Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

Work done by the Children. Tho' the managers of the Orphar The girls have spun and made up Hospital flatter themselves that the inall the linens in the house, sheetings habitants of Edinburgh, in general, and towelling included, and have spun give them credit for the manner in the linen warp of their own gowns ;

which their trust is discharged, yet, and they and the boys have made and considering of what importance it is mended their own cloaths, shoes, stock that this should be properly understood ings, and straw bonnets.

by the country at large, they thought The boys have bound all the books it necessary to request a visitation of used in the house.

the Hospital by gentlemen whose offi.

cial characters would be to the public During the course of the year, which

a pledge of impartiality and of accuended the 1st August 1809, this is racy in making it. The visitation has the work done :

accordingly taken place, and a signed Spun and made 336 shirts and shifts report of the visitors is herewith sent 77 gowns

you for insertion in your Magazine. 30 bed-gowns

In giving you this trouble, the ma104 handkerchiefs nagers are actuated solely by a desire knit 206 pairs of stockings

to do justice to an institution, which made 106 suits of cloaths

they are satisfied is still what Mr How261 pairs of shoes

ard found it, “ one of the most useful

institutions of its kind in Europe," All this work was performed by chil- and which they trust will long condren under 14 years of age; for the tinue to be what another competent children in the Orphan Hospital al- judge of its merits, the late Dr Hardy, ways go out to apprenticeships, or to described it, “ an hospitable asylum, service, not at 19 years of age, as Dr 66 where the fatherless child,- the orFrank erroneously states, but at the " phan who has none to help him, is age of 14, and in some instances soon- “ fed, and clothed, and supported ;er, when it happens that their educa.

66 where education, and habits of usetion is completed, and that proper si- “ ful employment, are infused and tuations occur.

“ completed together, and from which, General Improvements,

well-ordered nursery

of 1797. Premiums to children excelling“ professions of life are perpetually re

“ the community, the more laborious at examination,

“ cruited by youth of both sexes, al

. 1799. Hair mattress substituted for

ready trained to virtuous industry*." chaff. 1800. Girls' dress improved, -addi

Signed in name and by appointment

of a general meeting of the cortional servant, --sick ward fitted

up

poration. without the house,--additional chan

DAV. JOANSTON, D.D. Preses. ges of linens,-new regulations for the internal government of the fa- Report of the Visitors of the Orphan mily.

Hospital. 1803. Sleeping wards enlarged--boys'

Edinburgh, 3d Aug. 1809. dress improved.

We the subscribers have, for seve1808. Premiums to those educated in ral weeks, been occasionally visiting

the house, on presenting themselves the Orphan Hopital of this city, annually with testimonials of good sometimes two of us together, someconduct from their masters or mis

times tresses, for four successive years af- * Sermon before the Society for the Icr leaving the house.

sons of the clergy.

as from

a

[ocr errors]

times each of us alone, and sometimes ' er, and of the teachers, whom they emall of us on the same day. We have ploy. minutely inspected all the apart

No institution can have stronger ments in the house; the teaching claims to public patronage than an

rooms, the sleeping rooms, the store Orphan Hospital. And when it is Le rooms, and the kitchen, all of which seen that charitable donations in aid

we found well arranged, clean, and of this house are so judiciously and so ar

well aired. Every possible degree of effectually applied, it is hoped that, attention is paid to the health of the through an increase of public contrichildren, to their food, their clothing, butions, a provision may be made for their exercise and amusement, their enabling the governors to admit into education, their morals, and religion. the house, for the benefit of an excelThey are instructed by well-qualified lent education, a greater number of teachers in every thing suitable to the orphans. rank in society which they have to WM. COULTER, Lord Provost. fill. The boys, besides reading, wri- WILL. RITCHIE, one of the Ministing, and arithmetic, learn several ters of the High Church, and trades, as those of tailors, shoe-ma- Professor of Divinity in the Unikers, and book-binders, which render

versity them useful to the house, and lay the CHA. STUART, M.D. President of

foundation of their future employment d

the Royal College of Physicians. through life. The girls are taught ANDREW INGLIS, M.D. President sewing, knitting, spinning, and every of the Royal College of Surgeons. other sort of work which is necessary in their station. In no department of the institution have we discovered any appearance of negligence, or slo- Curious particulars concerning the Osages, venliness, or dirtiness, but, on the con- a nation of AMERICAN INDIANS, liv. trary, though we visited the house on ing South of the river Missouri, in days, and at hours when we were not.

LOUISIANA, a territory of the United

States. expected, we always found the great

Addressed to the EARL of

BUCHAN, by Samuel Mitchell, a Sena. est attention paid to cleanliness, and

tor from the State of New York, in the business going on in a manner so or- Congress of the United States, &C. derly as gave us much satisfaction. We are happy in remarking, that with IT has been questioned whether the

the , bre and the growing revenues of the any poetical taste. For a long time

house, improvement has been uniform- I was inclined to the opinion that ly made in all the requisite articles of they possessed no compositions of this food, clothing, and education. We, kind, or at least none beyond a sintherefore, after repeated and minute gle sentence or ejaculation. This inspection, now declare, that, in our was my belief, when, after the cession judgment, the Orphan Hospital of of Louisiana to the United States, the Edinburgh is most usefully, most faith- Osage natives, from the regions far fully, and most successfully conduct- west of the Mississippi, made their ed, in all the departments of the es. first appearance on the shores of the tablishment, and that the whole of the Atlantic. A party of them had been management reflects the highest ho- sent from Washington in 1804, to nour on the ability, the integrity, and see the maritime country, and had zeal of the governors, and on the di- travelled as far as New York. Haligence and fidelity of the house-keep-ving repeatedly seen these strange

visitors,

[ocr errors]

,DI

sitors, and the gentlemen who attend- rious to know what were the words ed them, during their stay in that ci- and sentiments of the songs. After ty, I was much gratified by many various efforts, I succeeded in procu. answers made to questions I asked ring several of these aboriginal pieces, concerning them. Among other in- ' through the aid of their interpreter. formation, I received, was the fact, He gave me the literal translation ; that the party had a Poet among and this I have turned into English them. I endeavoured to procure a verse, with but small amplification or a retired interview with this son of paraphrase. When I took out my pen, Song ; but such was the croud of ink, and paper, the chief musician or company, and such their incessant oc- poet felt so much timidity or embarcupation, that I found it utterly im- rassment, that he could with difficulty possible.

bo prevailed on to repeat the words. The next year another party of At length, however, on being told these red men of the West came to " That the red man kept his song

in the seat of the national government his mouth, but that I would shew on the banks ‘of the Potomac. I visi- him the white man's method of putted them, cultivated their acquaint- ting it into his pocket,” his scruples ance, and received frequent visits in were overcome, for he laughed and return. I was both instructed and then slowly and distinctly uttered the entertained with the geographical de- words of several songs. lineations they made of the regions I offer you as specimens of the tathey were acquainted with. They lent of this people in this way, three draw with chalk on the floor, a sketch rhymical compositions. The subjects of of the rivers Arkansas, Missouri, and these are Friendship, War, and Peace, Mississipi,

and of the Osage and Gas- and they afford striking, illustrations conade. They depicted the villages of the manner of thinking among of the Great and Little Osages, and these simple and unlettered men, their route thence toward the city of You will judge of the sagacity and Washington;, and they marked the quickness of wit, which the Osages spot where the vast Saline exists, to the possess, by the following anecdote :westward and southward of their set- i observed to one of their chiefs, who tlements.

visited me, that

the white men Among other displays of their would soon begin to encroach upon knowledge, they favoured me with them, the woods would be destroyed concerts of vocal and instrumental by fire, or cut down. music. Four or five performers stood would grow scarce, deer and bison up together in a row, and uttered, would disappear, and the Osages with measured tone and accent, seve- would be obliged to retire and ral of their popular songs. A small dispossess their neighbours by force, basket with stones in it like a child's or remain at home and adopt the play thing; a rattle-snake's tail tied manners of white men." I asked to the extremity of a wild turkey's hîm when food grew so scarce, long feather ; a sort of board to be “ what he and his countrymen would beaten by the hand; and a flute or ra- do ?” “ Father,” said be, in reply, ther whistle made of native reed; “ we hear that the president of the Uwere the instruments which this band nited States is a very rich man, and of harmony employed.

has a great quantity of money; we Their concert was animated, and have been told that the Secretary at seemed to give the actors a great

deal war is exceedingly wealthy too, and of pleasure. The spirit and satisface keeps many bags of dollars ; they say tion they manifested made me ca- likewise that the New-York senator

posses

as

Their game

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

possesses a great estate, and has as Why weep the common lot of all ?
much cash as he wants. Now, father, Why fancy you yourselves may fall

Pursuing or pursu'd ?
what will Mr Jefferson, Mr Dearborn,
and Mr Mitchell do, when all their Doube not your Wanapasha's* care,
money is gone?"

To lead you forth, and shew you where

The enemy's concealed :
I. Osage Song of Friendship.

His single arm shall make ch' attack

And drive the sly invaders back,
Composed on the arrival of a party

Or stretch them on the field.
of their warriors at Washington in
December 1805, and at Dr Mitchell's No nation can withstand our course

Proceeding with embodied force, house with their accompaniment of

Or check our bold career, aboriginal musical instruments. The Though, did they know my warlike fame joy of this band was the greater, on

The terrors of my forma and name, having reached in safety their place of

They'd quake or die with fear. destination, inasmuch as another body III. Osage Song of Peace. of their nation had been murdered on their journey thither, by the Sioux. Recited on terminating the war with They express peculiar delight in hav-' their neighbours the Kanzas. ing had an interview with the president of the United States, whom

Ye brave Osagés, one and all,

My friends and relatives I call! they call their “ Great White Father.” Here, smoke the calumet at ease ;

The Kanzas come to talk of peace;
My comrades brave, and friends of note !
Ye hither came from lands remote,

The same, whose warriors, babes, and

wives, To see your grand exalted sire,

Beneath your fury lost their lives, And his sagacious words admire.

As suppliants now your grace implore, The Master of your life and breath*,

And sue for peace from door to door. Averted accidents and death,

May red men form for happiest ends
That you might such a sight behold,

A band of relatives and friends!
In spite of hunger, foes, and cold.

Ye brave Osages, one and all,
Ye red men ! since ye here have been,

My friends and relatives I call!
Your great white father ye have seen;

There take the hands the Kanzas show,
Who cheered his children with his voice,

Forget that they were once your foe ; And made their beating hearts rejoice.

Resentment check; be calm and mild,

Like men sincerely reconcil'd,
Thou Chief Osage! fear not to come,

And recollect the temper good
And leave awhile thy sylvan home;

That joins you to their brotherhood:
The path we trode is clear and free, May red men form, for noblest ends,
And wide and smoother grows for thee. A band of relatives and friends!
When here to march chou feel'st inclin'd' Ye brave Osages, one and all,
We'll form a length'ning file behind; My friends and relatives I call!
And dauntless from our forests walk,

Your life's great master now adore,
To hear our Great White Father's talk. That war's destructive rage is o'er ;

Ho always views with equal'eye II. Osage War-Song:

The children of his family.

May peace unnumber'd blessings bring, Wanapasha, one of their chiefs, en- And may we never cease to sing courages his comrades to be intrepid How red men form for wisest ends, in battle.

A band of relatives and friends.

ANA,
Say, warriors, why when arms are sung,
And dwell on every native tongue,
Do thoughts of death

intrude !

* This tall, vigorous, and sprightly man

died afterwards at Washington, a victim, The great Spirit, or supreme Being, is with several other of his countrymen, to called by the Osages the « Master of Life," the sudden change of diet, exercise and haor “ Master of Breath."

bits from the savage to the civilized state.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

3:1

of

an oid

man,

a

from it for forty days in the spring, ANALECTA.

when the commodity is scarce and (Continued from p. 501.)

high priced !--does Popery inform • Pearls, gems, and stones of cvery kind.'

us exactly, and solemnly, how many

corners a cap should have ? what 20. Bootes. IN

Na volume of poems should be the length of a gown ? how

and translations from many folds it thould admit of? and the Greek by a young lady, just pub- what should be its fabric ?-does Po. lished, we find these lines.

pery teach its disciples to kiss the toe

and to shave the head « Rude was the night; by Bootes sway'd,

of a The bear his sullen light display'd.'

young man ?-does it enjoin the

numbering over a string of beads so We may forgive such a mistake in many times a day,—and making the fia lady of eight years of age ; but what gure of a cross with their finger so macan we say

of an eminent lecturer on ny tiines in the hour?-And do the geography in one of the principal of Papists pretend conscience for all this? our Scottish towns the seat of an If Popery be nothing more than university-who season after season this

, let it be tolerated by all means,— shortens the word into BOOTS ? it ought to be tolerated, upon the

21. Specimen of Alliteration. Pi. same principles, and for the same purtifull povertie prayeth for a penie, but poses, that other jugglers and triflers puffed presumpcion passeth not are tolerated; for the amusement of poynct; pampering his panche with fools, and as a new method of circupestilent pleasure, procuring his passe- lating money.

Porteus. porte to poste it to hell pitte, there to 23. The diversity of questions ought be punished with paynes perpetual.' also to have diversity of answers.

22. Toleration of Popery. When Some ask, said Aristotle, whether fire Popery is considered as a false reli- be hot : and these must be made to gion, we must enquire, what it is ? - perceive it by touching it. Some deIs it a religion which teaches men to mand whether their father or mother make and worship images ? Is it a be to be honoured : such are not worreligion which teaches men to make a thy to be disputed with, but rather to god of a wafer, and then to eat the be rebuked. Others desire to have it god which they had made ? --Is it a proved to them, by apparent reasons, religion which has created a purgato. that there is a providence which rury, merely to have the pleasure and leth the world : such should be anthe profit of fishing souls out of it?- swered by a whip or a hangman, not Does Popery teach us, that God can- by a philosopher. not be worshipped properly, without a 24. Fisheries. About 1601, one wax candle, a dry stick, and a little John Keymor published some observabell?o that the baptism of water, tions on the Dutch fisheries, in which cannot be duly performed without a ho attempted to demonstrate that mixture of salt, spittle, and oil ?-does more wealth was raised from herrings it prescribe the exact number of bows and other fish in the king's seas, by to be made before one approaches the the neighbouring nations, in one year, rail within which is the picture of a than the king of Spain had from the beautiful mother and a lovely infant ? Indies in four ; and that there were

-does it require' its votaries, on cer- 20,000 ships and other vessels, and atain occasions, to walk many miles bout 400,000 people, then working by with a small stone in their shoes? - sea and land, maintained only by fishs to sleep without a shirt ? to eat no ing upon the coasts of Great Britain flesh on Fridays, and wholly to abstain and Ireland.

« ZurückWeiter »