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no doubt that the Duke of York should be fore the House the opinion which he had deprived of the command of the army. formed. He pointed out the extreme imWhether he was guilty of personal corrup- probability that the Duke of York was tion, was not so clear. He did not carry ignorant of the improper traffic of commishis good opinion of Mrs Clarke so far as sions carried on by his mistress. He then some others did. The worst case was that analyzed the evidence of Mrs Clarke, ani. of Kennet, which fully proved a corrupt madverted with great acutenesss on the mind in the Duke of York. It might be different charges, and concluded with statsaid that this was not a military case, and ing his intention of vating for the amend. if it were excluded, then it would follow ment of Mr Bankcs. that the corruption of his Royal Highness Mr Canning pointed out the necessity of had not been made out. But he thought proceeding by resolutions, commented up. himself entitled to carry this opinion of on the inconsistency of the proceedings on the Duke's corruption into the cases of the opposite side, and the undue severiry French and Sanden. He neither approved with which they treated the Duke of of the addresses proposed, nor of the reso York. After some observations from lutions of the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Lord Folkstone, Mr Ponsonby, and Mr He thought it would be better to lay the Tierney, the House came to a vote on Mr whole evidence before the King, but he Bankes's address. For the address 1994 would not press any new measure before Against it 294 . Majority against Mr the House, as he did not believe that many Bankes's amended address 95. A second would coincide with him in opinion. He division then took place on Mr Wardle's thought the inconveniences of one of the motion. For it 123-Against it 364-Ma. Royal Family being Commander in Chief jority against Mr Wardle's motion 221. It much greater than the advantages. It had was agreed that the House should proceed been said that the Duke would reform, in the inquiry on Friday, but let it be considered that he was 45,

Friday, March 17. and in his opinion, when a man possessed The Chancellor of Exchequer, after a only the rudiments of folly, he would do few words had passed between him and Mr nothing, as he grew older, but grow more Tierney, announced his intention to withfoolish. The Duke's letter to the House draw his resolution, and omit from it the he thought very foolish. It had merely ad word “ charges," and otherwise to alter it ded another charge to those already against to the following effect; – the Duke, namely, a charge of falsehood. “ That this House having appointed a

Mr Ryder vindicated the Duke of York. Committee to investigate the conduct of The evidence of Mrs Clarke was such that his Royal Highuess the Duke of York, as it could not have been received in any Conimander in Chief, and having carefully court of justice. Miss Taylor's evidence considered the evidence which came before was liable to strong suspicion. The note the said Committee, and finding that perrespecting Tonyn, when contrasted with sonal corruption, and connivance at corrup: the post-mark, proved nothing. Mrs. tion, have been imputed to his said Royal Clarke's knowledge of army affairs was ac Highness, find it expedient to pronounce a counted for hy her previous connexion with distinct opinion upon the said imputation, Mr Ogilvie, the army agent. In all his and are accordingly of opinion that it is communications with the Duke of York wholly without foundation." in his official capacity, he found him uni A very long and desultory debate ensu. fornily solicitous about the welfare of the ed, involving all the topics and arguments army, and his predecessor had given him used during the tedious discussion of this the same information. He then pointed disgusting subject. Sir T. Turton's a. out some of the establishnients for the good mendment was first put to the vote, and of the army made by the Duke of York's negatived, Ayes 135~noes 334-majority means, as the military colleges, the military against the amendment 199. Then the school at Chelsea, &c. He concluded by House divided on Mr Percival's motion. pointing out the impropriety of the mo Ayes 279-110es 196-majority 82. tions of Mr Wardle and Mr Bankes, and

Mr Bragge Bathurst, after a short the necessity of coning to a resolution respecting the Duke's guilt or innocence.

speech, moved the following resolution :

" That while the House acknow. The Lord Advocate spoke in defence of the Duke of York, but the House was so

ledges the beneficial effects resulting clamorous for the question, that he could

from the services of his Royal Highness not be heard.

the Duke of York, aring the time of Mr Wilberforce said he had been thus his being Commander in Chief, they long in speaking, because he wished to hear had observed, with the deepest regret, the sentiments of others, before he laid be. that in consequence of a connection

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Monday, March 27. nicious and corrupt influence had been Mr John Fane presented a petition used in respect to military promotions," from Captain Huxley Sanden, stating and such as gave colour to the various his services during a period of 32 years, reports respecting the knowledge of the in which he had been wounded and lost Commander in Chief of these transac. an eye. His error, which he deeply lations."

mented, arose from no determinate inSir W. Curtis seconded the motion. tention to deceive, but from an aliena. Lord Althrope said, that the Right tion of mind, occasioned by a concusHon. Gentleman had lamented the loss sion of the brain in a fall some years the public would sustain by the resig- ago, and by the fatigue of three nights nation of the Duke of York as Com examination before the House. The mander in Chief; bụt the question was certificate of a physician, stating the whether that loss would not be diminish. dangerous state of his health, was read, ed, by the removal of a person who had Ordered that Capt. Sanden he brought lost the confidence of the public, and to the bar of the House to-morrow, in whose conduct had received so many order to be liberated. severe animadversions in the course of He was accordingly brought to the the inquiry which had taken place ? bar next day, when the Speaker addres. He did not consider the resignation of sed him to the following purport :the Duke of York as a punishment, “ Capt. Huxley Sanden-This House but as a step taken, in consequence of having entered on a solemn inquiry, of having, by his imprudence and irregu. the utmost importance to the due adJarity, lost the confidence of the pub ministration of the army, and of the lic.--The Right Hon. Gentleman had deepest personal concern with respect spoken, as if he seemed to think the to the honour of the illustrious ComDuke of York might hereafter be resto. mander in Chief, you were called upon red to the high office he had so lately to give evidence on the matters in isenjoyed. He hoped, however, the Duke sue ; and in course of your evidence, of York would never again be permit were, by this House, adjudged to be ted to resume that situation. It was guilty of gross prevarication. This ofhis intention to move an amendment, fence, at all times destructive of the and the purport of the resolution he just authority and privileges of this would wish to propose was,

House, and subversive of the common “« That the Duke of York having re sanctions of civil society, was in your signed, the Housę did not now think it case peculiarly aggravated by your minecessary to proceed further on the mi. litary character and profession--a chanutes of evidence taken before the racter of which truth and honour ought Committee appointed to inquire into ever to be the inseparable companions. the conduct of the Duke of York, as It is your reproach to have fallen from far as relates to his Royal Highness." this high eminence, and to have closed

He had purposely put in the word a long career of corrupt practices, by “ now," because he thought the Duke incurring the most ignominious sen. of York ought nog at any time hereaf tence which the justice of this House ter to be restored to his situation as can inflict. Nevertheless, the House taCommander in Chief, and if he should, king into consideration your expresthe House would resume their proceed. sions of shame and sorrow for your misings upon the charges.

conduct, and having compassion on the After another long desultory debate, broken state of health under which it is Mr Bathurst's motion was negatived alleged you are suffering, has consented without a division. And the Chancel. to put an end to your imprisonment. It lor of the Exchequer having moved, has, therefore, ordered you to be disthat the word now be omitted in Lord charged, and you are discharged accordAlthrope's amendment, it was carried ly, paying the fees. accordingly on a division, 235 to 112. Mr Whitbread moved, that the reprishe 'amendment then passed without a mand of Capt. Huxley Sanden be enterdivision, which closes the proceedings ed upon the Journals. Ordered accord. on this very extraordinary business. ingly:

Historical Affairs.



originated with the Dewan, who had as: • VARIETY of intelligence has lately sumed the entire controul, and had calmong which we regret to find some oc try. The Rajah of Cochin having recurrences of rather an unpleasant nature. fused to join the Travancorians, had We have not room this month for more been put to death; and his successor, than the accounts of some hostile opera- for the same cause, had suffered a simi. tions which have taken place (unexpec. Jar fate ; but the third had concurred in tedly) in the province of Travancore, the views of the Travancore Dewan, in which a small party of British troops and had with his people taken up arms have atchieved an enterprize of great against us. Captain Foote, of the Pieddanger, with astonishing bravery and montaise, had destroyed indiscriminate. sucaess. The cause of the differences ly every vessel, of whatever size or des. betwixt the British Government and cription, at Quilon, among which there the Rajah of Travancore is not stated. were, doubtless, several belonging to We have as yet only the following loose the Arabs, and to the northern parts of account from Bombay :

the Malabar coast. Colonel Macaulay “ Accounts have been received at had had recourse to the measure of en. Bombay of differences having arisen be. rolling and arming the Christian intween the British and the Governor of habitants of Travancore, in consequence Travancore, of an attempt that had of which the Dewan had issued an order been made to cut off the Resident (a- to put all the Christians to death, many gainst whom the natives of Travancore of whom had suffered. Off Cape Coare exceedingly exasperated,) and of morin the fleet passed seven small ves. the Dewan's troops having attacked the sels, conveying the 19th regiment, lines of our subsidiary force at Quilon. which General Maitland had sent from On the arrival of the India feet, how. Columbo to Quilon; and at Galle it ever, at Cochin, it found the Piedmon was understood that Anjengo had been taise, with Col. Macaulay on board, ly. taken possession of by the Dewan's ing there, for the protection of a few troops. companies of Sepoys, that occupied the The following account of the storming place, and were surrounded on all sides of the lines of Travancore, which was by the Travancorians, in considerable accomplished by Major Welsh on the force. Several skirmishes had taken Toth of February last, with circumstan. place, in which we had lost 40 or 50 ces highly honourable to the skill and men, and our troops were literally con- gallantry of that officer, will be found fined to the limits of the demolished for. extremely interesting. rifications of Cochin. Our force at “ On the 8th February, Major Welsh, Quilon, under Colonel Chalmers, had with Lieutenant Gore, surveyed the ebeen attacked, and had likewise attacked nemy's lines, and to their astonishment in return, with the loss of about 145 observed some old walls apparently a. killed and wounded. Many of the ene. bandoned, and an approach of no great my had been destroyed ; but the com- difficulty behind the battery on the munication of our troops with the inte. south håll. This was reported at head. rior of the country was cut off, and we quarters in the other camp; Major were dependent for provisions and sup.' Welsh proposed to take advantage of plies upon Malabar, from whence these the discovery, and requested about 200 were sent along the coast. It was not Europeans to be added to his own regiperfectly known how far the Rajah of ment, for the purpose of making the at. Travancore himself was implicated in tempt. Colonel 'St Leger was favourthese proceedings, which apparently able to the plan; but before he would fi.


nally decide, be sene Majors Welsh and sarmounted many difficulties, and scramLambton to a neighbouring hill, to ex bled over many precipices, Major Welsh amine more particularly the works, the missed every body but the forlorn hope, pature of the approach, &c.

Lieut. Bertram and his pioneer bugle, On the morning of the 9th, at sun with about four pioneers. The night rise, Colonel St Leger, Lieutenant-Co was dark; this small party whistled to lonel M‘Leod, and Majors Welsh and no purpose, and were then very near Lambton, repaired to the observatory, the works. After waiting in vain a and had a full view of every thing, and quarter of an hour, the men were di. returned fully convinced of the practica. rected by their leader to fix their bayo-, bility of the plan. Adeepjungle was dis nets, cautioned not to fire, but to carry covered at the foot of the hill, but every avery thing by the bayonet. They as. thing else as had been previously sup. sured Major Welsh of their determina, posed. A sketch and plan of attack tion to conquer or die with him, and was made out by Major Welsh, and crept under the walls, when, (having submitted to Colonel St Leger, Lieute no ladders) it was proposed that they nant. Col. M'Leod, and Major Lamb- should climb upon one another's shoulton, hy whom it was agreed that Major ders, the Major offering to be the first Welsh should take two companies of man'; this the men would not allow:the piquet, amounting to 150 men, his Two men got in first, when the Major own corps, and five companies ist batta. followed, who, finding the two men lion 3d regiment; of these he left three greatly exhausted, he himself drew up companies of each battalion with the na Lieut. Bertram and six men by main tive piquets, and two guns at the advan strength, and then gave place to others. ced posts, under Capt. Stevenson, (who Thus we formed a party of about 20.having recently broke his leg, was in. It was exactly four A. M. They sat capable of climbing ;) the storming par- down, waiting in anxious suspence for ty therefore consisted of 150 Europeans, some more of the party, who, having 69th regiment, under Captain Syms ; se taken a different rout in the dark, enven volunteer artillery ; two companies tered with equal silence and success, of grenadiers and light infantry, under with ladders about 200 yards below, to Capt. Pepper; seven ditto, iníantry, the right. They immediately, on being under Captain Lucas ; 250 pioneers, formed, set to work with a loud peal of under Lieut. Bertram ; with four short musquetry, which was answered by the scaling ladders; and a great quantity of enemy with guns, blue lights, &c. ammunition.

The small leading party was somewhat Having formed a forlorn hope of confounded, but this was no time for one strjeant, one corporal, and twelve hesitation. The bugle was sounded, privates, they marched off, on the road and they gave three loud huzzas, which formerly cut by the pioneers to the left were answered from one end of the hill or southward, and procceded without to the other in a downward direction, obstruction until they reached the foot when the firing increased. Unacquaintof the hill, where they rested for half ed with the success below, and deteran hour to form up, and lie down, to mined not to quit the hill alive, Major allow the blue lights to burn out (these Welsh and his small party pushed up to are burnt to prevent surprise.) They the summit, still shouting and blowing. again started, and entered a dreadfully At this period Major Welsh, by his exdeep jungle, occasionally crossing ra. ertions, and many severe falls in his ef. vines, ten, twelve, and fourteen feet forts, was completely deprived of the deep, full of thorns and bushes, through use of his limbs, and he fainted several which it was necessary to creep on times. Being joined by the fight comtheir hands and feet. At this juncture pany, ist battalion of the 3d regiment, Major Welsh took the command of the he was afterwards carried, by his own forlorn hope in person, making provin desire, to the scene of action. sion for a safe retreat, assigning to eve. "As they approached, the day broke, ry man his post, and directing that it and discovered the whole hill in possesshould beeffected in slow time, and by, sion of the British. The colours of the alternate sections of the European par- 2d battalion were hoisted on a conspicuty, faring and filing to the rear. Having ous rock, and the guns of the enemy



were turned on their lines, which were night, and our troops had actually esca. completely enfiladed. They continued, Jaded the wall ere their approach was however, to fire some guns, until a par- suspected; an ascent of such great difty dashed down the rock, and drove ficulty, as to require six hours actual them completely away froin the whole scrambling to reach the foot of the lines, killing several, and taking all walls. their arms, &c. During this operation, “ In consideration of the brilliancy of the whole force was moving down ra. this atchievement, I feel a pleasurable pidly to the support of the storming duty in detailing, for the information of party; a company of the 69th regiment the Hon. Governor in Council, the joined them on the hill by the same names of those officers who accompascrambling route.

nied the escalade, which consisted of “ Thus, by a successful coup de-main, two companies of the picquet of his Mafell the strong and famed lines of Travan- jesty's 6yth regiment, commanded by core, the extent of which would require Captain Syms; the four flank companies at least 10,000 men to defend them, and and five-battalion companies of the 3d by nine o'clock there was not a man in regiment under Captain Lucas; and it sight, even from the upper posts. The did not require that confirmation whicia North.hill, which is very strong, but a. Major Welsh has conveyed, in the most bout three quarters of a mile from the handsome manner, to convince me, that, nearest part of the lines, was abandoned to have accomplished such an object, ein such confusion, that the enemy left very man must have done bis duty. In about fifty stand of arms at the gate, the list of gallant fellows which accompreferring a naked state to insure their pany this dispatch, I have to lament the flight. A great quantity of canoon, fate of Captain Cunningham, whose (some very beautiful brass ones) have wound I fear is mortal, which deprives been taken, together with muskets, his country of a brave and valuable offipikes, and ammunition of all sorts."

When Major Welsh had once ef. The following is a copy of a letter fected his security in this commanding from Colonel St Leger to the Chief Se. position, I dispatched to his assistance, cretary of the Government of Madras, by the same arduous rout, a company dated Feb. 10. 1809:

of his Majesty's 69th regiment, and

three companies, ist and 2d battalion “ I had the honour to convey to you 13th regiment, under Captain Hodgson, this morning, by express, a small note to reinforce and add confidence to his in pencil, for the information of the party. As soon as this addition was Hon. the Governor in Council, by perceived, a detachment from his party which you were made acquainted with stormed the main lines, and by dint of th satisfactory intelligence of the Bri. persevering bravery, carried them en. ti'n flag being flying in every quarter tirely, and the northern redoubt was aof the Arumbooly lines, as well as the bandoned entirely by the panic-struck commanding redoubts on the north and enemy, who fied in all possible confu. south,

sion in every direction, leaving me in “ It is impossible for me to describe, possession of their strongest lines; and in language sufficiently strong, the ob- I am now encamped in a convenient poligations I feel under to the personal ex. sitios, two miles interior of the Arumertions of Major Welsh, con manding booly gate. I am in possession of the the 3d regiment of native infantry, and arsenal, which appears well filled with the detachment for assault under his arms, ammunition, and many stores, with command. The southern redoubt, a quantity of valuable ordnance in the which presented a complete enblade of works, which has not yet been ascertain. the whole main lines as far as the gate, ed.” was the object of Major Welsh's enter

GENERAL ORDERS. prize ; an undertaking, which, from the natural strength of the approach, appear.

Madras Gaxette, Feb. 25. 1809. ed to be only practicable to the exer The Honourable the Governor in tions and determined bravery of British Council has recently received a particu. troops, led on to glory by Major Welsh. lar account of the action which took It was ascended under cover of the place at Quilon, on the 15th ultimo, bes


“ Sir,

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