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species of epidemy, as appears by an thro' the extensive province of Ha ancient Arabian manuscript, which ha, all which shared a similar or a gives an account of the same disorder worse fate. Travelling through this having carried off two-thirds of the province shortly after the plague had inhabitants of West Barbary about exhausted itself, I saw many uninfour centuries since. But however this habited ruins, which I had before witdestructive epidemy originated, its nessed as flourishing villages. On leading features were novel, and its making inquiry concerning the popuconsequences more dreadful, than the lation of these dismal remaing, I was common plague of Turkey, or that of informed that in one village, which Syria, or of Egypt, as will appear by contained six hundred inhabitants, four the following observations :

persons only had escaped the ravage. In the month of April 1799, a Other villages which had contained plague of a most destructive nature four or five hundred, had only seven manifested itself in the city of Old or eight survivors left to relate the Fas, which soon after communicated calamities they had suffered. Families itself to the new city, carrying off one which had retired to the country, to or two the first day, three or four the avoid the infection, on returning to second day, six or eight the third day, town, when all infection had appaand increasing progressively, until the rently ceased, were generally attacked mortality amounted to two in the han- and died: a singular instance of this dred of the aggregate population, con. kind happened at Mogodor, where, aftinuing with unabated violence, ten, ter the mortality had subsided, a corps fifteen, or twenty days ; being of of troops arrived from the city of Terolonger duration in old than in new dant in the province of Suse, where towns ; then diminishing in a progres- the plague had been raging and had sive proportion from one thousand a subsided : these troops, after remaining day, to nine hundred, then to eight three days at Mogodor, were attacked hundred, and so on until it disappeared. with the disease, and it raged exclu

Whilst it raged in the town of sively among them for about a month, Mogodor, a small village (Diobet) during which it carried off two-thirds situated about two miles south-east of of their original number, one hundred that place, remained uninfected, al- men : during this interval, the other though the communication was open inhabitants of the town were exempt between them : on the thirty-fourth from the disorder, though these troops day, however, after its first appearance were not confined to any particular at Mogodor, this village was discovered quarter, many of them having had ato be infected, and the disorder raged partments in the houses of the inhabiwith great violence, making dreadful tants of the town. havock among the human species for The destruction of the human spetwenty-one days, carrying off, during cies in the province of Suse was conthat period, one hundred persons out of siderably greater than elsewhere: Teroone hundred and thirty-three, the ori. dant, formerly the metropolis of a ginal population of the village before kingdom, but now that of Suse, lost, the plague visited it : none died after when the infection was at its height, this, and those who were infected re about eight hundred each day : the rucovered in the course of a month or ined, but still extensive and populous two ; some losing an eye, or the use city of Morocco, lost one thousand each of a leg or an arm.

day: the populous cities of Old and Many similar circumstances might New Fas diminished in population be here adduced relative to the num- twelve or fifteen hundred each day, crous and populous villages dispersed insomuch that, in these extensive ci

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ties, the mortality was so great *, that and independent, and they were accord-
the living, having not time to bury ingly compelled to work for themselves,
their dead, the bodies were deposited, performing personally the menial offices
or thrown altogether, into large holes, of their respective families.
which when nearly full were covered The country being now depopula-
over with earth. Young, healthy, and ted, and much of the territory with-
robust persons, of full stamina, were out owners, vast tribes of Arabs emi-
for the most part attacked first; then grated from their abodes in the inte-
women and children ; and, lastly, thin, rior of Sahara, and took possession of
sickly, emaciated, and old people. the country contiguous to the river

After this deadly calamity had Draha, as well as many districts in
subsided, we beheld a general altera- Suse; and, in short, settling them-
tion in the fortunes and circumstances selves, and pitching their tents where-
of men : we saw persons, who before ever they found a fertile country with
the plague were common labourers, little or no population.
now in possession of thousands, and The symptoms of this plague varied
keeping horses without knowing how in different patients ; the variety of age
to ride them. Parties of this descrip- and constitution gave it a like variety
tion were met wherever we went, and of appearance and character: in some
the men of family called them in de- it manifested itself by a sudden and
rision, (el wurata) the inheritors. Pro- violent shivering, in others by a sud-
visions also became extremely cheap den delirium, succeeded by great and
and abundant : the flocks and herds unquenchable thirst. Cold water was
had been left in the fields, and there eagerly resorted to by the unwary and
was now no one to own them ! and imprudent, and proved fatal to those
the propensity to plunder, so notori- who indulged in its momentary relief.
ously attached to the character of the Some had one, two, or more buboes,
Arab, as well as to the Shelluh and which formed themselves, and became
Moor, was superseded by a conscien- often a slarge as a walnut in the
tious regard to justice, originating course of a day; others had a similar
from a continual apprehension of dis- number of carbuncles; others had both
solution, and that the El khere, as buboes and carbuncles, which general-
the plague was now called, was a ly appeared in the groin, under the
judgment of the Omnipotent on the arm, or near the breast. Those who
disobedience of man, and that it beho- were affected with a shivering, having
ved every individual to amend his con no buboe, carbuncle, spots, or any
duct, as a preparation to his departure other exterior disfiguration, were in-
for paradise.

variably carried off in less than twentyThe expense of labour, at the same four hours, and the body of the detime, increased enormously, and never ceased became quickly putrified, so was equality in the human species more that it was indispensably necessary to conspicuous than at this time : when bury it a few hours after dissolution. corn was to be ground, or bread bak- I recommended Mr Baldwin's * invaed, both were performed in the houses luable remedy of olive oil, applied acof the affluent, and prepared by them- cording to his directions : several selves; for the very few people whom Jews, and some Mooselmin, were induthe plague had spared, were insufficient ced to try it, and I was afterwards vito administer to the wants of the rich sited by many to whom I had recom

mended it, and had given them writ* There died, during the whole of the above periods, in Morocco, 50,000; in

ten directions in Arabic how to apply

it Fas 65,000; in Mogodor, 4,509; and in Saffy 5,000 ; in all, 124,500 souls,

* Lale British Consul in Egypt.

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and I do not know any instance of St John's day, or that season, affect its its failing when persevered in, even af- virulence ; but about that period, there ter the infection had manifested itself. prevails along the coast of West Bar

I have no doubt but the epidemy bary a trade wind, which, beginning which made its appearance at Cadiz, to blow in the month of May,continues and all along the southern shores of throughout the months of June, July, Spain, immediately as the plague was and August, with little intermission. subsiding in West Barbary, was the It was apprehended that the influence same disorder with the one above des- of this trade wind, added to the supercribed, suffering, after its passage to a stitious opinion of the plague ceasing Christian country, some variation, ori. on St John's day, would stop, or at ginating from the different modes of least sensibly diminish the mortality: living, and other circumstances : for but no such thing happened, the wind nothing can be more opposite than did set in, as it invariably does, about St the food, dress, customs and manners, John's day; the disorder, however, inof Mahommedans and Christians, not- creased at that period, rather than diwithstanding the approximation of minished. Some persons were of oSpain to Morocco. We have been pinion, that the infection maintained credibly informed that it was commu its virulence till the last; that the denicated originally to Spain by two in- crease of mortality did not originate fected persons, who went from Tangier from a decrease of the miasma, but to Estapona, a small village on the op- from a decrease of population, and a posite shore; who, after eluding the consequent want of subjects to prey vigilance of the guards, reached Ca- upon : and this indeed is a plausible diz. We have also been assured, that idea ; but admitting it to be just, how it was communicated by some infected are we to account for the almost invapersons who landed in Spain from a riable fatality of the disorder when at vessel that had loaded produce at L'A. its height, and the comparative innoraiche in West Barbary. Another cence of it when on the decline ? for account was, that a Spanish privateer, then the chance to those who had it which had occasion to land its' crew was, that they would recover and surfor the purpose of procuring water in vive the malady. some part of West Barbary, caught The old men seemed to indulge in the infection from communicating a superstitious tradition, that when with the natives, and afterwards pro- this peculiar kind of epidemy attacks ceeding to Cadiz, spread it in that a country, it does not return or contitown and the adjacent country.

nue for three or more years, but disapIt should be observed, for the in- pears altogether (after the first year, formation of those who may be desi- and is followed, the seventh year, by rous of investigating the nature of this contagious rheums and expectoration, extraordinary distemper, that, from its the violence of which lasts from three character, and its symptoms, approxi- to seven days, but is not fatal. Whemating to the peculiar plague, which ther this opinion be in general founded (according to the before-mentioned in truth I cannot determine ; but in Arabic record) ravaged and depopu- the spring of the year 1806, lated West Barbary four centuries was the seventh

year

from the since, the Arabs and Moors were of ance of the plague at Fas in 1799, a opinion it would subside after the first species of influenza pervaded the year, and not appear again the next, as whole country; the patient going to the Egyptian plague does : and agree- bed well, and not rising in the mornably to this opinion, it did not re-ap- ing, a little phlegm was pear the second year; neither did accompanied by a distressing rheum,

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or cold in the head, with a cough, tition made, to prevent the too near which quickly reduced those affected approach of any person who might call to extreme weakness, but was seldom on business ; and this precaution I fatal, continuing from three to seven firmly believe to be all that is necesdays, with more or less violence, and sary, added to that of receiving mothen gradually disappearing.

ney thro' vinegar, and taking care not During the plague at Mogodor, the to touch or smell infectious substances. European merchants shut themselves Fear had an extraordinary effect in up in their respective houses, as is disposing the body to receive the inthe practice in the Levant: I did fection, and those who were subject not take this precaution, but occa thereto invariably caught the malady, sionally rode out to take exercise on which was for the most part fatal. horseback. Riding one day out of At the breaking out of the plague at the town, I met the Governor's bro. Mogodor, there were two medical ther, who asked me where I was go- men, an Italian and a Frenchman, the ing, when every other European was latter a man of science, a great botashut up?.“ To the garden,” I an- nist, and of an acute discrimination : swered. “ And are you not aware they however did not remain, but that the garden, and the adjacent took the first opportunity of leaving country, is full of (Genii) departed the place for Teneriffe, so that the souls, who are busy in smiting with few Europeans had no expectation of the plague every one they meet ?" I any medical assistance except that of could not help smiling, but told him, the natives. Plaisters of gum amonithat I trusted to God only who acum, and the juice of the leaves of would not allow any of the Genii to the opuntia, or kermuse ensarrah, smite me, unless it were his sovereign i. e. prickly pear, were universally apwill, and that if it were, he could ef. plied to the carbuncles, as well as the fect it without the aid of Genii. On buboes, which quickly brought them my return to town in the evening, the to maturity : many of the people of sandy beach from the town gate to property took copious drafts of coffee the sanctuary of Seedi Mogodole * and Peruvian bark. The Vinaigre was covered with biers. My daily de quatre voleurs was used by many, observations convinced me that the also camphor, smoking tobacco, or epidemy was not caught by approach, fumigationsofgum Sandrac;straw was unless that approach was accompa- also burned by some, who were of o. nied by an inhaling of the breath, pinion that any thing which produced or by touching the infected per- abundance of smoke was sufficient to

I therefore had a separation purify the air of pestilential efluvia. made across the gallery, inside of my During the existence of the plague, house, between the kitchen and din- I had been in the chambers of men on ing parlour, of the width of three their death-bed : I had had Europeans feet, which is sufficiently wide to pre- at my table, who were infected, as well vent the inhaling, the breath of a per as Moors, who actually had buboes

From this partition, or table on them : I took no other precaution of separation, I took the dishes, and than that of separation, carefully avoidafter dinner returned them to the ing to touch the hand, or inhale the same place, suffering none of the ser- breath; and notwithstanding what may vants to come near me ; and in the 'have been said, I am decidedly of opioffice and counting-house, I had a par- nion that the plague, at least this peA sanctuary a mile south-east of the

culiar species of it, is not produced by town of Mogodor, from whence the any infectious principle in the atmostown receives its name.

phere, but caught solely by touching

infected

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infected substances, or inhaling the ed into office. The act itself is limibreath of those who are diseased ; and ted to twenty-one years. The board that it must not be confounded with have added to their annual account the common plague of Egypt, or Con- for the bye-past year, an extract of the stantinople, being a malady of a much whole receipt and disbursement since more desperate and destructive kind. the commencement of the act; and It has been said, by persons who have have prefixed an explanation of varidiscussed the nature and character of ous circumstances connected with the plague, that the cultivation of a their management. When the comcountry, the draining of the lands, and missioners came first into office, in the other agricultural improvements, tend year 1795, both the lower and higher to eradicate or diminish it; but at water-courses were in a state of the the same time, we have seen coun- deepest depression, the first affording tries depopulated where there was no a scanty supply of a few gallons to morass, or stagnate water, for many two wells, and the last sometimes, days journey, nor even a tree to im- agreeably to the observation of Mr pede the current of air, or a town, Blackie, the overseer, as low as ten; nor any thing but encampments of A. but varying, at its highest supply, rabs, who procured water from wells from seventeen to twenty gallons per of a great depth, and inhabited plains minute.-The public wells have since so extensive and uniform, that they re- been increased to 3 times their number, semble the sea, and are so similar in from 9 to 27; and the ordinary supappearance after, as well as before ply at the same tiine given to the Insun-rise, that if the eye could abstract firmary, Gordon's Hospital, and the itself from the spot immediately sur. Poor's Hospital. Water has also been rounding the spectator, it could not afforded, without any expence to Go. be ascertained whether it were sea or vernment, to the Barracks and Barland.

rack Hospital.-- There is received at Many of the cities and towns of the Broad Street Cistern, by report Morocco are visited yearly by malig. of the overseer of the wells and water nant epidemies, which the natives call courses, about 120 gallons per mifruit fevers: they originate from their nute; and his opinion is, that when indulgence in fruit, which abounds the contents of the springs about Founall over this fertile garden of the tain Hall, and Mr Harper's field are world. The fruits deemed most fe- collected, this may be increased by abrile are musk melons, apricots, and bout forty gallons per minute. But all unripe stone fruits. Alpinus, de when to this the full supply of rivulet Mediciza Egyptiorum, says, “ Autum- water is added, which the main is cano grassantur febres pestilentiales mul- pable of receiving and discharging, tae quae subdole invadunt, et saepe by means of a filtering machine, the anedicum et aegrum decipiunt.” total supply may be nearly doubled.

In this city two new streets have also been made, Union Street and King

Street ; these are supplied with waReport on the Police of ABERDEEN.

ter.--The public lamps are 640.

The average breakage of lamp globes, THE HE Commissioners of Police for by wanton.mischief and accidents, in

this City have just .published the course of the season, is not less their annual account of Receipt and than L.60. Fourteen lamps were Expenditure for the last twelve months, broken in one night only. A singuin terms of the act of parliament. It lar fact appears from the annual pois ņow fourteen years since they enter- lice accounts, that, from the com

mencement

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