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“ Conceiveth fire, the heavens it doth fill officers of great experience, and their “ With thund'ring noise, and all the air
report of its merits, as far as they duth choke.
SPENSER. could comprehend the value and naSIR,
tional importance of such a discovery, ON the return of the late Professor (sor eminently calculated to save the
James Anderson of Glasgow from effusion of human blood) he offered, the Continent, I had the pleasure of as was his duty, to his Majesty's Mibeing introduced to his company ; and, nisters. on one occasion in particular, heard You have also produced copies of him detail the circumstances which letters and certificates of the merits of occurred relative to his invention of this invention from some officers of the Flying Artillery, and of his inter- the greatest celebrity ; notwithstandviews with the Master-General of the ing of all which, the subject is still Ordnance at the time. Dr Ander overlooked. Every one who has seen son repaired to London, and remained this model seems to express admiration there at considerable expense, solely as to its excellency and utility, yet for the purpose of submitting his dis- the advantages of its adoption are ne. çovery to the notice of that Board. glected, and, as it too often happens,
Without entering at present into a. freezing commendation is all that has ny enquiry as to the cause which ope- hitherto been the reward of the prorated against his invention being at- jector. tended to, and adopted by his country, Although my voice, unlike Semevery one knows that it was afterwards pronius, is for peace, still I wish my laid before the rulers of the French na country to reap all the advantages ation at that time, who, certainly with rising from the ingenuity of its friends much prudence, directed officers of the in improving the art of war ; indeed, I Engineer and Artillery departments to have even led myself to imagine, that investigate its merits. Having been if the expedition, which is at present approved of by them, it was brought offensively employed on the shores of into action for the first time, at the Holland, had been furnished with celebrated battle of Jemmapes, and three or four such tremendous engines with what success, Dumourier's oppo as the Revolving Battery, that more nents are not likely soon to forget.- terror and destruction would have Neither is it very necessary here to been hurled from them, than twice the observe, that the Flying Artillery has number of ships of the line could prosince, very properly, been adopted in duce, not to mention the incalculable
advantage resulting from the preserIn your magazine for June 1808, vation of the lives of our brave counpage 405, I remark that you have in- trymen. serted some account of a singular in A
considerable sum of money vention by Mr John Gillespie, for has been expended, I had almost said protecting this country, or attacking wasted, in erecting Martello towers that of our enemies, by means of a Re on the coast, and volving Battery.
damned custom, Mr Gillespie's design, I believe, “ Which makes us proof and bulwark was originally confined to the de against sense," fence and security of the sea coast has favoured the erection of one of and shores of Britain and Ireland, these comparatively useless buildings and to save our colonial islands from on the Beacon rock near to Leith. I invasion and spoil. He has since sub- wish this Utopian scheme were abanmitted his model to the inspection and doned ; and if it is found useful to escrutiny of many Military and Naval rect a battery for the defence of the
town and harbour of Leith, I trust of Great Britain and Ireland as free that government will take into serious and independant nations, never existconsideration the superior advantages ed; requiring vigour and judgement to of the Revolving Battery, and substi- manage public affairs, and to secure tute such a fort in lieu of the Martello this empire from the ruin Europe has tower.
experienced since 1790. The largest Martello towers, which, “ I therefore feel it my duty to state it may be here remarked, are about40 my opinion on a subject of the greatest feet in height, have only two, or three importance and national advantage, guns at most, and cost the nation an
for the future as well as for the present enormous sum of money ; while the Re- safety and protection of this kingdom. volving Battery, of 50 feet diameter, “ The Revolving Battery, invented which exposes only a surface of four feet by. Mr John Gillespie, I have no hesiin height, and does not, from its construc- tation to pronounce, to be of a most tion, afford any lodgement for shot, con- perfect and simple construction, and tains 112 guns, of different calibres ; filted for the protection of Great Briand these can be traversed with more tain and Ireland, by land or by sea, permanent facility, by one man only, against all the force and efforts of the than one gun of a large calibre can be most powerful and numerous enemies traversed by ten men in the ordinary of our country. way. Every gun in the battery can, “ A few men in each battery are in the course of three minutes, be brought amply sufficient for working them ;, to bear on any particular object ! who, while remaining in perfect secu
At this time I am informed such a rity themselves, would inevitably cause battery could be constructed for some the utter destruction of an invading or thing about L.6000; and that two an opposing foe. It will at once clearfloating batteries, built on this princi: ly appear, that, by this invention, a ple, with two hundred good seamen, most desirable and long-wished-for end and three hundred chosen artillery would be attained that of creating a men in each battery, would unquestion- great disposable force, to be employed ably prove more terribly destructive in forwarding the views of government, to the enemy's coasts and harbours either on the continent, or elsewhere. than a large fleet, and that without " In truth, I believe, thať from the risk of losing a single man, 20,000 to 40,000 men would thus ac
I beg leave, Sir, in addition to what complish more, either at land or at sea, has been said, to transmit to you the if well managed, than a million of men opinion of a General Officer in our ser- heretofore ever effected, unassisted by vice respecting the merits of this inven- this discovery." tion ; in the hope that it may fall into As the Magazine under your charge, the hands of some individual who will Sir, is the only national register in this feel an interest in procuring a trial of part of the kingdom, I use the freedom it to be made, and thus be one of the of transmitting the above particulars to means of bringing about the time
you, in the hope that their insertion “When France must vail her lofty-plumed may prove useful ; for only
“ Sloth and folly "And let her head fall into England'e lap.” “ Shiver and shrink at sight of toil and ha“ It is the interest of all men, what
“ And make th' impossibility they fear.' ever their birth or condition of life, to employ and exert their talents for the
I am, Sir, yours, public good. A crisis of greater dan
PHILO-VAUBAN. ger, nor a more awful period than the Edinburgh, present, to the preservation and safety 26th August 1809.
were it not for the frequent errors in Life of Mrs MARY RALPHSON, who the non-naturals, which so evidently died at the age of 110. tend to the abbreviation of human
life, Long was thy date of life, therefore thy
Whence is it, but from these cauShall live to ages in the rolls of fame.
ses, and the unnatural modes of living,
that, of all the children which are THE
"HE desire of self-preservation, born in the capital cities of Europe,
and of protracting the short span nearly one third die in early infancy? * of life, is so intimately interwoven To what else can we attribute this with our constitution, that it is justly extraordinary mortality ? Such an aesteemed one of the first principles of mazing proportion of premature deaths our nature, and, in spite of pains and is a circumstance unheard of among misery, seldom quits us to the last mo- savage nations, or among the young ments of our existence. It seems, of other animals ! In the earliest atherefore, to be no less our duty than ges, we are informed, that human life our interest, to examine mivutely into was protracted to a very extraordinathe various means that have been con- ry length; yet how few persons, in sidered as conducive to health and these latter times, arrive at that period long life ; and, if possible, to distin- which nature seems to have designed! guish such circumstances as are essen Man is by nature a field animal, and tial to that great end, from those seems destined to rise with the sun, which are merely accidental. But and to spend a large portion of his here it is much to be regretted, that time in the open air ; to inure his body an accurate bistory of the lives of all to robust exercises, and the inclemen. the persons remarkable for longevity, çy of the seasons, and to make a plain so far as relates to the diet, regimen, homely repast only when hunger dicand the use of the non-naturals, has tates. But, art has studiously defeatnot been handed down to us ; without ed the kind intentions of nature ; and which, it is impossible to draw the ne- by enslaving him to all the blandishcessary inferences.
ments of sense, has left him, alas! an Great Britain appears to contain easy victim to folly and caprice, To far more instances of longevity than ennumerate the various abuses which could well be imagined. Britons are take place from the earliest infancy, in general longer lived than North and which are continued through the Americans, and a British constitution succeeding stages of modish life, would will last longer, even in that climate, carry us far beyond our present intenthan a native one.
But it must be al. tion. Suffice it to observe, that they lowed in general, that the human con- prevail more particularly among people stitution is adapted to the peculiar who are the most highly polished and state and temperature of each respec refined. To compare their artificial tive climate, so that no part of the ha
mode bitable globe can be pronounced too hot or too cold for its inhabitants.
From the light which history af * It appears, by the bills of mortalifords us, there is great reason to be ty for the town and parish of Liverpool, lieve, that longevity is, in a great 1445 children
died under 5 years of age,
that there were 3912 births, and that measure, hereditary; and that healthy, in 1807 ; it also appears, that there were long-lived parents, would commonly 3713 births, and that 138r childrea died transmit the same to their children, under 5 years of age, in 1803. August 1809.
mode of life with that of nature, Saxe. When the rebellion broke would probably afford a very striking out in Scotland, in September 1745, contrast ; and at the same time supply Mrs Ralphson accompanied her husan additional reason why, in the very band to Britain, his regiment being large cities, instances of longevity are among those sent to the north on that So very rare.
In this expedition she was The inhabitants of Scotland have a present at the skirmish at Clifton, peculiar claim to our attention on the near Penrith, where the highlanders score of longevity. Sir Robert Sib- sustained some loss. On the 17th of bald mentions one Lawrence, who January 1746, she was present at the married a wife after he was 100 years defeat of the royal army at Falkirk, of age, and would go to sea a-fishing under Gen. Hawley. On the 16th in his little boat, when he was 140 of April, same year, she was present years old, and died of mere old age. at the defeat of the highland army, by Prod. Hist. Nat. Scot.
the Duke of Cumberland, at CulloAs an example of Scottish longevi. den, near Inverness. When the rety in more modern times, we have bellion was quelled at home, Mrs this month introduced to the notice of Ralphson again went to the continent our readers some account of Mrs Ma- with the British army, and was pre. ry Ralphson.
sent at the battle of La Val, Some: Mary Ralphson, whose maiden time after this she lost her husband, at name was Cameron, was born in the which period she bid adieu to the fa. neighbourhood of the old castle of In- tigues of the army, and settled in Liverlochy, once a royal residence, near verpool, where she subsisted for several Fort William, in the parish of Kilma- of the latter years of her life, by the nivaig, in the dreary district of Locha- assistance of some benevolent characber, Inverness-shire, on the 1st of ters, chiefly female, who contributed January 1698, O. S. Early in life every thing to her comfort and accom. she married Ralph Ralphson, a private modation. dragoon. On the war breaking out She died on Monday, June 27, in French Flanders, in 1741, she em 1808, having arrived at the very adbarked with her husband, and shared vanced age of 110 years and 6 months, in the toils and vicissitudes of the and was interred in the burying troops, whom she afterwards accompa- ground of the Scotch kirk, Oldham nied in the battle of Dettingen, June Street, where a stone with a suitable 15,1743. In this engagement (fought inscription points out the resting by the British and French, the for- place of the remains of this venerable mer commanded by George II. and person. the brave Earl of Stair, and the latter by Marshal Noailles,) being on the field during the heat of the conflict, Extraordinary case of Capt. KENNEDY, and surrounded with heaps of slain, she observed a wounded dragoon fall
To the Editor. by her side, disguised herself in his SIR, clothes, mounted his charger, and regained the retreating army, in which ABOUT six or eight years ago,
happening to be in Glasgow, I she found her husband. She was also heard of a Capt. Kennedy, a ship-maspresent at the unfortunate affair of ter of the United States of America, Fontenoy, May 1st, 1745, fought by being also then in that city; and as I the British and Austrians, under Wil. had some years before been informed liam, duke of Cumberland, against of his miraculous escape from shipthe French, under Marshal Counț de wreck and consequent famine, I was
desirous to meet with him, that I might treated with the utmost kindness and hear the facts from his own mouth. humanity.
In order to gratify my curiosity, a Captain Kennedy says, the English friend of mine in Glasgow invited ship-master, immediately after presCaptain Kennedy to dine along with sing him to take a little meat, put him me at his house. The Captain was to his own bed, hoping he would rean elderly, respectable looking man, ceive much relief and refreshment and as he had often sailed to the Clyde, from sleep; but sleep had quite departhis character for honour and truth was ed from him, and his imagination conwell established with many gentlemen tinued so overwhelmed with his forin Glasgow, and particularly with my mer awful situation, that he could not friend who entertained us.
compose himself to sleep for three or This preface may not appear unne four days after his deliverance. cessary, when I relate the extraordina
Sir, &c. ry part of Captain Kennedy's case,
Andrew Steele, W.S: which was, that he existed when shipwrecked, without food (except a biscuit or two which he had in his pocket) and without sleep, eleven days, a Account of the Epidemic which raged in period much longer than I before ever BARBARY and SPAIN in 1801. heard of any one being able to support From Jackson's Travels in Barbary. the same state of abstinence, while in
(London 1809.) the ordinary circumstances of health. FROM various circumstances and
appearances, and from the chawith a cargo of timber from North A- racter of the epidemical distemper, merica to the Clyde, the ship, in the which raged lately in the South of midst of the Atlantic Ocean, sprung Spain, there is every reason to supa leak, and instantly filled with wa
it was similar to that distemper, ter. The Captain and seamen had or plague, which depopulated West only time to escape to the round tops Barbary; for whether we call it by of the masts. By reason of the ship the more reconcileable appellation of being filled with timber she did not the Epidemy, or Yellow Fever, it was sink further than the deck, by which undoubtedly a plague, and a most dethe ship's crew were preserved in structive one ; for, wherever it prevailthe most hazardous and terrifying si- ed, it invariably carried off, in a few tuation that can possibly be imagined. months, one-half, or one-third, of the They had nothing to eat, and nothing population. to drink, but such of the snow, sleet, It does not appear how the plague and rain, as happened to fall, that they originated in Fas in the year 1799. could find means to catch. To sleep Some persons, who were there at the was certain death.
time it broke out, have confidently asAfter hanging for three or four cribed it to infected merchandize indays in this awful state of danger and ported into that place from the East; anxiety, many of the sailors, from whilst others, of equal veracity and weakness and despondency, began to judgement, have not scrupled to asgive up their hold, and submit them- cribe it to the locusts which had inselves to the waves. The Captain fested West Barbary during the seven and two or three more survived eleven preceding years, the destruction of days after the shipwreck, on the round- which was followed by the (jedrie) tops, when they were spied by an small pox, which pervaded the country, English trading ship, and were imme- and was generally fatal. The jedrie is diately carried on board of her, and supposed to be the forerunner of this