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was dangerous, it was the first notice escape : in two days sent back the they had of it; and the more shock- servant, which was the first notice ing, that it was not expected. They they had at home of his not haimmediately set about preparing for ving fallen into their hands.

He my Grandfather's going away. My got to London through bye ways, Mother workt night and day in mak- passing for a surgeon ; he could ing some alterations in his cloaths for bleed, and always carried lancets : disguise : they were then obliged to from that he went to France, and trust John Allan, their Grieve, who travelled from Bourdeaux to Holland fainted away when he was told his on foot, where he sent for his wife master was in the house, and that he and ten children ; he was then forwas to set out with him on horseback feited and his estate given to Lord before day, and pretend to the rest of Seaforth. My Grandmother and Mothe servants that he had orders to sell ther went to London by sea, to solisome horses at Morpeth fair. Accor- cit an allowance for her and her ten dingly, my Grandfather getting out children, where they long attended ; at a window to the stables, they set and even though assisted by many out in the dark; though with good good friends from whom they met reason, it was a sorrowful parting; yet with much kindness and civility, Lord after he was fairly gone they rejoiced Russel's family, Lord Wharton's, and and thought themselves happy, that others; all she could obtain for herhe was in a way

of being safe ; tho' self and them was about £.150, athey were deprived of him, and little year ; they then returned to Scotknew what was to be either his fate land, to carry over the children ; and or their own.

found my aunt Julian 'so ill, she could My Grandfather, whose thoughts not go with them. My Mother rewere much employed, and went on turned from Holland by herself to as his horse carried him without bring her over, and negociate busithinking of his way, found himself at "ness, and try if she could pick up any Tweedside out of his road, and at a money of some that was owing to her place not fordable, and no servant; father. after pausing and stopping a good Her sister was still very weak, so while, he found means to get over, and had the attendance of a nurse all the get into the road on t’other side ; where voyage, which happened to be very after some time he met his servant, long. She had agreed for the cabin who shewed inexpressible joy at meet- bed, and was well provided in victuals ing him ; and told him, as he rid first, and other necessaries. She found he thought he was always following three or four more in the ship with him, till upon a great noise of the gal- whom the captain had also agreed for loping of horses, he lookt about and the same bed : a Gentleman who was misst him; this was a party sent to in the cabin, as they all were, said to his house to take him up, where they her, let them be doing (when a dissearched very narrowly, and possibly pute arose who should have the 'bed, hearing horses were gone from the 'for she made nione,) you will see how house, suspected the truth and followed; it will end,--two of the gentlewomen they examined this man, who to his went to bed, the rest lay down as great joy and astonishment misst his they could best ; my mother and her master, and was too cunning for them, sister upon the toor, with a clog-bag that they were gone back before my of books she was carrying to her 'faGrandfather came up with him; he ther for their pillow; then in came the immediately quitted the high road, captain and first ate up their provisions after a warning by so miraculous an with a gluttony incredible; then said to

the her upon

the women in the bed, turn out, turn

cleaned the house, made ready dinner, out; and stript before them, and lay mended the children's stockings and down in the bed himself; but he did other cloaths, made what she could for not long enjoy the effects of his bru- them, and in short did every thing. tality, for a terrible storm came on, Her sister Christian, who was a year so that his attendance and labour

or two younger, diverted her father was necessary to save the ship: they and mother and the rest, who were never saw more of him till they landed fond of music : out of their small inat the Brill.

come they bought a harpsichord for litFrom that, they set out at night tle money (but is a Rucar*) now in my on foot for Rotterdam, with a gentle- custody, and most valuable. My aunt man that was of great use to them, played and sung well, and had a great that came over at the same time to deal of life and humour, but no turn take' refuge in Holland. It was a to business; though my mother had cold wet dirty night, my aunt, a girl the same qualifications, and liked it as not well able to walk, soon lost her well as she did, she was forced to shoes in the dirt; my mother took drudge'; and many jokes used to pass

her back, and carried her the betwixt the sisters about their different rest of the way, the gertlemen carrying occupations. Every morning before their small baggage ; at Rotterdam six, my mother lighted her father's fire they found their eldest brother, and in his study, then waked him (he my father, waiting for their arri- was ever a good sleeper, which blessing, val to conduct them to Utrecht, among many others, she inherited from where their house was; and no sooner him) then got him what he usually took were they'all met, than she forgot eve- as soon as he got up, warm small beer, ry thing, and felt nothing but hap- with a spoonful of bitters in it, which piness and contentment. They lived he continued his whole life, and of three years and a half in Holland, and which I have the receipt; then she took in that time she made a second voyage up the children, and brought them all to Scotland about business. Her fa- to his room, where he taught them ther went by the borrowed name of every thing that was fit for their age ; Dr Wallace, and did not stir out for some' Latin, others French, Dutch, fear of being discovered; though geography, writing, reading, English, who he was, was no secret to the &c. and my grandmother taught them well-wishers to the revolution. Their what was necessary on her part.great desire was to have a good house, Thus he employed and diverted himas their greatest comfort was at home; self all the time he was there, not beand all the people of the same way of ing able to afford putting them to thinking, of which there was great school ; and my mother, when she numbers, were continually with them: had a moment's time, took a lesson they payd for their house what was with the rest in French and Dutch, very extravagant for their income, and also diverted herself with music. near a fourth part: they could not I have now' a book of songs, of her afford keeping any servant, but a little writing when there ; many of them ingirl to wash the dishes.

terrupted, half writ, some broke off in "All the time they were there, there the middle of a sentence : she had no Tras not a week

my mother did not sit less a turn for mirth and society than up two nights, to do the business that any of the family when she could come was necessary: she went to market, at it without neglecting what she went to the mill to have their corn thought more necessary. Her eldest ground, which, it seems, is the way with

brogood managers there, drest the linen,

An eininent maker of that name.

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brother Patrick, who was nearest her distresses, but to them they were raage, and bred up together, was her ther jokes than grievances. The promost dearly beloved. My father was fessors, and men of learning in the there, forfeited and exiled, in the same place, came often to see my grandsituation with themselves. She had father : the best entertainment he could seen him for the first time in the pri- give them was a glass of alabast beer, son with his father, not long before he which was a better kind of ale than suffered, and from that time their common : he sent his son Andrew, the hearts were engaged. Her brother late Lord Kimmerghame, a boy, to and my father were soon got in to draw some for them in the cellar ; he ride in the Prince of Orange's guards brought it up with great diligence, till they were better provided

for in but in the other hand the spiket of the

army, which they were before the the barrel. My grandfather said, And. revolution. They took their turn in drew what is that in your hand, when standing centry at the Prince's gate, he saw it he run down with speed, but but always contrived to do it together; the beer was all run out before he got and the strict friendship and intimacy there ; this occasioned much mirth, that then began, continued to the last : though perhaps they did not well though their station was then lou, know where to get more. It is the they kept up their spirits; the Prince custom there to gather money for the often dined in public, then all were poor from house to house, with a bell admitted to see him : when any pretty to warn people to give it. One night, girl wanted to go in, they set their the bell came, and no money was there halberts across the door, and would not in the house but an orkey, which is a let her till she


them a kiss, doit, the smallest of all coin. Every which made them think and call them body was so ashamed, no one would very pert soldiers. I could relate go to give it, it was so little, and put many stories on that subject. My it from one to t’other. At last my grandmother could talk for hours, and ne- father said, well then, I'll go with it, ver tire of it, always saying it was the we can do no more than give happiest and most delightful part of have: They were often reduced to her life; her constant attention was to this by the delay of the ships coming have her brother appear right in his from Scotland with their small remitlinen and dress : they wore little tances; then they put the little plate point cravats and cuffs, which many a they had (all of which was carried with night she sat up to have in as good or- with them) in the Lumber, which is der for him as any in the place, and paunding it, till the ships came; and one of their greatest expences was in that very plate they brought with dressing him as he ought to be. As them again to Scotland, and left no their house was always full of the un- debt behind them. When the long fortunate banished people like them- expected happiness of the Prince goselves, they seldom went to dinner with. ing to England took place, her father, out three, or four, or five of them to and brother, and my father, went share with them; and many a hundred with him ; they soon heard the melantimes I have heard her say, she could choly report of the whole fleet being never look back upon their manner cast away or disperst, and immediately of living there without thinking it a came from Utrecht to Helvoetsluys, miracle ; they had no want, but plenty to get what information they could of every thing they desired, and much the place was so crowded by people contentment, and always declared it from all quarters, come for the same the most pleasing part of her life, purpose, that her mother, she, and her tho' they were not without their little sister, were forced to lie in the boat


all we

By this

they came in ; and for three days con- farthest that Europeans have penetratinually, to see come floating in, beds, ted, at least upon unquestionable auchests, horses, &c. that had been thority,) it is 800 leagues to the Islthrown overboard in their distress.. and of Senegal, near the mouth of the At the end of the third day, the Prince river. So cruel, so savage and so barand some other ships came in, but no barous are the inhabitants, that few account of the ship their friends were people's curiosity is sufficient to carry in ; their despair was great, but in a

them thro’ the dangers and fatigues few days was relieved by their coming which would necessarily attend such a in safe, but with the loss of all their pursuit. baggage, which at that time was no Within two leagues of the sea,

the sinall distress to them.

river in its course takes a sudden turn
to the South, and, for the remainder
of its

is divided from the sea Description of SENEGAL. by only a natural ridge of land ; some

times not 100 toises over. ENEGAL is an Island of Africa, curve it prolongs its course for 25

in the river so called, about one leagues farther, from North to South, mile and a quarter in length, from till at length it discharges itself into north to south, and almost half a mile the ocean, in 15 degrees, 50 minutes, in breadth, from east to west.

It is north latitude. This great river secomposed of a bed of loose sand, pro- parates the country of the Negroes ductive of nothing but what is forced from the Moors of Sahara, or the Deby art, and the richest manure ; not- sert, stretching, by a number of windwithstanding which, it contains 3000 ings, to a prodigious length, from east inhabitants, whose principal food is to west. The extreme rapidity of this fish and maize; this sort of

river is attributed to the space passed

growing in great plenty almost all over through by so large a body of water, the country.

It may seem surpri- confined within so narrow a channel, sing, that a part of the world so very the mouth of it being no more than unhealthy as this should be so po- half a league over, and that choaked pulous, but the wonder will cease, up with sand, called a bar, which when we come to understand, that renders the passage exceedingly diffithe greatest pride among the men cult and dangerous. This bar is douconsists in the number of their wives, bly dangerous, on account not only of so that every one takes as many as hé 'the shallowness of the water at all is able to maintain, some six, others times, but the shifting of the bar, and eight, and others twelve at a time. the change of its situation after floods The river which surrounds it, rises in and heavy rains, by which the chanthe interior country, and runs into the nels are lost and new soundings requia Atlantic. Some Geographers are of site to discover them. Indeed the Seopinion that it rises out of the great negal would be quite shut up, but for Lake Mabeira, and passes through a

one channel of 200 toises in breadth, course of 1,500 miles, before it dis- and two fathoms depth, which has charges itself into the ocean ; while on long kept its situation immoveable, athers, no less obstinately assert ît to midst the floods and overflowings of be a continuation of the Niger, though the river. This bar prevents ships neither opinion can be otherwise sup- of 5 or 600 tons from entering the ported than by conjecture. The river river, and mooring under the fort, Senegal is doubtless one of the largest an inconvenience that obliged the rivers of Africa ; for, without ascend. French Company to keep a vessel ing higher than the Lake Benin, (the constantly at anchor in the channel,



for no other purpose than to keep an are mounted, which advances before account of the soundings.

the town, and is meant to protect the The most commodious time of the

sea gate.

The moment, however, year for crossing the bar is from the that the traveller passes the gates, these month of January till August, the pleasing ideas are put to flight by the winds being less variable, the river filth that abounds in every street, and smooth, and the bar fixed, until the more particularly in the open spaces, ensuing rainy season, when the prodi- which are left within the walls, by the gious swell of the river and south-west gradual decay of the deserted habiwinds opposed to its rapid course, raise tations which once filled them. The waves to so great a height at the bar, principal building in the town is the that their dashing resembles the shock residence of the Dola, which is large of mountains, and so furious as to dash and lofty, having one front to the sea, in pieces the stoutest ship. After and another to a square, where on a crossing the bar, it becomes a beau- Friday he and his chief officers amuse tiful, smooth and gently-gliding river, themselves in throwing the jerid in the at four fathoms depth. In advancing manner described by Niebuhr. Ana league higher, the country, on the other side of the square, which is the south side, is clothed with beautiful only regular place in the town, is filverdure, the trees in perpetual bloom; led up by the official residence of the than which nothing can form a more Bas Kateb, or. Secretary of state; and agreeable contrast to the dry, sandy, an extensive serai built by the Turkish and barren points of land, that first Pacha during the time Mocha was tripresent themselves to shipping. All butory to the Grand Seignior. These around lie a great number of islands, buildings externally have no pretenpleasantly stocked with trees, fruits, sions to architectural elegance, yet are herbage, and birds ; but appropriated by no means ugly objects, from their to no use, except the island of Sene- turretted tops and fantastic ornaments gal. The mouth of the river is laid in white stucco. The windows are in down in latitude 15.50 north. general small, stuck into the wall in an

irregular manner, closed with lattices, Description of Mocha, with an account and sometimes opening into a wooden, of ihe Coffee Trade of ARABIA.

carved-work balcony. In the upper From Lord Valentia's Travels.

apartments there is generally a range

of circular windows above the others, ΤΗ HE appearance of Mocha from filled by thin strata of a transparent

the sea is tolerably handsome, as stone, which is found in veins in a all the buildings are white washed, mountain near Sana. None of these and the three minarets of the mosque can be opened, and only a few of the rise to a considerable height. The lower ones, in consequence of which a uniform line of the flat-roofed houses thorough air is rare in their houses ; is also broken by several tombs, which yet the people of rank do not seem opare called Kobas, after the celebrated pressed by the heat, which is frequentmosque at that place, which was con- ly almost insupportable to an European. secrated by Mahommed himself, and The floors, as well as the roofs, of the was similar to them in its construction, larger houses, are made of Chunam, being a square edifice, covered with a which is sustained by beams, wich piecircular dome.

On landing at a pier, ces of plank, or thin sticks of wood, which has been constructed for the laid across, and close to each other, convenience of trade, the effect is im. As they never use a level, the floors proved, by the battlements of the walls are extremely uneven ; but this is a d a lofty tower on which cannon trifling inconvenience to people who

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