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in that town. He marched on the night tish was, I am told, very conspicuous. of the 20th from some villages where I enclose, for your Lordship's satisface he was posted in front of the enemy at tion, Lord Paget's report of it." Majorga, with the icth and 15th hus.
Benevente, Dec. 29. The roth marched straight to the * SIR-I have the honour to inform town, whilst Lord Paget, with the 15th, you, that about nine o'clock this mornendeavoured to turn it. Unfortunately ing, I received a report that the enehe fell in with a patrole, one of whom my’s cavalry was in the act of crossing escaped and gave the alarm. By this the river at the ford near the bridge. I means the French had time to form on immediately sent down the piquets of the outside of the town, before Lord the night under Lieut.-Col. Otway, of Paget got round. He immediately char- the 18th. Having left orders that the geď them, beat them, and took from cavalry should repair to their alarm 140 to 150 prisoners, amongst whom posts, I went forward to reconnoitre, were two Lieutenant Colonels and II and found four squadrons of the impe. officers, with the loss on our part of six rial guard forming and skirmishing with or eight men, and perhaps 20 wounded. the piquets, and other cavalry in the act
“ There have been taken by the.ca- of passing, I sent for the roth hussars, valry from 400 to 500 French, besides a who having arrived, Brigadier-General considerable number killed ;-this since Stewart immediately placed himself at we began our march from Salamanca. the head of the piquets, and, with the On his march from Sahagun,on the 2oth, utmost gallantry, attacked. The 19th Lord Paget, with two squadrons of the hussars supported in the most perfect Ioth, attacked a detachment of cavalry order. The result of the affair, as far at Majorga, killed 20, and took above as I have yet been able to collect, is a100 prisoners. Our cavalry is very su- bout 80 killed, 25 wounded, 70 prison. perior in quality to any the French ers, and about the same number of hor, have ; and the right spirit has been infused into them by the example and in- “It is impossible for me to avoid speak, struction of their two leaders, Lord Pa. ing in the highest terms of all those en. get and Brig.-Gen. Stewart.”
gaged. Lieut.-Col. Otway and Major “ Astorga, Dec. 31. 1808. Bagwell headed the respective night pi. "I arrived here yesterday; Lieut-Gen. quets. The latter is slightly wounded, Fraser, with his division, will be at Vil. The utmost zeal was conspicuous in the }a Franca this day, and will proceed on whole of my Staff; and I had many vo. to Lugo. Lieut.-General Hope, with Junteers from head-quarters, and other his division, stopped yesterday two
officers of your army. Amongst the prileagues from this, and proceeds this soners is the General of division Lefemorning, followed by Sir David Baird. byre, (who commands the cavalry of
The two flank brigades go by the road to the imperial guard,) and two Captains, Penferada. I shall follow, with the re- Our loss is, I fear, nearly 50 men killed serve and cavalry, to Villa Franca, either and wounded, I will send a return the this night or to.morrow morning, ac: moment I can collect the reports. cording as I hear of the approach of the “ I have forwarded the prisoners to French. The morning I marched from Baniza. On the other side of the river Benevente, seven squadrons of Bona- the enemy formed again, and at this in• parte's guards passed the river at ford stant three guns of Capt. Donovan's above the bridge. They were attack- troop arrived, which did considerable ed by Brig.-Gen. Stewart, at the head execution."
PAGET, of the piquets of the 18th and 3d German light dragoons, and driven across the ford. Their colonel, a general of
PORTUGAL division, Lefebvre, was taken, together with about 70 officers and men. The We are concerned to find that the affair was well contested. The number northern provinces of Portugal have with which Brig.-Gen. Stewart attack- been in an unsettled state, on account of ed were inferior to the French ; it is the some market regulations issued by the corps of the greatest character in their Bishop. The British troops who are army; but the superiority of the Bri. stationed in that quarter, have been ex
posed to some expression of the public verthrow of the tyrant, in bringing adissatisfaction, in consequence of their bout a general peace, and in restoring supporting the Provisional Government. our august Prince to his lawful throne. It required, we understand, all the au- This is the just cause that calls aloud shority and influence of the Bishop of for your vengeance, and in which you Oporto and Sir Robert Wilson, who ought to display all your courage, your commands the English garrison, to re- love, and your fidelity. Long live Pora sirain the populace from outrage. tugal; long live Great Britain : long The following proclamation was is- live Spain.
“ J. F. R. G." sued on the occasion.
Oporto, Oct. 31.
The accounts from this quarter since PROCLAMATION.
are very satisfactory. The whole counBy the Intendant-General of Police. try was not only in a state of subordi“ Portuguese !-Where does your fa. nation, but the effects of the energy Ty transport you? Do you suppose that lately displayed by the Government had the English are become French ? No, begun to be felt all over the kingdom. my dear countrymen, the English are The disaffected and suspected were en not come here in the character of con. very where taken into custody ; and querors, as the Frenchmen did ; they the people were making the most accome to free us from the slavery that tive exertions for their own defence, and oppressed us. If we deny this truth, for the common cause. we must be reproached as an ungrate- The Portugueze Government has is. ful people. The English did not enter sued a proclamation calling upon the Portugal from any motives of ambition : whole nation, from 15 to 60, to rise en their motives are more generous, wise, masse for the defence of their country, and politic : They know very well that and to oppose an insurmountable barrier views of aggrandisement always tend to against the French. Another has been destroy the equilibrium that forms the issued, requiring the whole people to fundamental law of nations. What Great arm themselves in every manner in their Britain aims at is only the restitution power, and especially with pikes of six of all countries to their lawful Sove. or seven feet in length. The limited reigns.-Ah, incomparable George, how levies, formerly ordered, are, however, great will be thy glory in future times ! we believe, far from being completed. Where is the Sovereign in Europe that Gen. Sir John Cradock arrived at does not at present owe his crown to Lisbon on the rath Dec. in the Lavinia thee? Thy name shall ever shine in the frigate, to take the command of the Portuguese annals—Excuse then, Oh British army, which amounted to about mighty King, the indiscreet zeal of a
We understand he was to people, who love their Sovereign, and march for Spain about the end of that whose feelings are partly analogous to month. thy views.-Remain quiet then, Oye inhabitants of the most faithful and loy. al city in Portugal; it is to you, ye in
SWEDEN AND RUSSIA. *habitants of Porto, that I speak, for those honourable epithets are indispu. The gallant Swedes have at length tably your right. Consider that the glo- been obliged to abandon Finland to the rious cause which you have undertaken superior force of the invaders. The folcan only be obstructed and retarded by lowing is the last dispatch from General yain and tumultuous mobs. This is Klesker, commanding the northern Finwhat the common enemy wishes for, nish army, to his Swedish Majesty, of and a civil war would only retard their date 24th November :total destruction. Let us then unite 6. Your Majesty's army, under my ourselves to our faithful allies, the Eng. command, has since retreated to Pyhalish and the Spaniards, in order to over- jocki and Yppiri, where the Russians throw that hellish monster. The union formed an attack on the rear, and thus of these three nations will scorn all compelled the army to fall back to ParFrenchmen's threats, their intrigues, and jocki, and took on the 17th a position perfidy.-- We shall then have the glory near Sykajocki. Rivolax and Pausola of being instrumental in the speedy o. were occupied by our troops ; but in
consequence of the enemy's corps þeing At nine o'clock the large ships advanreinforced to 20,000 men, and furnished ced in a line, and, after repeated discharwith sixty pieces heavy ordnance, and ges on the fortress, passed out of reach your Majesty's army having been redu- of our fire to the eastward, the wind ced to 7000 men by losses in the field continuing from the south. When the and sickness, it became imspossible to vessels had ceased firing, they moved to maintain our position, and I thought it the north east of the fortress, and deadvisable to open again a negotiation parted. None of the garrison were kil. for an armistice, the result of which was led, but six Swedes and a woman were the convention which I hereby have the killed by a shell which fell in the prihonour to lay at your Majesty's feet.” son. The Commandant Konivas wound
* This convention we need say nothing ed in the legs ; six soldiers and three of, but that it is a full engagement on strangers were likewise wounded. It is the part of the Swedes to evacuate the admitted that the fortress was much dawhole of Finland: By an additional ar- maged, as were several ships in the harticle it was proposed, that the armistice bour." between the two armies should continue We cannot expect any further acfor a month after the Swedes had pas- counts from the Baltic or Sweden for sed the Finnish frontier, or until the some time, as the ice has set strongly 12th January 1809; 15 days notice of in in the Sound and at Gottenburgh. its cessation to be given. The Russian General replied, that although as Commander in chief he must decline the con.
NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. clusion of a formal armistice, yet he engaged his word of honour that he would The Gazette contains a dispatch from not recommence hostile operations a- Lord Collingwood, containing an ac. gainst the Swedes till 14 days after their count of the services of the Imperieuse, army should have taken up the positions Lord Cochrane, on the coast of Langue. stipulated in the convention,
doc. The dispatch and enclosures are It appears from private letters, that in substance as follow :the people in Sweden are no way de The first enclosure is a laconic letter pressed by the loss of Finland; one of from Lord Cochrane, dated Imperieuse,
:-" The terms of the con- Gulph of Lyons, Sept. 28. as follows:vention are very honourable to the “ With varying opposition, but unvariSwedes, considering the state of the ed success, the newly constructed sema. two armies. The loss of Finland du phoric telegraphs, which are of the utring this war has long been expected, most consequence to the safety of the and the above intelligence has, there-, numerous convoys that pass along the fore, not occasioned the sensation here coast of France, have been blown up, which might have been supposed. I and completely demolished, together beg you will not allow yourself to be with their telegraph-houses, 14 barracks alarmed by any foolish reports of the of the gens d'armes, one battery, and Russians penetrating farther into Swe the strong tower on the lake Fratignan. den."
To a number of officers (whom Lord We have likewise received a copy C. enumerates) is due whatever credit of the report made by the Governor of may arise from such mischief, and for Bornhoim, giving the following account having with so small a force drawn aof a recent bombardment of the fortress bout 2000 troops from the important of Christianhoe, in that island, by the fortress of Figueras in Spain, to the de. English:
fence of their own coast. We had a “On the 24th November two Bri. man singed in blowing up a battery. tish ships of the line, one of them a The French had a commanding officer three decker, a frigate, a brig, and three of troops killed, with many others not bombs, each carrying two mortars, were descried from the heights. - The wind The other enclosure is a letter from south-west. About seven o'clock the Capt. Rodgers, of his Majesty's ship bombs took a station about 400 yards Kent, dated August 2. containing the from the east-side of the fortress, and he, at details of a gallant action by the boats half past eleven, had thrown 300 shells. of the Kent and Wizard, which we can
them says :
not abridge ;-it is as follows ;-" I keep the enemy in check, both in the beg leave to acquaint you, that yester- advance and retreat of the boats. We day, running along the coast from Ge- had only two men killed. The enemy noa towards Cape del Melle, we dis- left many dead on the ground. The covered a convoy of 10 sail of coasters gun-boat was a national vessel, with a deeply laden, under the protection of complement of 45 men.” A postscript a gun-boat, at anchor close to the mentions, that the boats of the same beach abreast of the town of Noli; vessels had brought out, without loss, and as there appeared a fair prospect of from under the guns of a fort near Legbringing them out by a prompt attack, born, where they had taken shelter, three before the enemy had time to collect laden vessels, and burnt a fourth, which his force, I instantly determined to send was aground. in the boats of the Kent and Wizard; The Gazette also contains dispatches and as there was but little wind, I di- from Admiral Cochrane, in the West rected Capt. Ferris, of the Wizard, to Indies, announcing the following captow in and cover the boats, which im. tures by his cruizers :-By the Circe mediately put off, and with great expe- frigate, after an action of 12 or 15 midition soon towed her close to the ves- nutes, under the protection of a batsels, when it was found impossible, to tery, which she gained before the Circe bring them out without landing, most canie up, the Palineur French national of them being fastened to the shore by brig, of 14 24-pounder carronades, and ropes from their keels and mast-heads; two six pounder guns. She had but 79 the boats therefore pulled to the beach men on board, most of whom were with great resolution, exposed to the troops of the 82d regiment. We had fire of two guns in the bow of the gun- one man killed and one wounded, the boat, two field pieces placed in a grove enemy seven killed and eight wounded. which flanked the beach, a heavy gun in .-By the Pompee, after a long chace, front of the town, and a continued fire the Pylade, French corvette, of 14.24of musketry from the houses; but these pounder carronades and two long ninewere no check to the ardour and intre. pounders, and 109 men, three
old, pidity of British seamen and marines, in perfect good state, fit for his Majeswho leaped from the boats, and rushed ty's service, and the fastest sailer the upon the enemy with a fearless zeal that French have in those seas, was not to be resisted.
The Gazette also announces the fol“ The gun in front of the town was low gallant capture by the Onyx sloop, .soon taken and spiked by Lieut. Chas- Captain Gill, who carried his prize to man, second of the Kent, who com- Hull Roads : manded the seamen, and Lieut. Hanlon, ŞIR" I beg to inform you, that on of the royal marines; and the enemy, the morning of the ist Jan. at daylight, who had drawn up a considerable force when in lat. 53. 30. long, 3. we disco. of regular troops in the grove to defend vered a strange brig on the lee-bow, the two field.pieces, was dislodged by standing to the southward, on which we Captain Rea, who commanded the royal made the private signal, She immedimarines, and Lieut. Grant of that corps, ately showed Dutch colours, and hove who took pussession of the field.pieces, to, as if prepared for battle. We kept and brought them off. In the mean our wind until eight o'clock, when betime, Lieutenants Lindsay and Mores. ing perfectly ready, we bore down, and by of the Kent, and Lieut. Bisset of the brought her to close action. The eneWizard, who had equally distinguished my attempted several times to rake us, themselves in driving the enemy from but, from our superior sailing, we were the beach, were actively employed in enabled to foil every attempt. At half taking possession of the gun-boat, and past ten she struck her colours, being freeing the vessels from their fasts to much cut up in her sails and rigging. the shore ; and I had soon the satisfac- and having most of her guns.disabled tion to see our people embarki, and the by the superior fire kept up by the whole of the vessels coming out under Onyx, which, considering the very heavy the protecting fire of the Wizard,
which, sea, displayed a cool and steady conby the judicious conduct of Captain duct, far beyond any thing I could exFerris, contributed very essentially to pect from so young a ship's company,
and merits my warmest commendations, We have some particulars of the loss She proved to be the Duich national of the Crescent frigate, in a letter to brig Manly, formerly British, and cap- Mr John Munro, Quartermaster of the tured by the Durch in the river Ems. Forfarshire Militia, from his son, Mr She mounts twelve 18-pounder carron- John Munro, late master's mate on board ades, and four long brass 6-pounders, the Crescent. They are in substance with a complement of 94 men,command. as follows:ed by Capt.-Lieut. J. W. Heneyman, of “?" The Crescent was wrecked off Jutthe Dutch navy.
laud. The Master, Mr Weaver of the "I am happy to say our loss is trifling, Marines, Mr Masson, Mr Lavender, Mr having only three wounded, and the Houghton senior, and Mr Walker the enemy five killed and six wounded. I boatswain, are the only officers saved ; feel more pleasure in announcing her all the rest perished ; only 53 men were capture, as she sailed from the Texel, saved. We are treated well, and I shall in company with another brig, for the endeavour to send this by a vessel going sole purpose of annoying and intercep. with prisoners. We expect to be sent ring our trade with Heligoland. She to Weiburgh it a few days, and hope has made one small capture from Emb. we shall be exchanged soon. I was saden, laden with oats, supposed to be ved in the joliy-boat. It was wonderfor England.”
ful how Mr Weaver escaped on the raft, The following particulars respecting with Mr Lavender and Mr Masson, the capture of his Majesty's schooner midshipmen. They were often washed Rook were communicated in a letter off the raft by the sea breaking over from the inaster, who succeeded Lieut. them, but recovered themselves, and Lawrence in the command :
cleared the ship, when in the greatest “ The Rook sailed from Plymouth davger. Their exertions were great. with dispatches for Jamaica, and after The Captain ordered Mr Weaver to taking in a quantity of specie, sailed a- take charge. Please publish the followgain for England on the 15th of August. ing list of the officers lost, for the inforOn the 18th of Aug. at day light, she 'mation of their friends :-Capt. Tem. fell in with two French schooners, and pie, Lieut. Kerwin, Lieut. Maclean, immediately cleared for action; on the Lieut. Stokes, R. N.; Lieut. Srodie, largest vessel coming alongside with En. Royal Marines; Mr Hosier, pursuer ; glish colours, and not answering when Mr Rolff, surgeon ; Mess. Anson, Walhailed, but immediately hoisting French lace, Haker, O'Donnel, Willis, Wytre, colours, Lieutenant Lawrence shot the Houghton jun. Spurgeon, Knight, midFrench captain, when a most desperate shipmen ; Mr Colter, carpenter; Mr action commenced ; after an hour's hard Williams, gunner; Mr Bradford, passen. fighting, Lieutenant L. received his last ger; one child and six women ; besides wound by a musket-ball, and the Rook 191 seamen and marines. All that went was immediately carried by boarding, on the second raft perished. The ship the French officers repeatedly calling to struck at ten o'clock at night on the 6th the men to give no quarter. Mr Stew. Dec. and went to pieces about five next art, the master, received seven most evening. We arrived here (Oldburgh) desperaie wounds with a cutlass, of the third day, and met with great kindwhich he recovered, but died afterwards
The exertions of the officers and of the yellow fever.- Mr George Reid, men, from the time the ship struck till an officer in the Royal Artillery, after she went to pieces, are beyond descrip20 years service in Jamaica, returning tion. Two pilots were drowned.” to his native country in the Rook, with The brig Carnation, of 18 guns, was a very considerable property, was inhu- lost, after a severe action, in which she manly killed by the enemy in boarding, accidentally run ashore under the guns The survivors were stripped naked, put of some batteries at Martinique, when in their boat, and turned adrift, but by she was taken possession of by her enethe exertions of four, who were not my, le Palineur, of 18 guns, which al. wounded, they reached land, and were so las since been taken by his Majes. most hospitably received by the natives. ty's ship Circe, and carried into AntiThe Rook was so much damaged that gua. Every officer on board the Car. the enemy set fire to her.”
nation was killed.