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of a penny.
25. Pray tell me, you who deal in quaint mind but a very slight idea of his rare,
and we may say unrivalled talents. If
we wish to see him in his proper coThese lines were sent by Dr Knatch- lours, we must look upon him as a man bull to some young ladies, who had who has rendered the most important gone into his apartment one day, and services to his country ; whose happy not finding him there, had laid a improvements have made his name justgreat folio book between his sheets, ly famous throughout the civilized which he did not discover till he world ; and who will be transmitted stept into bed.
to posterity as one of the most worthy 26. There was one in Q. Eliza- supporters of the commercial interests beth's reign who wrote the ten com
of this country mandments, the creed, the Lord's
Matthew Boulton, son of Matthew prayer, the Queen's name, and the Boulton, by Christian, daughter of Mr year of our Lord, within the
Peers, of Chester, was born at Bircompass
mingham on the 3d of September, 27. A dancer said to a Spartan, (O. S.) 1728, and was principally e* You cannot stand so long on one leg
ducated at a private grammar school, as I can.' * True,' answered the kept by the Rev. Mr Ansted, who Spartan, ' but any goose can.'
officiated at St John's Chapel, Derit28. Libel. One Mr Henry Doy
end. He learned drawing under ley of Lincoln's Inn, made a motion
Worledge, and mathematics under in parliament in the reign of Q. Eli- Cooper, &c. he was above the middle zabeth, in the following words_ Mr stature, and well built'; was exceedSpeaker, I think myself bound in ingly disposed to encourage modest meconscience to certify to you of an in- rit, and fascinating in his manner and famous libel that is printed and spread
conversation. abroad since the beginning of this
So early as the year 1745, Mr parliament ; saving your presence, Mr Boulton invented and brought to great Speaker, it is called The
Assembly of perfection the manufacture of inlaid Fools : I desire the printer that print- &c. Great quantities of these were
steel buckles, buttons, watch chains, ed it
may be sent for ; he dwells right over against Guild-Hall gate. The exported to France, from whence they house wondered much at the motion, were re-purchased with avidity by the and great murmuring there was. Mr Eng#sh,
English, as the offspring of French inDoyley, however, was firmly persuad- genuity. ed that the Assembly of Fools could
Mr Boulton's manufactory at Birmmean nothing but the House of Com- ingham being inadequate to his extenmons, and the person whom he had seen
sive improvements and further experireading the book was sent for. The ments, he, in 1762, purchased a lease book was found a very harmless piece
of the Soho, at Handsworth, in the of fun, and Mr Doyley: was well county of Stafford, distant about two laughed at for his pains.
miles, at that time a barren heath, on
the bleak summit of which stood a na(Communications for this department thanke ked hut, the habitation of a warrenner. fully received.)
These extensive tracts of common were
converted by Mr Boulton into the Memoirs of MATTHEW Boulton, Esq. present superb manufactory, which was F. R. S.
finished in 1765, at the expence of To say merely that the subject of 9000l, and in the year 1794,
he pur, the present Memoir was an ingeni- chased the fee simple of Soho, and ous man, would convey to the public much of the other adjoining lands.
Impelled by an ardent attachment number of strong men, without endan. to the arts, and by the patriotic ambi- gering their fingers, as the machine ittion of bringing his favourite Soho to self lays the blanks upon the die perperfection, the ingenious proprietor fectly concentral with it, and when soon established a seminary of artists struck, displaces one piece and replaces for drawing and modelling; and men another. of genius were sought for, and liberal, The coining mill, which was erectly patronised, which shortly led to the ed in 1788, and has since been greatly successful establishment of an exten- improved, is adapted to work eight sive manufactory of ornaments, in what machines, and each is capable of strikthe French call or molu; and these or ing from 60 to 100 pieces of money naments not only found their way into per minute, the size of a guinea, which the apartments of his Majesty, but al. is equal to between 30,000 and 40,000 so into those of the nobility and curi- per hour*, and at the same blow, which ous of this kingdom, France, and the strikes the face and reverse, the edge greatest part of Europe.
of the piece is also struck, either plain Finding that the mill which he had or with an inscription. erected fell infinitely short, even with “ The whole of this expensive and the aid of horses, of the force which magnificent apparatus (says Dr Darwas necessary for the completion of win), moves with such superior excel. his vast designs, Mr Boulton, in 1767, lence and cheapness of workmanship, had recourse to that masterpiece of hu- as well as with works of such powerman ingenuity, the Steam Engine. ful machinery, as must totally prevent This wonderful machine was yet in its clandestine imitations, and in conseinfancy, and did not at first answer the quence save many lives from the hand expectations that had been formed of of the executioner ; a circumstance it. In 1769 Mr J. Watt, of Glas worthy the attention of a great Minisgow, obtained a patent for an improve- ter. If a civic crown was given in ment in the steam engine. This indu- Reme for preserving the life of one ced Mr Boulton to form connections citizen, Mr Boulton should be covered with Mr Watt, and invite him to set- with a garland of oak." tle at Soho, to which the latter con About the year 1773, the ingenious sented. In 1775 Parliament granted art of copying pictures in oil colours, a prolongation of the patent for 25 by a mechanical process, was invented years, and Messrs Boulton and Watt at Soho ; and, under the patronage of entered into a partnership, established the above. Proprietor, was brought to a very extensive manufactory of these such a degree of perfection as to make engines at Soho, whence most of the its productions be taken for originals great mines and manufactories in Eng- by the most experienced connoisseurs. land continue to be supplied, and they This art was brought to perfection unare now applied to almost every me der the management of the late ingechanical purpose,
where great power nious Mr F. Eginton, who was no less is requisite
celebrated for his painting on glass. Among the various applications of
In the Steam Engine, that of coining seems to be of considerable importance, * It is justly observed by Mr Shaw, as by its powers all the operations are in his history of Staffordshire, that such concentered on the same spot. It a coining mill, erected in the national works a number of coining machines mint, would, in cases of emergency, be
able to.coin all the bullion in the Bank, with greater rapidity, and exactness,
at a short notice, without the necessity by a few boys from 12 to 14 years of putting dollars, or other foreign coin, of age, than could be done by a great into circulation.
In 1788, Mr Bowton struck a Watt have lately, in conjunction with piece of gold, the size of a guinea, as their sons, established a foundry at a pattern, the letters of which were in Smethwick, a short distance from Sodented instead of in relief; and the ho. Here that powerful agent is em head and other devices, although in ployed, as it were, to multiply itself, relief, were protected from wear by a and its various parts are fabricated and fiat border, and from the perfect ro- adapted together with the same regutundity of shape, &c. with the aid of larity, neatness, and expedition, which a steel gauge, it may, with great ease distinguish all the operations of their and certainty, by ascertaining its spe- manufactory. Those engines are aftercific gravity, be distinguished from any wards distributed to all parts of the base metal,
kingdom by the Birmingham canal, Previous to Mr Boulton's engage which communicates with a wet dock ment to supply Government with cop belonging to the foundry, per pence, in order to bring his appa In a national view, Mr Boulton's ratus to perfection, he exercised it in undertakings are highly valuable and coining silver money for Sierra Leone, important. By collecting around him and the African Company; and cop artists of various descriptions, rival taper for the East India Company and lents have been called forth ; and, by Bermuda
successive competition, have been mul. Various beautiful medals, of supe. tiplied to an extent highly beneficial to rior workmanship to any of the modern the public. A barren heath has been money of this country, of our celebrat- covered with plenty and population; ed naval and other officers have, from and these woks, which in their infantime to time, been struckby Mr Boul cy were little knwon and attended to, ton, for the purpose of employing and now cover several acres, give employencouraging ingenious artists to revive ment to more than 6000 persons, and that branch of sculpture.
are indubitably the first of their kind Since the demise of the late Em- in Europe. préss Catharine, Mr Boulton present No expence has been spared to rened her successor, the late Emperor der these works uniform and handsome Paul I. with some of the curious in architecture, as well as neat and articles of his manufactory, and in re commodious. The same liberal spirit turn received a polite letter of thanks and taste has the great and worthy and approbation, together with a splen- proprietor gradually exercised towards did collection of medals, minerals from adjoining gardens and pleasure grounds, Siberia, and specimens of all the mo- which, at the same time that they dern money of Russia. Among the forin an agreeable separation from his medals, which, for elegance of design own residence, render Soho a much and beauty of execution, have never admired scene of picturesque beauty. yet been equalled in this or any other The house, which was before much country, is a massy one of gold, impres- too small for the hospitable purposes sed with a striking likeness, it is said, of its generous owner, has lately been of that monarch. Our readers will be considerably enlarged. surprised, when they are told that this To comment upon the private chaunrivalled piece was struck from a die racter of a gentleman in Mr Boulton's engraved by the present Empress dow- situation, would be a useless task, we ager, who has from her youth taken shall therefore only observe, that as great delight in engraving on steel. his great and expanded mind formed
With a view of still further impro- and brought to perfection the wonderving and facilitating the manufactory ful works we have briefly endeavoured of steam engines, Messrs Boulton and to describe, so he felt no greater feSept. 1809.
licity, than that of diffusing happiness mother's directions. When Mr Baitto all around him.
lie was again imprisoned, Sir Patrick Mr Boulton was not only a Fellow Hume thought it adviseable to keep of the Royal Societies of London and himself concealed. Edinburgh, but likewise of that which The MSS. facts give the following bears the Imperial Title of the Free Account of his Concealment:
" After and Æconomical at St Petersburgh, persecution began afresh, and my and many other Foreign Institutions Grandfather Baillie again in prison, of the highest celebrity in Europe. her father thought it necessary to
For a long time previous to his de- keep concealed; and soon found he cease,
he had been confined to his room had too good reason for so doing; by illness, and his dissolution daily ex- parties being continually sent out in pected. His memory will ever remain search of him, and often to his own dear to the British nation, whose glory house, to the terror of all in it; tho? was advanced in proportion to his own not from any fear for his safety, whom fame. While we commemorate those they imagined at a great distance from great men who have sought their home, for no soul knew where he was, country's honour in the fields of war, but my grandmother, and my mother, we ought not to omit paying a just except a carpenter called Jamie Winter, tribute of applause to those who have who used to work in the house, and promoted arts, industry, and commerce, lived a mile off, on whose fidelity and diffused plenty and comfort through they thought they could depend, and the realm, by cultivating science, and were not deceived.
The frequent applying it to the useful arts of peace. examinations, and oaths put to ser
vants in order to make discoveries
were so strict, they durst not run the Narrative of LADY MURRAY, rela- risque of trusting any of them--by
ting to the Concealment and Exile of the assistance of this man, they Sir PATRICK HUME.
got a bed, and bed cloaths, carried in (From Rose's Observations on the Histori. the night to the burying place, a cal Work of Mr Fox.)
vault under ground at Polwarth IR Patrick Hume and Mr Robert Church, a mile from the house, where
Baillie were intimate friends, and he was concealed a month; and had very strictly connected, from their only for light an open slit at the one being of the same way of thinking in end, through which nobody could see religion and politics.
what was below : she went every When Mr Baillie was first impri- night by herself at midnight, to carry soned, Sir Patrick sent his daughter, him victuals and drink; and stayed Grizzel, [mother to the narrator,] with him as long as she could to get from Redbraes to Edinburgh, with home before day. In all this time, instructions, to endeavour to obtain my Grandfather shewed the same admittance, unsuspectedly, into the constant composure, and cheerfulness prison; to deliver a letter to Mr Baillie, of mind, that he continued to possess and to bring back from him what intel to his death, which was at the age
of ligence she could.
84; all which good qualities she inShe succeeded in this difficult en- herited from him in a high degree : terprize; and having at this time met often did they laugh heartily in that with Mr Baillie's son, the intimacy and doleful habitation, at different accifriendship was formed, which was af- dents that happened. She at that terwards completed by their marriage. time had a terror for a church.yard,
During the period of her father's especially in the dark, as is not unimprisonment, she attended to all hef common at her age, by idle nursery
stories, but when engaged by con- she named to him; and said they had cern for her father, she stumbled over been the great comfort of his life, by the
graves every night alone, without night and day on all occasions. As fear of any kind entering her thoughts, the gloomy habitation my Grandbut for soldiers and parties in search father was in, was not to be long enof him, which the least noise or motion dured but from necessity, they were of a leaf put her in terror for. The contriving other places of safety for minister's house was near the church; him ; amongst others, particularly one the first night she went, his dogs kept under a bed which drew out, in a such a barking as put her in the ut- ground floor, in a room of which my most fear of a discovery; my Grand- mother kepi the key: she and the mother sent for the minister next same man workt in the night, making day, and upon pretence of a mad dog a hole in the earth, after lifting the got him to hang all his dogs; there boards; which they did by scratching was also difficulty of getting victuals to it up with their hands not to make acarry
him without the servants sus ny noise, till she left not a nail upon pecting; the only way it was done, her fingers ; she helping the man to was by stealing it off her plate at din- carry the earth in a sheet on his ner, into her lap : many a diverting back, out at the window into the garstory she has told about this, and o den; he then made a box at his own ther things of the like nature. Her house, large enough for her father to father liked sheeps head, and while ly in, with bed and bed clothes, and the children were eating their broth, bored holes in the boards, for air; she had conveyed most of one into her when all this was finished, for it was lap; when her brother Sandy (the late long about, she thought herself the Lord Marchmont) had done, he most secure happy creature alive.-lookt up with astonishment and said, When it had stood the trial for a Mother, will ye look at Grizzel ; while month of no water coming into it, we have been eating our broth, she which was feared from being so low, has ate up all the sheeps bead : this and every day examined by my mother, occasioned so much mirth
and the holes for air made clear, and them, that her father at night was kept clean picket, her father ventured greatly entertained by it ; and desi- home having that to trust to. After red Sandy might have a share in the being at home a week or two, the bed
I need not multiply stories of daily examined as usual, one day, in this kind, of which I know many. lifting the boards the bed bounced to His great comfort and constant enter the top, the box being full of water ; tainment (for he had no light to read in her life she was never so struck, by) was repeating Buchannan's Psalms, and had near dropt down, it being at which he had by heart from begin- that time their only refuge ; her faning to end ; and retained them to his ther with great composure, said to dying day : two years before he died, his wife and her, he saw they must which was in the year 1724, I was tempt Providence no longer, and that witness to his desiring my mother to it was now fit and necessary for him take up that book, which amongst to go off, and leave them in which others always lay upon his table, and he was confirmed by the Carrier, telbid her try if he had forgot his psalms, ling for news he had brought from by naming any one she would have Edindurgh, that the day before Mr him repeat; and by casting her eye Baillie of Jerviswoode had his life taken over it, she would know if he was from him at the cross, and that every right, tho’ she did not understand it; body was sorry, tho’ they durst not and he miss't not a word in any place shew it ; as all intercourse by letters