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SCOTS MAGAZINE, Edinburgh Literary Miscellany


With a View of the Village of EDNAM.


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Page Register of the Weather for Oct. 6722

POETRY. High Water at Leith for Nov.

ib. Lines on the Death' of Mr William Account of the village of Ednan,

Borthwick ; occasioned by an ac. with a View,

723 cident from a Fowlingpiece, Monthly Memoranda in Natural His


Stanzas to the Memory of Robert tory,

Bourne, Esq. ; Son of the Rey. Memoirs of the Progress of Manu:

Richard Bourne, of Dublin, factures, Chemistry, Science, and the Fine Arts,

725 Epitaphs,


HISTORICAL AFFAIRS., Further Remarks on the Second Ex.'


769 hibition of Scottish Paintings, . 739 - Correct Statement of Facts respeces Recital of Mr S. Ellison's singular ting a Difference that has arisen Escape from Verdun, .

733 betwixt the Civil and Military Au. Letters descriptive of the Mermaid thorities at Madras,

ib. seen on the Coast of Caithness, · 734 Generat Orders by Government, 772 From Miss Mackay, daughter of China,

774 the Rev. David Maçkay, Minister Italy,

• 778 of Reay, :

ib, -Subversion of the Papal States, i ib. -From Mr William Munro, School- West Indies,

775 master, of Thurso, 735 -Capture of St Domingo,

ib. Critical Survey of the new Theatre, -General Orders,

• • 777 Covent Garden,


-Protest against Bonaparte, 750 Description of the Swedish Mines of

-Excommunication of Bonaparte, ib. Dunamora, Sala, and Fahlun, . 739 Austria and France,

. ib. -Dunamora,


Spain, -Sala, 74% Sweden,

785 Fahlun, 743 Denmark,

787 Description of the Town and Har.'

Capture of Senegal, bour of Eyemouth,

745 Naval Intelligence.
Eruption of Mount Etna,

Ministerial difference,

1, Narrative of the Campaign of the

British Army in Spain, commanded by his Excellency Lieutenant.

Scottish CHRONICLE. General Sir John Moore, K. B. Edinburgh,

793 By James Moore, Esq.


- Jubilee of the 25th October, iba -Magistrates of Edinburgh,

797 New Works published in Edinburgh, 766 -Civil appointments,

ib. Scottish Literary Intelligence, . ib. -Marriages, Literary Intelligence, English and -Births and Deaths,

799 Foreign, ib. --Stocks and Markets,



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State of the BAROMETER, in inches and decimals, High Water at LEITH

and of Farenheit's THERMOMETER, in the FOR NOVE MB ER, open air, taken in the morning before sun-rise,

Mora. Even. and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water

Days. H. M. H. M. fallen, in inches and decimals, from Sept.

W. 1 8 12 8 50 26. to October 26. 1809, in the vicinity of

Th. 2 9 29 10 3 Edinburgh.

Fr. 3 10 37 11 6

Sa. 4 11 33 11 59 Barom. Thermom. Rain. Weather.

Su. 5

022 Sept. N. In. Pts.

M. 6 0 47 1 11 26 29.8 37


Tu. 7 1 34 1 57 27 29.2 39 44 0.05 Rain

W. 8 2 20 2 43 28 29.8 37 47


Th. 9 3 6 3 30 29 29.9534


Fr. 10 3 52 4 16 30 29.8 44 51 0.01 Showers

Sa. 11 4 39 5 5 29.1 40 68


Su. 12 5 30 5 56 2 30.05 60 64 0.01 Showers

M. 13 6 25

6 56 3 1.30.2 57 67


Tu. 14 7 26 8 1 4 30,2 50 50 0.93 Rain

W. 15 8 35 9 14 5 30.2 49 58

Cloudy Th.16 9 48 10 21 6 30.05 48 56


Fr. 17 10 52 11 19 1 30.1 47 57


Sa. 18 11 46 8 30.2 45 50


Su. 19 012 0 33 9 30.2 44 52


M. 20 0 55 1 13 10 30.2 38 51


Tu. 21 1 31 1 48 11 30.25 34 38


.W. 22 2 6 2 23 12 30,25 37 50


Th. 23 2 40 2 57 13 30.26 40 52


Fr. 24 3 16 3 31 14 30.27 34 53


Sa. 25 3 48 4 5 15 45 50 0.01 Showers

Su. 26 4 22 4 42 16 30. 52 59 0.02 Ditto

M. 27

5 0 5 20 17


Tu.28 5 41 6 5 18 | 29.98 50 56


W. 29 6 81 6 58 19 30. 48 | 59 0.22 Rain

Th.30, 728 8 0 20 30,1 55 60

52 56

Ditto 22 29.9 53.1. 57


MOON's' PHASES 23 30.92 4.7 56


For NOVEMBER 1809. 29. 41 57


Apparent time at Edinburgh, 2529,5 48

Ditto 26 30.2


New Moon, 7. 6. 20. even.
First Quart. 14. 9. 12. morn.

Full Moon, 22. 2. 30. morn,
Quantity of Rain 1.25

Last Quart. 30. 6. 54. morn.. November 2. Duke of Kent born, (1767.)

. 3. Princess Sophia born, (1777.)

5. Gun Powder plot, (1605.)
8. Princess Augusta Sophia, born, (1768.)
14. Court of Session sits,
80. St Andrew's day,




D. H. M.



Scots Magazine,




Account of the Village of EDNAM, Monthly Memoranda in Natural Hiswith a View.

tory THE village of Ednam, or Edenham, is situated in the county of October. THIS has proved to be

of the Roxburgh, on the north side of the river in the year, a thing not uncommon in Eden, from which it derives its name, our climate. The nocturnal frosts and which at a short distance falls in- have hitherto been only slight: the to the Tweed. It lies a few miles to Indian cress, purslane, and love-apple, the north of Kelso, and of the English still (Oct. 30.) retain their verdure; border, in the heart of the finest pastoral many ash-trees have not yet lost their scenery in Scotland. Ednam, accord- foliage; the bat is still seen flying aingly, has had the singular felicity of bout at night. producing the first descriptive poet of Oct. 12.-Some herrings are now which this country can boast. In taken in the little bays and creeks this village, on the 22d of Septem- near North Queensferry; but the ber 1700, was born James Thomson, shoal is inconsiderable. Farther up whose name is so glorious to Scottish the Forth, Spirlings, or Smelts, are literature. It was in the scenery caught, but in small quantity. Some round Ednam and Kelso, that he few gaudnoaks or Saury Pikes (Esox. formed those views of nature, which Saurus) are occasionally found, at ebb have been so exquisitely transcribed tide, with their noses stuck in the into his poem of the Seasons.” On sludge. The parvie or sprat fishery the top of a beautiful hill near Ednam, at Kincardine is not so productive as the monument to his memory, the formerly. plan of which we some time ago pre

23.- In the course of clear sented to our readers, was intended to ing out the foundation for the new be erected *.

prison, on the west side of the ParliaIt is remarkable that Ednam is ment Square, near the top of the lane now inhabited by a poet who has in- called Forrester's Wynd, some part of herited some portion of the genius of the native rock has been laid bare. Thomson. This is William Wight, A bed of highly indurated sandstone, is several of whose ingenious pieces have seen resting immediately on a bed of been communicated to the public slate-clay, or argillaceous shistus, chiefthrough the medium of this Miscel- ly of a soft and friable nature. This lany.

is a fact deserving the attention of our * Query,-Why is not this underta

controversial geologists. The strata king in greater forwardness?

dip to the north-east. The same sort of


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quartzy sandstone was exposed some

as synonymous with the famous Dyre years ago, at a very great depth, at cheston grass. The doctor is certainthe bottom of Bank Street, in laying ly wrong when he announces it as the the foundation of the new office of the same species with the celebrated Doob Bank of Scotland.

grass of India, the never-failing reFIORIN-GRASS. The fame of this source of our cavalry in that country. grass has now sounded forth from Had he consulted the 4th volume of Clonfecle in the county of Armagh, the Asiatic Researches, he would have to every part of Ireland, England, and found that the durva or doob is a dif. Scotland; and Dr Richardson still ferent plant. It is there described continues to amaze agriculturists by and figured by Sir William Jones. accounts of its excellent properties and Dr Koenig considered it as a new wonderful productiveness, attested by species of Agrostis, and called it A. some of the magistrates and nobility linearis : Its panicle bears much reof that part of Ireland. It is so tena- semblance to that of the


Pani. cious of life, that shoots sent from

The fiore-grass of Iceland, Clonfecle by post, have vegetated u. mentioned by Horrebow, is got only pon being planted in gardens near at the ebb, and seems to be the Zosthis city. It is nothing else than the tera marina of Linnæus. Agrostis stolonifera of Linnæus, or As to the habits and properties of Creeping Bent-grass. It may be in- fiorin : Dr Richardson affirms that it teresting to some readers of this jour- thrives in all soils, high or low, wet or nal to know, that it is by no means dry; on bare peat-moss ; on the flowan uncommon indigenous grass in the bog, or on the pavé of a shut-up turnneighbourhood of Edinburgh, as well pike-road. It will grow, in short, on as in most parts of Scotland. It may the very worst soils, and will from very generally be observed sending thence yield equally good hay as on down its stolones, or long trailing the best. Unlike the common cultijointed shoots, along the moist sides vated grasses, a crop of fiorin contiof ditches or drains that have been

nues to vegetate, and to increase in rid in the summer. In the bottoms of bulk, by extending its stolones, long ditches, it is often mixed with Festuca after flowering; so that fiorin hay may fluitans. In the winter it is most be made very late in the year: Dr easily observed, maintaining, at that Richardson affirms that he has made it dead season, a more vivid green co- with success in December. A soaklour than most other grasses. From ing of rain does the hay no harm; the each joint proceeds an upright leafy fiorin possessing so much of the vital shoot, and where the stolones happen principle as to binder the fermentative to come in contact with the soil, two process. The hay is of the best quaor three radicles are thrown out from lity; horses, cows, and sheep, giving a every joint. The fiorin is apt to be preference to it. The produce is very confounded with the Agrostis vulgaris great ; equal to six or seven tons per or common bent, which often likewise English acre. If left uncut, it affords sends out trailing shoots from the root, green food from November to May, especially in autumn. Where the re- excellent for milch cows; affording mains of the flower can be found, the milk and butter free of any peculiar true fiorin may be distinguished by its flavour, and in this respect superior to having the florets much more cluster. turnips. The fiorin is best propagated ed than the common bent. The fio- by strewing the stolones, or strings, orin is the Red Robin of English farm- ver the surface of the land, and sprinkers; and Dr Richardson considers it ling a little earth over them. The seed (perhaps without sufficient evidence,) might be sown; but the strings afford then dip


a more speedy return ; land laid down the thickness of


; with them in April yielding a crop of bit of damp sponge into it, and rub hay or of


food the same season. the plate until the tarnish disappear : The strings have this further advan- very little of the whiting to be used. tage, that they may be scattered or Before it is quite dry, rub the whiting planted, any mild day in the year, with off with a Shamoy skin, which must nearly equal advantage.

be kept free from sand. Any of the We have been thus particular, in whiting lurking in the crevices can be order if possible to induce some of our taken out with a small brush. Scottish agriculturists, in different parts To give it a fine rich colour. Afof the country, fairly to make the ex- ter the above-mentioned process, disperiment. This may be done at a ve

solve a little

in water,

until it ry trifling expence, as the worst land also is about the thickness of cream, may be selected. Ifa considerable quan- dip a bit of shamoy leather into it, tity of fiorin strings were wanted, or

and with the leather continue to rub if

good arable land were to be occupi- the plate in one direction, until it ased with the experiment, it might be sume the fine rich gloss which it has proper to apply to some experienced when it comes out of the warehouse. botanist like Mr George Don of For- The rouge can be had at any of the far (than whom no one could be goldsmiths at one shilling per ounce. more fit, he being completely versant Many of our readers will probably with British gramina,) to collect the recollect with what lively interest the strings. It might at first be difficult brilliant discoveries of Professor Daotherwise to avoid mistakes; the A- vy, of the Royal Institution, were some grostis vulgaris, A. alba, and A. time since received by the scientific canina, being exceedingly apt to be world. It must gratify every friend confounded with the fiorin by persons to the advancement and diffusion of unaccustomed to the discriminating of knowledge to learn, that the execugrasses : indeed it is sometimes diffi- tion of that very complex and difficult even for a tolerably acute bota- cult, though beautiful process, which nist to distinguish the shoots of Agros- has hitherto been almost exclusivetis vulgaris from those of A. stolonife- ly confined to Professor Davy, was ra. The strings might be kept in store lately, at Glasgow, performed by Dr till needed, as one of the many stri. Ure, in the laboratory of Anderson's king qualities of fiorin is, that the Institution, in the presence of two exshoots, though withered and kept for perienced practical chemists of that ciseveral months, will revive and grow ty, Messrs Henry and Tennant. The when spread upon soil.

operation was uncommonly successful, Edinburgh, 2

the product of metal amounting to 30th October 1809. S

N. nearly half an ounce, whereas, former

ly, a particle of the size of a small pinhead was all that could be exhibited.

We understand that Dr Ure has sent Memoirs of the Progress of MANU- a specimen of the metal to Dr Hope,

FACTURES, CHEMISTRY, SCIENCE, Professor of Chemistry in Edinburgh and the FINE ARTS.

University, along with a set of the ap

paratus necessary for forming it, in orTHE following is the method used der to enable this distinguished

teachby the goldsmiths in cleaning er, and able cultivator of the science,

to repeat the experiment with effect. Dissolve a little washed whiting Dr Ure has preserved a considerable into a saucer with water, until about quantity of this valuable metal, to gra

their plates :

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