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his lucubratious to the English pub. was 'accepted. We are fully aware lic, by some of whom it might be sus- of the difference of opinion entertainpected to be the work of one or other ed on subjects of this nature.

One of the artists alluded to in the “ Re- person may even perceive a deformity marks ;" I feel myself called on, in where another is sensible of beauty; justice to them, to observe, that I but, "as there is in nature," says La believe it has been printed without Bruyere, “ so there is in art, a point their knowledge, and that it has a ten- “ of perfection. He who discovers dency to injure the cause which it is “ it, and is touched with it, has a good the object of the remarks to support. taste; he who is not sensible of

“ it, but loves what is below or above SIR,

" that point, understands neither art Yours,

nor nature.--Since, then, there is a TIMON. good and bad taste, we may with

reason dispute the difference.THE Second Public Exhibition of Our observations are arranged in Paintings, &c. in Scotland by artists, the order of the catalogue. closed on Saturday the 20th May; 1.- Portrait of an old Scotch Jaand as we conceive that it


cobite." G. WATSON.- This picture greeable to many of our readers to see is painted in a good, forcible style ; a short account of those specimens and, having little of the rawness of which were generally considered most modern productions of art, considerameritorious, we shall take this method bly resembles an old picture. of offering a few remarks on them, in 26.-Drawing of Miss de Visme, the hope that our observations

may (J. HENNING).-In black chalk; be useful, by giving additional publi- beautifully drawn, and full of characcity to the Institution, and that they ter. ---We take this opportunity of likewise may have a tendency to pro- paying our tribute of applause to mote a taste for the fine arts, the rapid the taste of this artist, in divesting his progress of which, in this city, we are portraits of modern drapery; a praca proud to remark. During the short tice which must render them equally period of six weeks that the exhibi. characteristic under all changes of fation rooms were open to the public, shion and habit we are informed that nearly 500 17.-Interior of Melrose Abbey. guineas were collected ; and that it is P. GIBSON.— This is a water. colour in the contemplation of the society drawing, expressed with great precito build apartments for the purpose of sion, and a good deal in the manner exhibiting their works in future. These of the late Mr Girtin. It has fine we hope soon to see finished.

breadth of light and shadow ; howe- . When we take into consideration ver, we must remark the too furious the observation of a celebrated philo- tone of blue in the lower part of the sopher, that “a true judge of the fine sky. arts, even during the most polished a- 35.- Frame, containing thirteen miges, was a rare character, we feel niatures. A. GALLOWAY. These considerable diffidence in expressing portraits are highly finished, and geour remarks. But being guided alone nerally understood to be good likeby a strong desire to extend a taste nesses. for this study, which has been said " to 36.-- View on the Water of Leith, “ arise from, or to be the source of, all near Coltbridge, P. SymE.-The that is amiable," we are hopeful that drawing here produced will certainly our feeble aid will be received, on the tend to raise the reputation of this arsame principle that the widow's mite tist for skill in landscape. It is drawn


2 seen.

with an agreeable pencil, and chastely effect in a group of flowers, a circumcoloured. We should have been plea- stance which we would recommend sed to have seen other specimens by to the notice of the artist. the same hand in this style of sub- 62.-View on the Road from Calject.

lander to the Trossacks. J. STEVEN 46.-A frame, containing fifteen me- SON.-Among the few specimens we dallion portraits, in enamel. J. HEN- have in the exhibition of water-colour NING.-These medallions are execu- drawing, the productions of this arted in a pure style; some of them pos- tist deserve a high place. sessing the beauties of the antique ; 77.-Miniature of a Gentleman. J. and are certainly equal, if not supe- STEELE, of Liverpool. Of this sperior, to any thing of the kind we have cimen, we may freely declare that it

excels all the others in the same style 47.- Portrait of a Gentleman.- here produced. It is drawn with W. SKIRVING.–We do not think great spirit, possesses a peculiarly hapthe style of this portrait in all res- py combination of colours, and is pects fit for public exhibition. It highly finished. is a sketch on mahogany, in white 91.-Playing at Draughts.-A. chalk, but manifests astonishing pow. FRASER.- This picture is an interior, ers of drawing, in giving, so much and much in the style of Ostade. The character to a mere outline.

interest excited by the game is happily 55.- Miniature, full length, of the expressed in the countenances of the Hon. Miss Duncan. w. Douglas. spectators, and parties engaged, tha’ .

' ' -This gentleman's drawings are a we cannot help wishing, that the argood deal in the style of Westall's. tist had communicated a little strongHe, in general, finishes well ; some- er feeling of exultation to the winner. times indeed he is rather heavy in the The figure of an old man on the left, marking of the features, but displays leaning over the chair of one of the a good deal of fancy in the back players, is extremely graceful, and grounds,

finely drawn, but we object to the 57.-Llangollen Vale, engraving length of nose given to the young from D. Thomson's drawing, No. 40. man, and to the brilliant green of the ROBERT SCOTT.-This print, which plant growing round the engraved in stroke, is intended as a With these triffing exceptions, this frontispiece to Mr George Thomson's picture may be considered highly crecollection of Welsh songs,

ditable to this young artist, opinion, it may be rated in the first 99.-Upright Landscape, with Fir class of any similar production on this gures. D. THOMSON.-It is the buside of the Tweed, reflecting equal siness of the landscape-painter to secredit on the painter and the engra- lect the leading marks, and transient ver. It resembles, a good deal, the effects, that are here and there to be effect of Woollett's admired prints of found in nature, and to produce them Phæton, and The Evening of the Em- in his several pictures ; and according pire.

as they are impressed with character, 59.-Flower Piece, P.SYME.--The they display the genius of the artist. works of this artist, in this department We consider this picture as peculiarly of the art, are drawn with great truth, illustrative of our remark. The suband possess much brilliancy of colour- ject may be denominated, a gleam of ing, added to a correct knowledge of sunshine after a shower. The trees the botanical character of the plants. are admirably grouped ; the style is The occasional introduction of a bro- classical; and differs totally from any ken stem or decayed leaf, has a happy thing we have seen painted in this



In our


place-has great breadth-the co- in a black velvet suit, with dress sword, louring mellow and harmonious, and and chapeau-a-bras ; on the right, athe chiaro-scuro finely understood.- nother, in full uniform as Colonel of the group of figures, which we consi- the First Regiment of Royal Edinburgh der the best means of giving to the Volunteers; in conversation with a piece a decisive character, is tastefully third, in the middle, habited perhaps introduced, and appears to have been like Mr Watson's picture. This more carefully studied than we usually would have been something new discover in modern landscapes. and, in our opinion, of excellent effect,

101.- Portrait of Himself. G. if well managed. It would also have Watson.-This picture demands un- given greater opportunity for the inqualified praise. The effect of light troduction of the parapharnalia of ofis quite original ; and, possessing great fice, which to one, or both parties, apnature, it


be pronounced a forci- pears to have been an object of desire; ble picture, without any


but, in our opinion, the too ostentatious sition of colour, or of light and sha- display of which may be considered as dow.

rather constituting a deformity in this 104.-Porirait of the Right Hon. picture. William Coulter, Lord Provost, full

(To be continued.) length. G. WATSON.-This portrait is an excellent likeness of our present Chief Magistrate; but we do not think that, in other respects, it de- SCOTTISH REVIEW. serves to be ranked among the other productions of Mr Watson's pencil; I. General Review of the Agriculture of and occurs to us to have been rather the County of Berwick; with Obhastily executed. We consider the servations on the Means of its Imattitude as extremely unfortunate.

provement. Drawn


for the conThe want of grace produced by the sideration of the Board of Agriculstiffness and shortness of the robe, is ture and Internal Improvement; and peculiarly striking. Neither can we brought down to the end of 1808. compliment the style of the ermine. With several plates. By Robert The red of the robe, and the cur- Kerr, F. R. and A. S. S. E., Fartain behind in particular is raw; this mer at Ayton, in Berwickshire. last ought to have been more kept 8vo. 504 pages. Appendix 72 down Originality constitutes the true me

a ginality of or accident in a picture; it is origin- prehend all the counties of Scotland ality in the conduct and use of all the and England, and which, if properly branches, and of the peculiar beauties completed, will form an immense mass which enter into a composition ; the of agricultural information, Mr Kerr, making them all subservient to a cer- having been selected by the Board tain idea, and their tendency to pro- for the purpose of drawing it up, may duce one general effect. Van Dyck be fairly presumed to be possessed of used occasionally to paint conversa- the requisite qualifications. tion pieces ; introducing in one picture, Berwickshire is almost entirely an the same figure in several attitudes.- agricultural county; it has scarcely aIn treating his subject, Mr Watson ny manufactures, and little foreign might have availed himself of this idea. trade. Composed of a rich plain, alSuppose a figure on the left, habited most entirely surrounded by mountains,

pages. 12s,

sity of painters. But it is not the ori

. THIS Report forms part of a great





it carries on to a great extent, both acres 285,440. It is remarkable the arable system, and the system of however, that on an attentive examipasture. The farms are large, seldom nation of his own map, Mr K. finds renting at less than a thousand a-year; the results to be different, and consiand the farmers, being men of good derably larger. The extreme length education, and extensive capital, have is then 34 miles, breadth 21 ; mean introduced a liberal and improved sys- length 28, breadth 17; number of atem, much superior to what is practi- cres 304,640. Mr K. entertains such sed in most parts of England, and ma- a reverence for Mr Blackadder, that ny parts of Scotland. This may be he has no doubt some satisfactory reacalled Tweedside Husbandry ; which, son might be assigned for this discrethough extending to several of the pancy. As the matter stands howe. neighbouring counties, has its centre ver, it is difficult to ascertain whether and principal seat in Berwickshire.- the map or the statement is most to The agriculture of this county there be trusted to. The number of square fore is, in every view, an object pecu- miles, according to the map, is 476. liarly interesting

Berwickshire, in an agricultural Mr Kerr begins with a view of the view, may be divided into two disgeographical state and circumstances tricts; the plain, which is called the of the county.

Berwickshire is Merse, or March ; and the hilly counbounded on the east by the German try, which includes the districts of

From Berwick to St Abb's Lauderdale and Lammermoor. The Head, (Mr K. we know not why, calls Merse is calculated by Mr Blackadit St Ebbes,) the coast stretches N. der to contain 100,226 acres; besides N. W. It then takes a W. N. W. which there are upwards of 7000 in direction. The whole extent of it is the lowlands of Lauderdale, and small rocky and precipitous, denying all ap- districts attached to the towns of Berproach to ships, except at the bays of wick and Cockburnspath, which raise Coldingham and Eyemouth. On the the whole plain, or arable lands, to north, it is separated from the Lo- 114,386 acres. The hilly district is thians by the range of mountains cal- more extensive ; it is calculated to led Lammermoor, which in proceed- contain 175,734 acres. Berwickshire ing from west to east, declines from is also divided into parishes ; but upon about 1500 to 1000 feet of perpen- this subject, and its ecclesiastical condicular height. It terminates in three stitutions, Mr Kerr appears to us to precipitous promontories, at Fastcas-' have enlarged more than was neces tle, Ernscleugh, and St Abb's Head, sary in a work appropriated exclusiveOn the east, it is separated from Rox- ly to agriculture. burghshire and Mid Lothian by the The plain of Berwickshire is Leeder Water and a variety of other liarly dry, being bordered, on one boundaries. The Tweed skirts al- side, by the Lammermoor, and on most the whole of its southern fron- the other by the Cheviot hills, which tier, separating it from Roxburghshire, powerfully attract the moisture from Northumberland, and a detached poró it. The hilly district, on the other

. tion of Durham.

hand, is wet, though, Mr K. says, not In regard to the extent of the coun- more so than any other of equal elety, Mr K. places his chief reliance on vation. the map and

survey executed by Mr In the plan laid down by the Board Blackadder. This gentleman states of Agriculture, a wish had been exthe extreme length at 314 miles, ex- pressed to receive a report of the diftreme breadth 197, mean length 26, ferent qualities of soil in the county, mean breadth 17, and the number of and the extent occupied by each. Mr


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K. however, conceives, that without extensive details of the different sorts
a most elaborate and expensive sur- of soil, which we recommend to the
vey, no approximation to the truth professional farmer.
could be obtained on this last head.- In regard to minerals, Berwickshire
He observes however, that there is no labours under the want of two of the
chalk whatever, and little absolute most important necessaries of life; that
sand, though abundance of sandy and of coal and lime. The former is im-
gravelly loam. There is peat land, ported from the Frith of Forth and
but none cultivated. In regard to the north of England, and the latter
the proportion under tillage, our au-

from Sunderland and the river Wear. thor has given some estimates of his It is equally destitute of metals. predecessors, which do not, however, There have been some indications inappear to be formed on any very pre- deed of iron and copper, but neither cise data. Mr Low reckoned 75,000 to any great extent. Clay marle acres in tillage, the same number un- was formerly wrought in large quander pasture, and 126,000 of moor, tities, but has now been superseded by moss, wood, &c. Mr John Home lime. On the other hand this counreckoned only 65,790 acres of loam ty abounds with stone of various desand clay; the rest turnip soil, moss, criptions, from the hardest whinstone &c. We shall extract the following to the breccia, or pudding stone. It short sketch given by our author. contains also extensive quarries of the

finest free stone, which, our author The Merse, or lower divisions, is comparatively an extensive plain, yet

conceives, might even be made an armuch diversified by frequent swells ;

ticle of commerce. and has several hills of some elevation Besides the majestic Tweed, which interspersed, as at Lammerton, Dunse, bounds it, Berwickshire contains a and Home Castle; the two former be- number of smaller streams, all of which, ing projecting spurs from the Lammer- except the Eye, fall into the Tweed. moor range, while the latter is an isola

Among these the most considerable ted, lofty knoll. Lammermoor and Lauderdale are composed of an exten

are the Whitadder and Blackadder, sive range of lofty hills, dividing this (white and black waters,) and the north-eastern portion of the vale of

Leeder, The Eye falls into the oTweed from the expanded vale of cean at Eyemouth. Forth. These hills are mostly flat, or contains no mineral springs of any reat least very obtuse on their summits, pute. The Tweed abounds with saland not precipitous or rocky on their

mon, which form an important article sides. They are every where intersected by a number of narrow upland val. of trade ; but most of the other streams lies, or dells, through which the nume

contain only trout. rous feeders or brooks, that combine to

The lands in Berwickshire are diform the Leeder, Whitadder, Blackad. vided among a great number of small der, and Eye water, wind towards the proprietors. In the year 1795, Mr lower vale. The summits, in many Home estimated the number at 294. places, extend into considerable flats, or About the same time Mr Low estimaelevated table lands, which often slope ted that none of its estates exceeded gradually to the lower vales, on the south sides of the hills, the higher parts

50001. of yearly rent.

The immense being moor, but gradually declining in

rise in the value of land which has to good land. The north sides of the since taken place, must doubtless have Lammermoor hills are considerably greatly altered this estimate; yet it is steep, but, as belonging to the Lothians, still not supposed to exceed double that require no particular mention here.

amount. It is remarkable that the ducal Mr Kerr enters then into pretty family of Gordon derive their titles from


This county


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