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State of the BAROMETER, in inches and decimals,
and of Farenheit's, THERMOMETER, in the open air, taken in the morning before sun-rise, and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from July 26. to August 25. 1809, in the vicinity of Edinburgh
High Water at LEITH FOR SEPTEMBER,
Barom. Thermom. Rain. Weather. July
M. N. In. Pts. 26 29.99 55 69 0.05 Showers 27 29.7 53 67
Cloudy 29.61 58
0.95 Rain 29 29.6 54 67
Clear 30 29.55 53 65 0.06 Rain
29.53 51 71 0.03 Showers 29.65 48 66 0.03 Ditto 29.5
49 67 0.01 Ditto 29.49 51 62 0.72 Ditto 4 29.8
60 0.75 Ditto 5 29.7 54
Clear 6 29.65 54
58 0.31 Rain 7 몇 29.7 49
Clear 8 29.7 50 65
Ditto 9 29.84 57 71 0.02 Showers 10 29.9 57
Ditto 11 29.75 56 65 0.3 Rain 12 29.62 55 65 1.14
29.77 51 67 0.23 Ditto 14 | 29.7 54
63 0.51 Ditto 15
29.65 67 0.05 Ditto 16 29.82 56 68
Clear 29.82 52 60 0.28 Rain 18 29.8 54 61 0.36 Ditto 19 29.7. 55 60 0.3 Ditto 20.. 29.82 54 66 0.05 Ditto 21 29.65
61 0.051 Ditto 22 29.5. 54 60 0.02 Showers 23 29.48 50 62 0.04
Ditto 24 29.5 50 60 0.16 Rain 25
29.5 51 62 0.15 Ditto
Morn. Even. Days.
H. M. H. M. Fr. 1 6 25 6 49 Sa. 2 7 16 7 49 Su. 3 8 30
911 M. 4 9 58 10 35 Tu. 5 il 8 11 38 W. 6
0 2 Th 7 0 26 048 Fr. 8 1 9 1 28 Sa. 9 1 47 2 6 Su. 10 2 24 2 42 M. 11 3 1 3 20 Tu. 12 3 38 3 57 W. 13 4 18 4 39 Th. 14 5 1 5 25 Fr. 15 5 49 6 16 Sa. 16 6 46 7 20 Su. 17 7 57
8 39 M. 18 9 24 10 7 Tu. 19 10 44 11 20 W. 20 11 48 Th.21 0 17 0 39 Fr, 22 1 4 1 25 Sa. 23 1 46
2 3 Su. 24 2 22
2 40 M. 25 2 56 3 10 Tu. 26
3 27 3 43 W. 27 4 0 4 17 Th. 28 4 31 4 48 Fr. 29 5 7 5 26 Sa. 30 5 46 6 9
For SEPTEMBER 1809. Apparent time at Edinburgh.
D. H. M. Last Quar. 1. 10. 51, even New Moon, 9. 7. 42. even. First Quart. 16. 6. 93. even. Full Moon, 23. 6. 17. EVCA,
Quantity of Rain 6.601
September 22. King George III. crowned (1761.)
23. Day and night equal.
EDINBURGH LITERARY MISCELLANY,
FOR AUGUST 1809.
Description of the Islands of ZEALAND, cheren, North and South Beveland,
of the West Scheldt, contains Waland of the SCHELDT to ANTWERP.
and two small islands called Joostland THE great rivers of the Scheldt, and Wolfersdyk. It is against this the
quarter, as the one which covers traversing a large portion of the Ne. Antwerp, that the operations of our therlands, France, and Germany, unite armament are chiefly directed. their streams, and fall into the sea on Among the islands of Zealand, the south frontier of the province of Walcheren takes a decided lead. Its Holland. The confluence of such situation at the mouth of the Scheldt, mighty streams in a flat and sandy dis- and commanding all the entrances intrict, produces a considerable number to that important river ; its facility of of low islands, of such extent and fer- communication with France, Britain, tility as to compose one of the most and the rest of the Netherlands; its important of the seven provinces, in-' commodious habours-all contribute, to which the republic of Holland was in a commercial country, to raise it to divided. Encouraged by its insular the highest distinction. The inhabiand inaccessible situation, it was a- tants are about 70,000. Middleburg, mong the first to throw off the yoke its capital, is the capital also of the of Philip II. and the struggles be- whole province. It is reckoned to tween the enterprizing valour of the contain about 26,000 inhabitants. It Spanish troops, and the determined re- was formerly accounted strong, and, sistance of the Zealanders, produced in the sixteenth century, when in the some of the most singular scenes which possession of the Spaniards, stood a have occurred in the annals of milita- siege of a year and a half against the ry history.
Dutch. Flushing is much smaller, The Scheldt is the principal agent but has acquired a superior importance in the formation of this insular terri- from its use as a naval station, for tory. At some distance below Ant- which it is fitted by its harbour, equal. werp, it splits into two branches, cal- ly secure and commodious to ships led the Western and Eastern Scheldt. of war. Its trade was also extensive, The Western branch, or the Hondt, while trade existed in Holland. It is divides these islands from the conti. celebrated as the birth-place of De nent of Flanders ; the Eastern branch Ruyter, the first of Dutch admi. separates them into two chains, which rals. Flushing and Middleburg comderive their names from this circum- municate by a canal. Other small stance. The quarter, as it is called, towns are Ter Veer, Armuyden, West
Capelle, and Domburg. The first is tion, in 1585, was the masterpiece of slightly fortified, and has a tolerable the great Farnese, and was effected harbour. Walcheren is only nine only by cutting off all its supplies. miles in length, and eight in breadth; The Dutch were then masters of the so completely does it owe its great sea, and the place could not be comness to commerce.
pletely blockaded, till a boom of imThe island of South Beveland is of mense magnitude was thrown over the an oblong form, and of considerably Scheldt below the city, an enterprize greater extent than Walcheren, tho' universally considered impracticable, from its confined situationľmuch infe- till the moment of its accomplishment. rior in importance. It extends the The Dutch in vain attempted either whole way from Walcheren to the to destroy or penetrate it; and the cicoast of Brabant, and connects them tizens, after a most glorious defence, together, being separated only by a were forced to surrender. Since that narrow channel from each, It is time Antwerp, whether from its forti. through it, therefore, that our troops fications being neglected, or at least pass to execute their operations on the not keeping pace with the improvecontinent, and against Antwerp.-- ments in the art of siege, has never The capital of this işland is Goes, or made any very conspicuous figure.Tergoes. This place is chiefly noted The city has generally fallen, without for å most singular atchievement of a struggle, to the army which was the Spanish army in their war against master of the field; and though the the Dutch. Tergoes was then besieged citadel still maintained the character by the latter. South Beveland had of a fortress, it has not been distinbeen formerly joined to the neighbour- guished by any very long or obstinate ing island of Tolen, till a violent in- resistance. undation forced a passage between The quarter of the West Scheldt them. Since that time no one had at- contains also three minor islands : tempted to cross on foot, till the Spa- Joostland, a small appendage to the nish commander conceived the bold east side of Walcheren ; and North idea. Having learned that a part of Beveland and Wolfersdyke, on the it was fordable, he selected three North-west extremity of South Bevethousand of his best troops, and per- land. suaded them to undertake this daring The quarter of the East Scheldt is enterprize. They succeeded, and the formed, on one side, by a branch of mere sight of them was sufficient to that river, and on the other by a branch discomfit the Dutch troops, to whom of the Maese. It consists of three it appeared, that nothing less than a large islands, Schowen, Duyvelandt, miracle could have effected such and Tolen, and a small one between passage.
the two last, called Philipsland. The Proceeding in this direction, we three great islands extend in the acome to the vicinity of Antwerp, the bove order from the sea to the coast of ultimate destination, so far as yet ap- Brabant. They are separated from pears, of cur armament. The river, each other by narrow and very shaldown to this city, is crowded with low passages ; which gave rise to an forts; but the chief resistance seems enterprise similar to, and still more to be expected from Lillo, on the east daring, than the one executed for the bank of the Scheldt, about midway relief of Tergoes. The island of Tobetween Antwerp and the farthest ex. len, of which the Spaniards were mastremity of Beveland. Antwerp itself ters, was separated by a narrow arm of was formerly considered as one of the the sea from Duyvelandt, to which strongest places in Europe. Its reduc: they wished to transport themselves.
There was a ford the whole way, but in that part of the county of Ross-calthis ford was so narrow, that only led the Black Isle. He fell in or athree men 'could go abreast. The bout his 47th year. He began his Dutch had covered the sea round it military career in the marines, under with their ships and boats, which e the immediate
of his uncle, Generployed every means of harassing the al M.Kenzie, of that most honourable Spaniards on their passage ; while a corps, and for some time previous to strong body of troops waited on the 0- 1791 did the duty of adjutant to the ther side, to attack them at the mo- Chatham division. Upon the death ment of their reaching land. The of his uncle, by which he succeeded to Spaniards, however, taking advantage some personal fortune, he relinquished of a dark night, entered the ford, and the marines, perhaps from an ambition made their way, though not without to get forward in his profession more loss, through all the attacks of the hos- rapidly than that service admits of. tile navy. The Dutch troops, mostly in the spring of 1794, he became manew levies, were so astonished at the jor of the 2d battalion of 78th foot, or daring intrepidity of this enterprise, Rosshire Buffs, raised by the present that they fied with precipitation. In Lord Seaforth. In the latter end of the same manner the Spaniards passed that year, or early in 1795, both batover from the island of Duyveland to talions of the 78th were consolidated ; that of Schowen, in order to form the by which measure this gallant officer siege of Ziericsee.
became attached to the 1st battalion, Immediately to the north of these and with the officers and men from the islands, there are others belonging to 2d, joined the 1st battalion at the Cape, the province of Holland, and formed from whence they proceeded to India by the branches of the Maese and the 1,200 strong, where the regiment servRhine. These are Goeree, Over Flac- ed with distinction under the present kee, Brille, and Isselmonde. On the Lieutenant-general (then colonel) *canal, which bounds these to the north, M.Kenzie Frazer. With this corps lies Rotterdam.
the gallant Major-general served many * The islands of Zealand lie so low, years in India, and latterly commanded that; except the western coasts of Wal- the regiment. He returned to Europe cheren and Schowen, which are defend- in 1801-2, sincerely regretted by his ed by sand hills, they are all preserved. regiment and all who knew him-and from the sea only by large dykes, con- - if his service in the East was not markstructed and maintained at an immense ed by any brilliant professional event, expence. Their magnitude is such, it was because the situation of that that two carriages may pass a-breast country, during his stay in it, did not on the top; yet even thus, they are not call for any active exertion. Promotalways sufficient to withstand the fury ed to the rank of Colonel soon after he of the waves.
came home, on the breaking out of the present war in 1803, he was placed on the Northern Staff as a Brigadier ;
thereafter he was made governor and Biographical Notice of the late General commandant of Alderney, and soon MCKENZIE.
thereafter replaced on the Northern
Staff as Major-general, in which situaMAJOR-GENERAL JOHN RONALD tion he was, when, on his own solicita
M-KENZIE, who so gloriously fell tion, no doubt, he was removed to the in the battle of Talavera, was the re- command of a brigade in Portugal in presentative of a very ancient family, 1808. He was in parliament four whose patrimonial estate (Suddie) lies years, first for the Sutherland district
of boroughs, and latterly for the shire much thunder and lightning, and torof Sutherland in the room of Mr Wil- rents of rain, in this neighbourhood. liam Dundas.
13. Again there was much In 1804 he superintended the levy, thunder and lightning at 1 P. M and and in 1805, the discipline of that gal- exceedingly heavy showers of rain, or lant but ill-fated second 2d battalion rather half-melted hail. of the 78th, which, when but recruits,
20. For a month rain has in fact, beat the chosen troops of France prevailed. Still the crops are not, it on the plains of Maida, but were after- is thought, much injured, at least the wards annihilated with their gallant blight is not so prevalent as it was last young leader, Lieutenant - colonel year. M Leod, in the last Egyptian expe- P.S.-Herrings. During the greatdition. He was a zealous, steady, cool est part of June and July last, hersoldier--a mild and most friendly man. rings were taken in vast quantities off The service loses in bim a most excel. Caithness, both in the mouth of the lent officer his friends an estimable Pentland Frith, and in the Bays of the and amiable man. The 78th adored German Ocean. Considerable quantihim, and will long lament him. His ties of these have come to the Edinestate, called Suddie, devolves to an burgh market in a salted staie. only sister, married to a Captain Potts, About the end of July a shoal apof the 42d regiment, by whom she has peared in the bay of St Andrews, and a large family.
the mouth of the Frith of Forth. For these some weeks past the fishery
has been very successful off Dunbar. Monthly Memoranda in Natural His- Many boats from Dirlton, Fishetrow, Monthly Memoranda in Natural His- Burntisland, and Weems, have attentory
ded. Some have been fortunate enough July 12. A Sea Pike (Esox be- to take from 5000 to 8000 in a morning; 1809 lone) was taken in worth from L.30, to L.50.
ast numthe Frith and sent to market. This bers of sea-dogs, (Squalus acanthias,) is by no means a common fish in our accompany it, and prove very des. frith.
tructive to the nets; and several whales 30. Ferraria pavonia, or have been seen, one apparently between Spoited Ferraria, a native of Mexico, 40 and 50 feet long. introduced into Britain in 1794, flower- Salmon in the Frith of Forth.ed beautifully in the Botanic Garden For some time a couple of stake nets here. Its flower lasts only a very few have been tried on the shelving beach hours. Cobea scandens nor produces opposite to Hopetoun House. A good its large bell-shaped blossoms very number of salmon has been taken; but freely here; but it has not yet been tri- more skate, thornback, and flounders. ed in the open borders, tho' it possibly may survive our winters in a sheltered place, and next to a southern wall.
Observations on Mr GILLESPIL's ReAugust 3. At half past seven P.
volving Battery. M. a thunder storm passed over Leith and Edinburgh. The lightning kil-“ -when the devilishiron engine led a boy at the former place.
wrought 11. At half past nine P. M.
“In deepest hell, and fram'd by furies' a meteor was seen in the North West. "With windy nitre and quick sulphur
skill, It appeared about the same time at
" And ramm'd with bullet round, or. At 3 P. M. there was dain'd to kill,