Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

tween the British troops and the troops who then stormed and carried the main of Travancore, in which, after a severe

lines. and long contest, the Travancore troops Colonel St Leger speaks in the highwere defeated with heavy loss. From est terms of the conduct of Majots the extent of the combined forces which Welsh and Lambton, and of all the offiwere opposed to the British troops, this cers employed on this glorious service ; signal victory reflects the highest ho and particularly laments the wound of nour on their discipline and valour; the Captain Cunningham, of his Majesty's Governor in Council has great satisfac- 6gth regiment, which has since proved tion in expressing his strongest appro- mortal. The names of the officers embation of their meritorious conduct. ployed on the service are, Major Welsh ;

The Governor conveys to Lieut.-Col. Captains Syms, Lindsay, and CuningChalmers, who commanded the British ham ; Lieutenants Carey, Reid, Lane, detachment at Quilon, in this distin. and Bayley-Captains Lucas, Pepper, guished action, his public thanks; and Carfrae ; Lieutenants Walker, Ray, Lieut.-Col. Chalmers is requested to Dawson, Noble, Inverarity, Jeffrey, convey the thanks of the Governor in Rule, Shepherd, Black, of the 3d native Council to Lieut. Col. Picton of his infantry--and Colonel Bertram of the Majesty's 12th regiment, Major Muir- pioneers. head, Major Hamilton, Captain Newall, Colonel St Leger was in possession Captain Pepper, Captain Macintosh, of the arsenal, which was extremely well Lieut. Lindsay, Lieut. Arthur of the stored, and of a number of pieces of engineers, and the Officers of the Staff, ordnance. Capt. Cranston and Capt. Achmuty, with the other officers and troops of the detachment, who bravely signalized WAR BETWELN AUSTRIA AND FRANCE: themselves on this occasion. The Governor also takes this oppor.

(From the London Gazette.) tunity of expressing his warm approba.

(Concluded from p. 550.) tion of the conduct of a detachment of

BATTLE OF THE 22d of May. troops stationed at Cochin, under the command of Major Hewit, who, with Corps of Lieut.-General Hiller. great skill and bravery, repulsed the nu.. With the morning's dawn the enemy remerous and united forces of the troops newed his attacks, which far surpassed in of Travancore and Cochin, in an at impetuosity those of the preceding day. tack which they made on the British It was a conflict of valour and mutual exdetachment on the 19th. The Gover- asperation. Scarcely had the French guards nor in Council has particular satisfac- compelled General Vacquant to abandon tion in expressing to Major Hewitt, and Aspern, when the regiment of Klebeck athe officers and men under his com

gain penetrated into the burning village, mand, his public thanks, for their high- drove back the choicest troops of the ene

my, and engaged in a new contest in the ly deserving conduct.

midst of the conflagration, till, at the exA dispatch, dated the 10th instant, piration of an hour, it was also obliged to has been received from the Honourable give way. The regiment of Benjovsky Lieutenant-Colonel St Leger, from the now rushed in, and at the first onset gaincamp in Travancore, in which he re ed possession of the church yard, the walls lates the complete success which has at of which Field-Marshal Hiller immediatetended the forces deputed by him to ly ordered the first division of pioneers to storm the barrier, commanded by Ma. pull down, and the church, together with jor Welsh. Notwithstanding the diffi.

the parsonage, to be set on fire. Neither culty of approach, the walls were sca

could the enemy produce any farther ef. led, and the Arumbooly lines, and co

fect upon the bushy meadow, after Gene

ral Hiller had ordered the force there to vering redoubts north and south, car. ried. This service being effected, a

be supported by two battalions of Anton

Mitrowsky's and a battery ; on which the company of his Majesty's 69th regi- Jagers, St George's, and two battalions of ment, and three of the 5th battalion Viepna volunteers, drove him from his ada 13th native infantry, under Capt. Hodg. vantageous position, which he never afterson, were sent tor einforce Major Welsh, wards attempred to recover. August 1809.

Corps 8

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Corps of the General of Cavalry Count Bel collect to have witnessed so tremendous a legarde.

fire. Vain was every effort to sbake the

intrepidity of the Austrian troups. NapoCount Bellegarde, having received a

leon rode through his ranks, and accordmessage from General Vacquant, that the ing to the report of the prisoners, made enemy was assembling in force before As

them acquainted with the destruction of përn, towards the bushy meadow, and ap- his bridge, but added, that he had himself parently had in view an attack upon that ordered it to be broken down, because, in point, was just going to throw a fresh bat

this case, there was no alternative but vic. talion of Argenteau's into Aspern, when

tory or death. Soon afterwards the whole the enemy, in heavy columns of infantry of the enemy's line put itself in motion, and Cavalry, supported by a numerous ar and the cavalry made its principal attack tillery, began to advance upon the centre on the point where the corps of cavalry of of the corps in the plain. The troops.std Prince Lichtenstein communicated with tioned at Aspern, exhausted as they were the left wing of the Prince of Hohenzolwith the incessant fire kept up during the lern. The engagenient now became genenight, were unable to withstand the impe- ral. The Generals were every where at tuosity of the attack; their ammunition, the head of their troops, and inspired them both for artillery and musketry: began to with courage and perseverance. The Archfail, and General Vacquane retreared in duke himself seized the colours of Zach's, good order to the church-yard. This post, and the battalion, which had already begained at so dear a 'raie, was again taken

gun to give way, followed, with new enfrom him, after several attacks sustained in thusiasm, his heroic example. Most of conjunction with lieutenant-General Hil.

those who surrounded him were wounded ; ler; the place was alternately taken and

his Adjutant-General, Count Colloredo, relost, till at length the superiority of our fire ceived a ball in his head, the wound fron obliged the eneniy to abandon the houses, which was at first considered dangerous ; and å last assault of Hiller's corps prevent a squeeze of the hand signified to him the ed all other attempts.

concern of his sympathising commander, From the moment of the retaking of As who, filled with contempt of death, now pern, it became possible to“oppose an offen- fought for glory and for his country. sive movement to the enemy advancing u The attacks of our impenetrable corps, pon the centre, and to oprrate upon his left both with the sabre and the bayonet, so raHank and communication. The defence of pidly repeated and so impetuous, as to be Aspern was therefore left entirely to Hile unparalleled' in military annals, frustrated ler's corps; and while Count Bellegarde all the intentions of the enemy. He was applied his right wing on Aspern, he form

beaten at all points, and astonished at such ed his left od the centre in the direction

undaunted intrepidity, he was obliged to aof Essling, in such a manner, that, by de bandon the field of battle. grees, he gained the righe flapk of the ele.

About this time the Prince of Hohenmny, compelled him to retreat, and, by the

zollern observed on his left wing, near Es. complete effect of the artillery brought to ling, a chasmi, which had been formed du. bear upon the left wing, which comniand-, ring the heat of the engagement, and afed the whole space from Aspern to Essiing, forded an advantageons point of attack. gave him a most severe delcat.

Frolich's regiment commanded by Colonel Corps of Lieut.-General the Prince of Ho- Mecsery, was ordered thither in three henzollern.

corps, and repulsed four regiments of caval

ry, accompanied with infantry and artillery. The lawn of morning was with this The corps remained in the position which corps also the signal for the renewal of the they had taken, till the grenadiers of the gigantic conflict. The enemy's infantry reserve, which the Archduke had ordered was drawn up in large. divisions, and he. forward from Brietenlee, arrived to retween it the whole of the heavy cavalry, lieve the battalions exhausted with the was formed in masses. The General of sanguinary confiict, and continued the atCavalry, Prince Lichtenstein, on observing tack upon the centre of the enemy's posithis order of battle, drew up his right wing tion. "Lieut.-General D'Aspre penetrated en echiquier, behind the corps of infancry, with the four battalions of grenadiers of but kept his left wing together, with re. Prezinsky, Puteany, Scovaux, and Scharserves posted in the rear. A prodigious lach, without firing a shot, to the enemy quantity of artillery covered the front of

cannon, where he was flanked by such a the enemy,

who seemed desirous to anui destructive fire from Esling, that nothing hilate our corps by the murderous fire of but the presence of the Archduke, who cannon and howitzers. Upwards of two hastened to the spot, could have induced hundred pieces of cannon were engaged on his.grenadiers to maintain their ground. both sides, and the oldest soldiers never re About noon the Archduke ordered a

1

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

new assault upon Esling, which was imme. ed two columns of attack under the con-
diately undertaken by Lieut.-Gen. D’Aspre, duct of the Princes Hohenlohe and Rohan,
with the grenadier battalions of Kircheni while Lieutenant-General Dedovich advan-
better and Scovaux on the left, and Schar. ced against the citadel of the place, and
lach and Georgy in front. Five times did the magazine surrounded with walls and
these gallant troops rush up to the very dirches.
walls of the houses, burning internally and The attack was made with redoubled
placed in a state of defence; some of the bravery, and our troops rushed with irresis-
grenadiers thrust their bayonets into the tible impetuosity into the village. Still,
enemy's loop-holes; but all their efforts however, they found it impossible to main.
were fruitless, for their antagonists fought tain this post, into which the eneniy kept
the fight of despair. The Archduke or. continually throwing new reinforcements,
dered the grenadiers to take up their for which was of the utmost importance for
nier position, and when they afterwards covering his retreal, which he had already
volunteered to renew the assault, he would resolved upon, and which he defended with
not permit them, as the enemy was then in an immense sacrifice of lives. Prince Ro-
full retreat.

senberg, therefore, resolved to confine hinCorps of Field-Marshal Lieutenant Prince self to the obstinate maintenance of his own Rosenberg

position, to secure the left fiank of the ar

my, and to increase the embarrassment of Both divisions of this corps, which, in ad. the enemy, by an incessant fire from all the wancing to the engagement, had composed batteries. the fourth and fifth columns, were formed, In the night between the 22d and 23d, before break of day, for a new attack, for the enemy accomplished his retreat to the which the enemy likewise nade prepara. Lobau, and at three in the morning his cions on his side, but with a manifest supe. rear-guard also had evacuated Esling, and riority in numbers. Prince Rosenberg re all the points which he had occupied on solved to attack the village of Esling with the left bank of the Danube. Some divithe Archduke Charles's regiment of infan sions pursued him closely, and cook possesery, to push forward his other troops in bat- sion, as near as possible, of the necessary talions, and in particular, to go and meet posts of observation. the enemy,, who was advancing, in the O Thus termiņated a confiict of two days, pen country, becween Esling and the near which will be ever inemorable in the an. est arm of the Danube. The village was nals of the world and in the history of war. already gained, and battalions advancing {t was the must obstinate and bloody that on the left obliged the enemy, drawn up has occurred since the commencement of the in several lines, to yield. Favoured by a French revolution. It was decisive for the fog, which suddenly came on, the enemy's glory of the Austrian armis,

for the preserheavy cavalry ventured to atlack, on all vation of the monarchy, and for the correcsides, the corps formed by Sztarrays and tion of the public opinion. Hiller's regiments of infantry. These brave Three pieces of cannon, seven ammunifellows received him with fixed bayonets, tion waggons, seventeen thousand French and at the last moment poures in their fire muskets, and about three thousand cuiraswith such effect, that the enemy was com siers, fell into the hands of the conqueror. pelled to betake himself to flight, with con. The loss on both sides was very great ; siderable loss.

this and the circumstance that very few Cobourg's, the Archduke Louis's and prisoners were taken by either party, proves Czartorisky's regiments, belonging to the the determination of the combatants either division of Lieutenant General Dedovich, to conquer or die. stationed on the righe, renewed the exer The Austrian army laments the death tions of the preceding day, with the same of eighty-seven superior officers, and four distinction and the same success. After thousand one hundred and ninety-nine subthis severe conflict, the enemy seemed to alterns and privates. Lieutenant-Generals have no inclination to expose himself to Prince Rohan, Dedovich, Weber, and Freany fresh disaster, and confined himself hel, Generals Winzingerode, Grill, Neusmerely to the operation of his superior ar- tadter, Siegeachal, Colloredo, May Hohentillery.

feld, and Buresch, six hundred and sixtyAbout eleven A. M. Prince Rosenberg three officers, and fifteen thousand six huu, received orders from the Archduke, Com dred and fifty-one subalterns and privates mander in Chief, to make a new attack u were wounded. Of these Field-Marshal pon Esling, and a message, to the same efn Weber, eight officers and eighs hundred and fece, was sent to Lieut.-General Dedovich, twenty-nine nen, were taken prisoners by who commanded the right division of this the enemy. cerps. Prince Rosenberg immediately form. The loss of the enemy was prodigious,

and

[ocr errors]

and exceeds all expectation. It can only ance in the London Cizette, it is enti. be accounted for by the effect of our con tled to credit. The French bulletin, centric fire on an exceedingly confined field which is too long for our notice, cer. of battle, where all the batteries crossed

tainly falsifies the loss of their army, one another, and calculated by the following authentic data.

which they state only at 1100 killed Generals Lasnes, D'Espagne, St Hilaire,

and 3500 wounded ; a thing perfectly and Albuquerque, are dead; Massena, Bes incredible, when the Austrians, who sieres, Molitor, Boudet, Legrand, Lasalle, kept the field of battle, candidly ac. and the two brothers Legrange wounded; knowledge their loss to be near 20,000 Durosnel and Fouler taken.

in killed and wounded. But many priUpwards of seven thousand men, and an vate accounts from the French army, immense number of horses, were buried on which may be depended on, state that the field of batile ; five thousand and some hundred wounded lie in our hospitals. In

the army was deprived of rot less than Vienna and the suburbs there are at pre

40,000 men on these days. The bulle

tin also admits that the remainder of bent twenty-nine thousand seven hundred and seventy-three wounded; many were

the French army effected its retreat to carried to St Polten, Enns, and as far as

the island of Inder Lobau on the night Lintz; two thousand three hundred were of the 22d May, and that their headtaken. Several hundreds of corpses toat quarters were again fixed at Ebersdorf ed down the Danube, and are still daily on the south bank of the Danube. thrown upon its shores; many met their On the 14th of June, another harddeath in the island of Lobau, and since the fought battle took place on the Rudab water has fallen in the smaller arms of the

near Presburgh in Hungary, betwixt river, innumerable bodies, thus consigned by their comrades to everlasting oblivion, had retreated from Italy, supported by

the army of the Archduke John, who have become visible. The burying of the sufferers is not yet over, and a pestilential the Archduke . Palatine with 25,000 of air is wafted from the theatre of death.

the Hungarian insurrection, and the His Imperial Highness, the Generalis French army under the Viceroy of Italy simo, has indeerd undertaken the duty, so

(Eugene Beauharnois) and Marmont. dear to his heart, of acquainting the Mo

Both sides appear to have been nearly narch and the country with the names of equal in strength, about 50.000 men those who took the most active share in each. On the 12th and 13th the at. the archievements of these glorious days; tacks of the French were repulsed with hut he acknowledges, with profound eino considerable loss. But having been re. tion, that amidst the rivalship of the high- inforced with a strong corps under Marest military virtues, it is scarcely possible to shal Dayout from the main army, the distinguish the most valiant, and declares

battle was renewed on the morning of all the soldiers of Aspern worthy of public the 14th, when after a very brave resisgratitude,

His Imperial Highness considers the in- tance, the raw Hungarian levies were telligent dispositions of the Chief of his unable to withstand ihe impetuosity of Staff, General Baron Wimpfen, and his in the enemy, and the Archdukes were cessant exertions as the foundation of the obliged to retreat about five in the even. victory.

ing, with the loss (as they say) of The officers commanding corps have sen 1500 killed, and 2000 wounded. The dered themselves deserving of the highest French claim a great victory, but the favours, by uncommon devotedness, per. Austrians were in such force at Cosonal bravery, warm attachment to their Sovereign, and their high sense of honour.

mørn for sume weeks afterwards, as

shews that the French suffered such a Their names will be transmitted to posterity with the atchievements of the va

loss as made it necessary for them to liant troops who were under their direc

decline a pursuit. tion. Colonel Smola, of the artillery, by

On the 24th, the French entered his indefatigable activity in the proper ap- Raab, the garrison of which, about 1500 plication of the ordnance, and his well men, surrendered prisoners of war. known bravery, rendered the most impor The French bulletins received since tant services.

the battle of the 22d of May, are so (Here follows a long list of the officers extremely long, that we can only state who particularly distinguished themselves.) the substance of one, dated Wolkersdorf

Such is the Austrian account of these July 2. According to this account, desperate battles; and from its appear. The French had been busy for six weeks

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

in erecting bridges of different kinds a- tle, studied, planned, and fortified by
cross the Danube, the machinery of the enemy for several months. Ten
which was of the most stupendous con- pair of colours, 40 pieces of cannon,
struction. On the evening of the 4th of 20,000 prisoners, including between
July, every thing being in readiness, three' and 400 officers, and a consider-
the army began to pass over with great able number of Generals, Colonels, and
rapidity, while a dreadtul cannonade Majors, are the trophies of this victory.
was kept up by the batteries of Lubau The fields of battle are covered with
on the village of Enzersdorf, in order the slain, among whom are the bodies of
to attract the attention of the Austrians several Generals. All the enemy's
to that point. At daybreak on the sth, wounded have fallen into our hands.
the French army was drawn up on the It may be calculated that the result of
great plaio below Enzersdorf, about this battle will be that of reducing the
three miles from the redoubts on the Austrian army to less than 60,000 men.
left wing of the Austrian entrenchments. Our loss has been considerable; it is
The Austrians are said to have been at estimated at 1500 in killed, and from
first confounded at these movements, 3000 to 4000 wounded. The Duke of
but recovered themselves, and endea- Istria, at the moment when he was pre-
voured to gain some advantages on this paring for an attack with the cav
new field of battle. For this purpose had bis horse shot dead by a cannon-ball,
they detached a strong body of infantry, which fell upon his saddle, and slightly
with all their cavalry, in order to out. grazed his thigh. The General of Di.
flank the right of the French army. It vision Lasalle was killed by a musket-
appears that the battle began at noon, ball. He was an officer of the greatest
and continued till nine at night. The merit, and one of our best light caval-
French say the Austrians retired at that kry- Generals, The Bavarian General
time, leaving the immense field of bat. Wrede, and Generals Seras, Grenier,
tle covered with his remains. Next Vignolle, Sabuc, Frere, and Defranc,
day, the 6th, however, at daybreak, the were wounded. Colonel Prince Aldo-
battle was renewed with double fury. brandini was wounded in the arm by a
The French had brought up during the musket-ball; the Majors of the Guard
night their whole force, which had not Dusmenil and Carbenau were also
been engaged the preceding day. Still wounded ; the Adjutant Commandant
the Austrians seem to have fought with Duprat was killed; the Colonel of the
the most desperate courage. The vil. 9th infantry of the line on the field of
lages of Neusiedel, Wagram, and Glin- battle. That regiment has covered it-
zendorf, were taken and retaken, with self with glory. The Officers of the
immense loss on both sides. The Aus. Staff are preparing a return of our los-
trians had out-flanked the left of the ses."
French, and had brought against it an Of the extent of the defeat which the
immense line of artillery. To coun Austrians have sustained, it is difficult
teract this, Napolcon ordered all his to judge from the preceding account.
force, with 100 pieces of artillery, against That, in such desperate battles, with
the centre and right of the Austrians, such immense numbers engaged on both
who unable to withstand such an attack, sides, the French should only lose 1500
fell back rapidly. This decided the fate killed, and 4000 wounded, is not enti-
of the day. The Austriars began to tled to belief. Indeed, later accounts
retreat about two, and long before dusk from the field of battle estimate their
were out of sight. No mention is made less at 12,000 killed, and state that ad-
of a pursuit, but that the French re ditional sick.quarters had been requi.
mained matters of the field, which was red at Vienna for the enormous number
covered with the enemy's wounded. of 38,000 wounded; among these were

“ Such (continues the bulletin) is the a great number of officers. We have narrative of the battle of Wagram, a no official particular account from Ausbattle decisive and ever memorable, in tria of these battles; but articles in the which from three to four hundred thou. German papers state upon some authosand men, and from twelve to fifteen rity, that the Austrians admit their loss hundred pieces of cannon, contended to have been very great, especially in for great interests, upon a field of bat. officers; and that it was owing to the

fall

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »