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many, Britain, and Muscovy. Upon 185. 4d. when the merchant offered him the whole, however, we incline to 81. is. sid. think that the balance may be some
The Romans were more extravagant what in favour of the ancient world.
in the prices of fish than of fowl. JuWe cannot follow the author thro'
venal tells us of a mullus bought for 481, the different reasons which he assigns was paid for another the sum of sól. ros.
89. 9d. According to Macrobius, there for the greater populousness of anti- 11d.' For a third, according to Pliny, quity, though the inquiry be conduct- 641. 115. 8d. which he reckons the more ed with ability, and though, in the wonderful, the mullus being a fish that course of it, he collects a number of seldom exceeded two pound weight. curious facts, Upon the whole, how
C. Hirtius sold his fish ponds for ever, we would recommend this work, sell, but he lent 6000 lampreys for
32,2911. 135. 4d. This man would not along with that of Mr Hume, as not
Cæsar's triumphal supper. Lucullus's only illustrating the subject to which fish, after his death, were sold for the they directly relate, but as throwing same price of 32,2911. 135. 4d. great light on the manners and usages
Peaches were at first sold for 7 d. but of antiquity. We can only afford to afterwards they rose to 45. rod. present as a specimen, the following for sixpence a-piece.
Large asparagus was sometimes sold details of Roman luxury :
The pound of wool, or cloth dyed a Apicius, after having spent in his violet purple, cost 31. 109. 11d. The kitchen 807,291!. and squandered im- Tyrian double dye could scarce be mense grants and pensions, being at last bought for 351. gs. 1d. per pound.-. forced to look into his accounts for the first time, found he had a remainder of wool in some cases cost 4!. 108. 5d.
And the dying of one English pound of 80,7291. 35. 4d. but thinking that too
Lollia Paulina, when dressed out in little, he poisoned himself for fear of ber jewels, wore about the value of starving.
322,9161. 135. 44. Tigellius, a singer, spent in five days
The triclinaria, quilts or carpets, 8072 l. 185. 4d.
were dear. One is said to have paid Alagabalus laid out
on a supper for such carpets 64581. 6s. 8d. Nero 24,2181. 155,
paid 32,2911. 135. 4d. Some paid for i Caligula spent on a supper 80,7291.
one piece of linen 80721. 185. 4d. Vitellius, in eating and drinking the weight of a pound averdupois of
The vestes byssinæ were very dear : within the year, spent 7,265,6251, Nay, such cloths cost 491. 12s. Tacitus saith, he spent the same sum in
The price of such slaves as were well a few months.
skiiled in the finer arts was very high. Lucullus's establishment for each sup- Seneca relates, that Calvisius Labinus per in the Apollo, was 16141. 11s. 8d. Vitellius ate four times a day; do
had many Anagnostæ slaves, or such as
were learned and could read to their supper, breakfast, or collation, under
masters, and that none of them was pur31291. 35. 4d.
chased under 8071. 55. Iod. According Pliny mentions a jack-ass for a stal.
to Pliny, Daphnis, the grammarian, cost lion, bought for 32291. 35. 4d. And that
56511, rod. Roscius, the actor, could In Celtiberia, a province of Spain, a sheass has brought colts to the value of gain yearly 40361. 9. 2d. A morio, or
fool, was sold for 161l. gs. 2d. 32291. 35. 4d.
Varro speaks of an ass sold in his own time at Rome for 4841. 75. 6d.
The price of a peacock was il. 125.33d. III. Observations on Fungus Haemato. A flock of an hundred of them was
des, or Soft Cancer, in several of the sold at a much dearer rate, for 3221. 185.
· most important organs of the human 4d. One of their eggs was worth 35. 244. body; containing also a comparative
Fine doves were sold the pair for il. 125. 3 d. Others of a finer kind were
view of the structure of fungus hæmuch dearer. Varro relates, that Axius
matodes and cancer, with cases and refused to give a pair of his under 121,
dissections. By James Wardrop,
F.R.S. E. fellow of the royal college rally intelligible, and will at once
Fungus Hæmatodes presents, on dissec.
na from the scirrhous tumor. When it work is to point out the diffe
appears in the external parts of the bo. rence between Fungus Hæmatodes
dy, and has not yet acquired a consideand Cancer-diseases which have rable bulk, instead of being hard and been generally confounded with one unyielding, it is soft and elastic, and has another by medical men. This is an equal surface, giving, in most cases, done by an accurate comparison of more or less a sense of obscure fluctuathe diseases on dissection. The im- tion. Its form, when taken out of the portance of being able to distinguish cumscribed, having generally a distinct
body, is determined and accurately cirdiseases from one another, can in no
covering of condensed cellular mem. instance be greater than with regard brane. In place of the hard fibrous. to Cancer ; for unless its character be looking substance, the principal comaccurately defined, it is impossible to ponent part of scirrhous tumours, the expect any to discover sure and ra- morbid growth in fungus hæmatodes tional principles for its treatment.
consists of a soft pulpy matter, which
mixes readily with water, and is hardenTill of late, no distinction had
ed by acids and boiling in water. It been perceived between this disease has been also compared, by all who and cancer. Mr Burns, of Glasgow, have attempted to describe it, to medul. was the first who pointed them out lary matter in colour and consistence. as different. Several writers after
When the skin or covering of fungus him have made similar observations;
hæmatodes has been eroded by the probut it is now only that the subject
gress of the disease, instead of the mor. has been discussed in a separate trea- tion, a fungus arises from it, and the tu.
bid growth being destroyed by ulcera. tise, and in a systematic manner. mor seems only to increase more rapid.
Mr Wardrop takes a view of this ly in bulk. If the fungus hæmatodes disease, as it exhibits itself in various is not interrupted in its progress, both organs of the human body;
the original tumour and the fungus first, the external appearance which
mass growing from it attain a larger distinguishes it in cach, and then the size : and the fungus, instead of having
a firm texture, like that which 'some.. appearances on dissection. He then times arises from the cancerous ulcer, details the particulars of a number of is a dark-red, or purple.coloured inass, cases which had occurred, either to of an irregular shape, and of a soft texhimself or his friends; and finally, ture, is easily torn, and bleeds profusederives from them rules for the ly when slightly injured. treatment of the malady in each par- of cancer, that it is nearly altogether
It is a striking fact in the history ticular part. He concludes the whole confined to those advanced in life. with a general comparison between There may be a few exceptions to this the structure of cancer and Fungus general observation, but the instances Hematodes.
are extremely rare in which the true It would ill suit the nature of this scirrhous structure has been met with publication, to enter into a detailed in any of the parts already mentioned, examination of the nature and merits in people below the age of twenty-five of this production. The following contrary, may be rather considered as
or thirty. Fungus hæmatodes, on the sketch, however, of the differences
a disease of early life. In twenty-four between the diseases, will be gene. cases of is in the eye-ball, only four of
them were adults, the others being chil. cal work, published quarterly, exclu-
Scottish Literary Intelligence.
THE Genealogy of the Earls of well executed.
Sutherland, from the orgin of that illustrious House to the year 1650, with
the History of the Northern parts of New Works published in Edinburgh. Scotland during that period, by Sir
Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun, Ba
ronet, continued to the year 1651, by Veins ; with its application to the Gilbert Gordon of Sallagh, will speeart of Working Mines. By Abraham dily be published from the original Gottlob Werner, counsellor of the MS. in the possession of the MarchioMines of Saxony, professor of minera- ness of Stafford. It will be handsomelogy, and of the art of working mines ly printed in folio. The public will at Freyberg, &c. Translated from here be presented not only with an acthe German. To which is added, an curate genealogical history of the anAppendix, containing notes illustrative cient House of Sutherland, but also with of the subject. By Charles Anderson, a minute detail of the principal transM. D. Fellow of the royal college of actions which occurred during a period surgeons, member of the Wernerian of nearly 600 years, particularly in the natural history society, &c. One vo- counties of Sutherland and Caithness, lume octavo. Os. boards.
and the Highlands of Scotland in geneGeneral View of the agriculture of ral. The history of these districts, it the county of Berwick ; with observa- is believed, will receive more elucidations on the means of its improvement. tion from this work than from any By Robert Kerr : F. R. and A. S.S. E. which the public is at present possesFarmer at Ayton, in Berwickshire. sed of. The whole has been carefully 8vo. 12s.
transcribed by permission of the MarA Series of Discourses on the Princi- chioness of Stafford, from the original ples of Religious Belief, as connected manuscript preserved at Dunrobin
Caswith human happiness and improve- tle. ment. By the Rev. R. Morehead, A. The Right Honourable Sylvester M. of Baliol College, Oxford, Junior (Douglas) Lord Glenbervie, will speeMinister of the Episcopal Chapel, Cow- dily present the public with the works gate, Edinburgh. Second Edition. of Gawin Douglas, Bishop of Dun- . 8vo. Price 9s. boards.
keld, with Historical and Critical DisSermons, by James Finlayson, D.D. sertations on his Life and Writings, F. R. S. E. To which is prefixed, a Notes and a Glossary, in 4 vol. octavo, Menoir of the Life and Character of elegantly printed. The whole works the Author. Second Edition. 8vo. of Gawin Douglas, consisting of his 10s. 6d.
translation of Virgil's Æneid, the PaThe Edinburgh Review, or Criti- lace of Honour, and King Hart, will 'cal Journal, No 28. Fublished quar- then be, for the first time, collected interly.
to one edition. Two Dissertations, The Farmer's Magazine, a periodi. the one on the Family of Douglas, the
other on the Poet's Life and Writings, memoirs of Mr Cadogan being finished, will be prefixed, and copious notes ad- It will contain portraits of Mr Cecil's ded. The text of Ruddiman's edition
three friends, and will appear in the of the Æneid has been collated with
autumn. A second volume will consist
of Miscellanies ; and will contain the the following five manuscripts : viz.
different sermons and tracts which have two in the library of the University of been already separately printed, with a Edinburgh, one in that of the Faculty few pieces which have not yet appeared. of Advocates, a fourth in the posses- A third volume will contain a selection sion of the Marquis of Bath at Long- from a very considerable number of Serleet, and the fifth at Lambeth Palace. mons, taken down accurately in shortThe excellent Glossary of Ruddiman
hand from Mr C.'s preaching, by a is made the basis of that in the present be published about Christmas, and the
friend, The Miscellanies will probably work, but considerably enlarged, and Sermons in the spring. extended to the other
Dr Clarke's expected Travels thro' Mr Cromek is receiving subscrip- Russia, the Territories of the Don Cos. tions for an Historical Portrait of Mr sacks, Kuban Tartary, the Crimea, &e. Walter Scott, from the admired Picture &c. will be published without further by Raeburn, which appeared at the delay. last Exibition of Scottish paintings.
A complete Collection of Voyages
and Travels, from Columbus to the Proposals have been issued for pub- present time, will be published in twenlishing, by subscription, a translation ty-eight volumes. of Buchanan's two Latin poems of the Mr Bentham has two works in the “ Franciscan Friar," (a Satire on the press, one under the title of Elements of Monks) and the Marriage Ode of the art of Packing, as applied to furies, Francis of France and Mary Queen of and the other under the title of Perils of Scots. It is proposed to publish by subscrip- Poems in the press, which will make
Mr Cyrus Nedding has a volume of tion, a translation, from the Italian in- their appearance early this month, in a to English blank verse, of Guarini's foolscap octavo size. celebrated dramatic pastoral, entitled A new edition of Rowe's Doctrine Pastor Fido.
of Fluxions, is in the press.
A second edition of Mr Davis's Key to Bonnycastle's Algebra, corrected to
the last edition ; and a fifth of the same Literary Intelligence ENGLISH and gentleman's treatise on Land Surveying, FOREIGN
are also in the press.
Mr J. Wilson, surgeon, late of Guy's Α,
New edition of Wood's Athena Hospital, will speedily publish, Phar
Oxoniensis is in the press, with cor. macopeia Chirurgica, or Formulæ of the rections, and considerable additions. different Hospitals.
A Catalogue of the Library of the In a short time will be published in Royal Institution is nearly ready for one volume, small folio, Cromwelliana, publication; it is methodically arran- or Anecdotes from authentic documents, ged, with an alphebatical index, and illustrative of the character of Oliver will serve for an index to any library. Cromwell and his family.
The Rev. Richard Cecil being disa- Translations of the Voyage of discobled by his infirmities, has entrusted the
very to the South Seas, by order of Bo. pablication of his works to his friend
naparte-of the journey to Pekin, of Mr Pratt. They will form three vo- M. de Guignes, French Resident in lumes octavo, each independent of the China--and of the Travels in Turkey others. One will contain the Memoirs and Persia, by M. de Gardanne, Brother of the Hon. and Rev. W. B. Cadogan, of the French ambassador in the latter John Bacon, Esq. R. A. and the Rev. country, are in the press,
John Newton. This volume is con- The Pulpit, or a Biographical and : siderably advanced in the press, the Literary Account of eminent popular
Preachers for 1809, will appear in a few distribution in Sleswick and Holstein. days.
The above-mentioned society has com. A work, interesting to the lovers of menced the publication of its proceedantiquities and the arts, has been recen. ings. The first part of the first volume tly published at Rome, consisting of a contains--A Journal of an Agricultural collection of engravings, carefully exe- Tour in England, by Meinhold ; an cuted, representing the deities, altars, Essay on the management of Trees, by tripods, candelabra, bassso - relievos, Mourex; the Mode of making Goosequadrigæ, vases, urns, &c. of antiquity, berry Wine, by Taxtorp), and a Re. with an account of the places where the port of the Proceedings of the Society. originals are now to be inspected. A Counsellor Kühler, of Moscow, is few sheets of letter. press explain the busily employed in cleaning the old subject of each plate.
coins, which he is continually receiving The Society of Rural Economy at from the Crimea. He is publishing a Copenhagen have distributed among the collection of more than 600 of kings Danish peasantry 5000 copies of M. and cities, all belonging to Grecian coRaf's useful pamphlet, entitled, Instruc. lonies, or kingdoms, that extended along tions for the Cultivation of Flax. It has the northern ur western coasts of the been also translated into German, for Black Sea.
Say, did such dulcet notes arrest thy gales, TO THE SWILCAR LAWN OAK *. As MUNDY † pours along the listening BY DR DARWIN.
vales ? GIGANTIC Oak! whose wrinkled form
Gigantic Oax!-thy hoary head subhath stood,
Time Age after age, the patriarch of the wood!
Ere while must perish in the wrecks of Thou, who hast seen a thousand springs un- time; fold
Should round thy brow innocuous lightTheir ravel'd buds, and dip their flowers
nings shoot, in gold;
And no fierce whirlwinds shake thy sted. Ten thousand times yon moon re-light her horn,
Yet shalt thou fall !thy leafy tresses fade, And that bright star of evening gild the And those bare shatter'd antlers strew the morn!
glade; Erst, when the Druid bards, with silver
Arm after arm shall leave the mouldering hair,
bust, Pour'd round thy trunk the melody of And thy firm fibres crumble into dust! prayer ;
But Mundy's verse shall consecrate thy When chiefs and heroes joined the kneel
name, ing throng,
And rising forests envy Swilcar's fame; And choral virgins trilled the adoring Green shall thy stems expand, thy branch. song ;
es play, While harps responsive rung amid the And bloom for ever in the immortal lay.
H! why is the bud that the tempest In Needwood forest. This tall tree, lays low, which stands singly upon a beautiful small The fairest, the sweetest that breathes on lawn, surrounded with extensive woods,
the morn ? measures thirteen yards round at its base, and eleven yards round at four feet from the + See a Poem, entitled Needwood Foground. It is believed to be six hundred sest; by F. N. C. Mundy, Esq. in the hands
of a few of the author's select friends.