in high spirits, and
cretary to the Admiralty, by Lord Gam.
bier, both dated on board the Caledonia, I may expect much from them.”
in Basque Roads, April 4. 1809. I am, &c. M. DE LA CARRERA. The first letter narrated the partiCaptain M'Kinley has also transmit. culars of Rear. Admiral Harvey's lanted an official account of the defeat of guage and demeanour towards the comthe French army under Marshal Ney, mander in Chief, on board the Caledonia, at the bridge of St Payo, on the 8th of shortly after the arrival of Lord CochJune, by a Spanish force commanded rane in Basque Roads, for the purpose by General Carrera. After the Mar- of conducting the attack un the enemy's shal's retreat from Santiago, he united feet. This letter sets forth, that Rear. July 1809