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Edinburgh Literary Miscellany,






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Page Register of the Weather for Sept. . 642 wick ;- with Observations on the High Water at Leith for October, • .ib Means of its Imp rements An Account of the antient Baronies II. Werner's New Theory of the

of Greenock, with a view of the Formation of Veins, with its ap

Castle of Easter Greenock, Hi, 645 plication to the art of working Monthly Memoranda in. Natural His

Mines, . tory,

645 New Works published in Edinburgh; ib. Comparative View of the Martello Scottish-Literary Intelligence, ... 684

Towers, and of Mr Gillespie's Re- Literary Intelligence, English and volving Battery, . 646 Foreign,

inib, Memoirs of the Progress of Manu., factures, Chemistry, Science, and


w the Fine Arts, 6.


Air, Sung by Mrs Bland, at the Statement respecting the Orphan Hos

Theatre-Royal, Drury.lane, • - 686 pital, 14th of August 1809,

649 Sonnet to Miss Curious Particulars concerning the

Lines written on the Banks of the Osages, a nation of American Indians, 691


ib. Analecta,

654 Lines dedicated to the Admirers of Memoirs of Matthew Boulton, Esq.


ib. FiR. S.. 655 The Batele of Talavera,

688 Narrative of Lady Murray, relating

Song, ...

ib. to the Concealment and Exile of

ib. Sir Patrick Hume,


658 Description of Senegal,

.. 663 Mocha, with an AC

HISTORICAL AFFAIRS. count of the Coffee Trade of Ara.


689 bia, 664 --Capitulation of Flushing,

ib. Address to the Public, on the Acci.


699 dent at the Meikle Ferry, near Dor

-Dispatches from Sir John Stuait, ib. noch,

702 Letters from Lavater to the Countess

-Important Intelligence from the of Lichtenau,

672 British Army there, respecting Use of Nopal as an Antiscorbutic in

two severe Battles at Talavera, .. ib. hot climates,

673 Further Remarks on the Second Exhibition of Scottish Paintings, •


Circuit intelligence, .

714 Scottish Review,

Marriages, 1. Kerr's General Review of the A- Births and Deaths, griculture of the County of Ber- Stocks and Markets,

670" "Spain,


716 • 720 D. H. M. Last Quar.

State of the BAROMETER, in inches and decimals,

and of Farenheit's THERMOMETER, in the open air, taken in the morning before sun-rise, and at noon; and the quantity of rain-wåter fallen, in inches and decimals, from August 26. to Sept. 25. 1809, in the vicinity of Edinburgh.


C ear

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Barom. Thermom. Rain. Aug.

W. N. In, Pts. 26 29.75 53 64 27 29.78 55 66 28 29.8 49 68 29 29.84 57 68 30 29.8 57 67 0.05 31 29.92 47 66

29.9 55 69 2 29.85

50 66 3 29.84 / 52 60 4 29.82 50 69 0.02 5 29.65 50 64 0.04 6 29.64


67 7 29.55 52 65 0.02 8 29.56 54 56 1.2 9 29.8 55 66 10 29.7 53 60

0.05 11 29.75 45 63 12 29.81 46 65 13 29.82 43 62 14 29.83 52 63 0.02 15 30.1 52 65 16 29.9 50 60 0.01

29.9 49 61 18 29.84 48 58

1.4 19 29.7


60 20 29.5

59 0.04 21 29.6


59 22 29.49 51 61 | 0.06 23 29.5 49 60 0.02

29.75 34 58 25 | 29.75 / 40 52

Ditto Ditto Ditto Rain Clear Ditto Ditto Ditto Showers Rain Cloudy Showers Rain Clear Rain Clear Ditto Cloudy Showers Cloudy Showers Clear Rain Cloudy Showers Cloudy Rain Showers Clear Ditto


Morn. Even, Days. H. M. H. M. Su. 1 6 37 7 9 M. 2 7 41 8 22 Tu.. 3 9 4 9 46 W. 4 10 24 10 55 Th. 5 11 24 11 50 Fr. 6

0 14 Sa. 7 0 34 0 56 Su. 8 1 17 1 37 M. 9 1 57 2 17 Tu. 10 2 38 2 58 W.11 3 19 3 40 Th, 12 4 3 4 24 Fr. 13 4 47 5 12 Sa. 14 5 37 6 6 Su. 15 6 36 7 10 M. 16 7 45 8 27 Tu. 17 9 7 9 48 W. 18 10 23 10 57 Th. 19 11 26 il 52 Fr. 20

0 17 Sa. 21 0 40 0 59 Su. 22 1 19 1 37 M. 23 1 53 2 10 Tu. 24 2 28

2 44 W. 25 3 0 3 17 Th. 26 3 33 3 50 Fr. 27

4 7 4 22 Sa. 28

4 40 5 0 Su. 29

5 20 5 42 M. 30 6 6 6 32 Tu.31 7 2 7 37


For OCTOBER 1809. Apparent time at Edinburgb.

1. 5. 47. even. New Moon, 9. 7. 16. morn. First Quart. 16. O. 45. morp. Full Moon, 33. 8. 56. morn. Last Quart. 31. 0. 53. even.




Quantity of Rain 2.93

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An Account of the ancient Baronies of to the feudal principles of the law,

GREENOCK, with a View of the Cas- as the vassal of Sir John Shaw Stuart,

the superior.

The barony of Greenock, till the
CHE town of Greenock, in the reign of Robert III. belonged to the

county of Renfrew, is better Galbraiths. Malcolm Galbraith, the
known to the merchant than to the then baron, dying without male is.
antiquary. In the year 1592 it was a sue, it was inherited by his two daugh-
trifling village, and only then erected ters, and being in consequence divided,
into a parish. In 1643 King Charles remained as two separate baronies till
I. made it a burgh of barony, with the year 1669, when the ancient estate
2 privilege of a weekly market on was re-united.
Friday. Since that time it has con- One of the co-heiresses married
tinued to increase, and at present con. Shaw of Sauchie, said to have been a
tains about twenty thousand inhabi. collateral descendant of Macduff Earl
tants, consists of three parishes, is es- of Fyfe, whom Shakespeare has ren-
teemed the fourth port in point of derred so famous in the incomparable
rank in Great Britain, and one of the tragedy of Macbeth. Her portion of
most considerable and flourishing towns the barony was called Wester Green-
in Scotland.

ock, the lands of which continued to During the ancient practice of con- descend to the lairds of Sauchie till necting titles and privileges with pos- the reign of James V, when Alexansessions, the lands of Greenock formed der Shaw gave them as patrimony to a barony of no inconsiderable import- John, his eldest son by his second wife. ance; falling to female heirs, it was The family of Sauchie furnished divided into two baronies, the Easter two abbots to the abbey of Paisley. and Wester. Under the modern sys- There is still extant a charter granted tem of granting dignities, Greenock on the 2d of June 1490 to the town was chosen by Lord Cathcart, after of Paisley, signed by George Shaw the the taking of Copenhagen, for the then abbot ; and among the Cottonian name of the second title which he re- manuscripts there is an original letter ceived for his services on that occasion. dated the 8th of May (the year wantThe motives which induced his Lord- ing) from Robert Shaw his successor, ship to make this choice, probably to Cardinal Wolsey, soliciting the originated in some prospective family influence of his Grace at the Court of considerations. Meantime his Lord. Rome in aid of his promotion to the ship is but a common peer in the town, Bishopric of Moray. holding his property there, according The male issue of Alexander Shaw

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by his first wife failing, John Shaw, a said aye when he should have said no, descendant of John the son of Alexan- The waiter then went round the comder, became chief of the name, and pany, and the ayes were like to have succeeded to the primogenitureship proved unanimous, till he inquired at of the lands of Sauchie. It was this Sir John Shaw if he would eat pork, John who in 1592 built the West Kirk No, I'll be damnd if I do eat pork, of Greenock, His grandson John in said Sir John, enraged at the sheepish1651 was Licuțenant Colonel of the ness of his fellow-travellers. " I'll no segiment of horse which the Earl of tak' pork neither,” quoth he that first Dunfermline commanded at the Bat- said aye ; nor me," said the next, tle of Worcester. Charles II. in ac- nor me, nor me,” said all the others, knowledgement of his gallantry, con- The motion for eating pork was acferred on him the honour of knight. cordingly lost. hood; and James VII. for his servi- The daughter of Malcom Galbraith, ces to the crown, by letters patent da- who inherited the barony of Easter ted the 28th June 1687 at Windsor, Greenock, married - Crawford, the made him a Baronet. In 1694 he laird of Kilburny. The history of the died, and was buried in the chapel of descendants of this lady is not unlike Holyrood - house. Shaw's grandson that of the offspring of her sister. John, who succeeded in 1702 to the One of them, Hugh Crawford, adhered title and estates, is still remembered a- to Queen Mary, and led his vassals to mong the oral historians of Greenock the battle of Langside, for which offor his magnificence and bashawiç fence the regent Lennox granted him disposition *. He was the first mem- a remission in 1576. In 1661 the ber of Parliament for the county of male issue of the Kilburny family Renfrew, after the union of the king- failing, the estates descended to a doms : an anecdote is told of the daughter, who in 1669 alienated the journey to London of a band of the barony of Easter Greenock to Sir Scotch members, who in going to the John Shaw, by which the ancient bafirst Session resolved to travel together, rony of Greenock, after being divided in order, it is supposed, to save expence. more than two hundred and fifty years, Sir John Shaw happened to join the was reunited in the person of a desparty, and the anecdote seems to show cendant of the original stock. what sort of gentry his companions The view annexed represents the were, as well as to illustrate his charac- ruins of the castle of Easter Greenter. When they had crossed into Eng- ock, as they appeared about five years land, they stopped at an inn to dine: ago. The tower has since fallen, and a smart waiter came into the room, in the course of a few years the and with much assurance enquired plough will probably pass over the what they would have for dinner. remains. The castle of Wester Green“ Do you eat pork, Sir ?" said this of ock was greatly amplified by the anficious gentleman to one of Sir John ti-porkist Sir John, and is a large Shaw's honourable friends. The inde- structure, resembling in appearance pendent and worthy member to whom those manor halls of England which the question was put, abominated pork were built about the beginning of the as much as he did state-corruption, but last century *.

J.G. like many

other members of a certain assembly, bamboozled by eloquence,

* Some account of the rise and pro* Possibly the Great Moguls were of gress of the town of Greenock would Scottish origin, as their family name is le very acceptable to the readers of the Shaw,

Scots Magazine.

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